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Natural Hazards

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Every year in the United States, natural hazards threaten lives and livelihoods and result in billions of dollars in damage. We work with many partners to monitor, assess, and conduct targeted research on a wide range of natural hazards so that policymakers and the public have the understanding they need to enhance preparedness, response, and resilience.

Reducing Risk

Reducing Risk

USGS scientists develop new products to make science available to the public, emergency managers, and decision-makers. These efforts increase public safety and reduce risk and economic losses caused by natural hazards.

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Hazard Research

Hazard Research

USGS scientists conduct research to understand earth processes and the natural hazards they can pose to society in order to increase public safety and reduce risk and economic loss.

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News

Date published: September 20, 2018

Seismic Research Cruise Provides New Data on U.S. Atlantic Margin Gas Hydrates

Data acquired by the U.S. Geological Survey on the U.S. Atlantic Margin in August 2018 reveal new information about the distribution of gas hydrates in the sector stretching from the upper continental slope to deep water areas offshore New Jersey to North Carolina.

Date published: September 18, 2018

Science for a Risky World: A USGS Plan for Risk Research and Applications – USGS publishes strategic plan for examining risk

USGS explores opportunities to advance its capabilities in risk assessment, mitigation, and communication in new strategic plan.

Date published: September 18, 2018

USGS Science – Leading the Way for Preparedness

Learn About USGS Hazards Science and More About National Preparedness Month: The very nature of natural hazards means that they have the potential to impact a majority of Americans every year.  USGS science provides part of the foundation for emergency preparedness whenever and wherever disaster strikes.

Costs and consequences of natural hazards can be enormous; each year more people and infrastructure are at risk. We develop and apply hazards science to help protect U.S. safety, security, and economic well being. These scientific observations, analyses, and research are crucial for the Nation to become more resilient to natural hazards.

Read Our Science Strategy
Filter Total Items: 230
Date published: September 18, 2018
Status: Active

The Mid-Atlantic Resource Imaging Experiment (MATRIX)

 

In late August 2018, scientists and technical staff from the USGS Coastal/Marine Hazards and Resources Program completed the acquisition of over 2000 km of multichannel seismic (MCS) data as part of the Mid-Atlantic Resource Imaging Experiment (MATRIX) conducted aboard the...

Date published: September 17, 2018
Status: Active

Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center Featured Photos

This page highlights images from the field, where we work, and USGS at work. 

Contacts: Andrea Toran
Date published: September 17, 2018
Status: Completed

Gundersen and K.O. Emory Wings; A U.S. Geological Survey Sustainable Design and High Performance Building Project

Due to programmatic growth, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center (WHCMSC), management identified the need to increase the size of one laboratory building on the campus by 44 percent, and determined that the best way to achieve the EPAct 2005 energy reduction mandates for new construction was to...

Date published: September 14, 2018
Status: Active

Coral Reef Project

Explore the fascinating undersea world of coral reefs. Learn how we map, monitor, and model coral reefs so we can better understand, protect, and preserve our Nation's reefs.

Contacts: Curt Storlazzi
Date published: September 14, 2018
Status: Active

USGS Law of the Sea

The USGS Law of the Sea project helps identify the submerged extent of the U.S. land territory beyond 200 nautical miles. This land area, called the extended continental shelf (ECS), is an important maritime zone with resources and marine habitats. Its size may exceed one million square kilometers, encompassing areas in the Arctic, Atlantic, Bering Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and Pacific west coast....

Date published: September 12, 2018
Status: Active

Significant Earthquakes on a major fault system in Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and the Lesser Antilles, 1500–2010: Implications for Seismic Hazard

Earthquakes have been documented in the northeastern Caribbean since the arrival of Columbus to the Americas; written accounts of these felt earthquakes exist in various parts of the world.  To better understand the earthquake cycle in the Caribbean, the records of earthquakes in earlier catalogs and historical documents from various archives, which are now available online, were critically...

