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Climate R&D research contributes the fundamental science basis needed to develop sustainable resource management strategies.

Filter Total Items: 15
Date published: April 5, 2016

Benchmark Glacier: Sperry

Sperry Glacier was chosen as the benchmark glacier for the glacier monitoring studies, due to the combination of its topographic characteristics, historic data, and access. Annual mass balance measurements began in 2005. Sperry Glacier joined the long-established USGS Benchmark Glacier Research program in 2013 where common field and analysis methods enable regional comparison and improved...

Date published: April 5, 2016
Status: Active

Glacier Research

As Glacier National Park’s namesake glaciers recede, CCME staff are monitoring many of the park’s glaciers to determine the causes of change, assess their ecological and hydrological effects, and predict future changes and effects. Intensive research to determine the mass balance of Sperry Glacier will determine whether small cirque glaciers like Sperry can serve as reliable indicators of...

Contacts: Erich Peitzsch
Date published: April 5, 2016
Status: Active

Glacier Monitoring Studies

The purpose of the CCME's glacier monitoring studies is to systematically monitor changes in Glacier National Park’s namesake glaciers and to determine the causes of changes, assess their ecological and hydrological effects, and predict future changes and effects.

Contacts: Erich Peitzsch
Filter Total Items: 41
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Year Published: 2017

Vertebrate paleontology, stratigraphy, and paleohydrology of Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument, Nevada (USA)

Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument (TUSK) preserves 22,650 acres of the upper Las Vegas Wash in the northern Las Vegas Valley (Nevada, USA). TUSK is home to extensive and stratigraphically complex groundwater discharge (GWD) deposits, called the Las Vegas Formation, which represent springs and desert wetlands that covered much of the...

Springer, Kathleen B.; Pigati, Jeffery S.; Scott, Eric
Springer, K.B., Pigati, J.S., and Scott, E., 2017, Vertebrate paleontology, stratigraphy, and paleohydrology of Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument, Nevada (USA): Geology of the Intermountain West, v. 4, p. 55–98 ​

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Year Published: 2016

First records of Canis dirus and Smilodon fatalis from the late Pleistocene Tule Springs local fauna, upper Las Vegas Wash, Nevada

Late Pleistocene groundwater discharge deposits (paleowetlands) in the upper Las Vegas Wash north of Las Vegas, Nevada, have yielded an abundant and diverse vertebrate fossil assemblage, the Tule Springs local fauna (TSLF). The TSLF is the largest open-site vertebrate fossil assemblage dating to the Rancholabrean North American Land Mammal Age in...

Scott, Eric; Springer, Kathleen B.

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Year Published: 2016

Hydrologic response of desert wetlands to Holocene climate change: preliminary results from the Soda Springs area, Mojave National Preserve, California

Desert wetlands are common features in arid environments and include a variety of hydrologic facies, including seeps, springs, marshes, wet meadows, ponds, and spring pools. Wet ground conditions and dense stands of vegetation in these settings combine to trap eolian, alluvial, and fluvial sediments that accumulate over time. The resulting...

Pigati, Jeffrey S.; Reheis, Marith C.; McGeehin, John P.; Honke, Jeffrey S.; Bright, J.

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Year Published: 2016

The Bear River's history and diversion: Constraints, unsolved problems, and implications for the Lake Bonneville record: Chapter 2

The shifting course of the Bear River has influenced the hydrologic balance of the Bonneville basin through time, including the magnitude of Lake Bonneville. This was first recognized by G.K. Gilbert and addressed in the early work of Robert Bright, who focused on the southeastern Idaho region of Gem Valley and Oneida Narrows. In this chapter, we...

