Wildlife Program

Publications

Filter Total Items: 272
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Year Published: 2018

Evidence that climate sets the lower elevation range limit in a high‐elevation endemic salamander

A frequent assumption in ecology is that biotic interactions are more important than abiotic factors in determining lower elevational range limits (i.e., the “warm edge” of a species distribution). However, for species with narrow environmental tolerances, theory suggests the presence of a strong environmental gradient can lead to persistence,...

Campbell Grant, Evan H.; Brand, Adrianne B.; De Wekker, Stephan F. J.; Lee, Temple R.; Wofford, John E. B.
Grant, E. H. C., Brand, A. B., De Wekker, S. F. J, Lee, T. R., and Wofford, J. E., 2018, Evidence that climate sets the lower elevation range limit in a high-elevation endemic salamander: Ecology and Evolution, v. 8, no. 15, p. 7553-7562. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4198

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Year Published: 2018

National Park Service and the USA National Phenology Network

Understanding the seasonal cycles of plants and animals, how they are changing, and how they can inform management, operations, and interpretation is critical to the mission of the National Park Service (NPS): to preserve unimpaired the natural and cultural resources and values of the National Park System for the enjoyment, education, and...

Weltzin, Jake; Crimmins, Theresa M.; Posthumus, Erin E.; Rosemartin, Alyssa
Attribution: Wildlife Program
USA-NPN, 2018. National Park Service and the USA National Phenology Network. USA-NPN Information Sheet. https://usanpn.org/files/shared/nps-2018.pdf

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Year Published: 2018

USA National Phenology Network supports decision making

The USA National Phenology Network is a federally-funded, nationalscale science and monitoring initiative focused on phenology as a tool to understand how plants, animals, and landscapes respond to environmental variation and change.

Weltzin, Jake; Crimmins, Theresa M.; Posthumus, Erin E.; Rosemartin, Alyssa
Attribution: Wildlife Program
USA-NPN, 2018. USA National Phenology Network supports decision making. USA-NPN Information Sheet. https://www.usanpn.org/files/npn/reports/USA-NPN-decision-making.pdf

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Year Published: 2018

Phenology forecasts predict pest seasonal activity to support decision making

The USA National Phenology Network (USANPN) produces and distributes daily national phenology maps – or Pheno Forecasts – indicating when key pest species may be most susceptible to management as part of a growing suite of phenology map products. The USA-NPN’s Pheno Forecast maps show when key pest species, including emerald ash borer (Agrilus...

Weltzin, Jake; Crimmins, Theresa M.; Posthumous, Erin; Rosemartin, Alyssaa; Gerst, Katharine L.
Attribution: Wildlife Program

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Year Published: 2018

A new tool for studying waterfowl immune and metabolic responses: Molecular level analysis using kinome profiling

Here, we describe the design of an Anas‐specific kinome peptide array that can be used to study the immunometabolic responses of mallard and American black duck to pathogens, contaminants, and environmental stress. The peptide arrays contain 2,642 unique phosphorylate‐able peptide sequences representing 1,900 proteins. These proteins cover a...

Pagano, Giovanni; Johnson, Casey; Hahn, Caldwell; Arsenault, Ryan J.
Pagano, G., Johnson, C., Hahn, D. C., and Arsenault, R. J., 2018, A new tool for studying waterfowl immune and metabolic responses: Molecular level analysis using kinome profiling: Ecology and Evolution, v. 8, no. 16, p. 8537-8546. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.4370

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Year Published: 2018

Effects of experimental removal of Barred Owls on population demography of Northern Spotted Owls in Washington and Oregon—2017 progress report

Populations of Northern Spotted Owls (Strix occidentalis caurina; hereinafter referred to as Spotted Owl) are declining throughout this subspecies’ geographic range. Evidence indicates that competition with invading populations of Barred Owls (S. varia) has contributed significantly to those declines. A pilot study in California showed that...

Wiens, J. David; Dugger, Katie M.; Lesmeister, Damon B.; Dilione, Krista E.; Simon, David C.
Wiens, J.D., Dugger, K.M., Lesmeister, D.B., Dilione, K.E., and Simon, D.C., 2018, Effects of experimental removal of Barred Owls on population demography of Northern Spotted Owls in Washington and Oregon—2017 progress report: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1086, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181086.

