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Year Published: 2016

Wind energy development: Methods to assess bird and bat fatality rates post-construction

Monitoring fatalities at wind energy facilities after they have been constructed can provide valuable information regarding impacts of wind power development on wildlife. The objective of this monitoring is to estimate abundance of a super-population of carcasses that entered the area within a designated period of time. By definition, the...

Huso, Manuela M.; Dalthorp, Daniel; Miller, T. J.; Bruns, Dawn
Huso, M., Dalthorp, D.H., Miller, T., Bruns, D., 2016, Wind Energy Development- Methods for Assessing Post-Construction Bird and Bat Mortality: Human-Wildlife Interactions, v. 10, no. 1, p. 62-70.

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Year Published: 2016

Wind energy development: methods for assessing risks to birds and bats pre-construction

Wind power generation is rapidly expanding. Although wind power is a low-carbon source of energy, it can impact negatively birds and bats, either directly through fatality or indirectly by displacement or habitat loss. Pre-construction risk assessment at wind facilities within the United States is usually required only on public lands. When...

Katzner, Todd E.; Bennett, Victoria; Miller, Tricia A.; Duerr, Adam E.; Braham, Melissa A.; Hale, Amanda
Katzner, T.E., Bennett, V., Miller, T.A., Duerr, A., Braham, M.E., Hale, A., 2016, Wind energy development- methods for assessing risks to birds and bats pre-construction: Human-Wildlife Interactions, v. 10, no. 1, p. 42-52.

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Year Published: 2016

Exotic plant infestation is associated with decreased modularity and increased numbers of connectors in mixed-grass prairie pollination networks

The majority of pollinating insects are generalists whose lifetimes overlap flowering periods of many potentially suitable plant species. Such generality is instrumental in allowing exotic plant species to invade pollination networks. The particulars of how existing networks change in response to an invasive plant over the course of its phenology...

Larson, Diane L.; Rabie, Paul A.; Droege, Sam; Larson, Jennifer L.; Haar, Milton
Larson, D. L., P. A. Rabie, S. Droege, J. L. Larson, and M. Haar. 2016. Exotic plant infestation is associated with decreased modularity and increased numbers of connectors in mixed-grass prairie pollination networks. PLoS ONE 11(5): e0155068. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0155068

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Year Published: 2016

Announcement—guidance document for acquiring reliable data in ecological restoration projects

The Laurentian Great Lakes are undergoing intensive ecological restoration in Canada and the United States. In the United States, an interagency committee was formed to facilitate implementation of quality practices for federally funded restoration projects in the Great Lakes basin. The Committee's responsibilities include developing a guidance...

Stapanian, Martin A.; Rodriguez, Karen; Lewis, Timothy E.; Blume, Louis; Palmer, Craig J.; Walters, Lynn; Schofield, Judith; Amos, Molly M.; Bucher, Adam

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Year Published: 2016

Linkages between unpaved forest roads and streambed sediment: why context matters in directing road restoration

Unpaved forest roads remain a pervasive disturbance on public lands and mitigating sediment from road networks remains a priority for management agencies. Restoring roaded landscapes is becoming increasingly important for many native coldwater fishes that disproportionately rely on public lands for persistence. However, effectively targeting...

Al-Chokhachy, Robert K.; Black, Tom A.; Thomas, Cameron; Luce, Charlie H.; Rieman, Bruce; Cissel, Richard; Carlson, Anne; Hendrickson, Shane; Archer, Eric K.; Kershner, Jeffrey L.

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Year Published: 2016

Reply to comments by Riley and Dunlop on He et al. (2015)

He et al. (2015) described piscivory patterns in the main basin of Lake Huron 1984-2010, during which there was also a pattern of stepwise declines in the abundance of dominant prey fish species. The approach of He et al. (2015) was to couple age-structured stock assessment and fish bioenergetics models to estimate prey fish consumption, and to...

Bence, James R.; Madenjian, Charles P.; He, Ji X.; Fielder, David G.; Pothoven, Steven A.; Dobiesz, Norine E.; Johnson, James E.; Ebener, Mark P.; Cottrill, R. Adam; Mohr, Lloyd C.; Koproski, Scott R.
Bence, J. R., C. P. Madenjian, J. X. He, D. G. Fielder, S. A. Pothoven, N. E. Dobiesz, J. E. Johnson, M. P. Ebener, R. A. Cottrill, L. C. Mohr, and S. R. Koproski. 2016. Reply to comments by Riley and Dunlop on He et al. (2015). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 73:865-868.

