Explore our planet through photography and imagery, including climate change and water all the way back to the 1800s when the USGS was surveying the country by horse and buggy.
Location 9: Low-elevation dunes (< 7 feet (2 meters) on St. George Island were overtoped by Michael’s storm surge and large waves. Sand was transported landward as much as 820 feet (250 meters) and deposited in large overwash fans. The predicted probability of overwash for this location was 100%.
Location 8: The row of townhomes right on the beach on Cape San Blas were completely destroyed by large waves and storm surge. The line of dunes on either side of the townhomes may have helped protect the homes behind them. The probabilities of dune erosion and overwash were 99% and 76% for this location, respectively.
Location 7: Storm surge and waves completely eroded and breached a low, narrow spot on Cape San Blas, creating two new inlets and severing the only road access in T.H. Stone Memorial St. Joseph Peninsula State Park. The predicted probability of inundation here was only 26%, but the scale of the predictions is for 1 kilometer (0.6 mile) sections of coast,...
Location 6: Entire buildings in Mexico Beach were swept off their foundations by Hurricane Michael’s destructive storm surge, measured at 14 feet (~4 meters) at the Mexico Beach Pier. Sand from the beach has covered the roadways, indicating that surge and waves easily overtopped the dunes and seawalls. This area of the beach does not have any predicted...
Location 5: Mexico Beach was inundated by 14 feet (~4 meters) of storm surge (according to a USGS water level sensor on the pier seen in this image) and battered by large waves and extreme winds, causing severe erosion of the dunes and complete destruction of the pier and many other buildings. Debris from destroyed buildings was transported far inland, an...
Location 4: The low, narrow spit between Tyndall Air Force Base and Mexico Beach was completely eroded and breached by Michael’s storm surge and waves. The probability of inundation for this location was 99%.
Location 3: Low dunes (<10 feet (3 meters)) at Tyndall Air Force Base were overtopped and eroded by waves and surge, allowing sand to be transported landward more than 1150 feet (~350 meters) into the marsh. The predicted probability of overwash in this location was 95%.
Location 2: At St. Andrews State Park, three different coastal responses to Hurricane Michael’s surge and waves can be seen. Near the dune walkovers, high dunes eroded and the eroded sand may have been deposited on the now wider beach. The dunes near to the jetty were eroded and overtopped by waves and surge, resulting in an overwash fan deposit. In the...
Location 1: Panama City Beach was to the west of Hurricane Michael’s landfall, and therefore storm surge was lower here than along the coast to the east. As a result, coastal impacts here were primarily dune erosion due to large waves. The dunes along this stretch of beach retreated landward about 40 feet (~12 meters). The probability of dune erosion for...
Children at the Science Festival in St. Petersburg, Florida, watch as a scientist explains how personal watercraft are used to collect bathymetric data.
Gradients of N deposition, S deposition, mean annual temperature, and mean annual precipitation across the conterminous U.S. Panels are the a) mean total N deposition from 2000–2012, b) mean total S deposition from 2000–2012, c) mean annual temperature from 2000–2014, and d) mean annual precipitation form 2000–2014. Deposition data are from the TDEP product  and...
USGS Research Oceanographer Lauren Toth and Oceanographer Anastasios Stathakopoulos study a coral-reef core in the USGS’s Core Archive in St. Petersburg, Florida. Photo: Dominique Gallery, USGS.
TNM Advanced Viewer
Lake Michigan lake-bottom near South Manitou Island. Visible is part of a diver's hand and the corner of a anchor point used for circular transects.
Bureau of Land Management wilderness ranger Evan Worthington leads U.S. Geological Survey hydrographers John Carricaburu and Russ Miller over a canyon rim and down to Deep Creek to install a crest stage gage. USGS scientists will incorporte data from the gage into an evaluation of streamflow in the Owyhee Canyonlands. The BLM will use those analyses in their water rights...
