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Water is one of seven science mission areas of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Water's mission is to collect and disseminate reliable, impartial, and timely information that is needed to understand the Nation's water resources.

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Filter Total Items: 223
Date published: January 2, 2005

Water use, by category of use, in Alabama, 2005

More surface water than ground water was withdrawn for all categories except aquaculture, mining, and self-supplied residential. During 2005, estimated withdrawals by category and in descending order were: thermoelectric power, 8,274 Mgal/d; public supply, 802 Mgal/d; self-supplied industrial, 550 Mgal/d; irrigation, 161 Mgal/d; aquaculture, 75 Mgal/d; self-supplied residential, 39 Mgal/d;...

Date published: January 1, 2005

Water Use in Alabama, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. Decision and policy makers must know the answers to three fundamental questions: where is the...

Date published: January 1, 2005

Water use, by county, in Alabama, 2005

Water is one of the most important of Alabama's natural resources. Water is not only a vital component of human existence, it is critical to the overall quality of life. In order to protect and preserve this resource for future generations, we must have a baseline of information to make decisions. Decision and policy makers must know the answers to three fundamental questions: where is the...

Date published: September 10, 2004

Fivemile Creek - Brownfield Assessment

In June, 2004, the Black Warrior - Cahaba Rivers Land Trust (Land Trust) was awarded a Brownfield Grant from the Region 4 US Environmental Protection Agency for 2005. The Land Trust will utilize funding from the Brownfield Assessment Grant program to perform assessment of sites which may have handled hazardous substances from former industrial or commercial activities. The Land Trust is...

Date published: September 29, 2001

Alabama Statewide Flood Frequency

The magnitude and frequency of floods are important factors in the design of bridges, culverts, highway embankments, dams, and other hydraulic structures near streams. Information on flood magnitude and frequency is also used in flood plain management and development, and in establishing flood insurance rates. The objective of this project is to develop improved methods and equations for...

Date published: January 1, 2001

Water Use in Louisiana

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (DOTD), has collected and published information on water withdrawals and use on a 5-year basis since 1960. The reports present information on withdrawals from ground- and surface-water sources for use in water supply, industry, power generation, rural domestic, livestock,...

Date published: September 1, 1977

Arkansas Water Use Program

In 1977, the Congress of the United States recognized the need for uniform, current, and reliable information on water use and directed the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to establish a National Water-Use Information Program (NWUIP) to complement the Survey's data on the availability and quality of the Nations water resources. Since 1985 site-specific water-use data for several categories have...

The USGS collects, analyzes, and distributes data on a wide variety of water-related issues and resources. Much of our data is publicly available through the National Water Information System (NWIS), but additional datasets and analytical tools are also available.

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Filter Total Items: 372
Date published: January 1, 2017

Geospatial Tools Effectively Estimate Nonexceedance Probabilities of Daily Streamflow at Ungauged and Intermittently Gauged Locations in Ohio: Data Release

This data set archives all inputs, outputs and scripts needed to reproduce the findings of W.H. Farmer and G.F. Koltun in the 2017 Journal of Hydrology Regional Studies article entitled “Geospatial Tools Effectively Estimated Nonexceedance Probabilities of Daily Streamflow at Ungauged and Intermittently Gauged Locations in Ohio”. Input data includes observed streamflow...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: January 1, 2017

Reductive dechlorination rate data for 4,4'-DDE in sediments of the Palos Verdes Shelf, CA (1981-2010)

Wastes from the world’s largest manufacturer of DDT were released into the Los Angeles County municipal sewer system from 1947 to 1971. Following primary treatment, the effluent was discharged from a submarine outfall system whereupon a portion of the DDT and associated degradation products were deposited in sediments of the Palos Verdes Shelf (PVS). Parent DDT is present only in...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: January 1, 2017

Ecological community datasets used to evaluate the presence of trends in ecological communities in selected rivers and streams across the United States, 1992-2012 (output)

