Wildlife Program

Publications

Filter Total Items: 272
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Year Published: 2017

USA National Phenology Network’s volunteer-contributed observations yield predictive models of phenological transitions

In support of science and society, the USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN) maintains a rapidly growing, continental-scale, species-rich dataset of plant and animal phenology observations that with over 10 million records is the largest such database in the United States. Contributed voluntarily by professional and citizen scientists, these...

Crimmins, Theresa M.; Crimmins, Michael A.; Gerst, Katherine L.; Rosemartin, Alyssa H.; Weltzin, Jake
Attribution: Wildlife Program
Crimmins , Theresa M., Michael A. Crimmins, Katharine L. Gerst, Alyssa H. Rosemartin, and Jake F. Weltzin. 2017. USA National Phenology Network’s volunteer-contributed observations yield predictive models of phenological transitions. PLOS. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182919

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Year Published: 2017

Defining opportunities for collaboration across data life cycles

Monitoring natural resources - water, forests, and animal populations—is required to support effective management of natural resources. However, because monitoring activities are often specific to a discipline, issue, or agency, it is typically difficult to integrate data to answer questions that transcend geopolitical and jurisdictional...

Weltzin, Jake F.; Bayer, Jennifer M.; Scully, Rebecca A.
Attribution: Wildlife Program
Weltzin, J. F., J. M. Bayer, and R. A. Scully (2017), Defining opportunities for collaboration across data life cycles, Eos, 98, https://doi.org/10.1029/2017EO072689. Published on 09 May 2017.

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Year Published: 2017

Effects of experimental removal of barred owls on population demography of northern spotted owls in Washington and Oregon—2016 progress report

Evidence indicates that competition with invasive barred owls (Strix varia) is causing rapid declines in populations of northern spotted owls (S. occidentalis caurina), and that the long-term persistence of spotted owls may be in question without additional management intervention. A pilot study in California showed that removal of barred owls in...

Wiens, J. David; Dugger, Katie M.; Lewicki, Krista E.; Simon, David C.
Wiens, J.D., Dugger, K.M., Lewicki, K.E., and Simon, D.C., 2017, Effects of experimental removal of barred owls on population demography of northern spotted owls in Washington and Oregon—2016 progress report: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017-1040, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171040.

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Year Published: 2017

Citizen science can improve conservation science, natural resource management, and environmental protection

Citizen science has advanced science for hundreds of years, contributed to many peer-reviewed articles, and informed land management decisions and policies across the United States. Over the last 10 years, citizen science has grown immensely in the United States and many other countries. Here, we show how citizen science is a powerful tool...

McKinley, Duncan C.; Miller-Rushing, Abe J.; Ballard, Heidi L.; Bonney, Rick; Brown, Hutch; Cook-Patton, Susan C.; Evans, Daniel M.; French, Rebecca A.; Parrish, Julia; Phillips, Tina B.; Ryan, Sean F.; Shanley, Lea A.; Shirk, Jennifer L.; Stepenuck, Kristine F.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Wiggins, Andrea; Boyle, Owen D.; Briggs, Russell D.; Chapin, Stuart F.; Hewitt, David A.; Preuss, Peter W.; Soukup, Michael A.
Attribution: Wildlife Program
McKinley, D.C., et al., Citizen science can improve conservation science, natural resource management, and environmental protection, Biological Conservation (2016), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.05.015

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Year Published: 2017

USA National Phenology Network gridded products documentation

The goals of the USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN, www.usanpn.org) are to advance science, inform decisions, and communicate and connect with the public regarding phenology and species’ responses to environmental variation and climate change. The USA-NPN seeks to facilitate informed ecosystem stewardship and management by providing...

Crimmins, Theresa M.; Marsh, R. Lee; Switzer, Jeff R.; Crimmins, Michael A.; Gerst, Katharine L.; Rosemartin, Alyssa H.; Weltzin, Jake F.
Attribution: Wildlife Program
Crimmins, T.M., Marsh, R.L., Switzer, J.R., Crimmins, M.A., Gerst, K.L., Rosemartin, A.H., and Weltzin, J.F., 2017, USA National Phenology Network gridded products documentation: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1003, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171003.

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Year Published: 2017

Cross-scale phenological data integration to benefit resource management and monitoring

Climate change is presenting new challenges for natural resource managers charged with maintaining sustainable ecosystems and landscapes. Phenology, a branch of science dealing with seasonal natural phenomena (bird migration or plant flowering in response to weather changes, for example), bridges the gap between the biosphere and the climate...

Richardson, Andrew D.; Weltzin, Jake F.; Morisette, Jeffrey T.
Attribution: Wildlife Program
Richardson, Andrew D., Jake F. Weltzin, and Jeffrey T. Morisette. 2016. “Cross-scale phenological data integration to benefit resource management and monitoring - Workshop on phenology at scales from individual plants to satellite pixels Cambridge MA, 21-23 June 2016 EOS. American Geophysical Union.

