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A food web modeling assessment of Asian Carp impacts in the Middle and Upper Mississippi River, USA

August 26, 2019

The invasion of non-native fishes has caused a great detriment to many of our native fishes. Since the introduction of invasive carps, such as Silver, Bighead, Common and Grass Carp, managers and researcher have been struggling to remove these species while also hypothesizing the detriment of further invasion. This study developed a food web model of four locations on the Mississippi River and used those models to assess the impacts of two scenarios: carp removal and carp invasion. In the Middle Mississippi River where these invasive carps are already present, the models found that it would take a sustained exploitation of up to 30% of initial biomass over an extended period to remove Grass Carp and up to 90% removal of initial biomass to remove Silver and Bighead Carp. In the locations where Silver, Bighead, and Grass Carp are not yet established (i.e., Pools 4,8, and 13) the invasion of these species could cause declines from 10 to 30% in initial biomass of native fishes as well as already established nonnative invasive species.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2019
Title A food web modeling assessment of Asian Carp impacts in the Middle and Upper Mississippi River, USA
DOI 10.1016/j.fooweb.2019.e00120
Authors Nicholas W. Kramer, Quinton E. Phelps, Clay Pierce, Michael E. Colvin
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Food Webs
Series Number
Index ID 70223459
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Coop Res Unit Leetown

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