Pederson, Joel L.; Janecke, Susanne U.; Reheis, Marith C.; Kaufmann, Darrell S.; Oaks, R. Q.
J.L. Pederson, S.U. Janecke, M.C. Reheis, D.S. Kaufman and R.Q. Oaks Jr., 2016, The Bear River’s History and Diversion: Constraints, Unsolved Problems, and Implications for the Lake Bonneville Record, in Oviatt, C.G., and Shroder, J.F., Lake Bonneville, A Scientific Update: Developments in Earth Surface Processes, Vol. 20, p. 28-59

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Year Published: 2015

Desert wetlands—Archives of a wetter past

Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are finding evidence of a much wetter past in the deserts of the American Southwest using a most unlikely source—wetlands. Wetlands form in arid environments where water tables approach or breach the ground surface. Often thought of as stagnant and unchanging, new evidence suggests that...

Pigati, Jeffery S.; Springer, Kathleen B.; Manker, Craig R.
Pigati, J.S., Springer, K.B., and Manker, C.R., 2015, Desert wetlands—Archives of a wetter past: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2015–3077, 2 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153077.

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Year Published: 2015

Dynamic response of desert wetlands to abrupt climate change

Desert wetlands are keystone ecosystems in arid environments and are preserved in the geologic record as groundwater discharge (GWD) deposits. GWD deposits are inherently discontinuous and stratigraphically complex, which has limited our understanding of how desert wetlands responded to past episodes of rapid climate change. Previous studies have...

Springer, Kathleen B.; Manker, Craig R.; Pigati, Jeffrey S.
Springer, K.B., Manker, C.R., Pigati, J.S., 2015, Dynamic response of desert wetlands to abrupt climate change. Science.

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Year Published: 2015

Directly dated MIS 3 lake-level record from Lake Manix, Mojave Desert, California, USA

An outcrop-based lake-level curve, constrained by ~ 70 calibrated 14C ages on Anodonta shells, indicates at least 8 highstands between 45 and 25 cal ka BP within 10 m of the 543-m upper threshold of Lake Manix in the Mojave Desert of southern California. Correlations of Manix highstands with ice, marine, and...

Reheis, Marith C.; Miller, David M.; McGeehin, John P.; Redwine, Joanna R.; Oviatt, Charles G.; Bright, Jordon E.
Reheis, M.C., Miller, D.M., McGeehin, J.P., Redwine, J.R., Oviatt, C.G., Bright, Jordon, 2015, Directly dated MIS 3 lake-level record from Lake Manix, Mojave Desert, California, USA: Quaternary Research, v. 83, p. 187-203.

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Year Published: 2014

Radiocarbon dating loess deposits in the Mississippi Valley using terrestrial gastropod shells (Polygyridae, Helicinidae, and Discidae)

Small terrestrial gastropod shells (mainly Succineidae) have been used successfully to date late Quaternary loess deposits in Alaska and the Great Plains. However, Succineidae shells are less common in loess deposits in the Mississippi Valley compared to those of the Polygyridae, Helicinidae, and Discidae families. In this study, we conducted...

Pigati, Jeffery S.; McGeehin, John P.; Muhs, Daniel; Grimley, David A.; Nekola, Jeffrey C.

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Year Published: 2014

Pluvial lakes in the Great Basin of the western United States: a view from the outcrop

Paleo-lakes in the western United States provide geomorphic and hydrologic records of climate and drainage-basin change at multiple time scales extending back to the Miocene. Recent reviews and studies of paleo-lake records have focused on interpretations of proxies in lake sediment cores from the northern and central parts of the Great Basin. In...

Reheis, Marith C.; Adams, Kenneth D.; Oviatt, Charles G.; Bacon, Steven N.
Pluvial lakes in the Great Basin of the western United States: a view from the outcrop; 2014; Article; Journal; Quaternary Science Reviews; Reheis, Marith C.; Adams, Kenneth D.; Oviatt, Charles G.; Bacon, Steven N.

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Year Published: 2014

Assessing climate-change risks to cultural and natural resources in the Yakima River Basin, Washington, USA

We provide an overview of an interdisciplinary special issue that examines the influence of climate change on people and fish in the Yakima River Basin, USA. Jenni et al. (2013) addresses stakeholder-relevant climate change issues, such as water availability and uncertainty, with decision analysis tools. Montag et al. (2014) explores Yakama Tribal...

