Earthquake Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,617
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Year Published: 2019

Jack Boatwright’s last science

In the months before he passed away, Jack Boatwright asked us to review a manuscript on source properties, specifically stress drop, of earthquakes in northeastern North America (NENA). This manuscript originated in research funded by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), described in his final report to NRC and published as USGS Open-File...

Baltay, Annemarie S.; Hanks, Thomas C.

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Year Published: 2019

Radiometric ages of volcanic rocks on the fort rock dome and in the aquarius mountains, Yavapai and Mohave Counties, Arizona

The Fort Rock dome, in Yavapai County, Ariz., is a roughly circular geologic structure in plan view, 2.5 km in diameter, that is similar in many ways to an impact crater; however, it is a structural dome caused by a potassic mafic intrusion at depth, and the crater-like depression in its center is erosional in origin. The Aquarius Mountains, west...

Fuis, Gary S.; Calvert, Andrew T.; Sullivan, Katie
Fuis, G.S., Calvert, A., and Sullivan, K., 2019, Radiometric ages of volcanic rocks on the Fort Rock dome and in the Aquarius Mountains, Yavapai and Mohave counties, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1038, 18 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191038.

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Year Published: 2019

Seismological, geological, and geotechnical engineering aspects of the 2018 MW 6.6 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake

The 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi MW6.6 earthquake struck the southern coast of the north island of Japan in the early morning (3:08 AM JST) on September 6, 2018. The event had a hypocentral depth of 35 km, centered beneath the port city of Tomakomai. Extremely strong shaking with peak ground acceleration in excess of 0.5 g was felt in the...

Kayen, Robert; Wham, Brad; Grant, Alex; Atsushi, Mikami; Anderson, Donald; Zimmaro, Paolo; Wang, Pengfei; Tsai, Yi Tyan; Bachhuber, Jeff; Madugo, Chris L M; Sun, Joseph; Hitchcock, Christopher S.; Motto, Matthew

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Year Published: 2019

Rapid station and network quality analysis for temporary deployments

Seismic station data quality is commonly defined by metrics such as data completeness or background seismic noise levels in specific frequency bands. However, for temporary networks such as aftershock deployments or induced seismicity monitoring, the most critical metric is often how well the station performs when recording events of interest. A...

Wilson, David C.; Ringler, Adam T.; Storm, Tyler; Anthony, Robert E.

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Year Published: 2019

The USGS National crustal model for seismic hazard studies: 2019 update

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) National Crustal Model (NCM) is being developed to assist in the modeling of seismic hazards across the conterminous United States, specifically by improving estimates of site response. The NCM is composed of geophysical profiles, extending from the Earth’s surface into the upper mantle, constructed from...

Boyd, Oliver S.

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Year Published: 2019

Evaluation of ground motion models for USGS seismic hazard forecasts: Induced and tectonic earthquakes in the Central and Eastern U.S.

Ground motion model (GMM) selection and weighting introduces a significant source of uncertainty in United States Geological Survey (USGS) seismic hazard models. The increase in moderate moment magnitude induced earthquakes (Mw 4 to 5.8) in Oklahoma and Kansas since 2009, due to increased wastewater injection related to oil and gas production (...

McNamara, Daniel E.; Petersen, Mark D.; Thompson, Eric M.; Powers, Peter M.; Shumway, Allison; Hoover, Susan M.; Moschetti, Morgan P.; Wolin, Emily

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Year Published: 2019

Sedimentary evidence of prehistoric distant-source tsunamis in the Hawaiian Islands

Over the past 200 years of written records, the Hawaiian Islands have experienced tens of tsunamis generated by earthquakes in the subduction zones of the Pacific "Ring of Fire" (e.g., Alaska-Aleutian, Kuril-Kamchatka, Chile, and Japan). Mapping and dating anomalous beds of sand and silt deposited by tsunamis in low-lying areas along Pacific...

La Selle, Seanpaul; Richmond, Bruce M.; Jaffe, Bruce E.; Nelson, Alan; Griswold, Frances; Arcos, Maria E.M.; Chague, Catherine; Bishop, James M.; Bellanova, Piero; Kane, Haunani H.; Lunghino, Brent D.; Gelfenbaum, Guy R.

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Year Published: 2019

Stratigraphic and structural relations in trench exposures and geomorphology at the Big Burn, Lily Lake, and Lester Ranch sites, Bear River Fault Zone, Utah and Wyoming

This report provides trench photomosaics, logs and related site information, age data, and earthquake event evidence from three paleoseismic trench sites on the Bear River Fault Zone. Our motivation for studying the Bear River Fault Zone—a nascent normal fault in the Rocky Mountains east of the Basin and Range physiographic province—is twofold: (1...

Hecker, Suzanne; Duross, Christopher; Schwartz, David P.; Cinti, Francesca R.; Civico, Riccardo; Lund, William R.; Hiscock, Adam I.; West, Michael W.; Wilcox, Tarka; Stoller, Alivia R.
Hecker, S., DuRoss, C.B., Schwartz, D.P., Cinti, F.R., Civico, R., Lund, W.R., Hiscock, A.I., West, M.W., Wilcox, T., and Stoller, A.R., 2019, Stratigraphic and structural relations in trench exposures and geomorphology at the Big Burn, Lily Lake, and Lester Ranch sites, Bear River Fault Zone, Utah and Wyoming: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3430, 8 p., 3 sheets, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3430.

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Year Published: 2019

Exotic Seismic Events Catalog (ESEC) Data Product

Nonearthquake seismic events from sources such as landslides, debris flows, dam collapses, floods, glaciers, and avalanches are rarely included in traditional earthquake catalogs. The new Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS) Data Management Center Exotic Seismic Events Catalog data product provides information on such events to...

Bahavar, Manoch; Allstadt, Kate E.; Fossen, Mick Van; Malone, Stephen; Trabant, Chad

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Year Published: 2019

Improving earthquake forecasts during swarms with a duration model

Earthquake swarms present a challenge for operational earthquake forecasting because they are driven primarily by transient external processes, such as fluid flow, the behavior and duration of which are difficult to predict. In this study, we develop a swarm duration model to estimate how long a swarm is likely to last based on actuarial...

Llenos, Andrea L.; Van Der Elst, Nicholas

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Year Published: 2019

Slow-growing and extended-duration seismicity swarms: Reactivating joints or foliations in the Cahuilla Valley Pluton, Central Peninsular Ranges, Southern California

Three prolific earthquake swarms and numerous smaller ones have occurred since 1980 in the Mesozoic igneous plutonic rocks of the Perris block of the Peninsular Ranges, Southern California. The major swarms occurred in 1980–1981, 1983–1984, and 2016–2018, with the latest swarm still ongoing. These swarms have no clear mainshock, with the largest...

Hauksson, E.; Ross, Z.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.

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Year Published: 2019

Delayed dynamic triggering of disposal-induced earthquakes observed by a dense array in Northern Oklahoma

Recent increases in earthquake occurrence rates in Oklahoma have been linked to the injection of large volumes of saltwater, a byproduct of oil and gas extraction. Here we present a detailed study of remote earthquake triggering in an area of active injection‐induced seismicity in northern Oklahoma using data from the LArge‐n Seismic Survey in...

Pena Castro, A.; Dougherty, Sara L.; Harrington, R. M.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.