US Congressman Dan Kildee (MI-05) and his Senior Legislative Assistant Jordan Dickinson experience Great Lakes fisheries research first hand aboard the USGS research vessel Arcticus.
US Congressman Dan Kildee (MI-05), third from left, and his Senior Legislative Assistant Jordan Dickinson, third from right, visit the science and vessel crew of the USGS research vessel Arcticus. Jill Wingifield of the Great Lakes Fishery Commission, second from right, also joined the two-hour cruise.
October 2018 Photo Contest Winner Category: Where we work
Taken by: Sam Banas
Description: Groundwater site inspection
Shown in this photo is Hydrologic Technician Sam Banas performing an electric tape down measurement of a groundwater well. The site ID is: 422906072124301 MA-PHW 16 Petersham, MA
Staff from NYSDEC and volunteers release 2,500 lake sturgeon into Cayuga Lake.
The sun rises at Mount St. Helens (pictured in the distance), with low-level clouds covering Coldwater Lake. The view is from the Coldwater Science and Learning Center, the site of the 2018 GeoGirls field camp program.
The USGS creates a Flood Event Viewer for major flooding incidents, as a one-stop, interactive information source. On that website, viewers can click on each red dot (storm-tide sensor) to see details about it. The Flood Event Viewer for Hurricane Michael is at https://stn.wim.usgs.gov/FEV/#Michael2018...
Each one these blue dots represents a site where a storm-tide sensor bracket has been installed for the Gulf of Mexico pre-defined network. There are currently 85 brackets in Florida, 6 in Alabama, 3 in Mississippi, 18 in Louisiana and 26 in Texas, for a total of 138 bracketed sites. (Not all brackets will be used in all storms.)
Volunteers mark lake sturgeon at the NYSDEC Oneida Hatchery
Coastal Change Storm Hazard Team map created Tuesday, 10/89/18 showing current forecasted beach erosion, overwash and inundation effects of Hurricane Michael's predicted landfall in the Florida Panhandle. Forecast will change with subsequent National Hurricane Center forecasts.
USGS scientists Scrott Grzyb and Michael Scheider pause at sunset at the end of a long day collecting high-water measurements along the Llano River on October 8, 2018.
USGS scientist Scott Grzyb reviews high-water data collected by boat on the Llano River in Llano, Texas in response to a flash flood on October 8, 2018.
Brett Johnston, USGS hydrographer, enters storm-tide sensor information into a USGS data management system on October 8 near Fish Creek, Florida. USGS Photo by Brett Johnston.
This flood event viewer map, dated Oct. 3, 2018, shows the extent and type of information collected by USGS hydrologists in North and South Carolina in the wake of historic flooding brought on by Hurricane Florence.
View looking west from the Brushy Mountains, NC, to the Blue Ridge escarpment and highlands of the Blue Ridge. The high jagged peak toward the left side of the photo is Grandfather Mountain and is covered by a winter snow.
Gage house for Spearfish Creek at Spearfish, SD (USGS streamgage 06431500). This site was established as a U.S. Geological Survey streamgage on October 9, 1946, and is operated in cooperation with South Dakota Department of Natural Resources. Streamgages are visited by a USGS hydrologic technician on 6-week intervals throughout the year. The October or early November visit...
Staff gage for Spearfish Creek at Spearfish, SD (USGS streamgage 06431500). This site was established as a U.S. Geological Survey streamgage on October 9, 1946, and is operated in cooperation with South Dakota Department of Natural Resources. More information on this streamgage is available at...
Typed information on back of photograph: Major John Wesley Powell, a series of three photos, number 1.
Example water budget visualization for Buck Creek-Delaware River showing the difference between inflow and outflow components. Full visualization application is located at https://cida.usgs.gov/nwc-static/waterbudget-viz/
Map of the study area that includes the states of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington. The Columbia and Snake rivers are the two largest rivers in the Columbia River Basin which is shown as a shaded area on the map.
A larval sampling boat with nets prepared for deployment