Large-scale map of Kīlauea's ERZ lava flow

Large-scale map of Kīlauea's East Rift Zone lava flow...

Detailed Description

This large-scale map shows the distal part of Kīlauea's active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to nearby Puna communities. The area of the flow on December 1, 2014, at 11:30 AM is shown in pink, while widening and advancement of the flow as mapped on December 9 at 2:30 PM is shown in red. Most surface flow activity is focused into a narrow lobe that branches off the west edge of the flow field north of the East Rift Zone crack system. The front of this finger (19.487854, -154.983492 Decimal Degrees) was 3.4 km (2.1 mi) upslope from the intersection of Highway 130 and Pahoa Village Road at the Pahoa Marketplace, at an elevation of 275 meters (900 ft). The blue lines show steepest-descent paths calculated from a 1983 digital elevation model (DEM; for calculation details, see http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1264/). Steepest-descent path analysis is based on the assumption that the DEM perfectly represents the earth's surface. DEMs, however, are not perfect, so the blue lines on this map can be used to infer only approximate flow paths. All older Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō lava flows (1983-2014) are shown in gray; the yellow line marks the active lava tube.

Details

Image Dimensions: 3300 x 2550

Date Taken: