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Filter Total Items: 1,200
Year Published: 2016

A salt diapir-related Mississippi Valley-type deposit: The Bou Jaber Pb-Zn-Ba-F deposit, Tunisia: Fluid inclusion and isotope study

The Bou Jaber Ba-F-Pb-Zn deposit is located at the edge of the Bou Jaber Triassic salt diapir in the Tunisia Salt Diapir Province. The ores are unconformity and fault-controlled and occur as subvertical column-shaped bodies developed in dissolution-collapse breccias and in cavities within the Late Aptian platform carbonate rocks, which are covered...

Bouhlel, Salah; Leach, David; Johnson, Craig A.; Marsh, Erin E.; Salmi-Laouar, Sihem; Banks, David A.

Year Published: 2016

Relations between rainfall–runoff-induced erosion and aeolian deposition at archaeological sites in a semi-arid dam-controlled river corridor

Process dynamics in fluvial-based dryland environments are highly complex with fluvial, aeolian, and alluvial processes all contributing to landscape change. When anthropogenic activities such as dam-building affect fluvial processes, the complexity in local response can be further increased by flood- and sediment-limiting flows. Understanding...

Collins, Brian D.; Bedford, David; Corbett, Skye C.; Fairley, Helen C.; Cronkite-Ratcliff, Collin
Collins, B. D., Bedford, D. R., Corbett, S. C., Cronkite-Ratcliff, C., and Fairley, H. C. (2016) Relations between rainfall–runoff-induced erosion and aeolian deposition at archaeological sites in a semi-arid dam-controlled river corridor. Earth Surf. Process. Landforms, 41(7): 899–917. doi: 10.1002/esp.3874.

Year Published: 2016

Reconnaissance sediment budget for selected watersheds of West Maui, Hawai‘i

Episodic runoff brings suspended sediment to the nearshore waters of West Maui, Hawaiʻi. Even small rainfalls create visible plumes over a few hours. We used mapping, field experiments, and analysis of recent (July 19–20, 2014) and historic rainfall to estimate sources of land-based pollution for two watersheds in West Maui: Honolua, and...

Stock, Jonathan D.; Falinski, Kim A.; Callender, Tova
Stock, J.D., Falinksi, K.A., Callender, T., 2015, Reconnaissance sediment budget for selected watersheds of West Maui, Hawai‘i: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1190, 42 p., http://www.dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20151190.

Year Published: 2016

Paleomagnetic record determined in cores from deep research wells in the Quaternary Santa Clara basin, California

Paleomagnetic study of cores from six deep wells provides an independent temporal framework for much of the alluvial stratigraphy of the Quaternary basin beneath the Santa Clara Valley. This stratigraphy consists of 8 upward-fining cycles in the upper 300 m of section and an underlying 150 m or more of largely fine-grained sediment. The eight...

Mankinen, Edward A.; Wentworth, Carl M.

Year Published: 2016

Copper speciation in variably toxic sediments at the Ely Copper Mine, Vermont, United States

At the Ely Copper Mine Superfund site, Cu concentrations exceed background values in both streamwater (160–1200 times) and sediments (15–79 times). Previously, these sediment samples were incubated with laboratory test organisms, and they exhibited variable toxicity for different stream sites. In this study we combined bulk- and...

Kimball, Bryn E.; Foster, Andrea L.; Seal, Robert R. ; Piatak, Nadine M.; Webb, Samuel M.; Hammarstrom, Jane M.

Year Published: 2016

Analysis and interpretation of stress indicators in deviated wells of the Coso Geothermal Field

Characterizing the tectonic stress field is an integral part of the development of hydrothermal systems and especially for enhanced geothermal systems (EGS). With a well characterized stress field the propensity of fault slip on faults with known location and orientation can be identified. Faults that are critically oriented for faulting with...

Schoenball, Martin; Glen, Jonathan M. G.; Davatzes, Nicholas C.
Schoenball, M., Glen, J. M. G., & Davatzes, N. C. (2016). Analysis and Interpretation of Stress Indicators in Deviated Wells of the Coso Geothermal Field. In 41st Workshop on Geiothermal Reservoir Engineering. Stanford, California.

Year Published: 2016

By-products of porphyry copper and molybdenum deposits: Chapter 7

Porphyry Cu and porphyry Mo deposits are large to giant deposits ranging up to >20 and 1.6 Gt of ore, respectively, that supply about 60 and 95% of the world’s copper and molybdenum, as well as significant amounts of gold and silver. These deposits form from hydrothermal systems that affect 10s to >100 km3 of the upper crust and result...

Verplanck, Philip L.; Hitzman, Murray W.; John, David A.; Taylor, Ryan D.

Year Published: 2016

Geologic and geophysical maps and volcanic history of the Kelton Pass SE and Monument Peak SW Quadrangles, Box Elder County, Utah

The Kelton Pass SE and Monument Peak SW 7.5' quadrangles are located in Box Elder County, northwestern Utah (figure 1; plate 1). The northern boundary of the map area is 8.5 miles (13.7 km) south of the Utah-Idaho border, and the southern boundary reaches the edge of mud flats at the north end of Great Salt Lake. Elevations range from 4218 feet (...

Felger, Tracey J.; Miller, David M.; Langenheim, Victoria; Fleck, Robert J.
Felger, T.J., Miller, D.M., Langenheim, V.E., Fleck, R.J., 2016, Geologic and geophysical maps and volcanic history of the Kelton Pass SE and Monument Peak SW quadrangles, Box Elder County, Utah: Utah Geological Survey Miscellaneous Publication 16-1DM, 2 sheets, scale 1:24,000, pamphlet 34 p., http://ugspub.nr.utah.gov/publications/misc_pubs/mp-16-1.pdf.

Year Published: 2016

Regional and local correlations of feldspar geochemistry of the Peach Spring Tuff, Alvord Mountain, California

The chemical composition of feldspar grains in an ignimbrite from the Spanish Canyon Formation in the Alvord Mountain area, California, have been used to confirm similarities in three measured sections locally, and they are similar to exposures of the Peach Spring Tuff (PST) regionally. Feldspar grains were identified on the basis of texture (...

Buesch, David C.

Year Published: 2016

Engagement with indigenous peoples and honoring traditional knowledge systems

The organizers of the 2014 US National Climate Assessment (NCA) made a concerted effort to reach out to and collaborate with Indigenous peoples, resulting in the most comprehensive information to date on climate change impacts to Indigenous peoples in a US national assessment. Yet, there is still much room for improvement in assessment processes...

Maldonado, Julie; Bennett, Bull; Chief, Karletta; Cochran, Patricia; Cozetto, Karen; Gough, Bob; Hiza-Redsteer, Margaret M.; Lynn, Kathy; Maynard, Nancy; Voggesser, Garrit

Year Published: 2016

Two Holocene paleofire records from Peten, Guatemala: Implications for natural fire regime and prehispanic Maya land use

Although fire was arguably the primary tool used by the Maya to alter the landscape and extract resources, little attention has been paid to biomass burning in paleoenvironmental reconstructions from the Maya lowlands. Here we report two new well-dated, high-resolution records of biomass burning based on analysis of macroscopic fossil charcoal...

Anderson, Lysanna; Wahl, David B.