Date published: September 4, 2018
Status: Active

Analytical Laboratories

Sediment Geochemistry Lab

The Sediment Geochemistry Laboratory is a research support service of the Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center. This laboratory is equipped to analyze carbon, count gamma emissions, process sediment cores, and digest biogenic silica in marine sediments.

Contacts: Adrian G Mann
Date published: August 31, 2018
Status: Active

Coastal Model Applications and Field Measurements- Tools and Standards for Ocean Modeling

Ocean models provide critical information for coastal and marine spatial planning, emergency responders and for understanding implications of climate change and human activities. Models are run by numerous academic institutions and government agencies, typically with different access protocols that stifle use, comparison with data, and innovation.

 

Date published: August 31, 2018
Status: Active

Coastal Model Applications and Field Measurements- Field Measurements and Model Applications

Several components of this project are applications to evaluate the model against critical field measurements or to test new model components. Data from field measurements is described in our publications and available in our databases.

Date published: August 31, 2018
Status: Active

Coastal Model Applications and Field Measurements- Advances in Instrumentation

Ongoing acquisition of new instruments and development of analytical methods provides us with the means to make better observations of coastal ocean processes. The measurements provide us with insight and data for critical evaluation of model performance. Advances in a range of measurement capabilities, including bottom stress, sediment erodibility, water properties and nutrient concentrations...

Date published: August 31, 2018
Status: Active

Coastal Model Applications and Field Measurements- Ocean Model Contributions

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) led a project funded by the National Oceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP) with support from the Office of Naval Research (ONR) and the National Science Foundation (NSF), to develop a community sediment-transport modeling system (CSTMS).

Date published: August 28, 2018
Status: Active

Coastal Model Applications and Field Measurements

Numerical models are used by scientists, engineers, coastal managers, and the public to understand and predict processes in the coastal ocean. This project supports the development and application of open-source coastal models and has several objectives: 1) improve the code of numerical sediment-transport models by implementing new or improved algorithms; 2) obtain measurements of coastal...

Filter Total Items: 105
Date published: August 14, 2018

Sidescan sonar, single beam bathymetry, and navigation collected offshore of Sandwich Beach in 2016, U.S. Geological Field Activity 2016-030-FA

The objectives of the survey were to provide bathymetric and sidescan sonar data for sediment transport studies and coastal change model development for ongoing studies of nearshore coastal dynamics along Sandwich Town Neck Beach, MA. Data collection equipment used for this investigation are mounted on an unmanned surface vehicle (USV) uniquely adapted from a commercially sold gas-powered...

Date published: August 3, 2018

Table and accompanying photographs for biogeomorphic classification of shorebird nesting sites on the U.S. Atlantic coast from March to September, 2016

Atlantic coast piping plover (Charadrius melodus) nest sites are typically found on low-lying beach and dune systems, which respond rapidly to coastal processes like sediment overwash, inlet formation, and island migration that are sensitive to climate-related changes in storminess and the rate of sea-level rise. Data were obtained to understand piping plover habitat distribution and...

Date published: August 2, 2018

Discharge measurements made in Bayou Heron and Bayou Middle, Grand Bay, Mississippi in January 2017

Grand Bay, a 30-square-kilometer embayment of the Gulf of Mexico bordered by 20 square kilometers of salt marsh, is experiencing rapid lateral shoreline erosion at up to 5 meters per year. Determining whether the eroded sediment is exported to the deep ocean or imported via tidal channels and deposited on the marsh platform is critical to understanding the long-term response of the marsh to...

Date published: July 27, 2018

Geomagnetism Plots

Real-time display of USGS geomagnetic observatory data feeds and derived products.

