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Year Published: 2016

Diadophis Puntatus Puntatus (Southern Ring-neck Snake) Predation

DIADOPHIS PUNCTATUS PUNCTATUS (Southern Ring-necked Snake). PREDATION. Here I present the first record of Buteo lineatus (Red-shouldered Hawk) predator on a Diadophis p. punctatus. At ca. 1100h on l2 February2 013,I observed a B. lineatus eating a katydid in Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary (26.2730'N, 81.6079"W;WGS 84), Collier Co., Florida, USA. The...

Gotte, Steve W.
Gotte, S. W., 1992, Chrysemys picta picta (Eastern Painted Turtle). Predation: Herpetological Review, v. 23, no. 3, p. 80.

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Year Published: 2016

Effects of Lead Exposure, Environmental Conditions, and Metapopulation Processes on Population Dynamics of Spectacled Eiders.

Spectacled eider Somateria fischeri numbers have declined and they are considered threatened in accordance with the US Endangered Species Act throughout their range. We synthesized the available information for spectacled eiders to construct deterministic, stochastic, and metapopulation models for this species that incorporated current estimates...

Flint, Paul L.; Grand, James B.; Petersen, Margaret R.; Rockwell, Robert F.
Flint, P. L., J. B. Grand, and M. R. Petersen. 2016. Effects of Lead Exposure, Environmental Conditions, and Metapopulation Processes on Population Dynamics of Spectacled Eiders. North American Fauna 81:1-41. doi:10.3996/nafa.81.0001

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Year Published: 2016

Response and resilience of Spartina alterniflora to sudden dieback

We measured an array of biophysical and spectral variables to evaluate the response and recovery of Spartina alterniflora to a sudden dieback event in spring and summer 2004 within a low marsh in coastal Virginia, USA. S. alterniflora is a foundation species, whose loss decreases ecosystem services and potentiates ecosystem state change. Long-term...

Marsh, Amanda; Blum, Linda K.; Christian, Robert R.; Ramsey, Elijah W.; Rangoonwala, Amina
Marsh, A., Blum, L.K., Christian, R.R., Ramsey III, E.W., and Rangoonwala, A., 2016, Response and resilience of Spartina alterniflora to sudden dieback: Journal of Coastal Conservation, v. 20, no. 4, p. 335-350, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11852-016-0445-9.

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Year Published: 2016

Changes in habitat use and distribution of mouflon in the Kahuku Unit of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park

European mouflon sheep (Ovis gmelini musimon) were introduced to Kahuku Ranch on Hawai‘i Island in 1968 and 1974 for trophy hunting and have been detrimental to the native ecosystem by trampling, bark stripping, and browsing vegetation. In 2003, Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park acquired Kahuku Ranch and managers began removing mouflon. The...

Palupe, Bronson; Leopold, Christina R.; Hess, Steven C.; Faford, Jonathan K.; Pacheco, Dexter; Judge, Seth W.

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Year Published: 2016

Spatial modeling of wild bird risk factors to investigate highly pathogenic A(H5N1) avian influenza virus transmission

One of the longest-persisting avian influenza viruses in history, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) A(H5N1), continues to evolve after 18 years, advancing the threat of a global pandemic. Wild waterfowl (family Anatidae), are reported as secondary transmitters of HPAIV, and primary reservoirs for low-pathogenic avian influenza...

Prosser, Diann J.; Hungerford, Laura L.; Erwin, R. Michael; Ottinger, Mary Ann; Takekawa, John Y.; Newman, Scott H.; Xiao, Xianming; Ellis, Erie C.
Prosser, D. J., Hungerford, L. L., Erwin, R. M., Ottinger, M. A., Takekawa, J. Y., Newman, S. H., Xiao, X., and Ellis, E. C., 2016, Spatial modeling of wild bird risk factors to investigate highly pathogenic A(H5N1) avian influenza virus transmission: Avian Diseases, v. 60, p. 329-336.

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Year Published: 2016

Temporal variation in survival and recovery rates of lesser scaup

Management of lesser scaup (Aythya affinis) has been hindered by access to reliable data on population trajectories and vital rates. We conducted a Bayesian analysis of historical (1951–2011) band-recovery data throughout North America to estimate annual survival and recovery rates for juvenile and adult male and female lesser scaup to...

Arnold, Todd W.; Afton, Alan D.; Anteau, Michael J.; Koons, David N.; Nicolai, Chris
Arnold, T. W., A. D. Afton, M. J. Anteau, D. N. Koons, and C. A. Nicolai. 2016. Temporal variation in survival and recovery rates of lesser scaup. Journal of Wildlife Management 80(5):850-861. DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21074

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Year Published: 2016

Waterbird nest-site selection is influenced by neighboring nests and island topography

Avian nest-site selection is influenced by factors operating across multiple spatial scales. Identifying preferred physical characteristics (e.g., topography, vegetation structure) can inform managers to improve nesting habitat suitability. However, social factors (e.g., attraction, territoriality, competition) can complicate understanding...

