Cooperative Research Units

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The Cooperative Research Units Program conducts research on a wide range of disciplines related to fish, wildlife, and natural resource management. Our 40 Units collectively conduct research on virtually every type of North American ecological community. 

Data and Tools Technical Publications
Filter Total Items: 104
Date published: May 18, 2020

Migration Corridors of Mule Deer in the Kaibab North Herd in Arizona

Mule deer of the Kaibab North herd on the Kaibab Plateau are treasured for their historic and contemporary significance in North America. They are the densest population of mule deer in Arizona, with an estimate of 10,200 individuals in 2019. This report compiles two research efforts, the first completed by Arizona Game and Fish Department in 2014, and the second from Utah Division of Wil

Date published: May 4, 2020

At-sea movements of Masked Boobies from Pedro Cays, Jamaica, 2012

As part of a larger effort to examine individual-based movement patterns and habitat use at sea for seabirds in the Caribbean, a tracking study of Masked Boobies (Sula dactylatra) breeding on the Pedro Cays, Jamaica, was implemented in 2012. This population is one of the largest of the few breeding groups in the region. The Masked Booby is considered to be declining and regionally-threa

Date published: April 28, 2020

Bio-engineered oyster reef monitoring, Eloi Bay, Louisiana, 2017-2019

This dataset includes annual encrusting organism (oyster, mussel, barnacle) counts and density (ind m-2), and oyster shell height (mm) data for five bio-engineered reef designs: OysterbreakTM (OB), Wave Attenuating Device® (WAD), Reef Ball™ (rows of two, RFB2; rows of three, RFB3), ReefBLK℠ (RBL), and ShoreJAX™ (JAX%

Date published: March 24, 2020

Blood Analytes in Brown Pelican in the Northern Gulf of Mexico (2013-2015)

The Eastern Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis carolinensis) is a large-bodied seabird that nests in colonies of 10 to upwards of 5,000 pairs, on nearshore islands in subtropical and tropical North American waters. It breeds between March and August, laying 2–3 eggs and raising 1–2 chicks per year. The species is facultatively migratory during nonbreeding, with some

Date published: March 24, 2020

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Brown Pelican in the Northern Gulf of Mexico (2013-2015)

The datasets stored in this page summarize polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) referece data and values collected from Brown Pelican nestlings and breeding adults from 2013-2015 in the Northern Gulf of Mexico at 9 breeding colonies from Texas to the Florida Panhandle.The datasets and FGDC-compliant metadata are available as .zip files. Dataset "Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Brown

Date published: February 26, 2020

Reproductive Physiology of Brown Pelican Along the Coast of Alabama, 2017-2018

The datasets stored in this folder summarize reproductive data for Brown Pelicans nesting on Gaillard and Cat Islands, Alabama, in 2017 and 2018. Data include nest and nestling survival, nest site characteristics, environmental covariates, and temperatures recorded inside nests. The datasets and FGDC-compliant metadata are available as .zip files. Dataset "Reproductive Physiology of

Date published: February 24, 2020

Shapefiles and hydraulic models for selected streams in Stark County, Ohio.

Digital flood-inundation maps were created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District and the Stark County Commissioners as part of a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Flood Insurance Study (FIS). The flood-inundation maps show estimates of the areal extent corresponding to the 1% and 0.2% annual-exceedance probab

Date published: February 24, 2020

Model archive for the hydraulic modeling of selected streams in Stark County, Ohio.

Dataset is a model archive containing all relevant files to create digital flood-inundation maps by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District and the Stark County Commissioners as part of a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Flood Insurance Study (FIS). The flood-inundation maps show estimates of the areal extent corresp

Date published: February 24, 2020

Input and output shapefiles used in the hydraulic modeling for selected streams in Stark County, Ohio.