Hatten, James R.; Waste, Stephen M.; Maule, Alec G.
Assessing climate-change risks to cultural and natural resources in the Yakima River Basin, Washington, USA; 2014; Article; Journal; Climatic Change; Hatten, James R.; Waste, Stephen M.; Maule, Alec G.

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Year Published: 2014

Identifying stakeholder-relevant climate change impacts: a case study in the Yakima River Basin, Washington, USA

Designing climate-related research so that study results will be useful to natural resource managers is a unique challenge. While decision makers increasingly recognize the need to consider climate change in their resource management plans, and climate scientists recognize the importance of providing locally-relevant climate data and projections,...

Jenni, K.; Graves, D.; Hardiman, Jill M.; Hatten, James R.; Mastin, Mark C.; Mesa, Matthew G.; Montag, J.; Nieman, Timothy; Voss, Frank D.; Maule, Alec G.
Jenni, K. D. Graves, J. Hardiman, J. Hatten, M. Mastin, M. Mesa, J. Montag, T. Nieman, F. Voss, and A. Maule. 2014. Identifying stakeholder-relevant climate change impacts: A case study in the Yakima River Basin, Washington, USA. Climatic Change, 124 (1-2): 371-384

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Year Published: 2014

Desert wetlands in the geologic record

Desert wetlands support flora and fauna in a variety of hydrologic settings, including seeps, springs, marshes, wet meadows, ponds, and spring pools. Over time, eolian, alluvial, and fluvial sediments become trapped in these settings by a combination of wet ground conditions and dense plant cover. The result is a unique combination of clastic...

Edwards, L.; Springer, A.; Pigati, Jeff S.; Rech, Jason A.; Quade, Jay; Bright, Jordon

Filter Total Items: 16
Eddy covariance tower in tidal FW marsh adjacent to a forested wetland
February 27, 2012

Eddy covariance tower

USGS scientists and cooperators service an eddy covariance (EC) station located in a tidal freshwater marsh at Salvador Wildlife Management Area, Louisiana, USA. EC stations allow agency scientists to asses the net exchange of CO2 and CH4 from wetlands over large spatial scales, and help determine the carbon sequestration capacity of managed marshes while also considering

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St. John River threatens to swamp a steel bridge.
April 29, 2008

St. John River at Ft. Kent, Maine Flood 2008

Understanding the forces that influence major floods can help inform the design of more resilient infrastructure. Image shows a major flood on the St. John River on the border of Maine, United States and New Brunswick, Canada, April 29, 2008. This site was part of the study. USGS Public Domain.

Repeat oblique photographs of Gulkana glaciers in Alaska.
December 31, 1967

Repeat oblique photographs of Gulkana glaciers in Alaska.

Repeat oblique photographs of Gulkana glaciers in Alaska.  1967, Unknown USGS photographer. 2016, L. Sass, USGS.

Repeat oblique photographs of Wolverine glacier in Alaska.
December 31, 1966

Repeat oblique photographs of Wolverine glacier in Alaska.

Repeat oblique photographs of Wolverine glacier in Alaska.  1966 image by unknown USGS photographer; 2015 image by L. Sass, USGS.

Filter Total Items: 14
Date published: December 18, 2014

Secretary Jewell Announces New Wildlife and Climate Studies at the Southeast Climate Science Center

Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell announced today that Interior’s Southeast Climate Science Center is awarding nearly $150,000 to its host university and other partners for research to guide managers of parks, refuges and other cultural and natural resources in planning how to help species and ecosystems adapt to climate change.

Date published: October 21, 2014

Interior, Agriculture Departments Partner to Measure Conservation Impacts on Water Quality

A new partnership will provide a clearer picture of the benefits of farmers' conservation practices on the quality of our Nation's water.  Working together, USDA's NRCS and DOI's USGS will quantify the benefits of voluntary agricultural practices at a watershed scale.