In 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) began a study of more than 50 major river basins across the Nation as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) project of the National Water-Quality Program. One of the major goals of the NAWQA project is to determine how water-quality and ecological conditions change over time. To support that goal, long-term consistent and comparable...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: January 1, 2017

MODFLOW-NWT groundwater flow model and GWM-VI optimization code for the Little Plover River Basin in Wisconsin's Central Sand Plain

The Little Plover River groundwater flow model simulates three-dimensional groundwater
movement in and around Wisconsin’s Little Plover River basin under steady-state and
transient conditions. The groundwater flow model uses the U.S. Geological Survey’s
MODFLOW-NWT modeling code. This model explicitly includes all high-capacity
wells in the model domain and simulates...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: January 1, 2017

Pesticides in Weekly Water Samples from the NAWQA Midwest Stream Quality Assessment (2013)

Dissolved pesticides were measured in weekly water samples from 100 wadeable streams across eleven states in the Midwestern U.S. during May-August, 2013, as part of the Midwest Stream Quality Assessment study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) National Water Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Project. Of the 100 stream sites, 12 were urban indicator sites and the remaining 88 sites were...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: January 1, 2017

Datasets from Groundwater-Quality Data from the National Water-Quality Assessment Project, January through December 2014 and Select Quality-Control Data from May 2012 through December 2014

Groundwater-quality data were collected from 559 wells as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Project of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Program from January through December 2014. The data were collected from four types of well networks: principal aquifer study networks, which assess the quality of groundwater used for public water supply; land-use study networks,...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: January 1, 2017

MODFLOW-2000 model data sets used in the simulation of Groundwater Flow and Pumping Scenarios for 1900-2050 near Mount Pleasant, South Carolina

An existing three-dimensional model (MODFLOW-2000) by Petkewich and Campbell (2007)
(https://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2007/5126/) was updated to simulate six predictive water-management
scenarios that were created to simulate potential changes in groundwater flow and groundwater-level
conditions in the Mount Pleasant, South Carolina...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: January 1, 2017

Streamflow statistics calculated from daily mean streamflow data collected during water years 1901–2015 for selected U.S. Geological Survey streamgages

In 2016, non-interpretive streamflow statistics were compiled for streamgages located throughout the Nation and stored in the StreamStatsDB database for use with StreamStats and other applications. Two previously published USGS computer programs that were designed to help calculate streamflow statistics were updated to better support StreamStats as part of this effort. These programs are named...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: January 1, 2017

MODFLOW-LGR data sets for the Great Basin carbonate and alluvial aquifer system model version 3.0: Revisions in southwestern Utah and east central Nevada

A new version of previously published steady-state numerical groundwater flow models of the Great Basin
carbonate and alluvial aquifer system (GBCAAS), and was developed in conjunction with U.S. Geological
Survey (USGS) studies in Parowan, Pine, and Wah Wah Valleys, Utah. This version of the model is
considered to be GBCAAS v. 3.0 and supersedes previous versions. This model...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: January 1, 2017

County-Level Estimates of Nitrogen and Phosphorus from Commercial Fertilizer for the Conterminous United States, 1987-2012

This data set contains county-level estimates of nitrogen and phosphorus from fertilizer, for both farm and nonfarm uses, for the conterminous United States, for 1987 through 2012. State-level farm and nonfarm nitrogen and phosphorus were derived from the Association of American Plant Food Control Officials (AAPFCO) commercial fertilizer sales data. State estimates were then allocated to the...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: January 1, 2017

MODFLOW-NWT model used in simulation of groundwater flow and availability in the North Fork Red River aquifer, southwest Oklahoma, 1980-2013

In 2017 the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Oklahoma Water Resources Board, published a
calibrated numerical groundwater-flow model and associated model documentation report that evaluated the effects
of potential groundwater withdrawals on groundwater flow and availability in the North Fork Red River aquifer in
southwest Oklahoma. The results of groundwater-...

