Land Resources

Publications

Filter Total Items: 220
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Year Published: 2020

What are the effects of climate variability and change on ungulate life-histories, population dynamics, and migration in western North America? A systematic map protocol

Climate is an important driver of ungulate life-histories, population dynamics, and migratory behaviors, and can affect the growth, development, fecundity, dispersal, and demographic trends of populations. Changes in temperature and precipitation, and resulting shifts in plant phenology, winter severity, drought and wildfire conditions, invasive...

Malpeli, Kate; Weiskopf, Sarah R.; Thompson, Laura; Amanda R. Hardy

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Year Published: 2020

Persist in place or shift in space? Evaluating the adaptive capacity of species to climate change

Assessing the vulnerability of species to climate change serves as the basis for climate‐adaptation planning and climate‐smart conservation, and typically involves an evaluation of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity (AC). AC is a species’ ability to cope with or adjust to changing climatic conditions, and is the least understood and most...

Thurman, Lindsey L.; Stein, Bruce; Beever, Erik A.; Foden, Wendy; Geange, Sonya; Green, Nancy; Gross, John E.; Lawrence, David J; LeDee, Olivia Erin; Olden, Julian D.; Thompson, Laura; Young, Bruce

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Year Published: 2020

Climate-change refugia in boreal North America: What, where, and for how long?

TThe vast boreal biome plays an important role in the global carbon cycle but is experiencing particularly rapid climate warming, threatening the integrity of valued ecosystems and their component species. We developed a framework and taxonomy to identify climate‐change refugia potential in the North American boreal region, summarizing current...

Stralberg, Diana; Arseneault, Dominique; Baltzer, Jennifer; Barber, Quinn; Bayne, Erin; Boulanger, Yan; Brown, Carissa; Cooke, Hilary; Devito, Kevin; Edwards, Jason; Estevo, Cesar; Flynn, Nadele; Frelich, Lee; Hogg, E. H. (T.); Johnston, Mark; Logan, Travis; Matsuoka, Steven M.; Moore, Paul; Morelli, Toni Lyn; Morissette, Julienne; Nelson, Elizabeth; Nenzén, Hedvig; Nielsen, Scott; Parisien, Marc-André; Pedlar, John; Price, David; Schmiegelow, Fiona; Slattery, Stuart; Sonnentag, Oliver; Thompson, Daniel; Whitman, Ellen

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Year Published: 2020

Validating climate‐change refugia: Empirical bottom‐up approaches to support management actions

Efforts to conserve biodiversity increasingly focus on identifying climate‐change refugia – areas relatively buffered from contemporary climate change over time that enable species persistence. Identification of refugia typically includes modeling the distribution of a species’ current habitat and then extrapolating that distribution given...

Barrows, Cameron W.; Ramirez, Aaron R.; Sweet, Lynn C.; Morelli, Toni Lyn; Millar, Constance I.; Frakes, Neil; Rodgers, Jane; Mahalovich, Mary Frances

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Year Published: 2020

Climate‐change refugia: Biodiversity in the slow lane

Climate‐change adaptation focuses on conducting and translating research to minimize the dire impacts of anthropogenic climate change, including threats to biodiversity and human welfare. One adaptation strategy is to focus conservation on climate‐change refugia (that is, areas relatively buffered from contemporary climate change over time that...

Morelli, Toni Lyn; Barrows, Cameron W.; Ramirez, Aaron R.; Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Ackerly, David D.; Eaves, Tatiana D.; Ebersole, Joseph L.; Krawchuk, Meg A.; Letcher, Benjamin; Mahalovich, Mary Frances; Meigs, Garrett; Michalak, Julia; Millar, Constance I.; Quinones, Rebecca M.; Stralberg, Diana; Thorne, James H.

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Year Published: 2020

Examining the mechanisms of species responses to climate change: Are there biological thresholds?

Climate-change-driven shifts in distribution and abundance have been documented in many species. However, in order to better predict species responses, managers are seeking to understand the mechanisms that are driving these changes, including any thresholds that might soon be crossed. Leveraging the research that has already been supported by...