Date published: July 25, 2018

COAWST: A Coupled-Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave- Sediment Transport Modeling System

To better identify the significant processes affecting our coastlines and how those processes create coastal change we have developed a Coupled Ocean – Atmosphere – Wave – Sediment Transport (COAWST) Modeling System, which is integrated by the Model Coupling Toolkit to exchange data fields between the ocean model ROMS, the atmosphere model WRF, the wave model SWAN, and the sediment...

Date published: July 25, 2018

Download Real-Time Data

Download real-time and definitive data and indices from USGS geomagnetic observatories.

Date published: July 24, 2018

Collections inventory for the U.S. Geological Survey Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center Samples Repository

The collections inventory database for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center (WHCMSC) Samples Repository is published as a USGS data release (Buczkowski and others, 2018), and is available to search online through the Samples Repository’s inventory search interface.  Sample collections in the Repository can be searched and selected through a map...

Date published: July 24, 2018

Effect of pore fluid chemistry on the sedimentation and compression behavior of pure, endmember fines

The data in this release support the correlation effort by providing: 1) sedimentation results that provide insight into micro-scale sediment fabric and void ratio dependence on sediment/fluid interactions, and 2) consolidation results that quantify the macro-scale compressibility and recompressibility parameters for a suite of fine-grained sediments and differing pore fluids. 

Date published: July 23, 2018

Magnetic Disturbance Events

View reports on magnetic disturbance events.

Date published: July 21, 2018

Models

View and download model results from magnetic studies.

Date published: July 19, 2018

Real-Time Disturbance Storm Time (Dst) Display

Real-time Dst data from USGS observatories as well as other world partners.

Date published: July 18, 2018

Magnetic Disturbance Movies

Movie-maps of low-latitude horizontal-intensity magnetic disturbance are derived from magnetic vector time series data collected at multiple ground-based observatories. Using a technique similar to that used in the calculation of Dst, a quiet time baseline is subtracted from the time series from each observatory. The remaining disturbance time series are shown in a polar coordinate system that...

Filter Total Items: 23
Date published: September 17, 2018

Seabed maps showing topography, ruggedness, backscatter intensity, sediment mobility, and the distribution of geologic substrates in Quadrangle 6 of the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary Region offshore of Boston, Massachusetts

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Sanctuary Program, has conducted seabed mapping and related research in the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary (SBNMS) region since 1993.

Date published: April 16, 2018

Earthquake outlook for the San Francisco Bay region 2014–2043

Using information from recent earthquakes, improved mapping of active faults, and a new model for estimating earthquake probabilities, the 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities updated the 30-year earthquake forecast for California. They concluded that there is a 72 percent probability (or likelihood) of at least one earthquake of magnitude 6.7 or greater striking somewhere in

Attribution: Natural Hazards
Date published: April 11, 2018

Digital database of recently active traces of the Hayward Fault, California

This map shows the location of and evidence for recent movement on active fault traces within the Hayward Fault Zone, California.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
Date published: April 11, 2018

HayWired aftershock (M> 5) ShakeMaps

The maps in this archive display estimated intensities and ground motions for the largest earthquakes in the HayWired aftershock sequence. The aftershock sequence follows the HayWired M7.0 mainshock that is imagined to occur on April 18, 2018 along the Hayward Fault.These maps have been used in analyses of the HayWired scenario.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
Date published: April 11, 2018

Ground motion and regional information of the M 7.0 mainshock

The HayWired scenario depicts a hypothetical M7.0 earthquake on California’s Hayward Fault. This site includes an interactive map showing fault traces and ShakeMap contours, information on the tectonic setting of the Hayward Fault and fault rupture history; and a USGS ShakeMap, which provides ground motion information for the HayWired scenario mainshock.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
Date published: March 23, 2018

The HayWired Scenario: An Urban Earthquake in a Connected World - A Geonarrative

What might it be like the next time the Hayward Fault has a large earthquake? A geonarrative and related imagery examines a hypothetical earthquake, the magnitude 7.0 HayWired earthquake scenario.

