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Year Published: 2016

Spawning site fidelity of wild and hatchery lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) in northern Lake Huron

Fidelity to high-quality spawning sites helps ensure that adults repeatedly spawn at sites that maximize reproductive success. Fidelity is also an important behavioural characteristic to consider when hatchery-reared individuals are stocked for species restoration, because artificial rearing environments may interfere with cues that guide...

Binder, Thomas; Riley, Stephen C.; Holbrook, Christopher; Hansen, Michael J.; Bergstedt, Roger A.; Bronte, Charles R.; He, Ji; Krueger, Charles C.

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Year Published: 2016

Vulnerability of shortgrass prairie bird assemblages to climate change

The habitats and resources needed to support grassland birds endemic to North American prairie ecosystems are seriously threatened by impending climate change. To assess the vulnerability of grassland birds to climate change, we consider various components of vulnerability, including sensitivity, exposure, and adaptive capacity (Glick et al. 2011...

Knuffman, Lekha; Skagen, Susan K.; Dreitz, Victoria; Conrey, Reesa Y.; Yackel, Amy; Panjabi, Arvind O.
Skagen SK, V Dreitz, R Conrey, AA Yackel Adams, A Panjabi. 2016. Vulnerability of shortgrass prairie bird assemblages to climate change. Pp. 100-101 in Knuffman, L., ed. 2016. America's Grasslands Conference: Partnerships for Grassland Conservation. Washington, DC: National Wildlife Federation

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Year Published: 2016

Use of multiple sequencing technologies to produce a high-quality genome of the fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the causative agent of bat White-Nose syndrome

White-Nose syndrome has recently emerged as one of the most devastating wildlife diseases recorded, causing widespread mortality in numerous bat species throughout eastern North America. Here, we present an improvised reference genome of the fungal pathogen Pseudogymnoascus destructans for use in comparative genomic studies.

Drees, Kevin P.; Palmer, Jonathan M.; Sebra, Robert; Lorch, Jeffrey M.; Chen, Cynthia; Wu, ChengCang; Bok, Jin Woo; Keller, Nancy F.; Blehert, David S.; Cuomo, Christina A.; Linder, Daniel L.; Foster, Jeffrey T.
Drees KP, Palmer JM, Sebra R, Lorch JM, Chen C, Wu C-C, Bok JW, Keller NP, Blehert DS, Cuomo CA, Lindner DL, Foster JT. 2016. Use of multiple sequencing technologies to produce a high-quality genome of the fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the causative agent of bat white-nose syndrome. Genome Announc 4(3): e00445-16. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00445-16.

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Year Published: 2016

Historical habitat barriers prevent ring-like genetic continuity throughout the distribution of threatened Alameda Striped Racers (Coluber lateralis euryxanthus)

We used microsatellites and mtDNA sequences to examine the mixed effects of geophysical, habitat, and contemporary urban barriers on the genetics of threatened Alameda Striped Racers (Coluber lateralis euryxanthus), a species with close ties to declining coastal scrub and chaparral habitat in the eastern San Francisco Bay area of California. We...

Richmond, Jonathan Q.; Wood, Dustin A.; Swaim, Karen; Fisher, Robert N.; Vandergast, Amy G.
Richmond, JQ, DA Wood, KE Swaim, RN Fisher, AG Vandergast. 2016. Historical Habitat Barriers Prevent Ring-like Genetic Continuity Throughout the Distribution of Threatened Alameda Striped Racers (Coluber lateralis euryxanthus). Herpetologica 72(3):xx-xx. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1655/Herpetologica-D-15-00046

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Year Published: 2016

Using macroinvertebrate assemblages and multiple stressors to infer urban stream system condition: A case study in the central US

Characterizing the impacts of hydrologic alterations, pollutants, and habitat degradation on macroinvertebrate species assemblages is of critical value for managers wishing to categorize stream ecosystem condition. A combination of approaches including trait-based metrics and traditional bioassessments provides greater information, particularly in...