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Year Published: 2016

Tidal saline wetland regeneration of sentinel vegetation types in the Northern Gulf of Mexico: An overview

Tidal saline wetlands in the Northern Gulf of Mexico (NGoM) are dynamic and frequently disturbed systems that provide myriad ecosystem services. For these services to be sustained, dominant macrophytes must continuously recolonize and establish after disturbance. Macrophytes accomplish this regeneration through combinations of vegetative...

Jones, Scott F; Stagg, Camille L.; Krauss, Ken W.; Hester, Mark W.
Scott F. Jones, Camille L. Stagg, Ken W. Krauss, Mark W. Hester. 2016. Tidal Saline Wetland Regeneration of Sentinel Vegetation Types in the Northern Gulf of Mexico: An Overview. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.

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Year Published: 2016

The effects of large beach debris on nesting sea turtles

A field experiment was conducted to understand the effects of large beach debris on sea turtle nesting behavior as well as the effectiveness of large debris removal for habitat restoration. Large natural and anthropogenic debris were removed from one of three sections of a sea turtle nesting beach and distributions of nests and false crawls (non-...

Fujisaki, Ikuko; Lamont, Margaret M.
Fujisaki, I., and Lamont, M.M., 2016, The effects of large beach debris on nesting sea turtles: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, v. 482, p. 33-37, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2016.04.005.

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Year Published: 2016

Particle size distribution of main-channel-bed sediments along the upper Mississippi River, USA

In this study, we compared pre-lock-and-dam (ca. 1925) with a modern longitudinal survey of main-channel-bed sediments along a 740-km segment of the upper Mississippi River (UMR) between Davenport, IA, and Cairo, IL. This comparison was undertaken to gain a better understanding of how bed sediments are distributed longitudinally and to assess...

Remo, Jonathan; Heine, Ruben A.; Ickes, Brian
Remo, J.W.F., Hein, R.A., Ickes, B.S. 2016. Particle size distribution of main-channel-bed sediments along the upper Mississippi River, USA. Geomorphology. Vol 264:118-131. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2016.04.012.

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Year Published: 2016

Not all droughts are created equal: The impacts of interannual drought pattern and magnitude on grassland carbon cycling

Climate extremes, such as drought, may have immediate and potentially prolonged effects on carbon cycling. Grasslands store approximately one-third of all terrestrial carbon and may become carbon sources during droughts. However, the magnitude and duration of drought-induced disruptions to the carbon cycle, as well as the mechanisms responsible,...

Hoover, David L.; Rogers, Brendan M.
Hoover, D.L., Rogers, B.M., 2016, Not all droughts are created equal: the impacts of interannual drought pattern and magnitude on grassland carbon cycling: Global Change Biology, v. 22, no. 5, p. 1809-1820, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.13161/full and http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13161.

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Year Published: 2016

POLARIS: A 30-meter probabilistic soil series map of the contiguous United States

A new complete map of soil series probabilities has been produced for the contiguous United States at a 30 m spatial resolution. This innovative database, named POLARIS, is constructed using available high-resolution geospatial environmental data and a state-of-the-art machine learning algorithm (DSMART-HPC) to remap the Soil Survey...

Chaney, Nathaniel W.; Wood, Eric F; McBratney, Alexander B; Hempel, Jonathan W; Nauman, Travis W.; Brungard, Colby W.; Odgers, Nathan P

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Year Published: 2016

Persistent and novel threats to the biodiversity of Kazakhstan’s steppes and semi-deserts

Temperate grasslands have suffered disproportionally from conversion to cropland, degradation and fragmentation. A large proportion of the world’s remaining near-natural grassland is situated in Kazakhstan. We aimed to assess current and emerging threats to steppe and semi-desert biodiversity in Kazakhstan and evaluate conservation research...

Kamp, Johannes; Koshkin, Maxim A; Bragina, Tatyana M; Katzner, Todd E.; Milner-Gulland, E J; Schreiber, Dagmar; Sheldon, Robert; Shmalenko, Alyona; Smelansky, Ilya; Terraube, Julien; Urazaliev, Ruslan
Kamp, J., Koshkin, M.A., Bragina, T.M., Katzner, T.E., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Schreiber, D., Sheldon, R., Shmalenko, A., Smelansky, I., Terraube, J., Urazaliev, R., 2016, Persistent and novel threats to the biodiversity of Kazakhstan’s steppes and semi-deserts: Biodiversity and Conservation, p. online.