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: January 1, 2017

Hydraulic Conductivity Data for Piezometers Near Cottonwood Lake Reserach Area, North Dakota (1978-2017)

Hydraulic conductivity (K), calculated at wells in and near Cottonwood Lake Research Area, North Dakota.

Attribution: Water Resources
Filter Total Items: 15,339
Year Published: 2018

Estimated use of water in the United States in 2015

Water use in the United States in 2015 was estimated to be about 322 billion gallons per day (Bgal/d), which was 9 percent less than in 2010. The 2015 estimates put total withdrawals at the lowest level since before 1970, following the same overall trend of decreasing total withdrawals observed from 2005 to 2010. Freshwater withdrawals were 281...

Dieter, Cheryl A.; Maupin, Molly A.; Caldwell, Rodney R.; Harris, Melissa A.; Ivahnenko, Tamara I.; Lovelace, John K.; Barber, Nancy L.; Linsey, Kristin S.
Dieter, C.A., Maupin, M.A., Caldwell, R.R., Harris, M.A., Ivahnenko, T.I., Lovelace, J.K., Barber, N.L., and Linsey, K.S., 2018, Estimated use of water in the United States in 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1441, 65 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1441. [Supersedes USGS Open-File Report 2017–1131.]

Year Published: 2018

Summary of estimated water use in the United States in 2015

A total of 322 Bgal/d of water withdrawals was reported for eight categories of use in the United States in 2015, which was 9 percent less than in 2010 (354 Bgal/d), and continued a declining trend since 2005. The decline in total withdrawals in 2015 primarily was caused by significant decreases (28.8 Bgal/d) in thermoelectric power, which...

Maupin, Molly A.
Maupin, M.A., 2018, Summary of estimated water use in the United States in 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018-3035, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183035.

Year Published: 2018

Bathymetric contour map, surface area and capacity table, and bathymetric difference map for Clearwater Lake near Piedmont, Missouri, 2017

Clearwater Lake, on the Black River near Piedmont in Reynolds County, Missouri, was constructed in 1948 and is operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers for flood-risk reduction, recreation, and fish and wildlife habitat. The lake area is about 1,800 acres with about 34 miles of shoreline at the conservation pool elevation of 498 feet. Since...

Richards, Joseph M.; Huizinga, Richard J.
Richards, J.M., and Huizinga, R.J., 2018, Bathymetric contour map, surface area and capacity table, and bathymetric difference map for Clearwater Lake near Piedmont, Missouri, 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3409, 1 sheet, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3409.

Year Published: 2018

DDT and related compounds in pore water of shallow sediments on the Palos Verdes Shelf, California, USA

For nearly two and a half decades following World War II, production wastes from the world's largest manufacturer of technical DDT (1-chloro-4-[2,2,2-trichloro-1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethyl]benzene) were discharged into sewers of Los Angeles County. Following treatment, the wastes were released via a submarine outfall system to nearshore coastal waters...

Eganhouse, Robert P.; DiFilippo, Erica L.; Pontolillo, James; Orem, William H.; Hackley, Paul C.; Edwards, Brian
Robert P. Eganhouse, Erica DiFilippo, James Pontolillo, William Orem, Paul Hackley, Brian D. Edwards, DDT and related compounds in pore water of shallow sediments on the Palos Verdes Shelf, California, USA, Marine Chemistry, Volume 203, 2018, pages 78-90.

Year Published: 2018

Quantifying anthropogenic contributions to century-scale groundwater salinity changes, San Joaquin Valley, California, USA

Total dissolved solids (TDS) concentrations in groundwater tapped for beneficial uses (drinking water, irrigation, freshwater industrial) have increased on average by about 100 mg/L over the last 100 years in the San Joaquin Valley, California (SJV). During this period land use in the SJV changed from natural vegetation and dryland agriculture to...