Date published: October 16, 2017

Regional Conductivity Maps

Location of 1D Earth Resistivity Models with respect to Physiographic Regions of the USA

Date published: May 26, 2017

Data from Earthquake-Induced Landslide Hazards for a M7.0 Scenario Earthquake on the Hayward Fault

The seismic-landslide probability map covers the counties of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Solano, and Sonoma. The slope failures are triggered by a hypothetical earthquake with a moment magnitude of 7.0 occurring on April 18, 2018, at 4:18 p.m. on the Hayward Fault in the east bay part of California’s San Francisco Bay region.

Attribution: Natural Hazards
Date published: April 14, 2016

California Seafloor Mapping Program

CSMP is a cooperative program to create a comprehensive coastal and marine geologic and habitat base map series for all of California's State waters. Data collected during this project reveal the seafloor offshore of the California coast in unprecedented detail and provide an ecosystem context for the effective management of this precious marine resource.

Date published: March 7, 2016

Coastal and Marine Geology Program Interactive Maps

This portal is a “go to” source for maps related to ocean and coastal mapping. Information is organized by geography or region, by theme, and by the year data was published.

Date published: March 7, 2016

Interactive Flood Map

Maps of flood and high flow conditions within the U.S.

Date published: March 7, 2016

Observatories

Map of USGS Magnetic observatory locations.

Filter Total Items: 4,151
Year Published: 2018

Using tectonic tremor to constrain seismic‐wave attenuation in Cascadia

Tectonic tremor can be used to constrain seismic‐wave attenuation for use in ground‐motion prediction equations (GMPEs) in regions where moderately sized earthquakes occur infrequently. Here we quantify seismic‐wave attenuation by inverting tremor ground motion amplitudes in different frequency bands of interest, to determine frequency dependence...

Littel, Geena F.; Thomas, Amanda M.; Baltay, Annemarie S.
Little, G., A. M. Thomas and A. S. Baltay, Using tectonic tremor to constrain seismic-wave attenuation in Cascadia, Geophys. Res. Lett., 10.1029/2018GL079344.

Year Published: 2018

Developing hydro-meteorological thresholds for shallow landslide initiation and early warning

Consistent relations between shallow landslide initiation and associated rainfall characteristics remain difficult to identify, due largely to the complex hydrological and geological processes causing slopes to be predisposed to failure and those processes that subsequently trigger failures. Considering the importance of hillslope hydrology for...

Mirus, Benjamin B.; Morphew, Michael D.; Smith, Joel B.
Mirus, B.B., Morphew, M.D., and Smith, J.B., 2018, Developing Hydro-Meteorological Thresholds for Shallow Landslide Initiation and Early Warning. Water, 10(9), 1274, doi:10.3390/w10091274.

Year Published: 2018

Holocene fault reactivation in the eastern Cascades, Washington

Significant uncertainty remains concerning how and where crustal shortening occurs throughout the eastern Cascade Range in Washington State. Using light detection and ranging (lidar) imagery, we identified an ∼5‐km‐long">∼5‐km‐long lineament in Swakane canyon near Wenatchee, roughly coincident with a...

Carlson, Benjamin L.; Schermer, Elizabeth R.; Amos, Colin B.; Stephenson, William J.; Sherrod, Brian; Mahan, Shannon A.
Carlson, B.M., Schermer, E.R., Amos, C.B., Stephenson, W.J., Sherrod, B.L., and Mahan, S.A., 2018 Holocene fault reactivation in the eastern Cascades, Washington, Bulletin Seismological Society of America, https://doi.org/10.1785/0120170228

Year Published: 2018

Identifying physics‐based thresholds for rainfall‐induced landsliding

Most regional landslide warning systems utilize empirically derived rainfall thresholds that are difficult to improve without recalibration to additional landslide events. To address this limitation, we explored the use of synthetic rainfall to generate thousands of possible storm patterns and coupled them with a physics‐based hydrology and slope...

