Volcano Hazards Program Office

Publications

Filter Total Items: 2,114
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Year Published: 2019

Undocumented late 18th- to early 19th-century volcanic eruptions in the Southwest Rift Zone of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i

The historical record of volcanic activity at Kīlauea Volcano on the Island of Hawaiʻi begins with the phreatomagmatic blasts of 1790. Three decades later, in 1823, the first party of non-Hawaiian visitors, organized by the English Reverend William Ellis, reached Kīlauea’s summit. A detailed narrative by Ellis includes an account of an eruption in...

Hazlett, Richard W.; Orr, Tim R.; Lundblad, Steve P.
Hazlett, R.W., Orr, T.R., and Lundblad, S.P., 2019, Undocumented late 18th- to early 19th-century volcanic eruptions in the Southwest Rift Zone of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5010, 13 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195010.

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Year Published: 2019

A cautionary tale of topography and tilt from Kilauea Caldera

We conduct finite element analysis to investigate the effect of sharp topography on surface ground deformation caused by pressure changes in a magma reservoir. Tilt data express the horizontal gradient of vertical displacement and therefore can emphasize small variations in deformation that go unnoticed using other methods. We find that the...

Johnson, Jessica A.; Poland, Michael P.; Anderson, Kyle R.; Biggs, Juliet
102. Johnson, J.H., Poland, M.P., Anderson, K.R., Biggs, J., 2019, A cautionary tale of topography and tilt from Kīlauea Caldera: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 46, no. 8, p. 4221–4229, doi:10.1029/2018GL081757.

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Year Published: 2019

Isotopic and petrologic investigation, and a thermomechanical model of genesis of large-volume rhyolites in arc environments: Karymshina Volcanic Complex, Kamchatka, Russia

The Kamchatka Peninsula of eastern Russia is currently one of the most volcanically active areas on Earth where a combination of >8 cm/yr subduction convergence rate and thick continental crust generates large silicic magma chambers, reflected by abundant large calderas and caldera complexes. This study examines the largest center of silicic 4-...

Bindeman, Ilya N.; Leonov, Vladimir L.; Colòn, Dylan P.; Rogozin, Aleksey N.; Shipley, Niccole; Jicha, Brian; Loewen, Matthew W.; Gerya, Taras V.

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Year Published: 2019

Heat and mass transport in a vapor-dominated hydrothermal area in Yellowstone National Park, USA: Inferences from magnetic, electrical, electromagnetic, subsurface temperature and diffuse CO2 flux measurements

Vapor‐dominated hydrothermal systems are characterized by localized and elevated heat and gas flux. In these systems, steam and gas ascend from a boiling water reservoir, steam condenses beneath a low‐permeability cap layer, and liquid water descends, driven by gravity (“heat pipe” model). We combine magnetic, electromagnetic, and geoelectrical...

Bouligand, Claire; Hurwitz, Shaul; Vandemeulebrouck, Jean; Byrdina, Svetlana; Kass, Mason A.; Lewicki, Jennifer L.

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Year Published: 2019

Prediction of ice‐free conditions for a perennially ice‐covered Antarctic lake

Although perennially ice‐covered Antarctic lakes have experienced variable ice thicknesses over the past several decades, future ice thickness trends and associated aquatic biological responses under projected global warming remain unknown. Heat stored in the water column in chemically stratified Antarctic lakes that have middepth temperature...

Obryk, Maciej; Doran, P. T.; Priscu, J. C.

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Year Published: 2019

Mapping the lava deltas of the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano

No abstract available.

Soule, Adam; Heffron, Erin; Gee, Lindsay; Mayer, Larry; Raineault, Nicole; German, Christopher R; Lim, Darlene; Zoeller, Michael H.; Parcheta, Carolyn

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Year Published: 2019

Constraining the early eruptive history of the Mono Craters rhyolites, California, based on 238U–230Th isochron dating of their explosive and effusive products

The Mono Craters are an overlapping chain of at least 28 domes and coulees located south of Mono Lake, east central California, and represent the most recent eruptions of high‐silica rhyolite magma in the Mono Lake‐Long Valley volcanic region. Regionally widespread tephra fall deposits from the Mono Craters serve as important chronostratigraphic...

Marcaida, Mae; Vazquez, Jorge A.; Stelten, Mark E.; Miller, Jonathan S.

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Year Published: 2019

California’s exposure to volcanic hazards

The potential for damaging earthquakes, landslides, floods, tsunamis, and wildfires is widely recognized in California. The same cannot be said for volcanic eruptions, despite the fact that they occur in the state about as frequently as the largest earthquakes on the San Andreas Fault. At least ten eruptions have taken place in the past 1,000...

Mangan, Margaret; Ball, Jessica; Wood, Nathan; Jones, Jamie L.; Peters, Jeff; Abdollahian, Nina; Dinitz, Laura; Blankenheim, Sharon; Fenton, Johanna; Pridmore, Cynthia
Mangan, M., Ball, J., Wood, N., Jones, J.L., Peters, J., Abdollahian, N., Dinitz, L., Blankenheim, S., Fenton, J., and Pridmore, C., 2019, California’s exposure to volcanic hazards (ver. 1.1, December 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5159, 49 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185159.

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Year Published: 2019

Unravelling the complexity of magma plumbing at Mount St. Helens: A new trace element partitioning scheme for amphibole

Volcanoes at subduction zones reside above complex magma plumbing systems, where individual magmatic components may originate and interact at a range of pressures. Because whole-rock compositions of subduction zone magmas are the integrated result of processes operating throughout the entire plumbing system, processes such as mixing,...

Humphreys, Madeleine C. S.; Cooper, George F.; Zhang, Jing; Loewen, Matthew W.; Kent, Adam J. R.; Macpherson, Colin G.; Davidson, Jon P.

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Year Published: 2019

Groundwater inflow toward a preheated volcanic conduit: Application to the 2018 eruption at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai’i

The many successes in volcano forecasting over the past several decades owe mainly to pattern recognition, both in monitoring data and the geologic record. During the early stages of the 2018 Kīlauea eruption, the conceptual model of Stearns (1925), based on the explosive 1924 Kīlauea eruption, was highly influential. This model postulates that...

Hsieh, Paul A.; Ingebritsen, Steven E.

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Year Published: 2019

Space-based imaging radar studies of U.S. volcanoes

The arrival of space-based imaging radar as a revolutionary land-surface mapping and monitoring tool little more than a quarter century ago enabled a spate of innovative volcano research worldwide. Soon after launch of European Space Agency’s ERS-1 spacecraft in 1991, the U.S. Geological Survey began SAR and InSAR studies of volcanoes in the...

Dzurisin, Daniel; Lu, Zhong; Poland, Michael P.; Wicks, Charles W.

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Year Published: 2019

Lava flow morphology at an erupting andesitic stratovolcano: A satellite perspective on El Reventador, Ecuador

Lava flows pose a significant hazard to infrastructure and property located close to volcanoes, and understanding how flows advance is necessary to manage volcanic hazard during eruptions. Compared to low-silica basaltic flows, flows of andesitic composition are infrequently erupted and so relatively few studies of their characteristics and...

Arnold, David W. D.; Biggs, Juliet; Dietterich, Hannah R.; Vallejo Vargas, Silvia; Wadge, Geoffrey; Mothes, Patricia