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Year Published: 2016

Carbon budgets of biological soil crusts at micro-, meso-, and global scales

The importance of biocrusts in the ecology of arid lands across all continents is widely recognized. In spite of this broad distribution, contributions of biocrusts to the global biogeochemical cycles have only recently been considered. While these studies opened a new view on the global role of biocrusts, they also clearly revealed the lack of...

Sancho, Leopoldo G; Belnap, Jayne; Colesie, Claudia; Raggio, Jose; Weber, Bettina
Sancho, L.G., Belnap, J., Colesie, C., Raggio, J., and Weber, B., 2016, Biological soil crusts as soil stabilizers, in Weber, B., Budel, B, and Belnap, J., eds., Biological soil crusts: an organizing principle in drylands: Switzerland, Springer International Publishing, p. 287-304, http://dx.doi.10.1007/978-3-319-30214-0_15.

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Year Published: 2016

Controls on distribution patterns of biological soil crusts at micro- to global scales

Biocrusts are heterogeneously distributed in space. The drivers of their distribution patterns vary depending on the spatial scale of observation. Globally, there are about 1337 cyanobacteria, algae, bryophyte, and lichen species reported as components of biocrusts. At the broadest biogeographical scales, the degree and age of isolation of land...

Belnap, Jayne; Lange, Otto L.; Bowker, Matthew A.; Buedel, Burkhard; Sannier, Christophe; Pietrasiak, Nicole; Eldridge, David; Aguilar, Victor Rivera
Bowker, M.A., Belnap, J., Budel, B., Sannier, C., Pietrasiak, N., Eldridge, D.J., and Rivera-Aguilar, V., 2016, Biological soil crusts as soil stabilizers, in Weber, B., Budel, B, and Belnap, J., eds., Biological soil crusts: an organizing principle in drylands: Switzerland, Springer International Publishing, p. 173-198, http://dx.doi.10.1007/978-3-319-30214-0_10.

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Year Published: 2016

How biological soil crusts became recognized as a functional unit: a selective history

It is surprising that despite the world-wide distribution and general importance of biological soil crusts (biocrusts), scientific recognition and functional analysis of these communities is a relatively young field of science. In this chapter, we sketch the historical lines that led to the recognition of biocrusts as a community with important...

Lange, Otto L.; Belnap, Jayne
Lange, O.L., and Belnap, J., 2016, Biological soil crusts as an organizing principle in drylands, in Weber, B., Budel, B, and Belnap, J., eds., Biological soil crusts: an organizing principle in drylands: Switzerland, Springer International Publishing, p. 15-36, http://dx.doi.10.1007/978-3-319-30214-0_2.

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Year Published: 2016

Natural recovery of biological soil crusts after disturbance

Natural recovery of biological soil crusts (biocrusts) is influenced by a number of different parameters, such as climate, soil conditions, the severity of disturbance, and the timing of disturbance relative to the climatic conditions. In recent studies, it has been shown that recovery is often not linear, but a highly dynamic process directly...

Weber, Bettina; Bowker, Matthew A.; Zhang, Yuanming; Belnap, Jayne
Weber, B., Bowker, M., Zhang, Y., and Belnap, J. 2016, Biological soil crusts as soil stabilizers, in Weber, B., Budel, B, and Belnap, J., eds., Biological soil crusts: an organizing principle in drylands: Switzerland, Springer International Publishing, p. 479-498, http://dx.doi.10.1007/978-3-319-30214-0_23.

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Year Published: 2016

Patterns and controls on nitrogen cycling of biological soil crusts

Biocrusts play a significant role in the nitrogen [N ] cycle within arid and semi-arid ecosystems, as they contribute major N inputs via biological fixation and dust capture, harbor internal N transformation processes, and direct N losses via N dissolved, gaseous and erosional loss processes (Fig. 1). Because soil N availability in arid and semi-...

Barger, Nichole N.; Zaady, Eli; Weber, Bettina; Garcia-Pichel, Ferran; Belnap, Jayne
Barger, N.N., Weber, B., Garcia-Pichel, F., Zaady, E., and Belnap, J., 2016, Biological soil crusts as soil stabilizers, in Weber, B., Budel, B, and Belnap, J., eds., Biological soil crusts: an organizing principle in drylands: Switzerland, Springer International Publishing, p. 257-285, http://dx.doi.10.1007/978-3-319-30214-0_14.

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Year Published: 2016

Synthesis on biological soil crust research

In this closing chapter, we summarize the advances in biocrust research made during the last 1.5 decades. In the first part of the chapter, we discuss how in some research fields, such as the microbial diversity of fungi, bacteria, and microfauna; the interaction between biocrusts and vascular plants; and in the rehabilitation of biocrusts;...

Weber, Bettina; Belnap, Jayne; Buedel, Burkhard
Weber, B., Belnap, J., and Budel, B., 2016, Biological soil crusts as soil stabilizers, in Weber, B., Budel, B, and Belnap, J., eds., Biological soil crusts: an organizing principle in drylands: Switzerland, Springer International Publishing, p. 527-534, http://dx.doi.10.1007/978-3-319-30214-0_25.

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Year Published: 2016

Spatially explicit modeling of annual and seasonal habitat for greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) in Nevada and Northeastern California—An updated decision-support tool for management

Successful adaptive management hinges largely upon integrating new and improved sources of information as they become available. As a timely example of this tenet, we updated a management decision support tool that was previously developed for greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus, hereinafter referred to as “sage-grouse”) populations in...

