Integrated Pest Management / Adaptive Management

Science Center Objects

A focus of USGS research is to integrate control strategies where applicable to empower land and water
managers to respond rapidly to a wide variety of new invasions across the United States.

Asian Carp Integrated Control and Containment

Increased threat of Asian carp entering the Great Lakes and spreading to other basins such as the Upper Mississippi River and Ohio River basins, has led to increased prevention and control efforts since 2010. Successful management of invasive species requires methods to contain future spread, reduce population levels, and minimize their effects.  In collaboration with partners, USGS scientists have developed and continue to test containment and control tools and technologies, and investigate options for combined implementation of tools using an integrated adaptive management approach. 

For more information, visit Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Science


Biological Invasions of Riparian Ecosystems

Current projects are focused on understanding vegetation recovery following biological control of tamarisk, including detailed studies on the Virgin and Colorado rivers; on the dynamics of riparian vegetation following extensive removal of Russian Olive on the Escalante River; and on understanding the distribution and abundance of Siberian Elm in the Upper Colorado, Platte, and Rio Grande basins.


Integrated Management of Alien Predators

Small mammals (including three species of rats and one species of mongoose) and social Hymenoptera (order of insects including ants and yellowjacket wasps) form two groups of alien predators in Hawaiian ecosystems. The combined impact of these predators has resulted in substantial loss or reduction of native biota in the Pacific. 


Invasive Mussel Control Science

The USGS conducts science to inform management actions for controlling and mitigating the impacts of invasive mussels.  Studies include evaluation and field testing of various control technologies, and conducting research that aids in protecting and restoring native freshwater mussel species that are threatened by zebra and quagga mussels. 

For more information, visit Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Science


Invasive Phragmites - Prevention, Monitoring, and Control Strategies in an Integrated Pest Management Framework

Conventional methods (e.g., repeated herbicide, burning, flooding) to control the invasive Phragmites australis on the landscape are resource intensive and unsustainable. Innovative control strategies based on concepts of integrated pest management, genetic expression, and symbiotic relationships are needed to develop more sustainable landscape-level control and habitat restoration solutions.


Optimal Control Strategies for Invasive Exotics in South Florida

Within the constraints of their budgets, responsible agencies must routinely make tradeoffs inherent in controlling the spread of invasives. There are also temporal tradeoffs that must be considered because decisions made now produce a legacy for the future. These tradeoffs can be investigated formally within the context of a decision-theoretic framework, which can identify optimal actions based on management goals and constraints, available budgets, and the demography of the invasive population. 


Work with U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service – Reed Canary Grass

Invasive species present a challenge to the efforts of National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs) to preserve appropriate plant community habitat. Reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea, RCG) is an invasive plant species that presents such a challenge. To improve management of RCG and assist in the recovery of degraded wet meadow and floodplain forest ecosystems within these NWRs, an adaptive management (AM) framework is being utilized.

For more information, visit Upper Midwest Environmental Science Center 


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