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The contributions and influence of two Americans, Henry S. Washington and Frank A. Perret, to the study of Italian volcanism with emphasis on volcanoes in the Naples area

October 18, 2019

A century ago, two Americans, Henry Stephens Washington and Frank Alvord Perret, made significant contributions to the geology, petrology, and volcanology of Italy, in particular to those volcanoes in the Naples area, Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei (Phlegraean Fields), and the Island of Ischia. Both were from the eastern United States, both were born in 1867, and both studied physics as undergraduates. However, each man followed a different scientific path and approach in his volcanological studies. Washington was classically trained and more interested in rock chemistry, mineralogy, and petrogenesis. Perret was a gifted inventor, worked in Edison's laboratory, established his own company, and was a keen observer of volcanic phenomena and processes; today he would be called a “physical volcanologist” Each man published classic works on Italian volcanoes, The Roman Comagmatic Region (Washington, 1906) and The Vesuvius Eruption of 1906 (Perret, 1924); both were published by the Carnegie Institution of Washington. However, both men had cosmopolitan tastes for other volcanoes, and they traveled widely and made significant contributions to the knowledge of other volcanic areas.

The following two sections present, albeit briefly, their work, significance, and influence to Italian volcanism with emphasis on those volcanoes in the Naples area.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2020
Title The contributions and influence of two Americans, Henry S. Washington and Frank A. Perret, to the study of Italian volcanism with emphasis on volcanoes in the Naples area
DOI 10.1016/B978-0-12-816454-9.00002-X
Authors Harvey E. Belkin, Tom Gidwitz
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Series Title
Series Number
Index ID 70203892
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Eastern Energy Resources Science Center