Hartman, Christopher; Ackerman, Joshua T.; Takekawa, John Y.; Herzog, Mark P.
Hartman, CA, JT Ackerman, JY Takekawa, MP Herzog. 2016. Waterbird nest-site selection is influenced by neighboring nests and island topography. The Journal of Wildlife Management. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.21105

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Year Published: 2016

Comparing three approaches of evapotranspiration estimation in mixed urban vegetation; field-based, remote sensing-based and observational-based methods

Despite being the driest inhabited continent, Australia has one of the highest per capita water consumptions in the world. In addition, instead of having fit-for-purpose water supplies (using different qualities of water for different applications), highly treated drinking water is used for nearly all of Australia’s urban water supply needs...

Nouri, Hamideh; Glenn, Edward P.; Beecham, Simon; Chavoshi Boroujeni, Sattar; Sutton, Paul; Alaghmand, Sina; Nagler, Pamela L.; Noori, Behnaz
2016. Nouri, H.; Glenn, E.P.; Beecham, S.; Chavoshi Boroujeni, S.; Sutton, P.; Alaghmand, S.; Noori, B.; Nagler, P. Comparing Three Approaches of Evapotranspiration Estimation in Mixed Urban Vegetation: Field-Based, Remote Sensing-Based and Observational-Based Methods. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 492. 10.3390/rs8060492

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Year Published: 2016

Do the rich get richer? Varying effects of tree species identity and diversity on the richness of understory taxa

Understory herbs and soil invertebrates play key roles in soil formation and nutrient cycling in forests. Studies suggest that diversity in the canopy and in the understory are positively associated, but these studies often confound the effects of tree species diversity with those of tree species identity and abiotic conditions. We combined...

Champagne, Juilette; Paine, C. E. Timothy; Schoolmaster, Donald; Stejskal, Robert; Volařík, Daniel; Šebesta, Jan; Trnka, Filip; Koutecký, Tomáš; Švarc, Petr; Svátek, Martin; Hector, Andy; Matula, Radim
Chamagne, J., Paine, C.E.T., Schoolmaster, D.R., Jr., Stejskal, R., Volařík, D., Ṧebesta, J., Trnka, F., Koutecký, T., Ṧvarc, P., Svátek, M., Hector, A., and Matula, R., 2016, Do the rich get richer? Varying effects of tree species identity and diversity on the richness of understory taxa: Ecology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecy.1479.

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Year Published: 2016

Genome sequence of a novel H14N7 subtype influenza A virus isolated from a blue-winged teal (Anas discors) harvested in Texas, USA

We report here the complete genome sequence of a novel H14N7 subtype influenza A virus (IAV) isolated from a blue-winged teal (Anas discors) harvested in Texas, USA. The genomic characteristics of this IAV strain with a previously undetected subtype combination suggest recent viral evolution within the New World wild-bird IAV reservoir.  ...

Ramey, Andrew M.; Reeves, Andrew B.; Poulson, Rebecca L.; Carter, Deborah L.; Davis-Fields, Nicholas; Stallknecht, David E.
Ramey, A. M., A. B. Reeves, R. L. Poulson, D. L. Carter, N. Davis-Fields, and D. E. Stallknecht. 2016. Genome sequence of a novel H14N7 subtype Influenza A virus isolated from a Blue-Winged Teal (Anas discors) harvested in Texas, USA. Genome Announcements 4(3):e00520-16. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00520-16

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Year Published: 2016

Object-based forest classification to facilitate landscape-scale conservation in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley

The Mississippi Alluvial Valley is a floodplain along the southern extent of the Mississippi River extending from southern Missouri to the Gulf of Mexico. This area once encompassed nearly 10 million ha of floodplain forests, most of which has been converted to agriculture over the past two centuries. Conservation programs in this region revolve...

Mitchell, Michael; Wilson, R. Randy; Twedt, Daniel J.; Mini, Anne E.; James, J. Dale

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Year Published: 2016

Stock assessment in inland fisheries: a foundation for sustainable use and conservation

Fisheries stock assessments are essential for science-based fisheries management. Inland fisheries pose challenges, but also provide opportunities for biological assessments that differ from those encountered in large marine fisheries for which many of our assessment methods have been developed. These include the number and diversity of fisheries...

Lorenzen, Kai; Cowx, Ian G.; Entsua-Mensah, R. E. M.; Lester, Nigel P.; Koehn, J.D.; Randall, R.G.; So, N.; Bonar, Scott A.; Bunnell, David B.; Venturelli, Paul A.; Bower, Shannon D.; Cooke, Steven J.
Lorenzen, K., I.G. Cowx, R.E.M. Entsua-Mensah, N.P. Lester, J.D Koehn, R.G. Randall, N. So, S.A. Bonar, D.B. Bunnell, P. Venturelli, S.D. Bower, S.J. Cooke