Core Science Systems


Here you will find publications, reports and articles produced by Core Science System scientists. For a comprehensive listing of all USGS publications please click the button below.


Filter Total Items: 89
Year Published: 2018

A comparison of synthetic flowpaths derived from light detection and ranging topobathymetric data and National Hydrography Dataset High Resolution Flowlines

Bathymetric and topobathymetric light detection and ranging (lidar) digital elevation models created for the Delaware River were provided to the National Geospatial Program and used to evaluate synthetic flowpath extraction from bathymetric/topobathymetric lidar survey data as a data source for improving the density, distribution, and connectivity...

Miller-Corbett, Cynthia
Miller-Corbett, C., 2018, A comparison of synthetic flowpaths derived from light detection and ranging topobathymetric data and National Hydrography Dataset high resolution flowlines: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1058, 29 p.,

Year Published: 2018

Modeling and simulation of emergent behavior in transportation infrastructure restoration

The objective of this chapter is to create a methodology to model the emergent behavior during a disruption in the transportation system and that calculates economic losses due to such a disruption, and to understand how an extreme event affects the road transportation network. The chapter discusses a system dynamics approach which is used to...

Ojha, Akhilesh; Corns, Steven; Shoberg, Thomas G.; Qin, Ruwen; Long, Suzanna K.
Ojha, A., Corns, S., Shoberg, T., Qin, R., and Long, S., 2018. Modeling and Simulation of Emergent Behavior in Transportation Infrastructure Restoration, in Mittal, S., Diallo, S., and Tolk, A., eds., Emergent Behavior in Complex Systems Engineering: A Modeling Simulation Approach. Chapter 15. 349-368.

Year Published: 2018

An open source high-performance solution to extract surface water drainage networks from diverse terrain conditions

This paper describes a workflow for automating the extraction of elevation-derived stream lines using open source tools with parallel computing support and testing the effectiveness of procedures in various terrain conditions within the conterminous United States. Drainage networks are extracted from the US Geological Survey 1/3 arc-second 3D...

Stanislawski, Larry V.; Survila, Kornelijus; Wendel, Jeffrey; Liu, Yan; Buttenfield, Barbara P.
Stanislawski, L.V., Survila, K., Wendel, J., Liu, Y., and Buttenfield, B.P. 2016. An Open Source Solution to High Performance Processing for Extracting Surface Water Drainage Networks from Diverse Terrain Conditions. AutoCarto 2016, September 14-16, Albuquerque, New Mexico

Year Published: 2018

A linked GeoData map for enabling information access

OverviewThe Geospatial Semantic Web (GSW) is an emerging technology that uses the Internet for more effective knowledge engineering and information extraction. Among the aims of the GSW are to structure the semantic specifications of data to reduce ambiguity and to link those data more efficiently. The data are stored as triples, the basic data...

Powell, Logan J.; Varanka, Dalia E.
​Powell, L.J., and Varanka, D.E., 2018, A linked GeoData map for enabling information access: U.S. Geological Survey Open–File Report 2017–1150, 6 p,

Year Published: 2017

Partial polygon pruning of hydrographic features in automated generalization

This paper demonstrates a working method to automatically detect and prune portions of waterbody polygons to support creation of a multi-scale hydrographic database. Water features are known to be sensitive to scale change; and thus multiple representations are required to maintain visual and geographic logic at smaller scales. Partial pruning of...

Stum, Alexander K. ; Buttenfield, Barbara P.; Stanislawski, Larry V.
Stum AK, Buttenfield BP, Stanislawski LV. Partial polygon pruning of hydrographic features in automated generalization. Trans in GIS. 2017;00(0):1–18.

Year Published: 2017

The National Map seamless digital elevation model specifications

This specification documents the requirements and standards used to produce the seamless elevation layers for The National Map of the United States. Seamless elevation data are available for the conterminous United States, Hawaii, Alaska, and the U.S. territories, in three different resolutions—1/3-arc-second, 1-arc-second, and 2-arc-second. These...

