Water Resources

Data and Tools

The USGS Water Resources Mission Area provides water information that is fundamental to national and local economic well-being, protection of life and property, and effective management of the Nation’s water resources. Below, find data and tools relevant to a wide range of water resources and conditions including streamflow, groundwater, water quality, and water use and availability.

USGS Water Data for the Nation

USGS Water Data for the Nation

Access to water data collected at approximately 1.9 million sites

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Water Quality Portal

Water Quality Portal

Water quality data from state, federal, tribal, and local agencies

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Filter Total Items: 775
Date published: August 6, 2020

Eddy covariance measurements of ET, CO2 and Energy Fluxes, and, ancillary data for the Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge West site

This dataset includes the following measurements made over a xeric tall grass prairie in the southwest portion of Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge in 2011 and 2012: 1) half hourly eddy covariance measurements of latent heat flux (evapotranspiration) and fluxes of carbon dioxide and sensible heat, and friction velocity (U star) 2) half hour averages of solar and net radiati

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: August 3, 2020

Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) data collected adjacent to Blacktail Creek in June 2017 near Williston, North Dakota, USA

In June 2017, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collected geophysical measurements to help map variations in electrical properties to infer shallow flowpaths and storage zones influenced by residual spilled unconventional oil and gas (UOG). Two survey profiles were collected, each including dipole-dipole and Wenner-Schlumberger configurations. For each survey a total of 56 electrodes spac

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: August 3, 2020

Surface Geophysical data collected along Blacktail Creek in June 2017 near Williston, North Dakota, USA

The extraction of unconventional oil and gas (UOG) resources often produces highly saline waste waters, which can be released to the river corridor environment during spills and pipe leakage. In North Dakota, USA more than 8,000 spills were recorded from 2008-2015, and more than half of those spills were related to pipelines. Data collected for this study were related to UOG wastewat

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: August 3, 2020

Electromagnetic Imaging (EMI) data collected along Blacktail Creek in June 2017 near Williston, North Dakota, USA

The electrical conductivity of the earth is used to help infer lithological and pore fluid properties. Various geophysical methods can provide estimates of the distribution of below ground electrical conductivity, with each method having certain limitations. This data release presents raw and processed results from hand-caried frequency domain electromagnetic induction imaging (EMI) data co...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: July 30, 2020

Toxicity Assay Data for Groundwater Contaminated by Petroleum Hydrocarbons near Bemidji, MN (2018)

Groundwater samples were collected in June 2018 from a background (reference) well located 200 m upgradient from the source and five wells along a flowline in the plume at 39, 68, 102, 125, and 254 m downgradient from the source. Before sampling, at least three times the water volume in the well casing was purged and field parameters (temperature, dissolved oxygen, specific co

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: July 30, 2020

Dissolved organic carbon, total petroleum hydrocarbons and and toxicity assay results for Bemidji, MN (2018)

In crude-oil-contaminant plumes the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) is mainly hydrocarbon degradation intermediates only partly quantified by the diesel range total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPHd) method. To understand potential biological effects of degradation intermediates we tested three fractions of DOC: (1) solid phase extract (HLB); (2) dichloromethane (DCM-total) e

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: July 29, 2020

Arsenic Speciation method performance data, species hold times data and supporting information

This dataset includes data collected to validate a method of analysis for arsenic species As(III), As(V), dimethylarsinate (DMA), and monomethylarsonate (MMA) in surface water and groundwater samples. It also includes site information and water chemistry for samples used in the validation and used for other studies of arsenic species in groundwater. It includes speciation d

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: July 29, 2020

Nonvolatile dissolved organic carbon (NVDOC), total petroleum hydrocarbons at the USGS crude oil study site near Bemidji, Minnesota, USA (2018)

This data set describes dissolved concentrations in groundwater of nonvolatile dissolved organic carbon (NVDOC), total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in the gasoline (C6-C10), diesel range (C10-C28) with and without silica gel cleanup, and oil range (>C28-C40) with and without silica gel cleanup. Groundwater samples were collected in June 2018 from the USGS crude oil st

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: July 28, 2020

Data for laboratory experiments conducted with the mayfly Neocloeon triangulifer to derive uranium bioaccumulation parameters and predict site-specific U accumulation, 2016-2019

The U.S. Geological Survey is studying the underlying processes controlling uranium (U) bioaccumulation in aquatic invertebrates by experimentally parameterizing conditional rate constants for aqueous U uptake, dietary U uptake and U elimination. This data release makes available data from laboratory experiments conducted with the aquatic baetid mayfly Neocloeon triangulifer.

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: July 16, 2020

Mercury speciation and other constituent data for surface water and bed sediment associated with the Hamilton Airfield Wetland Restoration, Novato, California. USA

The Hamilton Wetland Restoration Project (HWRP) is a joint venture between the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE; San Francisco District) and the California State Coastal Conservancy. The site is located on the property of the former Hamilton Army Airfield in Novato, California, along the western edge of San Pablo Bay, which is part of northern San Francisco Bay. The initial stage

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: July 9, 2020

Tabular data for selected items from the Census of Agriculture for the period 1950-2017 for counties in the conterminous United States

This product provides tabular data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Census of Agriculture for selected items for the period 1950-2017 for counties in the conterminous United States. Data from 1950-2012 are taken from LaMotte (2015) and 2017 data are retrieved from the USDA QuickStats online tool. Data which are withheld in the Census of Agriculture are filled with estimates

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: July 6, 2020

Datasets and scripts used for estimating streamflow and base flow within the nontidal Chesapeake Bay riverine system, water years 2006-15

This U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) data release contains estimated daily streamflow and base flow for HUC12 in the nontidal areas of the Chesapeake Bay watershed, monthly average streamflow and base flow, flow statistics, MATLAB scripts, and a document that describes how to create similar datasets in other watersheds. Daily streamflow was estimated for all the nontidal parts of the Ch

Attribution: Water Resources