Digital flood-inundation maps were created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District and the Stark County Commissioners as part of a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Flood Insurance Study (FIS). The flood-inundation maps show estimates of the areal extent corresponding to the 1% and 0.2% annual-exceedance probab

Date published: January 22, 2020

Predicted habitat suitability rasters for at-risk herpetofauna species in the longleaf pine system in the Southeast US

The raster data in the geodatabase represent range-wide habitat suitability model predictions for five species of herpetofauna: gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus), southern hognose snake (Heterodon simus), Florida pine snake (Pituophis melanoleucus mugitus), gopher frog (Lithobates capito), and striped newt (Notophthalmus perstriatus). Collectively, the habitat

Date published: January 22, 2020

Expert responses of influential habitat attributes for at-risk species

The data indicate the number of experts (out of 27 who were involved in this expert elicitation process) who rated a set of environmental, ecological, climatic, anthropogenic, or other attributes as highly, somewhat, or slightly influential to habitat and species conditions. Experts provided responses for the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus), southern hognose snake (H

Date published: January 22, 2020

Predicted habitat suitability rasters for at-risk herpetofauna species in the longleaf pine system in the Southeast US

The raster data in the geodatabase represent range-wide habitat suitability model predictions for five species of herpetofauna: gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus), southern hognose snake (Heterodon simus), Florida pine snake (Pituophis melanoleucus mugitus), gopher frog (Lithobates capito), and striped newt (Notophthalmus perstriatus). Collectively, the habitat

Filter Total Items: 2,892
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Year Published: 2019

Population characteristics and the potential suppression of common carp in Lake Spokane, Washington

Common Carp Cyprinus carpio is a nonnative species that often has deleterious effects on aquatic systems. As such, there is interest in suppressing nonnative Common Carp populations in areas where humans have introduced them. The objectives of this study were to 1) provide insight on efficient techniques for capturing Common Carp, 2)...

Feeken, Stacey; Klein, Zachary B.; Quist, Michael C.; Horner, Ned

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Year Published: 2019

Salinity and water clarity dictate seasonal variability in coastal submerged aquatic vegetation in subtropical estuarine environments

Spatial and temporal variability characterize submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) assemblages, but understanding the complex interactions of environmental drivers of SAV assemblages remains elusive. We documented SAV composition and biomass across a salinity gradient in a coastal estuary over 12 mo. Ten macrophyte species were identified. The...

Hillmann, Eva R.; DeMarco, Kristin; La Peyre, Megan K.

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Year Published: 2019

Potential threats facing a globally important population of the magnificent frigatebird Fregata magnificens

Tracking of seabirds has been used to identify foraging hotspots, migratory routes and to assess at-sea threats facing populations. One such threat is the potential negative interaction between seabirds and fisheries through incidental by-catch. In 2012, 60 magnificent frigatebirds Fregata magnificens were found dead, entangled in...

Zaluski, S.; Soanes, L.M.; Bright, J.A.; Georges, A.; Jodice, Patrick G.R.; Meyer, K.; Woodfield- Pascoe N.; Green, J.A

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Year Published: 2019

Creating figures in R that meet the AFS style guide: Standardization and supporting script

Visual display of information in scientific and non‐scientific literature is the most efficient way to summarize large amounts data, focus the readers’ attention on patterns, and substantiate the message in the narrative. Figures often represent years of data collection and substantial monetary investment, and it is worth repeating the cliché “a [...

Glassic, Hayley C.; Heim, Kurt C.; Guy, Christopher S.

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Year Published: 2019

Chronic wasting disease—Research by the U.S. Geological Survey and partners

IntroductionChronic wasting disease (CWD) is the only transmissible spongiform encephalopathy, a class of invariably fatal neurodegenerative mammalian diseases associated with a misfolded cellular prion protein found in wild free-ranging animals. Because it has a long incubation period, affected animals in Cervidae (the deer family; referred to as...