Nichols, John W.; Hubbart, Jason A.; Poulton, Barry C.
Nichols, J., Hubbart, J.A., and Poulton, B.C., 2016, Using macroinvertebrate assemblages and multiple stressors to infer urban stream system condition: a case study in the central US: Urban Ecosyst 19:679–704

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Year Published: 2016

Misapplied survey data and model uncertainty result in incorrect conclusions about the role of predation on alewife population dynamics in Lake Huron: a comment on He et al. (2015)

Drastic recent and ongoing changes to fish populations and food webs in the Great Lakes have been well-described (Riley et al. 2008; Barbiero et al. 2009; Nalepa et al. 2009; Fahnenstiel et al. 2010;Evans et al. 2011; Gobin et al. 2015), and uncertainty regarding their potential effects on fisheries has caused concern among...

Riley, Stephen C.; Dunlop, Erin S.

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Year Published: 2016

Age- and season-specific variation in local and long-distance movement behavior of golden eagles

Animal movements can determine the population dynamics of wildlife. We used telemetry data to provide insight into the causes and consequences of local and long-distance movements of multiple age classes of conservation-reliant golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) in the foothills and mountains near Tehachapi, California. We estimated size and...

Poessel, Sharon; Bloom, Peter H.; Braham, Melissa A.; Katzner, Todd E.

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Year Published: 2016

Effect of electric barrier on passage and physical condition of juvenile and adult rainbow trout

Electric barriers can inhibit passage and injure fish. Few data exist on electric barrier parameters that minimize these impacts and on how body size affects susceptibility, especially to nontarget fish species. The goal of this study was to determine electric barrier voltage and pulse-width settings that inhibit passage of larger bodied rainbow...

Layhee, Megan J.; Sepulveda, Adam J.; Shaw, Amy; Smuckall, Matthew; Kapperman, Kevin; Reyes, Alejandro

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Year Published: 2016

Reevaluating geographic variation in life-history traits of a widespread Nearctic amphibian

Animals from cold environments are usually larger than animals from warm environments, which often produce clines in body size. Because variation in body size can lead to trade-offs between growth and reproduction, life-history traits should also vary across climatic gradients. To determine if life-history traits of wood frogs Rana sylvatica...

Davenport, Jon M.; Hossack, Blake R.

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Year Published: 2016

Collaborations, research, and adaptive management to address nonnative Phragmites australis in the Great Lakes Basin

Phragmites australis, also known as common reed, is a native North American wetland grass that has grown in North America for thousands of years. More recently, a nonnative, invasive variety of Phragmites from Eurasia is rapidly invading wetlands across the continental United States and other parts of North America, where it negatively impacts...

Kowalski, Kurt P.
Kowalski, K.P., 2016, Collaborations, research, and adaptive management to address nonnative Phragmites australis in the Great Lakes basin: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2016–3031, 2 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20163031.

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Year Published: 2016

Distribution of the Sonora Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma mavortium stebbinsi) in Mexico

The Sonoran Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma mavortium stebbinsi Lowe, 1954) was listed as federally endangered in the USA in 1997 (USFWS 1997). In the USA, the distribution of A. mavortium stebbinsi is limited to the San Rafael Valley (approximately 567 km2), between the Sierra San Antonio (called the Patagonia Mountains in Arizona) and Huachuca...

Hossack, Blake R.; Muths, Erin L.; Rorabaugh, James C.; Lemos Espinal, Julio A.; Sigafus, Brent H.; Chambert, Thierry A.; Carreon Arroyo, Gerardo; Hurtado Felix, David; Toyos Martinez, Daniel; Jones, Thomas R.

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Year Published: 2016

Digestive physiology comparisons of aquatic invertebrates in the Upper Mississippi River Basin

Limited information is available on the composition of digestive enzymes present in unionid mussels and the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha. Available information is nearly exclusive to species used for culture purposes. A commercially available enzyme assay kit was used to examine the effect of habitat within an ecosystem, season, and...

Sauey, Blake W.; Amberg, Jon J.; Cooper, Scott T.; Grunwald, Sandra K.; Haro, Roger J.; Gaikowski, Mark P.