Thomas, Matthew A.; Mirus, Benjamin B.; Collins, Brian D.
Thomas, M. A., Mirus, B. B., & Collins, B. D. (2018). Identifying physics‐based thresholds for rainfall‐induced landsliding. Geophysical Research Letters. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL079662

Year Published: 2018

Science for a risky world—A U.S. Geological Survey plan for risk research and applications

Executive SummaryNatural hazards—including earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, landslides, hurricanes, droughts, floods, wildfires, geomagnetic storms, and pandemics—can wreak havoc on human communities, the economy, and natural resources for years following an initial event. Hazards can claim lives and cause billions of dollars in damage...

Ludwig, Kristin A.; Ramsey, David W.; Wood, Nathan J.; Pennaz, Alice B.; Godt, Jonathan W.; Plant, Nathaniel G.; Luco, Nicolas; Koenig, Todd A.; Hudnut, Kenneth W.; Davis, Donyelle K.; Bright, Patricia R.
Attribution: Natural Hazards
Ludwig, K.A., Ramsey, D.W., Wood, N.J., Pennaz, A.B., Godt, J.W., Plant, N.G., Luco, N., Koenig, T.A., Hudnut, K.W., Davis, D.K., and Bright, P.R., 2018, Science for a risky world—A U.S. Geological Survey plan for risk research and applications: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1444, 57 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1444.

Year Published: 2018

Incorporating teleseismic tomography data into models of upper mantle slab geometry

Earthquake-based models of slab geometry are limited by the distribution of earthquakes within a subducting slab, which is often heterogeneous. The fast seismic velocity signature of slabs in tomography studies is independent of the distribution of earthquakes within the slab, providing a critical constraint on slab geometry when earthquakes are...

Portner, Daniel E.; Hayes, Gavin
Daniel Evan Portner, Gavin P Hayes; Incorporating teleseismic tomography data into models of upper mantle slab geometry, Geophysical Journal International, Volume 215, Issue 1, 1 October 2018, Pages 325–332, https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggy279

Year Published: 2018

Additional period and site class maps for the 2014 National Seismic Hazard Model for the conterminous United States

The 2014 update of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Seismic Hazard Model (NSHM) for the conterminous United States (2014 NSHM; Petersen and others, 2014, 2015) included probabilistic ground motion maps for 2 percent and 10 percent probabilities of exceedance in 50 years, derived from seismic hazard curves for peak ground...

Shumway, Allison; Petersen, Mark D.; Powers, Peter; Rezaeian, Sanaz
Shumway, A.M., Petersen, M.D., Powers, P.M., and Rezaeian, S., 2018, Additional period and site class maps for the 2014 National Seismic Hazard Model for the conterminous United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1111, 46 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181111.

Year Published: 2018

KG²B, a collaborative benchmarking exercise for estimating the permeability of the Grimsel granodiorite - Part 1: measurements, pressure dependence and pore-fluid effects

Measuring the permeability of tight rocks remains a challenging task. In addition to the traditional sources of errors that affect more permeable formations (e.g. sample selection, non-representative specimens, disturbance introduced during sample acquisition and preparation), tight rocks can be particularly prone to solid–fluid interactions and...

David, Christian; Wasserman, J.; Amann, F.; Lockner, David A.; Rutter, E.H.; Vanorio, T; Amann Hildenbrand, A.; Billiotte, J.; Reuschle, T.; Lasseux, D.; Fortin, J.; Lenormand, R.; Selvadurai, A.P.S.; Meredith, P.G.; Browning, J.; Mitchell, T.M.; Loggia, D.; Nono, F.; Sarout, J.; Esteban, L.; Davy, C.; Louis, L.; Boitnott, G.; Madonna, C.; Jahns, E.; Fleury. M.; Berthe, G.; Delage, P.; Braun, P.; Grégoire, D.; Perrier, L.; Polito, P.; Jannot, Y.; Sommier, A.; Krooss, B.; Fink, R.; Hu, Q.; Klaver, J.; Clark, A.
David, C., et al. (2018), KG²B: a collaborative benchmarking exercise for estimating the permeability of the Grimsel granodiorite - Part 1: measurements, pressure dependence and pore-fluid effects, Geophys J Int, 215, 799-824, doi:10.1093/gji/ggy304.

