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Year Published: 2016

Genomics reveals historic and contemporary transmission dynamics of a bacterial disease among wildlife and livestock

Whole-genome sequencing has provided fundamental insights into infectious disease epidemiology, but has rarely been used for examining transmission dynamics of a bacterial pathogen in wildlife. In the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), outbreaks of brucellosis have increased in cattle along with rising seroprevalence in elk. Here we use a...

Kamath, Pauline L.; Foster, Jeffrey T.; Drees, Kevin P.; Luikart, Gordon; Quance, Christine; Anderson, Neil J.; Clarke, P. Ryan; Cole, Eric K.; Drew, Mark L.; Edwards, William H.; Rhyan, Jack C.; Treanor, John J.; Wallen, Rick L.; White, Patrick J.; Robbe-Austerman, Suelee; Cross, Paul C.
Kamath, P.L., Foster, J.T., Drees, K.P., Luikart, G., Quance, C., Anderson, N.J., Clarke, P.R., Cole, E.K., Drew, M.L., Edwards, W.H., Rhyan, J.C., Treanor, J.J., Wallen, R.L., White, P.J., Robbe-Austerman, S. & Cross, P.C. (2016) Genomics reveals historic and contemporary transmission dynamics of a bacterial disease among wildlife and livestock. Nat Commun, 7, 11448.

Year Published: 2016

Waterfowl endozoochory: An overlooked long-distance dispersal mode for Cuscuta (dodder)

REMISE OF THE STUDY: Dispersal of parasitic Cuscuta species (dodders) worldwide has been assumed to be largely anthropomorphic because their seeds do not match any previously known dispersal syndrome and no natural dispersal vectors have been reliably documented. However, the genus has a subcosmopolitan distribution and recent...

Costea, Mihai; Stefanović, Saša; García, Miguel A.; De La Cruz, Susan; Casazza, Michael L.; Green, Andy J.
Costea, M, S Stefanović, MA Garcia, S De La Cruz, ML Casazza, AJ Green. 2016. Waterfowl endozoochory: An overlooked long-distance dispersal mode for Cuscuta (dodder). American Journal of Botany. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1500507

Year Published: 2016

Aquatic Trophic Productivity model: A decision support model for river restoration planning in the Methow River, Washington

Introduction The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has developed a dynamic food-web simulation model to provide decision support for Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) river restoration projects in the Methow River, Washington. This modeling effort was done to contribute to Reasonable and Prudent Alternative actions 56 and 57of the 2014 Federal...

Benjamin, Joseph R.; Bellmore, J. Ryan
Benjamin, J.R., and Bellmore, J.R., 2016, Aquatic trophic productivity model: A decision support model for river restoration planning in the Methow River, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016‒1075, 85 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161075.

Year Published: 2016

Changing levels of heavy metal accumulation in birds at Tumacacori National Historic Park along the Upper Santa Cruz River Watershed in southern Arizona

National Parks and other protected areas can be influenced by contamination from outside their boundaries. This is particularly true of smaller parks and those in riparian ecosystems, a habitat that in arid environments provides critical habitat for breeding, migratory, and wintering birds. Animals living in contaminated areas are susceptible to...

van Riper, Charles; Lester, Michael B.
van Riper, Charles, III and Michael B. Lester. 2016. Changing levels of Heavy Metal Accumulation in birds at Tumacacori National Historic Park along the Upper Santa Cruz River Watershed in Southern Arizona. in: Weber, Samantha, ed. 2016. Engagement, Education, and Expectations—The Future of Parks and Protected Areas: Proceedings of the 2015 George Wright Society Conference on Parks, Protected Areas, and Cultural Sites. Hancock, Michigan: George Wright Society. pp 123-128

Year Published: 2016

Salt marsh-mangrove ecotones: using structural gradients to investigate the effects of woody plant encroachment on plant-soil interactions and ecosystem carbon pools

Changing winter climate extremes are expected to result in the poleward migration of mangrove forests at the expense of salt marshes. Although mangroves and marshes are both highly valued ecosystems, the ecological implications of mangrove expansion have not been fully investigated. Here, we examined the effects of mangrove expansion on below-...

Yando, Erik S.; Osland, Michael J.; Willis, Jonathan M; Day, Richard H.; Krauss, Ken W.; Hester, Mark W.
Yando, E.S., Osland, M.J., Willis, J.M., Day, R.H., Krauss, K.W., and Hester, M.W., 2016, Salt marsh-mangrove ecotones: using structural gradients to investigate the effects of woody plant encroachment on plant-soil interactions and ecosystem carbon pools: Journal of Ecology, v. 104, no. 4, p. 1020-1031, http://dx.doi.org/10.111/1365-2745.12571.

Year Published: 2016

Predicting tree biomass growth in the temperate-boreal ecotone: is tree size, age, competition or climate response most important?