Coates, Peter S.; Casazza, Michael L.; Brussee, Brianne E.; Ricca, Mark A.; Gustafson, K. Benjamin; Sanchez-Chopitea, Erika; Mauch, Kimberly; Niell, Lara; Gardner, Scott; Espinosa, Shawn; Delehanty, David J.
Coates, P.S., Casazza, M.L., Brussee B.E., Ricca, M.A., Gustafson, K.B., Sanchez-Chopitea, E., Mauch, K., Niell, L., Gardner, S., Espinosa, S., and Delehanty, D.J., 2016, Spatially explicit modeling of annual and seasonal habitat for greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) in Nevada and Northeastern California—An updated decision-support tool for management: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016-1080, 160 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161080.

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Year Published: 2016

Dendritic network models: Improving isoscapes and quantifying influence of landscape and in-stream processes on strontium isotopes in rivers

A critical challenge for the Earth sciences is to trace the transport and flux of matter within and among aquatic, terrestrial, and atmospheric systems. Robust descriptions of isotopic patterns across space and time, called “isoscapes,” form the basis of a rapidly growing and wide-ranging body of research aimed at quantifying...

Brennan, Sean R.; Torgersen, Christian E.; Hollenbeck, Jeff P.; Fernandez, Diego P.; Jensen, Carrie K; Schindler, Daniel E.
Brennan, S. R., C. E. Torgersen, J. P. Hollenbeck, D. P. Fernandez, C. K. Jensen, and D. E. Schindler (2016), Dendritic network models: Improving isoscapes and quantifying influence of landscape and in-stream processes on strontium isotopes in rivers, Geophysical Research Letters, 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL068904.

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Year Published: 2016

Interdrainage morphological and genetic differentiation in the Escambia Map Turtle, Graptemys ernsti

Graptemys ernsti, the Escambia Map Turtle, inhabits the Escambia/Conecuh River, the adjacent Yellow River, and the Pea River further to the east, all of which have been distinct drainage systems since the Pleistocene. We used continuous and meristic morphological and genetic data to compare populations of G. ernsti and found evidence of...

Ennen, Joshua R.; Godwin, James; Lovich, Jeffrey E.; Kreiser, Brian R.; Folt, Brian; Hazard, Sarah
Ennen, J.R., Godwin, J., Lovich, J.E., Kreiser, B.R., Folt, B., and Hazzard, S., 2016, Interdrainage morphological and genetic differentiation in the Escambia Map Turtle, Graptemys ernsti: Herpetological Conservation and Biology, v. 11, no. 1, p. 122-131, http://www.herpconbio.org/Volume_11/Issue_1/Ennen_etal_2016.pdf.

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Year Published: 2016

Genomics reveals historic and contemporary transmission dynamics of a bacterial disease among wildlife and livestock

Whole-genome sequencing has provided fundamental insights into infectious disease epidemiology, but has rarely been used for examining transmission dynamics of a bacterial pathogen in wildlife. In the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), outbreaks of brucellosis have increased in cattle along with rising seroprevalence in elk. Here we use a...

Kamath, Pauline L.; Foster, Jeffrey T.; Drees, Kevin P.; Luikart, Gordon; Quance, Christine; Anderson, Neil J.; Clarke, P. Ryan; Cole, Eric K.; Drew, Mark L.; Edwards, William H.; Rhyan, Jack C.; Treanor, John J.; Wallen, Rick L.; White, Patrick J.; Robbe-Austerman, Suelee; Cross, Paul C.
Kamath, P.L., Foster, J.T., Drees, K.P., Luikart, G., Quance, C., Anderson, N.J., Clarke, P.R., Cole, E.K., Drew, M.L., Edwards, W.H., Rhyan, J.C., Treanor, J.J., Wallen, R.L., White, P.J., Robbe-Austerman, S. & Cross, P.C. (2016) Genomics reveals historic and contemporary transmission dynamics of a bacterial disease among wildlife and livestock. Nat Commun, 7, 11448.

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Year Published: 2016

Waterfowl endozoochory: An overlooked long-distance dispersal mode for Cuscuta (dodder)

REMISE OF THE STUDY: Dispersal of parasitic Cuscuta species (dodders) worldwide has been assumed to be largely anthropomorphic because their seeds do not match any previously known dispersal syndrome and no natural dispersal vectors have been reliably documented. However, the genus has a subcosmopolitan distribution and recent...

Costea, Mihai; Stefanović, Saša; García, Miguel A.; De La Cruz, Susan; Casazza, Michael L.; Green, Andy J.
Costea, M, S Stefanović, MA Garcia, S De La Cruz, ML Casazza, AJ Green. 2016. Waterfowl endozoochory: An overlooked long-distance dispersal mode for Cuscuta (dodder). American Journal of Botany. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1500507

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Year Published: 2016

Aquatic Trophic Productivity model: A decision support model for river restoration planning in the Methow River, Washington

Introduction The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has developed a dynamic food-web simulation model to provide decision support for Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation) river restoration projects in the Methow River, Washington. This modeling effort was done to contribute to Reasonable and Prudent Alternative actions 56 and 57of the 2014 Federal...

Benjamin, Joseph R.; Bellmore, J. Ryan
Benjamin, J.R., and Bellmore, J.R., 2016, Aquatic trophic productivity model: A decision support model for river restoration planning in the Methow River, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016‒1075, 85 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161075.