Year Published: 2018

Research to improve ShakeAlert earthquake early warning products and their utility

Earthquake early warning (EEW) is the rapid detection of an earthquake and issuance of an alert or notification to people and vulnerable systems likely to experience potentially damaging ground shaking. The level of ground shaking that is considered damaging is defined by the specific application; for example, manufacturing equipment may...

Cochran, Elizabeth S.; Aagaard, Brad T.; Allen, Richard M.; Andrews, Jennifer; Baltay, Annemarie S.; Barbour, Andrew J.; Bodin, Paul; Brooks, Benjamin A.; Chung, Angela; Crowell, Brendan W.; Given, Douglas D.; Hanks, Thomas C.; Hartog, J. Renate; Hauksson, Egill; Heaton, Thomas H.; McBride, Sara; Meier, Men-Andrin; Melgar, Diego; Minson, Sarah E.; Murray, Jessica R.; Strauss, Jennifer A.; Toomey, Douglas
Cochran, E.S., Aagaard, B.T., Allen, R.M., Andrews, J., Baltay, A.S., Barbour, A.J., Bodin, P., Brooks, B.A., Chung, A., Crowell, B.W., Given, D.D., Hanks, T.C., Hartog, J.R., Hauksson, E., Heaton, T.H., McBride, S., Meier, M-A., Melgar, D., Minson, S.E., Murray, J.R., Strauss, J.A., and Toomey, D., 2018, Research to improve ShakeAlert earthquake early warning products and their utility: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1131, 17 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181131.

Year Published: 2018

Back to full interseismic plate locking decades after the giant 1960 Chile earthquake

Great megathrust earthquakes arise from the sudden release of energy accumulated during centuries of interseismic plate convergence. The moment deficit (energy available for future earthquakes) is commonly inferred by integrating the rate of interseismic plate locking over the time since the previous great earthquake. But accurate integration...

Melnick, Daniel; Li, Shaoyang; Moreno, Marcos; Cisternas, Macro; Jara-Muñoz, Julius; Wesson, Robert L.; Nelson, Alan R.; Báez, Juan Carlos; Deng, Zhiguo

Year Published: 2018

The Hayward Fault—Is it due for a repeat of the powerful 1868 earthquake?

On October 21, 1868, a magnitude 6.8 earthquake struck the San Francisco Bay area. Although the region was sparsely populated, the quake on the Hayward Fault was one of the most destructive in California’s history. U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) studies show that similar Hayward Fault quakes have repeatedly jolted the region in the past and that...

Brocher, Thomas M.; Boatwright, Jack; Lienkaemper, James J.; Prentice, Carol S.; Schwartz, David P.; Bundock, Howard
Brocher, T.M., Boatwright, J., Lienkaemper, J.J., Prentice, C.S., Schwartz, D.P., and Bundock, H.P., 2018, The Hayward Fault—Is it due for a repeat of the powerful 1868 earthquake?: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3052, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183052.

Year Published: 2018

Bedrock mapping and seismic hazard assessment at Gold Basin landslide, Washington

The Gold Basin landslide is located along the South Fork Stillaguamish River, within the Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest in western Washington State. Recent concerns related to slope stability after the 2014 State Route 530 Landslide near Oso, Washington, forced the closure of the U.S. Forest Service Gold Basin Campground in May of 2014. In...

Staisch, Lydia M.
Staisch, L.M., 2018, Bedrock mapping and seismic hazard assessment at Gold Basin landslide, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1132, 19 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181132.

