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GeoHEALTH-USGS Newsletter

GeoHEALTH-USGS Newsletter

The GeoHEALTH-USGS Newsletter provides information on new USGS science activities related to safeguarding the health of fish, wildlife, domesticated animals, livestock, and people from environmental exposures to contaminants and pathogens.

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Featured Science Activities

Featured Science Activities

Lean about our Featured Science Activities through our pages that highlight recience studies, publications, and results.

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Filter Total Items: 3,055
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Year Published: 2018

Annual variation in polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure in tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) eggs and nestlings at Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) study sites

Tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) eggs and nestlings were collected from 16 sites across the Great Lakes to quantify normal annual variation in total polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure and to validate the sample size choice in earlier work. A sample size of five eggs or five nestlings per site was adequate to quantify exposure to PCBs in...

Custer, Christine M.; Custer, Thomas W.; Dummer, Paul; Goldberg, Diana R.; Franson, J. Christian
Custer, C.M., Custer, T.W., Dummer, P.M., Goldberg, D., Franson, J.C. 2018. Annual variation in polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure in tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) eggs and nestlings at Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) study sites. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 190:227. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-018-6617-3.

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Year Published: 2018

Tributyltin: Advancing the science on assessing endocrine disruption with an unconventional endocrine-disrupting compound

Tributyltin (TBT) has been recognized as an endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) for several decades. However, only in the last decade, was its primary endocrine mechanism of action (MeOA) elucidated—interactions with the nuclear retinoid-X receptor (RXR), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), and their heterodimers. This molecular...

Lagadic, Laurent; Katsiadaki, Ioanna; Biever, Ronald C.; Guiney, Patrick; Karouna-Renier, Natalie K.; Schwarz, Tamar; Meador, James P.
Lagadic, L., Katsiadaki, I., Biever, R. C., Guiney, P. D., Karouna-Renier, N., Schwarz, T., and Meador, J. P., 2017, Tributyltin: Advancing the science on assessing endocrine disruption with an unconventional endocrine-disrupting compound: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 245, p. 65-127. https://doi.org/10.1007/398_2017_8

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Year Published: 2018

Synthesis of tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) data for Beneficial Use Impairment (BUI) assessment at Wisconsin Areas of Concern

Assessment of the “Bird or Animal Deformities or Reproductive Problems” Beneficial Use Impairment (BUI) can be accomplished by (1) comparing tissue concentrations to established background and Lowest Observable Effect Level (LOEL) for reproductive effects, or (2) directly measuring reproductive success at Areas of Concern (AOCs) and statistically...

Custer, Christine M.; Custer, Thomas W.; Dummer, Paul
Custer, C.M., Custer, T.W., and Dummer, P.M., 2018, Synthesis of tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) data for Beneficial Use Impairment (BUI) assessment at Wisconsin Areas of Concern: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1032, 8 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181032.

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Year Published: 2018

Winter feeding of elk in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and its effects on disease dynamics

Providing food to wildlife during periods when natural food is limited results in aggregations that may facilitate disease transmission. This is exemplified in western Wyoming where institutional feeding over the past century has aimed to mitigate wildlife–livestock conflict and minimize winter mortality of elk (Cervus canadensis). Here we review...

Cotterill, Gavin G.; Cross, Paul C.; Cole, Eric K.; Fuda, Rebecca K.; Rogerson, Jared D.; Scurlock, Brandon M.; du Toit, Johan T.
GG Cotterill, PC Cross, EK Cole, RK Fuda, JD Rogerson, BM Scurlock, JT du Toit. 2018 Winter feeding of elk in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem and its effects on disease dynamics. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Series B. 00:000-000

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Year Published: 2018

Information to prevent human exposure to disease agents associated with wildlife—U.S. Geological Survey circulars on zoonotic disease

The U.S. Geological Survey in collaboration with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and others have published reports with information about geographic distribution, specific pathogens, disease ecology, and strategies to avoid exposure and infection for a selection of zoonotic diseases. Zoonotic diseases are diseases that can be passed from...

Meteyer, Carol U.; Moede Rogall, Gail
Meteyer, C.U., and Rogall, G.M., 2018, Information to prevent human exposure to disease agents associated with wildlife—U.S. Geological Survey circulars on zoonotic disease: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2017–3077, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20173077.

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Year Published: 2018

Anomalous bioaccumulation of lead in the earthworm Eisenoides lonnbergi (Michaelsen)

Lead concentrations in soil organisms are usually well below those in the associated soil and tend to decrease with each higher trophic level in a food chain. Earthworms of the species Eisenoides lonnbergi provide an exception to this observation, accumulating very high concentrations of lead from acidic soils. Earthworms belonging to...