As global temperatures rise, variation in annual climate is also changing, with unknown consequences for forest biomes. Growing forests have the ability to capture atmospheric CO2and thereby slow rising CO2 concentrations. Forests’ ongoing ability to sequester C depends on how tree communities respond to changes in climate variation....

Foster, Jane R.; Finley, Andrew O.; D'Amato, Anthony W.; Bradford, John B.; Banerjee, Sudipto
Foster, J.R., Finley, A.O., D'Amato, A.W., Bradford, J.B., Banerjee, S., 2016, Predicting tree biomass growth in the temperate-boreal ecotone: Is tree size, age, competition, or climate response most important?: Global Change Biology, v. 22, no. 6, p. 2138-2151, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.13208/full and http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13208.

Year Published: 2016

Ecology of nonnative Siberian prawn (Palaemon modestus) in the lower Snake River, Washington, USA

We assessed the abundance, distribution, and ecology of the nonnative Siberian prawn Palaemon modestus in the lower Snake River, Washington, USA. Analysis of prawn passage abundance at three Snake River dams showed that populations are growing at exponential rates, especially at Little Goose Dam where over 464,000 prawns were collected...

Erhardt, John M.; Tiffan, Kenneth F.
Erhardt, J.M., and K.F. Tiffan. Ecology of nonnative Siberian prawn (Palaemon modestus) in the lower Snake River, Washington, USA. Aquat. Ecol. (Online First).

Year Published: 2016

Value-focused framework for defining landscape-scale conservation targets

Conservation of natural resources can be challenging in a rapidly changing world and require collaborative efforts for success. Conservation planning is the process of deciding how to protect, conserve, and enhance or minimize loss of natural and cultural resources. Establishing conservation targets (also called indicators or endpoints), the...

Romañach, Stephanie; Benscoter, Allison M.; Brandt, Laura A.
Romanach, S.S., Benscoter, A.M., and Brandt, L.A., 2016, Value-focused framework for defining landscape-scale conservation targets: Journal for Nature Conservation, v. 32, p. 53-61, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2016.04.005.

Year Published: 2016

Landsat 8 and ICESat-2: Performance and potential synergies for quantifying dryland ecosystem vegetation cover and biomass

The Landsat 8 mission provides new opportunities for quantifying the distribution of above-ground carbon at moderate spatial resolution across the globe, and in particular drylands. Furthermore, coupled with structural information from space-based and airborne laser altimetry, Landsat 8 provides powerful capabilities for large-area, long-term...

Glenn, Nancy F.; Neuenschwander, Amy; Vierling, Lee A.; Spaete, Lucas; Li, Aihua; Shinneman, Douglas; Pilliod, David S.; Arkle, Robert; McIlroy, Susan
Glenn, N.F., Neuenschwander, A., Vierling, L.A., Spaete, L., Li, A., Shinneman, D.J., Pilliod, D.S., Arkle, R.S., and McIlroy, S.K. 2016. Landsat * and ICESat-2: Performance and potential synergies for quantifying dryland ecosystem vegetation cover and biomass. Remote Sensing of Environment, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.039

Year Published: 2016

Ecosystem engineering of harvester ants: effects on vegetation in a sagebrush-steppe ecosystem

Harvester ants are influential in many ecosystems because they distribute and consume seeds, remove vegetation, and redistribute soil particles and nutrients. Understanding the interaction between harvester ants and plant communities is important for management and restoration efforts, particularly in systems altered by fire and invasive species...

Gosselin, Elyce N; Holbrook, Joseph D.; Huggler, Katey; Brown, Emily; Vierling, Kerri T.; Arkle, Robert; Pilliod, David S.
Gosselin, E.N., Holbrook, J.D., Huggler, K., Brown, E., Vierling, K.T., Arkle, R.S., Pilliod, D.S., 2016, Ecosystem engineering of harvester ants- effects on vegetation in a sagebrush-steppe ecosystem: Western North American Naturalist, v. 76, no. 1, p. 82-89.

Year Published: 2016

Conditions and processes affecting sand resources at archeological sites in the Colorado River corridor below Glen Canyon Dam, Arizona

This study examined links among fluvial, aeolian, and hillslope geomorphic processes that affect archeological sites and surrounding landscapes in the Colorado River corridor downstream from Glen Canyon Dam, Arizona. We assessed the potential for Colorado River sediment to enhance the preservation of river-corridor archeological resources through...

East, Amy E.; Collins, Brian D.; Sankey, Joel B.; Corbett, Skye C.; Fairley, Helen C.; Caster, Joshua J.
East, A.E., Collins, B.D., Sankey, J.B., Corbett, S.C., Fairley, H.C., and Caster, J., 2016, Conditions and processes affecting sand resources at archeological sites in the Colorado River corridor below Glen Canyon Dam, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1825, 104 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/pp1825.

Year Published: 2016

Response to Smith et al. 18 February 2016

Haig, Susan M.
Haig, S.M., 2016, Response to Smith et al. 18 February 2016: Evolutionary Applications, v. 9, no. 5, p. 638-639.