Cooperative Research Units

Home

Programs L2 Landing Page

Filter Total Items: 2,790
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1995

Estimating number of species and relative abundances in stream-fish communities: effects of sampling effort and discontinuous spatial distributions

We sampled fishes and measured microhabitat in series of contiguous habitat units (riffles, runs, pools) in three Virginia streams. We used Monte Carlo simulations to construct hypothetical series of habitat units, then examined how number of species, similarity in relative abundances, and number of microhabitats accumulated with increasing number...

Angermeier, Paul L.; Smogor, Roy A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1995

Monitoring exposure of nestling songbirds to agricultural application of an organophosphorus insecticide using cholinesterase activity

In June 1992 we collected 53 blood plasma samples from nestling red‐winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus), house sparrows (Passer domesticus), and brown‐headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) at five study sites in northwestern Minnesota to evaluate the feasibility of using plasma and brain cholinesterase (ChE) activity and reactivation as a means of...

McInnes, Pamela F.; Andersen, David E.; Hoff, Dale J.; Hooper, Michael J.; Kinkel, L. K.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1995

Nesting success of ducks on the central Yukon Flats, Alaska

Nesting success was studied at Canvasback Lake and Mallard Lake on the Yukon Flats in interior Alaska in 1989–1991. Simple estimates of nesting success were computed using two techniques that assume a constant daily survival rate (DSR). Maximum-likelihood estimates of nesting success for all ducks, assuming constant DSR, ranged among years and...

Grand, James B.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1994

Simulation of long-term thermal characteristics of three Estonian lakes

A one-dimensional surface energy-balance lake model, coupled to a thermodynamic model of lake ice, is used to simulate variations in the temperature of and evaporation from three Estonian lakes: Karujärv, Viljandi and Kirjaku. The model is driven by daily climate data, derived by cubic-spline interpolation from monthly mean data, and was run for...

Vassiljev, J.; Harrison, S.P.; Hostetler, Steven W.; Bartlein, Patrick J

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1994

Analysis of the surface hydrology in a regional climate model

This paper discusses the surface hydrology of a multi‐year simulation of present day climate over the United States (US) conducted with a regional climate model (RegCM) nested within a general circulation model (GCM). The RegCM, which is run with a 60 km gridpoint spacing is interactively coupled with a state‐of‐the‐art surface physics package...

Giorgi, F.; Hostetler, Steven W.; Shields Brodeur, Christine

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1994

Essential amino acids in northern bobwhite foods

Frequent population declines, high dietary requirements for protein, and the low quality of proteins in agricultural grains led us to hypothesize that essential amino acid (EAA) deficiencies were common in northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) foods. We analyzed amino acid concentrations of 21 northern bobwhite foods and compared them with...

Peoples, A.D.; Lochmiller, R.L.; Leslie, David; Boren, J.C.; Engle, David M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1994

Decoy trapping and rocket-netting for northern pintails in spring

Decoy traps and rocket-nets were compared for capturing Northern Pintails (Anas acuta: hereafter pintails) during May 1991 on the Yukon Flats, Alaska. Males were captured at similar rates using both methods (1.38 vs. 1.07 males/trap d, respectively), but baited rocket-nets were more efficient than decoy traps for capturing females (0.52 vs. 0.12...

Grand, James B.; Fondell, Thomas F.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1994

The role of nutrient reserves for clutch formation by Northern Pintails in Alaska

We analyzed carcass composition of female Northern Pintails (Anas acuta) in Alaska to assess the importance of nutrient reserves for formation of first clutches (n = 85) and renests (n = 39). Habitat (tundra vs. boreal forest), hen age (yearling vs. adult), and year (1990 vs. 1991) did not affect nutrient reserve use. During formation of first...

Esler, Daniel N.; Grand, James B.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1993

Dynamics and distribution of black abalone populations at San Nicolas Island

Dense populations of black abalones (Haliotis cracherodii Leach) were monitored in permanent intertidal plots at nine sites on San Nicolas Island from 1981 through 1990. Densities were essentially constant at all four sites along the north shore of the island throughout the study period. Densities at five sites along the south shore were more...

Hochberg, F.G.; VanBlaricom, Glenn R.
Dynamics and distribution of black abalone populations at San Nicolas Island; 1993; Article; Conference publication; Third California Islands Symposium: Recent Advances in research on the California Islands; VanBlaricom, Glenn R.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1993

Toward the simulation of the effects of the Great Lakes on regional climate

This paper describes a set of numerical experiments aimed at evaluating the feasibility of applying a version of the National Center for Atmospheric Research-Pennsylvania State University regional model (MM4) to regional climate simulation over the Great Lakes Basin. The objectives of this initial modeling investigation are 1) to examine whether...

Bates, Gary T.; Giorgi, F.; Hostetler, Steven W.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1993

Environmental contaminants in bald eagles in the Columbia River Estuary

Eggs, blood, and carcasses of bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and fish were collected and breeding success of eagles was monitored in the Columbia River estuary, 1980-87, to determine if contaminants were having an effect on productivity. High levels of dichloro diphenyl dichloroethylene (DDE), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's), and 2,3,7,8...

Anthony, Robert G; Garrett, Monte G.; Schuler, Carol

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1993

Factors influencing depredation of artificial duck nests

Because artificial nests can facilitate controlled experiments of nest success, we used them to assess whether human visitation, nest density, vegetation structure, and proximity to habitat edge could affect depredation of duck nests on Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska. More (P < 0.01) nests in a plot visited daily (100%) were...

Esler, Daniel N.; Grand, James B.