Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program

Publications

The Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program publications are listed here. Search by topics and by year.

Filter Total Items: 902
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Year Published: 2019

Passive experimental warming decouples air and sediment temperatures in a salt marsh

Open top chambers (OTCs) are a commonly used passive warming technique in experimental warming studies. OTCs have been shown to be effective in multiple types of terrestrial systems, but their utility in wetland environments remains uncertain. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effectiveness of using OTCs to warm a temperate salt marsh...

Carey, Joanna C.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Zafari, Babak; Tang, Jianwu

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Year Published: 2019

Geochemical sourcing of runoff from a young volcanic watershed to an impacted coral reef in Pelekane Bay, Hawaii

Runoff of sediment and other contaminants from developed watersheds threatens coastal ecosystems and services. A sediment geochemical sourcing study was undertaken on a sediment-impacted coral reef flat to identify terrestrial sediment sources and how these changed over time. Geochemical signatures were identified for watershed...

Takesue, Renee K.; Storlazzi, Curt D.
Takesue R.T., and Storlazzi, C.D., 2019, Geochemical sourcing of runoff from a young volcanic watershed to an impacted coral reef in Pelekane Bay, Hawaii: Science of the Total Environment, v. 649, p. 353-363, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.282.

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Year Published: 2019

The Santa Cruz Basin submarine landslide complex, southern California: Repeated failure of uplifted basin sediment

The Santa Cruz Basin (SCB) is one of several fault-bounded basins within the California Continental Borderland that has drawn interest over the years for its role in the tectonic evolution of the region, but also because it contains a record of a variety of modes of sedimentary mass transport (i.e., open slope vs. canyon-confined systems). Here,...

Brothers, Daniel S.; Maier, Katherine L.; Kluesner, Jared W.; Conrad, James E.; Chaytor, Jason
Brothers, D.S., Maier, K.L., Kluesner, J.W., and Conrad, J.E., 2018, The Santa Cruz Basin submarine landslide complex, southern California--Repeated failure of uplifted basin sediment; in From the Mountains to the Abyss--The California Borderland as an archive of southern California geologic evolution: Society for Sedimentary Geology, Special Publication No. 110, https://doi.org/10.2110/sepmsp.110.05

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Year Published: 2019

Downhole physical property-based description of a gas hydrate petroleum system in NGHP-02 Area C: A channel, levee, fan complex in the Krishna-Godavari Basin offshore eastern India

India’s second National Gas Hydrate Program expedition, NGHP-02, collected logging while drilling and sediment core data in Area C offshore eastern India, to investigate controls on the distribution and peak saturations of methane gas hydrate occurrences in buried channel, levee and fan deposits. Physical property results are presented here for...

Waite, William F.; Jang, Junbong; Collett, Timothy S.; Kumar, Ronish

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Year Published: 2019

Slope failure and mass transport processes along the Queen Charlotte Fault, southeastern Alaska

The Queen Charlotte Fault defines the Pacific–North America transform plate boundary in western Canada and southeastern Alaska for c. 900 km. The entire length of the fault is submerged along a continental margin dominated by Quaternary glacial processes, yet the geomorphology along the margin has never been systematically examined due to the...

Brothers, Daniel; Andrews, Brian D.; Walton, Maureen A. L.; H. Gary Greene; J. Vaughn Barrie; Miller, Nathaniel C.; ten Brink, Uri S.; East, Amy E.; Haeussler, Peter J.; Kluesner, Jared W.; Conrad, James E.

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Year Published: 2019

Enhanced CO2 uptake at a shallow Arctic Ocean seep field overwhelms the positive warming potential of emitted methane

Continued warming of the Arctic Ocean in coming decades is projected to trigger the release of teragrams (1 Tg = 106 tons) of methane from thawing subsea permafrost on shallow continental shelves and dissociation of methane hydrate on upper continental slopes. On the shallow shelves (<100 m water depth), methane released from the seafloor...

Pohlman, John; Greinert, J.; Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Silyakova, A; Vielstadte, L; Casso, Michael; Mienert, J; Bunz, S

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Year Published: 2018

Time-dependent pore filling

Capillarity traps fluids in porous media during immiscible fluid displacement. Most field situations involve relatively long time scales, such as hydrocarbon migration into reservoirs, resource recovery, nonaqueous phase liquid remediation, geological CO2 storage, and sediment‐atmosphere interactions. Yet laboratory studies and numerical...

Sun, Zhonghao; Jang, Junbong; Santamarina, J. Carlos

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Year Published: 2018

Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 5.0 user guide

OverviewThe Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) is a freely available software application that works within the Esri Geographic Information System (ArcGIS) software. DSAS computes rate-of-change statistics for a time series of shoreline vector data. DSAS version 5.0 (v5.0) was released in December 2018 and has been tested for compatibility...

Himmelstoss, Emily A.; Henderson, Rachel E.; Kratzmann, Meredith G.; Farris, Amy S.
Himmelstoss, E.A., Henderson, R.E., Kratzmann, M.G., and Farris, A.S., 2018, Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 5.0 user guide: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1179, 110 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181179.

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Year Published: 2018

Hydrologic controls of methane dynamics in karst subterranean estuaries

Karst subterranean estuaries (KSEs) extend into carbonate platforms along 12% of all coastlines. A recent study has shown that microbial methane (CH4) consumption is an important component of the carbon cycle and food web dynamics within flooded caves that permeate KSEs. In this study, we obtained high‐resolution (~2.5‐day) temporal records of...

Brankovits, David; Pohlman, John; Ganju, Neil Kamal; Iliffe, T.M.; Lowell, N.; Roth, E.; Sylva, S.P.; Emmert, J.A.; Lapham, L.L.

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Year Published: 2018

Subsurface controls on the development of the Cape Fear Slide Complex, central US Atlantic Margin

The Cape Fear Slide is one of the largest (>25 000 km3) submarine slope failure complexes on the US Atlantic margin. Here we use a combination of new high-resolution multichannel seismic data (MCS) from the National Science Foundation Geodynamic Processes at Rifting and Subducting Margins (NSF GeoPRISMS) Community Seismic Experiment and legacy...

Hill, Jenna C.; Brothers, Daniel S.; Hornbach, Matthew J.; Sawyer, Derek E.; Shillington, Donna J.; Bécel, Anne

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Year Published: 2018

Unmanned aerial systems capabilities of the U.S. Geological Survey Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center

Unmanned aerial system (UAS) technology provides a rapid and low-cost solution for mapping coastal environments and assessing short- and long-term changes. The interdisciplinary nature of the data collected and the breadth of applications make UAS technology applicable to multiple scientific investigations. The Aerial Imaging and Mapping (AIM)...

Brosnahan, Sandra; Sherwood, Christopher R.
Brosnahan, S., and Sherwood, C., 2018, Unmanned aerial systems capabilities of the U.S. Geological Survey Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3061, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183061.

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Year Published: 2018

Uncertainty in United States coastal wetland greenhouse gas inventorying

Coastal wetlands store carbon dioxide (CO2) and emit CO2 and methane (CH4) making them an important part of greenhouse gas (GHG) inventorying. In the contiguous United States (CONUS), a coastal wetland inventory was recently calculated by combining maps of wetland type and change with soil, biomass, and CH4 flux data from a literature...

James Holmquist; Windham-Myers, Lisamarie; Blanca Bernal; Byrd, Kristin B.; Steve Crooks; Gonneea, Meagan; Nathan Herold; Sara Knox; Kroeger, Kevin D.; John McCombs; J. Patrick Megonigal; Lu Meng; James Morris; Ariana Sutton-Grier; Tiffany Troxler; Donald Weller