Beyer, W. Nelson; Codling, Eton E.; Rutzke, Michael A.
Beyer, W. N., Codling, E. E., and Rutzke, M. A., 2018, Anomalous bioaccumulation of lead in the earthworm Eisenoides lonnbergi (Michaelsen): Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 37, no. 3, p. 914-919. https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.4031

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Year Published: 2018

Associations between cyanobacteria and indices of secondary production in the western basin of Lake Erie

Large lakes provide a variety of ecological services to surrounding cities and communities. Many of these services are supported by ecological processes that are threatened by the increasing prevalence of cyanobacterial blooms which occur as aquatic ecosystems experience cultural eutrophication. Over the past 10 yr, Lake Erie experienced...

Larson, James H.; Evans, Mary Anne; Kennedy, Robert J.; Bailey, Sean; Loftin, Keith A.; Laughrey, Zachary; Femmer, Robin; Schaeffer, Jeff; Richardson, William B.; Wynne, Timothy; Nelson, J. C.; Duris, Joseph W.
Larson, J.H., Evans, M.A., Kennedy, R.J., Bailey S.W., Loftin, K.A., Laughrey, Z.R., Femmer, R.A., Schaeffer, J.S., Richardson, W.B., Wynne, T.T., Nelson, J.C., Duris, J.W. 2018. Associations between cyanobacteria and indices of secondary production in the western basin of Lake Erie. Limnology and Oceanography. 63(S1):S232-S243. DOI: 10.1002/lno.10733.

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Year Published: 2018

Environmental contaminants of health-care origin: Exposure and potential effects in wildlife

A diverse range of fauna could be exposed to active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) via diet, dermal absorption or bioconcentration. Low level exposures of free-ranging wildlife to APIs has only been demonstrated for a few pathways (e.g., ingestion of fish in estuaries by piscivorous birds), and many remain hypothetical (e.g., ingestion of...

Bean, Thomas; Rattner, Barnett A.
Bean, T.G. and Rattner, B.A., 2018, Environmental Contaminants of Health-Care Origin: Exposure and Potential Effects in Wildlife, in Boxall, A.B.A. and Kookana, R.S., editors, Health Care and Environmental Contamination, Elsevier, Environmental Contamination 11, p. 87-122.

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Year Published: 2018

Environmental risks and challenges associated with neonicotinoid insecticides

Neonicotinoid use has increased rapidly in recent years, with a global shift towards insecticide applications as seed coatings rather than aerial spraying. While the use of seed coatings can lessen the amount of overspray and drift, the near universal and prophylactic use of neonicotinoid seed coatings on major agricultural crops has led to...

Hladik, Michelle L.; Main, Anson; Goulson, Dave
Hladik, M.L., Main, A.R., Goulson, D., 2018, Environmental risks and challenges associated with neonicotinoid insecticides, Environ. Sci. Technol.

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Year Published: 2018

Factors affecting mercury stable isotopic distribution in piscivorous fish of the Laurentian Great Lakes

Identifying the sources of methylmercury (MeHg) and tracing the transformations of mercury (Hg) in the aquatic food web are important components of effective strategies for managing current and legacy Hg sources. In our previous work, we measured stable isotopes of Hg (δ202Hg, Δ199Hg, and Δ200Hg) in the Laurentian Great Lakes and estimated source...

Janssen, Sarah E.; Yin, Runsheng; Ogorek, Jacob M.; DeWild, John F.; Tate, Michael T.; Holsen, Thomas M.; Hurley, James P.; Lepak, Ryan F.; Janssen, Sarah E.; Yin, Runsheng; Ogorek, Jacob M.; Krabbenhoft, David P.; DeWild, John F.; Tate, Michael T.; Holsen, Thomas M.; Hurley, James P.

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Year Published: 2018

Egg turning behavior and incubation temperature in Forster’s terns in relation to mercury contamination

Egg turning behavior is an important determinant of egg hatchability, but it remains relatively understudied. Here, we examined egg turning rates and egg temperatures in Forster’s terns (Sterna forsteri). We used artificial eggs containing a data logger with a 3-D accelerometer, a magnetometer, and a temperature thermistor to monitor parental...

Taylor, Gregory T.; Ackerman, Joshua T.; Shaffer, Scott A.
Taylor, GT, JT Ackerman, and SA Shaffer. 2018. Egg turning behavior and incubation temperature in Forster’s terns in relation to mercury contamination. PLoS ONE 13(2):e0191390. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191390

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Year Published: 2018

Mercury concentrations in multiple tissues of Kittlitz's murrelets (Brachyramphus brevirostris)

Mercury (Hg) is a non-essential, toxic metal that is distributed worldwide. Mercury biomagnifies in food webs and can threaten the health of top predators such as seabirds. The Kittlitz's murrelet (Brachyramphus brevirostris) is a seabird endemic to Alaska and the Russian Far East and is a species of conservation concern in the region. We...

Kenney, Leah A.; Kaler, Robb S.; Kissling, Michelle L.; Bond, Alexander L.; Eagles-Smith, Collin A.
Kenney, L.A., Kaler, R.S., Kissling, M.L., Bond, A.L., Eagles-Smith, C.A., 2017, Mercury concentrations in multiple tissues of Kittlitz's murrelets (Brachyramphus brevirostris): Marine Pollution Bulletin, p. online, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.10.055.