Hansen, Jeffrey; Jurgens, Bryant; Fram, Miranda S.
Jeffrey A. Hansen, Bryant C. Jurgens, Miranda S. Fram, Quantifying anthropogenic contributions to century-scale groundwater salinity changes, San Joaquin Valley, California, USA, Science of The Total Environment, Volume 642, 15 November 2018, Pages 125-136, ISSN 0048-9697

Year Published: 2018

Reductive dechlorination rates of 4,4′-DDE (1-chloro-4-[2,2-dichloro-1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethenyl]benzene) in sediments of the Palos Verdes Shelf, CA

Wastes from the world's largest manufacturer of DDT (1-chloro-4-[2,2,2-trichloro-1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethyl]benzene) were released into the Los Angeles County municipal sewer system from 1947 to 1971. Following primary treatment, the effluent was discharged through a submarine outfall system whereupon a portion of the DDT and associated degradation...

Eganhouse, Robert P.; Sherwood, Christopher R.; Pontolillo, James; Edwards, Brian; Dickhudt, Patrick J.
Robert P. Eganhouse, Christopher R. Sherwood, James Pontolillo, Brian D. Edwards, Patrick J. Dickhudt, Reductive dechlorination rates of 4,4′-DDE (1-chloro-4-[2,2-dichloro-1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethenyl]benzene) in sediments of the Palos Verdes Shelf, CA, Marine Chemistry, Volume 203, 2018, pages 10-21.

Year Published: 2018

Harnessing big data to rethink land heterogeneity in Earth system models

The continual growth in the availability, detail, and wealth of environmental data provides an invaluable asset to improve the characterization of land heterogeneity in Earth system models – a persistent challenge in macroscale models. However, due to the nature of these data (volume and complexity) and computational constraints, these data are...

Chaney, Nathaniel W.; Van Huijgevoort, Marjolein H. J.; Shevliakova, Elena; Malyshev, Sergey; Milly, Paul C. D.; Gauthier, Paul P. G.; Sulman, Benjamin N.
Attribution: Water Resources,
Chaney, N. W., Van Huijgevoort, M. H. J., Shevliakova, E., Malyshev, S., Milly, P. C. D., Gauthier, P. P. G., and Sulman, B. N.: Harnessing big data to rethink land heterogeneity in Earth system models, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 22, 3311-3330, https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-22-3311-2018, 2018.

Year Published: 2018

Streamflow and selenium loads during synoptic sampling of the Gunnison River and its tributaries near Delta, Colorado, November 2015

In response to the need for more information about selenium (Se) sources and transport, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Colorado Water Conservation Board, completed a study that characterized Se loads in a reach of the Gunnison River between Delta and Grand Junction, Colo. This report identifies where possible dissolved Se...

Stevens, Michael R.; Leib, Kenneth J.; Thomas, Judith C.; Bauch, Nancy J.; Richards, Rodney J.
Stevens, M.R., Leib, K.J., Thomas, J.C., Bauch, N.J., and Richards, R.J., 2018, Streamflow and selenium loads during synoptic sampling of the Gunnison River and its tributaries near Delta, Colorado, November 2015: U.S. GeologicalSurvey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5029, 17 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185029.

Year Published: 2018

Hydrographic surveys of rivers and lakes using a multibeam echosounder mapping system

A multibeam echosounder is a type of sound navigation and ranging device that uses sound waves to “see” through even murky waters. Unlike a single beam echosounder (also known as a depth sounder or fathometer) that releases a single sound pulse in a single, narrow beam and “listens” for the return echo, a multibeam system emits a multidirectional...

Huizinga, Richard J.; Heimann, David C.
Huizinga, R.J., and Heimann, D.C., 2018, Hydrographic surveys of rivers and lakes using a multibeam echosounder mapping system: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3021, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183021.

Year Published: 2018

A history of trade routes and water-level regulation on waterways in Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota, USA

Unlike most national parks, main access to Voyageurs National Park is by boat. This remote system of interconnected waterways along the USA-Canada border was an important transportation route for thousands of years of American Indian occupation, leading up to and including the trade route of the voyageurs, or French-Canadian fur traders from...