Hopkins, M. Camille; Carlson, Christina M.; Cross, Paul C.; Johnson, Christopher J.; Richards, Bryan J.; Russell, Robin E.; Samuel, Michael D.; Sargeant, Glen A.; Walsh, Daniel P.; Walter, W. David
Hopkins, M.C., Carlson, C.M., Cross, P.C., Johnson, C.J., Richards, B.J., Russell, R.E., Samuel, M.D., Sargeant, G.A., Walsh, D.P., and Walter, W.D., 2019, Chronic wasting disease—Research by the U.S. Geological Survey and partners (ver. 2.0, November 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1109, 29 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191109.

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Year Published: 2019

Behavioural plasticity modulates temperature-related constraints on foraging time for a montane mammal

Contemporary climate change is altering temperature profiles across the globe. Increasing temperatures can reduce the amount of time during which conditions are suitable for animals to engage in essential activities, such as securing food. Behavioural plasticity, the ability to alter behaviour in response to the environment, may provide animals...

L. Embere Hall; Chalfoun, Anna D.

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Year Published: 2019

Simultaneous autoregressive (SAR) model

Simultaneous autoregressive (SAR) models are useful for accommodating various forms of dependence among data that have discrete support in a space of interest. These models are often specified hierarchically as mixed-effects regression models with first-moment structure controlled by a conventional linear regression term and second-moment...

Hooten, Mevin; Ver Hoef, Jay M.; Hanks, Ephraim M.

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Year Published: 2019

Within-group relatedness and patterns of reproductive sharing and cooperation in the tropical chestnut-crested yuhina

In cooperatively breeding animals, genetic relatedness among group members often determines the extent of reproductive sharing, cooperation and competition within a group. Studies of species for which cooperative behaviour is not entirely based on kinship are key for understanding the benefits favouring the evolution and maintenance of cooperative...

Kaiser, Sara A.; Martin, Thomas E.; Oteyza, Juan C.; Danner, Julie E.; Armstad, Connor E.; Fleischer, Robert C.

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Year Published: 2019

Submergence responses of cool-season annual plants and potential for fish habitat

Unnatural water regimes of flood control reservoirs limit vegetation establishment in littoral zones and produce mudflats with low structural complexity insufficient for many juvenile fishes. One strategy to enhance habitat on mudflats is to sow cool-season plants to provide submerged structure when inundated. However, how long the structure of...

Coppola, G; Miranda, Leandro E.; Colvin, ME; Hatcher, HR; Lashley, Marcus A.

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Year Published: 2019

A statewide evaluation of Florida Bass genetic introgression in Tennessee

Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides) are one of the most popular freshwater sport fish in the United States and managers in southeastern states have stocked the Florida Bass (M. s. floridanus) subspecies outside of its natural range to increase size structure of existing Largemouth Bass populations. In Tennessee, fisheries for Largemouth Bass...

Hargrove, J.S.; Rogers, Mark W.; Kackmar, P.T.; Black, P.

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Year Published: 2019

Changes in adult Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) survival within the lower Columbia River amid increasing pinniped abundance

Significant effort towards conservation has contributed to the recovery of historically depleted pinniped populations world-wide. However, in several locations where pinnipeds have increased, they have been blamed for preventing the recovery of commercially valuable fish species through predation. Prompted by increasing pinniped abundance within...

Wargo Rub, A. Michelle; Som, Nicholas A.; Henderson, Mark J.; Sandford, Benjamin P.; Van Doornik, Donald M.; Teel, David J.; Tennis, Matt; Langness, Olaf P.; van der Leeuw, Bjorn; Huff, David D.

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Year Published: 2019

Evaluation of artificial cover units as a sampling technique and habitat enhancement for madtoms in rivers

Instream habitat degradation and loss are major threats to freshwater fishes and critical conservation issues among nongame species, due to a lack of research and knowledge concerning their habitat requirements. Instream physical cover is an important component of fish habitat, especially for benthic species that require cover for reproduction and...

Cope, W.R.; Kwak, Thomas J.; Black, T.R.; Pacifici, K.