Land Resources

Publications

Filter Total Items: 193
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Year Published: 2016

Uncertainty quantification and propagation for projections of extremes in monthly area burned under climate change: A case study in the coastal plain of Georgia, USA

Human‐caused climate change is predicted to affect the frequency of hazard‐linked extremes. Unusually large wildfires are a type of extreme event that is constrained by climate and can be a hazard to society but also an important ecological disturbance. This chapter focuses on changes in the frequency of extreme monthly area burned by wildfires...

Riley, Karin L.; Webley, Peter; Thompson, Matthew; Terando, Adam J.; Reich, Brian J.; Pacifici, Krishna; Costanza, Jennifer; McKerrow, Alexa J.; Collazo, Jaime A.

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Year Published: 2016

Climate change impacts on ecosystems and ecosystem services in the United States: Process and prospects for sustained assessment

The third United States National Climate Assessment emphasized an evaluation of not just the impacts of climate change on species and ecosystems, but also the impacts of climate change on the benefits that people derive from nature, known as ecosystem services. The ecosystems, biodiversity, and ecosystem services component of the assessment...

Grimm, Nancy B.; Groffman, Peter M; Staudinger, Michelle D.; Tallis, Heather
Grimm, N.B., Groffman, P., Staudinger, M.D., and H. Tallis. 2016. Climate change impacts on ecosystems and ecosystem services in the United States: process and prospects for sustained assessment. Climatic Change, 135: 97–109.

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Year Published: 2016

Stakeholder views of management and decision support tools to integrate climate change into Great Lakes Lake Whitefish management

Decision support tools can aid decision making by systematically incorporating information, accounting for uncertainties, and facilitating evaluation between alternatives. Without user buy-in, however, decision support tools can fail to influence decision-making processes. We surveyed fishery researchers, managers, and fishers affiliated with the...

Lynch, Abigail J.; Taylor, William W.; McCright, Aaron M.
Lynch, A. J., W. W. Taylor, A. M. McCright. 2016. Stakeholder views of management and decision support tools to integrate climate change into Great Lakes Lake Whitefish management. Fisheries. 41(11): 644-652.

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Year Published: 2016

The precision problem in conservation and restoration

Within the varied contexts of environmental policy, conservation of imperilled species populations, and restoration of damaged habitats, an emphasis on idealized optimal conditions has led to increasingly specific targets for management. Overly-precise conservation targets can reduce habitat variability at multiple scales, with unintended...

Hiers, J. Kevin; Jackson, Stephen T.; Hobbs, Richard J.; Bernhardt, Emily S.; Valentine, Leonie E.

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Year Published: 2016

The Department of the Interior Southeast Climate Science Center synthesis report 2011–15—Projects, products, and science priorities

IntroductionIn 2009, the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) Secretary Ken Salazar established a network of eight regional Climate Science Centers (CSCs) that, along with the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs), would help define and implement the Department's climate adaptation response. The Southeast Climate Science Center (SE CSC) was...

Varela Minder, Elda; Lascurain, Aranzazu R.; McMahon, Gerard
Varela Minder, Elda, Lascurain, A.R., and McMahon, Gerard, 2016, The Department of the Interior Southeast Climate Science Center synthesis report 2011–15—Projects, products, and science priorities: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1133, 59 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161133.

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Year Published: 2016

External influences on ecological theory: Report on organized oral Session 80 at the 100th Anniversary Meeting of the Ecological Society of America

The 100‐year history of the Ecological Society of America spans most of the major advances in the field of ecology, from the “niche” of Grinnell and others, to Lotka and Volterra's models of predation and competition based on the logistic growth equation, to the concept of competitive exclusion developed from experimental ecology, to genetics and...

Huston, M.A.; Ellison, Aaron M.; Jackson, Stephen T.; Frank, David; Jiang, X.; Lau, Matthew K.; Lockwood, Jeffrey A.; Prager, Steven D.; Reiners, Derek S.; Reiners, William A.; Schulze, Ernst-Detlef ; Vandermeer, J.H.; Werner, Patricia A.