Christensen, Victoria G.; LaBounty, Andrew E.
Christensen, V.G., and LaBounty, A.E., 2018, A History of Trade Routes and Water-Level Regulation on Waterways in Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota USA, Proceedings of the Environment and Water Resources Institute World Congress, American Society of Civil Engineers, Minneapolis, MN, June 4, 2018.

Year Published: 2018

GIS-based method for estimating surficial groundwater levels in coastal Virginia using limited information

In many coastal areas, high water tables are present, complicating installation of some stormwater best management practices (BMPs) that rely on infiltration. Regional estimates of the seasonal high water table (SHWT) often rely on sources such as soil surveys taken over a decade ago; these data are static and do not account for groundwater...

Johnson, R.D.; Sample, David J.; McCoy, Kurt J.

Year Published: 2018

Voyageurs National Park: Water-level regulation and effects on water quality and aquatic biology

Following dam installations in the remote Rainy Lake Basin during the early 1900s, water-level fluctuations were considered extreme (1914–1949) compared to more natural conditions. In 1949, the International Joint Commission (IJC), which sets rules governing dam operation on waters shared by the United States and Canada,...

Christensen, Victoria G.; Maki, Ryan P.; LeDuc, Jaime F.

The USGS produces many types of multimedia products. Use the links below to browse our offerings of photograph galleries, podcasts and sound files, videos, aerial photos, and posters related to water. The USGS Newsroom has a Web page that highlights the main collection of multimedia products.

Filter Total Items: 1,355
Image shows USGS scientists in PFDs taking water quality samples from Lake Houston
August 31, 2017

Water Quality Sampling on Lake Houston Following Hurricane Harvey

A USGS field crew takes water-quality samples on Lake Houston following Harvey.

Image shows a USGS scientist in a PFD servicing a water quality monitor on a lake
August 31, 2017

Water Quality Sampling on Lake Houston Following Hurricane Harvey

USGS scientist Lisa Ashmore services a water-quality monitor on Lake Houston. These instruments stayed afloat and collected data throughout the storm.

A USGS scientist wearing a PFD measures flooding on the Guadalupe River
August 30, 2017

Measuring Hurricane Harvey Flooding on the Guadalupe River

USGS scientist Alec MacDonald takes flood measurements on the Guadalupe River in Victoria, Texas.

Image shows a USGS scientist in a PFD servicing a streamgage
August 29, 2017

Servicing the Streamgage at Addicks Reservoir

USGS scientist Tom Pistillo services the streamgage at Addicks Reservoir to ensure that accurate reservoir water-level data are being measured, which are critical for helping the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Harris County Flood Control District make informed reservoir operation decisions.

Image shows flooding around a streamgage at Addicks Reservoir
August 29, 2017

Hurricane Harvey Flooding at Addicks Reservoir

USGS field crew measure reservoir water-level data at Addicks Reservoir, which are critical for helping the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers make informed reservoir operation decisions.

Image shows flooding at a streamgage site on Addicks Reservoir
August 29, 2017

Hurricane Harvey Flooding at Addicks Reservoir

USGS field crew measure reservoir water-level data at Addicks Reservoir, which are critical for helping the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers make informed reservoir operation decisions.

Image shows a USGS scientist in a PFD servicing a streamgage
August 29, 2017

Servicing a Streamgage at Barker Reservoir Following Hurricane Harvey

USGS scientist Tom Pistillo wades through the waters of Barker Reservoir to ensure accurate reservoir water-level data are being measured, which are critical for helping the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Harris County Flood Control District make informed reservoir operation decisions.

Image shows USGS scientists planning Hurricane Harvey response efforts
August 28, 2017

Planning Hurricane Harvey Response Efforts

Planning meeting at the USGS Gulf Coast Office.

Image shows a police car in a flooded roadway in Texas
August 27, 2017

Hurricane Harvey Flooding on Buffalo Bayou at Piney Point

USGS field crews made multiple record high flood measurements on Aug. 27, including downstream of Addicks and Barker dam. Flood measurements near Addicks and Barker dam are critical for making public safety decisions, as 1.2 million people live downstream.