Filter Total Items: 9
Date published: August 23, 2018

SEA-MAT: Matlab Tools for Oceanographic Analysis

A collaborative effort to organize and distribute Matlab tools for the Oceanographic Community

Date published: August 13, 2018

bi-transect-extractor

This package is used to calculate coastal geomorphology variables along shore-normal transects. The calculated variables are used as inputs for modeling geomorphology using a Bayesian Network (BN). 

Date published: June 25, 2018

iPlover

iPlover was developed by the U.S. Geological Survey Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center and the USGS Center for Integrated Data Analytics.  It is used by trained and vetted personnel to record information about habitats on coastal beaches and he environment surrounding them. 

Date published: February 28, 2018

THRESH

Software for tracking rainfall thresholds for landslide and debris-flow occurrence, user manual.

Date published: April 10, 2015

Scoops3D

Scoops3D is software to analyze three-dimensional slope stability throughout a digital landscape.

Date published: November 12, 2014

SLAMMER

SLAMMER is a Java program that facilitates performing a variety of sliding-block analyses to evaluate seismic slope performance.

Date published: October 20, 2009

TRIGRS

A Fortran Program for Transient Rainfall Infiltration and Grid-Based Regional Slope-Stability Analysis, Version 2.0.

Date published: June 18, 2001

PTCOUNT

A Fortran-77 Computer Program to Calculate the Areal Distribution of Mapped Data Points Using Count-Circle Methodology.

Date published: April 4, 2000

JanbuGS, BishopGS, and FelleniusGS

Fortran-77 programs for limit-equilibrium slope-stability analysis.

Filter Total Items: 2,382
Image showing example of seafloor images and deployment of the SEABOSS sampler.
December 31, 2018

SEABOSS Collage

SEABed Observation and Sampling System (SEABOSS) (center image) and the MiniSEABOSS (right) designed for rapid, inexpensive, and effective collection of seabed imagery (photographs and video) as well sediment samples from the coastal/inner-continental shelf regions.  Images from coastal Massachusetts show purple algae-encrusted cobbles and boulders covered with sea-stars (

...
Image showing seafloor topography, water column image of methane plume, and seismic data.
December 31, 2018

Water Column and Seismic collage

3D Image of a multi-channel seismic (MCS) line showing gas (blue/green) migrating up through fractures in the subsurface, culminating in a 600 meter tall plume of methane gas in the water column that was captured using a Simrad EK60 split beam echo sounder.  Background bathymetry was downloaded from USGS Open-File Report 2012-1266 (

...
Image showing the deployment of seismic equipment from a research vessel, examples of seismic data, and examples of seismic
December 31, 2018

Seismic Collage

Image showing a collage of examples of multi-channel and single-channel seismic data collected by the USGS, seismic equipment deployed from a research vessel, and seismic equipment on a research vessel.  These data are critical to the CMG Program as they define the geology in marine and coastal environments.

USGS Staff on various research cruises.
September 20, 2018

Collage of USGS staff in the field

Upper Left:  Dann Blackwood operating the SEABOSS winch during a sampling cruise; Lower left: Bill Schwab, Laura Brothers and Emile Bergeron on the deck of a research vessel; Center Left: Tom O'Brien carrying equipment during a research cruise; Center: USGS staff deploying a seismic system from a research vessel; left: Chuck Worley ready to deploy a multibeam echosounder

...
Photograph of Erika Lentz in the field
September 17, 2018

Outstanding in the field

USGS Research Geologist Dr. Erika Lentz is conducting real-time kinematic GPS surveys on barrier island dunes, part of her research looking at how coastal landscapes respond to sea-level rise.

 

potential coastal change impacts during a direct landfall of Hurricane Florence based on NHC Advisory 48, 500 AM AST TUE SEP 11
September 11, 2018

Potential coastal change impacts for Hurricane Florence - 9/11/2018

Screen shot of the Coastal Change Hazards Portal showing potential coastal change impacts during a direct landfall of Hurricane Florence based on NHC Advisory 48, 500 AM AST TUE SEP 11 2018.