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Year Published: 2018

MonitoringResources.org—Supporting coordinated and cost-effective natural resource monitoring across organizations

Natural resource managers who oversee the Nation’s resources require data to support informed decision-making at a variety of spatial and temporal scales that often cross typical jurisdictional boundaries such as states, agency regions, and watersheds. These data come from multiple agencies, programs, and sources, often with their own methods and...

Bayer, Jennifer M.; Scully, Rebecca A.; Weltzin, Jake
Bayer, J.M., Scully, R.A., and Weltzin, J.F., 2018, MonitoringResources.org—Supporting coordinated and cost-effective natural resource monitoring across organizations: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3015, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183015.

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Year Published: 2018

Examining speed versus selection in connectivity models using elk migration as an example

ContextLandscape resistance is vital to connectivity modeling and frequently derived from resource selection functions (RSFs). RSFs estimate relative probability of use and tend to focus on understanding habitat preferences during slow, routine animal movements (e.g., foraging). Dispersal and migration, however, can produce rarer, faster movements...

Brennan, Angela; Hanks, Ephraim M.; Merkle, Jerod; Cole, Eric; Dewey, Sarah; Courtemanch, Alyson B.; Cross, Paul C.
Brennan, A, EM Hanks, JA Merkle, EK Cole, SR Dewey, AB Courtemanch, and PC Cross. 2018. Examining speed versus selection in connectivity models using elk migration as an example. Landscape Ecology. 00:000-000

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Year Published: 2018

USA National Phenology Network observational data documentation

The goals of the USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN, www.usanpn.org) are to advance science, inform decisions, and communicate and connect with the public regarding phenology and species’ responses to environmental variation and climate change. The USA-NPN seeks to advance the science of phenology and facilitate ecosystem stewardship by...

Rosemartin, Alyssa H.; Denny, Ellen G.; Gerst, Katharine L.; Marsh, R. Lee; Posthumus, Erin E.; Crimmins, Theresa M.; Weltzin, Jake
Rosemartin, A., Denny, E.G., Gerst, K.L., Marsh, R.L., Posthumus, E.E., Crimmins, T.M., and Weltzin, J.F., 2018, USA National Phenology Network observational data documentation: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1060, 24 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181060.

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Year Published: 2018

A science products inventory for citizen-science planning and evaluation

Citizen science involves a range of practices involving public participation in scientific knowledge production, but outcomes evaluation is complicated by the diversity of the goals and forms of citizen science. Publications and citations are not adequate metrics to describe citizen-science productivity. We address this gap by contributing a...

Wiggins, Andrea; Bonney, Rick; LeBuhn, Gretchen; Parrish, Julia K.; Weltzin, Jake
Attribution: Wildlife Program
Wiggins, Andrea, Rick Bonney, Gretchen LeBuhn, Julia K Parrish, and Jake F Weltzin; 2018. A Science Products Inventory for Citizen-Science Planning and Evaluation, BioScience, , biy028, https://doi.org/10.1093/bioscience/biy028

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Year Published: 2017

Developing enterprise tools and capacities for large-scale natural resource monitoring: A visioning workshop

In October 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in collaboration with the Pacific Northwest Aquatic Monitoring Partnership (PNAMP, www.pnamp.org), convened a 30-person workshop, https://www.pnamp.org/event/5509, to identify and prioritize development of enterprise systems for programs that monitor the status and trends of species populations...

Bayer, Jennifer M.; Weltzin, Jake; Scully, Rebecca A.
Attribution: Wildlife Program
Bayer, J.M., Weltzin, J. F., and Scully, R.A. 2017. Developing Enterprise Tools and Capacities for Large-scale Natural Resource Monitoring: A Visioning Workshop. (https://www.pnamp.org/document/5990).

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Year Published: 2017

US Fish and Wildlife Service and the USA National Phenology Network

Understanding the seasonal cycles of plants and animals, how they are changing, and how these changes can inform management, operations, and interpretation is critical to the mission of the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS): to work with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit...

Weltzin, Jake F.; Crimmins, Theresa; Posthumus, Erin E.; Rosemartin, Alyssa H.
Attribution: Wildlife Program