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Preliminary-assessment and upgrade of a groundwater flow model of the Seacoast Bedrock Aquifer, New Hampshire

December 31, 2017

In 2003 and 2004, the U.S. Geological Survey investigated the availability of groundwater resources in a 160-square mile area of coastal New Hampshire (Figure 1) using a regional groundwater flow model (Mack, 2009). At that time, population growth and increasing water demand prompted concern for the sustainability of the region’s groundwater resources in a fractured-crystalline bedrock-aquifer with little storage. The groundwater  flow model developed for the previous study incorporated detailed water-use information for 2003-4 and simulated the effects of projected increases in water use. However, poor stream representation may reduce the effectiveness of the original model head simulations. Improvements to the model, made by incorporating the USGS’s MODLFOW-2005 Newton formulation (MODFLOW-NWT, Niswonger and others, 2011) and by more accurately representing stream characteristics, are presented in an example simulating approximate changes in water use. Groundwater heads in an area of relatively larger population change, near the center of the Seacoast’s fractured bedrock aquifer, were simulated with the upgraded model using published 2004, and approximated 2015, water use rates. This area is situated at a local topographic high point and near the junction of three towns, where drainages flow westward, toward Great Bay, and eastward, toward the Atlantic Ocean (Figure 1).

Citation Information

Publication Year 2017
Title Preliminary-assessment and upgrade of a groundwater flow model of the Seacoast Bedrock Aquifer, New Hampshire
DOI
Authors Thomas J. Mack
Publication Type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Series Title
Series Number
Index ID 70220302
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization New England Water Science Center