DeLuca, William; Bonnot, Thomas W.; Siren, Alexej P. K.; Horton, Radley M.; Griffin, Curtice R.; Morelli, Toni Lyn

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Year Published: 2020

Do empirical observations support commonly-held climate change range shift hypotheses? A systematic review protocol

Background Among the most widely anticipated climate-related impacts to biodiversity are geographic range shifts, whereby species shift their spatial distribution in response to changing climate conditions. In particular, a series of commonly articulated hypotheses have emerged: species are expected to shift their distributions to higher...

Rubenstein, Madeleine A.; Weiskopf, Sarah R.; Carter, Shawn; Eaton, Mitchell; Johnson, Ciara; Lynch, Abigail; Miller, Brian W.; Morelli, Toni Lyn; Rodriguez, Mari Angel; Terando, Adam; Thompson, Laura

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Year Published: 2020

Assessment of rangeland ecosystem conditions in Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument, Arizona

Sustainability of dryland ecosystems depends on the functionality of soil-vegetation feedbacks that affect ecosystem processes, such as nutrient cycling, water capture and retention, soil erosion and deposition, and plant establishment and reproduction. Useful, common indicators can provide information on soil and site stability, hydrologic...

Duniway, Michael C.; Palmquist, Emily C.
Duniway, M.C., and Palmquist, E.C., 2020, Assessment of rangeland ecosystem conditions in Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1040, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201040.

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Year Published: 2020

Inland fish and fisheries integral to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals

Inland fish provide food for billions and livelihoods for millions of people worldwide and are integral to effective freshwater ecosystem function, yet the recognition of these services is notably absent in development discussions and policies, such as the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). How might the SDGs be enhanced if...

Lynch, Abigail; Vittoria Elliott; Sui C. Phang; Julie E. Claussen; Ian Harrison; Karen J. Murchie; E. Ashley Steel; Gretchen L. Stokes

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Year Published: 2020

Adjusting the lens of invasion biology to focus on the impacts of climate-driven range shifts

As Earth’s climate rapidly changes, species range shifts are considered key to species persistence. However, some range-shifting species will alter community structure and ecosystem processes. By adapting existing invasion risk assessment frameworks, we can identify characteristics shared with high-impact introductions and thus predict potential...

Wallingford, Piper D.; Morelli, Toni Lyn; Allen, Jenica M.; Beaury, Evelyn M.; Blumenthal, Dana M.; Bradley, Bethany A.; Dukes, Jeffrey S.; Early, Regan; Fusco, Emily J.; Goldberg, Deborah E.; Ibanez, Ines; Laginhas, Brittany B.; Vila, Montserrat; Sorte, Cascade J. B.

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Year Published: 2020

Gardening with climate-smart native plants in the Northeast

Bradley, Bethany A.; Bayer, A.; Griffin, Bridget; Joubran, Sydni; Laginhas, Brittany B.; Munro, Lara; Talbot, Sam; Allen, Jenica M.; Barker-Plotkin, Audrey; Beaury, Evelyn M.; Brown-Lima, Carrie; Fusco, Emily J.; Mount, Hailey; Servais, Bailey; Morelli, Toni Lyn

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Year Published: 2020

The role of sand lances (Ammodytes sp.) in the Northwest Atlantic Ecosystem: A synthesis of current knowledge with implications for conservation and management

The American sand lance (Ammodytes americanus, Ammodytidae) and the Northern sand lance (A. dubius, Ammodytidae) are small forage fishes that play an important functional role in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean (NWA). The NWA is a highly dynamic ecosystem currently facing increased risks from climate change, fishing and energy development. We need a...

Staudinger, Michelle D.; Goyert, Holly ; Suca, Justin ; Coleman, Kaycee ; Welch, Linda ; Llopiz, Joel ; Wiley, Dave ; Altman, Irit ; Applegate, Andew ; Auster, Peter ; Baumann, Hannes ; Beaty, Julia ; Boelke, Deirdre ; Kaufman, Les ; Loring, Pam ; Moxley, Jerry ; Paton, Suzanne ; Powers, Kevin; Richardson, David ; Robbins, Jooke ; Runge, Jeff ; Smith, Brian ; Spiegel, Caleb ; Steinmetz, Halley