Archuleta, Christy-Ann M.; Constance, Eric W.; Arundel, Samantha T.; Lowe, Amanda J.; Mantey, Kimberly S.; Phillips, Lori A.
Archuleta, C.M., Constance, E.W., Arundel, S.T., Lowe, A.J., Mantey, K.S., and Phillips, L.A., 2017, The National Map seamless digital elevation model specifications: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 11, chap. B9, 39 p.,

Year Published: 2017

Elevation Difference and Bouguer Anomaly Analysis Tool (EDBAAT) User's Guide

This report describes a software tool that imports gravity anomaly point data from the Gravity Database of the United States (GDUS) of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency and University of Texas at El Paso along with elevation data from The National Map (TNM) of the U.S. Geological Survey that lie within a user-specified geographic area of...

Smittle, Aaron M.; Shoberg, Thomas G.
Smittle, A.M., and Shoberg, T.G., 2017, Elevation Difference and Bouguer Anomaly Analysis Tool (EDBAAT) user’s guide: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2017–1036, 9 p.,

Year Published: 2017

Shapes on a plane: Evaluating the impact of projection distortion on spatial binning

One method for working with large, dense sets of spatial point data is to aggregate the measure of the data into polygonal containers, such as political boundaries, or into regular spatial bins such as triangles, squares, or hexagons. When mapping these aggregations, the map projection must inevitably distort relationships. This distortion can...

Battersby, Sarah E.; Strebe, Daniel “daan”; Finn, Michael P.

Year Published: 2016

TopoLens: Building a cyberGIS community data service for enhancing the usability of high-resolution National Topographic datasets

Geospatial data, often embedded with geographic references, are important to many application and science domains, and represent a major type of big data. The increased volume and diversity of geospatial data have caused serious usability issues for researchers in various scientific domains, which call for innovative cyberGIS solutions. To address...

Hu, Hao; Hong, Xingchen; Terstriep, Jeff; Liu, Yan; Finn, Michael P.; Rush, Johnathan; Wendel, Jeffrey; Wang, Shaowen

Year Published: 2016

Defining resilience: A preliminary integrative literature review

The term “resilience” is ubiquitous in technical literature; it appears in numerous forms, such as resilience, resiliency, or resilient, and each use may have a different definition depending on the interpretation of the writer. This creates difficulties in understanding what is meant by ‘resilience’ in any given use case, especially in...

Wilt, Bonnie; Long, Suzanna K.; Shoberg, Thomas G.
Wilt, B., Long. S., and Shoberg, T., 2016. Defining Resilience: A Preliminary Integrative Literature Review, Proceedings of the American Society for Engineering Management 2016 International Annual Conference S. Long, E-H. Ng, C. Downing, and B. Nepal eds., ASEM, Charlotte, NC,

Year Published: 2016

Measuring distance “as the horse runs”: Cross-scale comparison of terrain-based metrics

Distance metrics play significant roles in spatial modeling tasks, such as flood inundation (Tucker and Hancock 2010), stream extraction (Stanislawski et al. 2015), power line routing (Kiessling et al. 2003) and analysis of surface pollutants such as nitrogen (Harms et al. 2009). Avalanche risk is based on slope, aspect, and curvature, all...

Buttenfield, Barbara P.; Ghandehari, M; Leyk, S; Stanislawski, Larry V.; Brantley, M E; Qiang, Yi
Buttenfield, B.P., Ghandehari, M., Leyk, S., Stanislawski, L.V., and Brantley, M.E., 2016, Measuring distance “as the horse runs”: cross-scale comparision of terrain-based metrics, GIScience 2016, Sept. 27-30, 2016, Montreal, Canada.

Year Published: 2016

Use of lidar point cloud data to support estimation of residual trace metals stored in mine chat piles in the Old Lead Belt of southeastern, Missouri

Historic lead and zinc (Pb-Zn) mining in southeast Missouri’s ―Old Lead Belt‖ has left large chat piles dominating the landscape where prior to 1972 mining was the major industry of the region. As a result of variable beneficiation methods over the history of mining activity, these piles remain with large quantities of unrecovered Pb and Zn and to...

Witt, Emitt C.
Witt III, E.C., 2016, Use of lidar point cloud data to support estimation of residual trace metals stored in mine chat piles in the Old Lead Belt of southeastern, Missouri: AIMS Environmental Science, 3(3), p. 509-524.