Water Resources

Filter Total Items: 346
Date published: February 24, 2019
Status: Active

Geophysics for USGS Groundwater/Surface Water Interaction Studies

Understanding the interaction of groundwater and surface water is essential to water managers and hydrologists for the development of effective water-resource policy, protection, and management. The USGS conducts applied research to evaluate the use of new or emerging hydrogeophysical tools and methods to improve our understanding of groundwater/surface-water exchange.

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: February 24, 2019
Status: Active

Water Chemistry Data for Selected Springs, Geysers, and Streams in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, Beginning 2009

Results of water analyses conducted on numerous thermal and non-thermal features in Yellowstone National Park beginning in 2009. Water samples were collected and analyzed as part of research investigations on arsenic, iron, nitrogen, and sulfur redox species in hot springs and overflow drainages; the occurrence and distribution of dissolved mercury; and general hydrogeochemistry of hot springs...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: February 24, 2019
Status: Active

Groundwater-Level Response to Virginia Earthquake, August 23, 2011

A magnitude 5.8 (Mw) earthquake occurred at 1:51 pm EDT (17:51 UTC) on August 23, 2011, at a depth of about 3.7 miles (6 kilometers) beneath the town of Mineral, Virginia, located approximately 27 miles (45 kilometers) east of Charlottesville. The event is among the largest earthquakes recorded in the eastern United States.

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: February 24, 2019
Status: Active

Optimized Enhanced Bioremediation through 4D Geophysical Monitoring and Autonomous Data Collection, Processing, and Analysis

The USGS Office of Ground Water, Branch of Geophysics (OGW BG) is collaborating on an applied research project to evaluate the use of new hydrogeophysical tools to remotely monitor and visualize subsurface bioremediation amendment emplacement and transport in near real-time. The project, funded by the U.S. Department of Defense Environmental Security Technology Certification Program, could...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: February 23, 2019
Status: Completed

Thermal Imaging Camera Use: Identifying Groundwater Inputs to a Reef in American Samoa

USGS scientists used a thermal camera in American Samoa to understand the effect of land-based contaminants on an adjacent coral reef lagoon ecosystem. The infrared (IR) camera was used to capture thermal images of the lagoon to look for temperature differences to understand the distribution of freshwater entering the lagoon and the circulation of the lagoon water at various tidal levels.

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: February 23, 2019
Status: Completed

Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin Focus Area Study: Drought Impacts on Streams and Groundwater

During 2011 drought conditions in the ACF basin provided an opportunity to document streamflow and groundwater levels under these extreme conditions. Over 350 water levels were measured in wells and streamflow was measured at 212 streams or springs.

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: February 23, 2019
Status: Completed

Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin Focus Area Study: Water Use

Water use estimates and water returns for the ACF Basin were estimated and compiled by category and location during 2010. Categories included public supply, self-suppled domestic, self-supplied commercial, industrial, mining, agricultural (crop irrigation, livestock, and aquaculture), and thermoelectric-power generation. Methods for estimating irrigation water use were compared and evaluated...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: February 23, 2019
Status: Completed

Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin Focus Area Study: Estimating Streamflow

A hydrologic model that simulates streamflow conditions in the ACF Basin was constructed using the Precipitation Runoff Modeling System. The model simulated development by including withdrawals and returns, interbasin transfers, storage in unmanaged reservoirs, and impervious surface.

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: February 23, 2019
Status: Completed

Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin Focus Area Study: Groundwater/Surface-Water Interactions

In the lower Chattahoochee and Flint River Basin, a groundwater flow model was developed to simulate the effects of groundwater withdrawals on streamflow. This model was linked with the streamflow model to improve estimates of baseflow conditions during critical times, such as droughts.

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: February 23, 2019
Status: Completed

Colorado River Basin Focus Area Study: Evapotranspiration

New USGS-developed, remote-sensing based approaches were used to quantify agricultural irrigation water consumption on a field-by-field scale. The work produced the first ever Colorado River Basin-wide, 100-m scale actual ET estimate (2010) using Landsat imagery.

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: February 23, 2019
Status: Completed

Colorado River Basin Focus Area Study: Snowpack Hydrodynamics

The Focus Area Study examined factors affecting snowpack distribution, snowmelt, and losses of snowpack water due to sublimation in the Upper Colorado River Basin. Also, as part of the FAS, the USGS has developed methods to make physical measurements of snowpack sublimation.

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: February 23, 2019
Status: Completed

Colorado River Basin Focus Area Study: Water Use

Water-use data were compiled as annual total withdrawals by source and aggregated to 8-digit Hydrologic Unit Code watersheds from 1985 to 2010 in five year intervals. The new compilation allows for an evaluation of water-use trends in the Colorado River Basin and the effect of use on the water budget.

Attribution: Water Resources