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Year Published: 2016

Climate change is advancing spring onset across the U.S. national park system

Many U.S. national parks are already at the extreme warm end of their historical temperature distributions. With rapidly warming conditions, park resource management will be enhanced by information on seasonality of climate that supports adjustments in the timing of activities such as treating invasive species, operating visitor facilities, and...

Monahan, William B.; Rosemartin, Alyssa; Gerst, Katharine L.; Fisichelli, Nicholas A.; Ault, Toby R.; Schwartz, Mark D.; Gross, John E.; Weltzin, Jake F.
Attribution: Wildlife Program
Monahan, William B. , Alyssa Rosemartin, Katharine L. Gerst, Nicholas A. Fisichelli, Toby Ault, Mark D. Schwartz, John E. Gross, and Jake F. Weltzin. 2016. Climate change is advancing spring onset across the U.S. national park system. Ecosphere Volume 7, Issue 10, October 2016. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1465 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ecs2.1465/full

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Year Published: 2016

A satellite model of Southwestern Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii extimus) breeding habitat and a simulation of potential effects of tamarisk leaf beetles (Diorhabda spp.), southwestern United States

Executive Summary The study described in this report represents the first time that a satellite model has been used to identify potential Southwestern Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii extimus) (hereinafter referred to as “flycatcher”) breeding habitat rangewide for 2013–15. Fifty-seven Landsat scenes were required to map the...

Hatten, James R.
Hatten, J.R., 2016, A satellite model of Southwestern Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii extimus) breeding habitat and a simulation of potential effects of tamarisk leaf beetles (Diorhabda spp.), Southwestern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1120, 88 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161120.

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Year Published: 2016

The plant phenology monitoring design for the National Ecological Observatory Network

Phenology is an integrative science that comprises the study of recurring biological activities or events. In an era of rapidly changing climate, the relationship between the timing of those events and environmental cues such as temperature, snowmelt, water availability or day length are of particular interest. This article provides an overview of...

Elmendorf, Sarah C; Jones, Katherine D.; Cook, Benjamin I.; Diez, Jeffrey M.; Enquist, Carolyn A.F.; Hufft, Rebecca A.; Jones, Matthew O.; Mazer, Susan J.; Miller-Rushing, Abraham J.; Moore, David J. P.; Schwartz, Mark D.; Weltzin, Jake F.
Attribution: Wildlife Program
Elmendorf, S. C., K. D. Jones, B. I. Cook, J. M. Diez, C. A. F. Enquist, R. A. Hufft, M. O. Jones, S. J. Mazer, A. J., Miller-Rushing, D. J. P. Moore, M. D. Schwartz, and J. F. Weltzin. 2016. The plant phenology monitoring design for the national ecological observatory network. Ecosphere 7(4):e01303. 10.1002/ecs2.1303

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Year Published: 2016

Seasonal response of ghrelin, growth hormone, and insulin-like growth factor I in the free-ranging Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris)

Seasonal changes in light, temperature, and food availability stimulate a physiological response in an animal. Seasonal adaptations are well studied in Arctic, Sub-Arctic, and hibernating mammals; however, limited studies have been conducted in sub-tropical species. The Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris), a sub-tropical marine...

Tighe, Rachel L; Bonde, Robert K.; Avery, Julie P.

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Year Published: 2016

Effects of experimental removal of barred owls on population demography of northern spotted owls in Washington and Oregon—2015 progress report

Evidence indicates that competition with newly established barred owls (Strix varia) is causing rapid declines in populations of northern spotted owls (Strix occidentalis caurina), and that the longterm persistence of spotted owls may be in question without additional management intervention. A pilot study in California showed that lethal removal...

Wiens, J. David; Dugger, Katie M.; Lewicki, Krista E.; Simon, David C.
Wiens, J.D., Dugger, K.M., Lewicki, K.E., and Simon, D.C., 2016, Effects of experimental removal of barred owls on population demography of northern spotted owls in Washington and Oregon—2015 progress report: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016-1041, 16 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161041.

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Year Published: 2016

Characterization of the putatively introduced red alga Acrochaetium secundatum (Acrochaetiales, Rhodophyta) growing epizoically on the pelage of southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis)

Ecological associations between epibionts (organisms that live on the surface of another living organism) and vertebrates have been documented in both marine and terrestrial environments, and may be opportunistic, commensal, or symbiotic (Lewin et al. 1981, Holmes 1985, Allen et al. 1993, Bledsoe et al. 2006, Pfaller et al. 2008, Suutari et al....

Bentall, Gena B.; Rosen, Barry H.; Kunz, Jessica M.; Miller, Melissa A.; Saunders, Gary W.; LaRoche, Nicole L.
Bentall, G.B., Rosen, B.H., Kunz, J.M., Miller, M.A., Saunders, G.W., and LaRoche, N.L., 2015, Characterization of the putatively introduced red alga Acrochaetium secundatum (Acrochaetiales, Rhodophyta) growing epizoically on the pelage of southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis): Marine Mammal Science, Early View, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mms.12275.