Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program

Publications

The Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program publications are listed here. Search by topics and by year.

Filter Total Items: 902
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Year Published: 2019

Heat flow in the Western Arctic Ocean (Amerasian Basin)

From 1963 to 1973 the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) measured heat flow at 356 sites in the Amerasian Basin (Western Arctic Ocean) from a drifting ice island (T-3). The resulting measurements, which are unevenly distributed on Alpha-Mendeleev Ridge (AMR) and in Canada and Nautilus basins, greatly expand available heat flow data for the Arctic Ocean...

Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Lachenbruch, A.H.; Hutchinson, Deborah; Munroe, Robert; Mosher, David

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Year Published: 2019

Extreme coastal water level in Washington state: Guidance to support sea level rise planning

This document provides guidelines for assessing exposure to future coastal flooding during extreme coastal water level events – whether these are due to tides, surge, wave run-up, or, more likely, a combination of the three. These guidelines provide information about the current and future magnitude of extreme coastal water levels across...

Yang, Z.; Mauger, G.S.; Morgan, H.F.; Miller, I.M.; vanArendonk, N.R.; Grossman, Eric
Miller, I.M., Yang, Z., VanArendonk, N., Grossman, E., Mauger, G. S., Morgan, H., 2019. Extreme Coastal Water Level in Washington State: Guidance to Support Sea Level Rise Planning. A collaboration of Washington Sea Grant, University of Washington Climate Impacts Group, Oregon State University, University of Washington, and U.S. Geological Survey. Prepared for the Washington Coastal Resilience Project.

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Year Published: 2019

Morphology and genesis of giant seafloor depressions on the southeasterncontinental shelf of the Korean Peninsula

We identify and describe five giant seafloor depressions from the southeastern continental shelf of the Korean Peninsula using multibeam bathymetry, sub-bottom profiler, and multi-channel seismic reflection data, supplemented by piston cores. Multibeam bathymetry data from the shelf show four crescent-shaped depressions (SD1 to SD4) and one near-...

Cukur, Deniz; Kong, Gee-Soo; Chun, Jong-Hwa; Kang, Moo-Hee; Um, In-Kwon; Kwon, Taekhyun; Johnson, Samuel; Kim, Kyong-O

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Year Published: 2019

A combinatorial approach to determine earthquake magnitude distributions on a variable slip-rate fault

Combinatorial methods are used to determine the spatial distribution of earthquake magnitudes on a fault whose slip rate varies along strike. Input to the problem is a finite sample of earthquake magnitudes that span 5 kyr drawn from a truncated Pareto distribution. The primary constraints to the problem are maximum and minimum values around the...

Geist, Eric L.; Parsons, Thomas E.

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Year Published: 2019

Coastal and marine science of the U.S. Geological Survey in Woods Hole, Massachusetts

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, is one of three centers serving the mission of the USGS Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program (CMHRP). Since its authorization by Congress in 1962, the CMHRP has served as the primary Federal program for marine geology and...

Ernst, Sara
Ernst, S., 2019, Coastal and marine science of the U.S. Geological Survey in Woods Hole, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey General Information Product 191, 16 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/gip191.

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Year Published: 2019

Thin-layer sediment addition to an existing salt marsh to combat sea-level rise and improve endangered species habitat in California, USA

Current tidal marsh elevations and their accretion rates are important predictors of vulnerability to sea-level rise. When tidal marshes are at risk, adaptation measures, such as sediment addition to increase elevations, can be implemented to prevent degradation and loss. In 2016, wildlife managers prescribed a thin-layer sediment addition of...

Thorne, Karen M.; Freeman, Chase; Rosencranz, Jordan A.; Ganju, Neil Kamal; Guntenspergen, Glenn R.

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Year Published: 2019

Changes in hydrodynamics and wave energy as a result of seagrass decline along the shoreline of a microtidal back-barrier estuary

Seagrasses are marine flowering plants that provide key ecological services. In recent decades, multiple stressors have caused a worldwide decline in seagrass beds. Changes in bottom friction associated with seagrass loss are expected to influence the ability of estuarine systems to trap sediment inputs through local and regional changes in...

Donatelli, Carmine; Ganju, Neil Kamal; Kalra, Tarandeep S.; Fagherazzi, S; Leonardi, Nicoletta

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Year Published: 2019

The roles of flow acceleration and deceleration in sediment suspension in the surf zone

Prediction of sediment suspension in the surf zone remains elusive. We explore how suspended sediment concentration at 19 cm above the bed in the mid-surf zone during a storm is influenced by flow acceleration and deceleration. There is a tendency for higher suspended sediment concentrations during onshore flow, with decelerating onshore flows...

Jaffe, Bruce E.; La Selle, Seanpaul
Jaffe, B.E., and La Selle, S., 2019, The roles of flow acceleration and deceleration in sediment suspension in the surf zone: in Wang, P., Rosati, J.D., and Vallee, M., eds., Coastal Sediments 2019, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference: World Scientific, Hackensack, New Jersey, p. 565-576, https://doi.org/10.1142/9789811204487_0050.

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Year Published: 2019

Linking direct measurements of turbidity currents to submarine canyon-floor deposits

Submarine canyons are conduits for episodic and powerful sediment density flows (commonly called turbidity currents) that move globally significant amounts of terrestrial sediment and organic carbon into the deep sea, forming some of the largest sedimentary deposits on Earth. The only record available for most turbidity currents is the deposit...

Maier, Katherine L.; Gales, Jenny; Paull, Charles K.; Rosenberger, Kurt J.; Talling, Peter J.; Simmons, Stephen; Gwiazda, Roberto; McGann, Mary; Cartigny, Matthieu J.B.; Lundsten, Eve M.; Anderson, Krystle; Clare, Michael; Xu, Jingping; Parsons, Daniel; Barry, James P.; Wolfson-Schwher, Monica; Nieminski, Nora M.; Sumner, Esther J

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Year Published: 2019

The risk reduction benefits of the Mesoamerican Reef in Mexico

Coastal development and climate change are dramatically increasing the risks of flooding, erosion, and extreme weather events. Coral reefs and other coastal ecosystems act as natural defenses against coastal hazards, but their degradation increases risk to people and property. Environmental degradation, however, has rarely been quantified as a...

Reguero, Borja G.; Secaira, Fernando; Toimil, Alexandra; Escudero, Mireille; Diaz-Simal, Pedro; Beck, Michael W.; Silva, Rodolfo; Storlazzi, Curt D.; Losada, Iñigo

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Year Published: 2019

Evidence for frequent, large tsunamis spanning locked and creeping parts of the Aleutian megathrust

At the eastern end of the 1957 Andreanof Islands magnitude-8.6 earthquake rupture, Driftwood Bay (Umnak Island) and Stardust Bay (Sedanka Island) lie along presently locked and creeping parts of the Aleutian megathrust, respectively, based on satellite geodesy onshore. Both bays, located 200-km apart, face the Aleutian trench and harbor coastal...

Witter, Robert C.; Briggs, Richard W.; Engelhart, Simon E.; Gelfenbaum, Guy R.; Koehler, Richard D; Nelson, Alan R.; La Selle, Seanpaul; Corbett, Reide; Wallace, Kristi

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Year Published: 2019

Optimizing an inner-continental shelf geologic framework investigation through data repurposing and machine learning

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) have collected approximately 5,400 km2 of geophysical and hydrographic data on the Atlantic continental shelf between Delaware and Virginia over the past decade and a half. Although originally acquired for different objectives, the comprehensive coverage...

Pendleton, Elizabeth A.; Brothers, Laura L.; Sweeney, Ed