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Year Published: 2016

The effects of anthropogenic land cover change on pollen-vegetation relationships in the American Midwest

Fossil pollen assemblages provide information about vegetation dynamics at time scales ranging from centuries to millennia. Pollen-vegetation models and process-based models of dispersal typically assume stable relationships between source vegetation and corresponding pollen in surface sediments, as well as stable parameterizations of dispersal...

Kujawa, Ellen Ruth; Goring, Simon; Dawson, Andria; Calcote, Randy; Grimm, Eric; Hotchkiss, Sara C.; Jackson, Stephen T.; Lynch, Elizabeth A.; McLachlan, Jason S.; St-Jacques, Jeannine-Marie; Umbanhowar, Charles; Williams, John W.

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Year Published: 2016

The sensitivity of WRF downscaled precipitation in Puerto Rico to cumulus parameterization and interior grid nudging

The sensitivity of the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) simulated precipitation over Puerto Rico is evaluated using multiple combinations of cumulus parameterization (CP) schemes and interior grid nudging. NCEP-DOE AMIP-II reanalysis (R-2) is downscaled to 2- km horizontal grid spacing with both convective permitting simulations (CP...

Wootten, A.; Bowden, J.H.; Boyles, R.; Terando, Adam J.

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Year Published: 2016

Assessing climate-sensitive ecosystems in the southeastern United States

Climate change impacts ecosystems in many ways, from effects on species to phenology to wildfire dynamics. Assessing the potential vulnerability of ecosystems to future changes in climate is an important first step in prioritizing and planning for conservation. Although assessments of climate change vulnerability commonly are done for species,...

Costanza, Jennifer; Beck, Scott; Pyne, Milo; Terando, Adam; Rubino, Matthew J.; White, Rickie; Collazo, Jaime
Costanza, Jennifer, Beck, Scott, Pyne, Milo, Terando, Adam, Rubino, Matthew, White, Rickie, and Collazo, Jaime, 2016, Assessing climate-sensitive ecosystems in the southeastern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1073, 278 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161073.

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Year Published: 2016

Ecosystem vulnerability to climate change in the southeastern United States

Two recent investigations of climate-change vulnerability for 19 terrestrial, aquatic, riparian, and coastal ecosystems of the southeastern United States have identified a number of important considerations, including potential for changes in hydrology, disturbance regimes, and interspecies interactions. Complementary approaches using geospatial...

Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Costanza, Jennifer
Cartwright, J.M., and Costanza, Jennifer, 2016, Ecosystem vulnerability to climate change in the southeastern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2016–3052, 4 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20163052.

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Year Published: 2016

Insular ecosystems of the southeastern United States—A regional synthesis to support biodiversity conservation in a changing climate

In the southeastern United States, insular ecosystems—such as rock outcrops, depression wetlands, high-elevation balds, flood-scoured riparian corridors, and insular prairies and barrens—occupy a small fraction of land area but constitute an important source of regional and global biodiversity, including concentrations of rare and...

Cartwright, Jennifer M.; Wolfe, William J.
Cartwright, J.M., and Wolfe, W.J., 2016, Insular ecosystems of the southeastern United States—A regional synthesis to support biodiversity conservation in a changing climate: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1828, 162 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/pp1828.

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Year Published: 2016

To manage inland fisheries is to manage at the social-ecological watershed scale

Approaches to managing inland fisheries vary between systems and regions but are often based on large-scale marine fisheries principles and thus limited and outdated. Rarely do they adopt holistic approaches that consider the complex interplay among humans, fish, and the environment. We argue that there is...

Nguyen, Vivian T.; Lynch, Abigail; Young, Nathan; Cowx, Ian G.; Beard, T. Douglas; Taylor, William W.; Cooke, Steven J.