USGS hydrologic technicians Eric Boeding and Robert Ellis measured the height and speed of

...
Scientist taking a photo.
August 26, 2017

Flood measurements in Houston during Hurricane Harvey

USGS scientist Mackenzie Mullins takes flood measurements at Berry Bayou in Houston, Texas.

 

Image shows two USGS scientists looking at a computer screen in a truck
August 26, 2017

USGS Scientists Enter Data from Hurricane Harvey Flooding in Texas

USGS scientists Vidal Mendoza and Brian Petri take flood measurements at Fifteenmile Creek near Weser, Texas on August 26. The crew used a power measurement technique, since acoustic measurements will not work due to a large amount of sediment and vegetation in the floodwaters. Photo by Mark Schroeder, USGS.

USGS scientist Jeff East is monitoring streamflow and flooding from Hurricane Harvey.
August 26, 2017

USGS Scientist Monitoring Streamflow & Flooding from Hurricane Harvey

In addition to staff that conduct field measurements of flooding conditions, others monitor information indoors. Here, USGS scientist Jeff East is monitoring streamflow and flooding from Hurricane Harvey.

 

Filter Total Items: 387
Date published: April 29, 2016

Mapping Water Use: Landsat and America’s Water Resources

As droughts rage and aquifers dwindle, people may wonder: Is there enough water to meet all our needs?  Landsat satellites are helping to answer that question.

Date published: April 28, 2016

Nitrogen in Lakes Connected to Groundwater

A recent scientific study shows new, important information about how groundwater cannot only contribute nutrients such as nitrogen to lakes, but can also carry it away. Nitrogen is an important nutrient but harmful when over-supplied. The fate and transport of nitrogen are critically important issues for human and aquatic ecosystem health.

Date published: April 28, 2016

Flood Preparedness – There’s a New USGS Map (or App) for That

Flood Preparedness – There’s a New USGS Map (or App) for That

Date published: April 26, 2016

South Dakota Scientists Help Restore Water in Armenia

South Dakota-based scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey are helping to restore a depleted aquifer and build in-country expertise for managing groundwater in the Ararat Basin of Armenia. 

Date published: April 18, 2016

EarthWord – Watershed

This week’s EarthWord sounds like what the British might call an outhouse...

Date published: April 18, 2016

Five Science Tools to Check Out — Get Prepared

Are you and your family ready for the next disaster or emergency? Get tips by joining America’s PrepareAthon!

Date published: April 13, 2016

New Willamette River Flood Inundation Maps to Aid Residents and Emergency Managers

New flood inundation maps focused on the Coast Fork Willamette River near Goshen, Oregon were published online Wednesday by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S Army Corps of Engineers.

Date published: April 12, 2016

New Online Tool Tracks Water Quality in the Nation’s Rivers and Streams

A new USGS online tool provides graphical summaries of nutrients and sediment levels in rivers and streams across the Nation.

Date published: March 25, 2016

USGS Bolsters Better References for Mass Spectrometers

USGS scientists Haiping Qi and Tyler Coplen were key contributors, among 24 contributing scientists, to a recently completed international project to develop isotopic reference materials for mass spectrometers. An article in the journal Analytical Chemistry details the findings.

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: March 22, 2016

Drought and Management Actions Affect World Waterway—the Rio Grande

New research can help water managers along the Rio Grande make wise decisions about how to best use the flow of a river vital for drinking water, agriculture and aquatic habitat. These studies also show how conditions from the prolonged drought in the West have affected the Rio Grande watershed.

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: March 22, 2016

USGS Innovation in Inundation Mapping

Flood Information to Power Community Decisions

Attribution: Water Resources
Date published: March 22, 2016

A Century of Water Science in Texas

What a difference 100 years make!

Attribution: Water Resources
Filter Total Items: 1,828