What are the band designations for the Landsat satellites?

Landsat 1-5 Multispectral Scanner (MSS) images consist of four spectral bands with 60 meter spatial resolution. Approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 185 km east-west (106 mi by 115 mi). Specific band designations differ from Landsat 1-3 to Landsat 4-5.

Chart showing wavelenght in micrometers and resolution in meters for the 7 bands in the Landsat 1-5 MSS sensor
Band designations for the Landsat 1-Landsat 5 Multipectral Scanner (MSS).  *Original MSS pixel size was 79 x 57 meters; production systems now resample the data to 60 meters.

Landsat 4-5 Thematic Mapper (TM) images consist of seven spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 5 and 7. Spatial resolution for Band 6 (thermal infrared) is 120 meters, but is resampled to 30-meter pixels. Approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 183 km east-west (106 mi by 114 mi).

Chart showing the wavelength in micrometers and the resolution in meters for the 7 bands in the Landsat 4 and 5 TM sensor
Landsat 4 and 5 Thematic Mapper (TM) band designations. * TM Band 6 was acquired at 120-meter resolution, but products processed before February 25, 2010 are resampled to 60-meter pixels. Products processed after February 25, 2010 are resampled to 30-meter pixels.  

Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) images consist of eight spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 7. The resolution for Band 8 (panchromatic) is 15 meters. All bands can collect one of two gain settings (high or low) for increased radiometric sensitivity and dynamic range, while Band 6 collects both high and low gain for all scenes. Approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 183 km east-west (106 mi by 114 mi).

Chart showing wavelength in micrometers and resolution in meters for the 8 bands in the Landsat 7 ETM plus sensor
Landsat 7 band designations for the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) sensor. * ETM+ Band 6 is acquired at 60-meter resolution. Products processed after February 25, 2010 are resampled to 30-meter pixels.

Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) images consist of nine spectral bands with a spatial resolution of 30 meters for Bands 1 to 7 and 9. New band 1 (ultra-blue) is useful for coastal and aerosol studies. New band 9 is useful for cirrus cloud detection. The resolution for Band 8 (panchromatic) is 15 meters. Thermal bands 10 and 11 are useful in providing more accurate surface temperatures and are collected at 100 meters. Approximate scene size is 170 km north-south by 183 km east-west (106 mi by 114 mi).

Chart showing wavelength in micrometers and resolution in meters for all 11 Landsat 8 bands
Landsat 8 band designations for the Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS). * TIRS bands are acquired at 100 meter resolution, but are resampled to 30 meter in delivered data product.

The Landsat Band Designations web page shows the individual band wavelengths while the Spectral Characteristics Viewer helps visualize the different satellite bands of Landsat and other sensors, along with selected spectra and convolving capabilities.

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