US Atlantic coast map 3 levels of forecast beach effects Hurricane Florence
September 11, 2018

Hurricane Florence will erode or overwash beaches

The USGS Coastal Change Hazards Storm Team has forecast coast-wide levels of beach erosion, inundation and overwash due to Hurricane Florence's expected path and landgfall.

Chart shows high water at Duck, NC through Sept. 17
September 11, 2018

Sea water levels to go up, stay up as Florence affects coast

The Coastal Change Hazards Storm Team has forecast changing water levels at specific locations over time.

Installing a storm-tide sensor as Hurricane Florence heads for North Carolina
September 10, 2018

USGS Scientists Get Ready for Hurricanes

A USGS hydrologic scientist installs a storm-tide sensor near the North Carolina coast as Hurricane Florence approaches.

Image shows USGS scientists in PFDs collecting a seismic airgun while at sea
September 6, 2018

Retrieving Seismic Airguns

USGS personnel on the deck of the R/V Hugh R. Sharp during retrieval of seismic airguns.  The streamer that receives the seismic signals generated by the airguns is towed behind the ship and is here shown

...
Photograph of Atlantic spotted dolphins
August 27, 2018

Atlantic Spotted Dolphins

Atlantic spotted dolphins photographed near the R/V Hugh R. Sharp on August 27, 2018 by the protected species visual observers.

Cover of a report features a photo of Yosemite with the sun just behind El Capitan, with text and graphics laid on top.
August 27, 2018

Cover of California's Fourth Climate Change Assessment Report

Cover of the 2018 publication, "California’s Fourth Climate Change Assessment: Statewide Summary Report."

Filter Total Items: 367
Date published: September 20, 2018

Seismic Research Cruise Provides New Data on U.S. Atlantic Margin Gas Hydrates

Data acquired by the U.S. Geological Survey on the U.S. Atlantic Margin in August 2018 reveal new information about the distribution of gas hydrates in the sector stretching from the upper continental slope to deep water areas offshore New Jersey to North Carolina.

Date published: September 18, 2018

Science for a Risky World: A USGS Plan for Risk Research and Applications – USGS publishes strategic plan for examining risk

USGS explores opportunities to advance its capabilities in risk assessment, mitigation, and communication in new strategic plan.

Date published: September 18, 2018

USGS Science – Leading the Way for Preparedness

Learn About USGS Hazards Science and More About National Preparedness Month: The very nature of natural hazards means that they have the potential to impact a majority of Americans every year.  USGS science provides part of the foundation for emergency preparedness whenever and wherever disaster strikes.

Date published: September 18, 2018

Why Do Giant Rocks Suddenly Fall From Cliffs?

"In Yosemite Valley, rockfalls can happen every four to five days, where boulders that can be larger than your average car or apartment building thunder down steep mountainsides." - Seeker

Date published: September 12, 2018

USGS coastal flood maps assist emergency planning for Hurricane Lane

As Hurricane Lane approached Hawaiʻi, personnel in the Honolulu Emergency Operations Center on Oahu contacted Curt Storlazzi of the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center to ask for information on potential coastal flooding that could help them direct emergency-management services to areas of higher risk.

Date published: September 11, 2018

USGS Scientists Prepare for Storms in Three Seas

Field work completed for powerful Hurricane Florence, while experts watch Isaac and Olivia

Editor's note: This story was originally published on Tuesday, Sept. 11 and was updated at noon on Wednesday, Sept. 12.

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Florence, visit the USGS Hurricane Florence page at https://www.usgs.gov/florence.

Date published: September 11, 2018

USGS: Florence Likely to Cause Short- and Long-Term Beach Erosion

Initial effect will probably be erosion on 75 percent of North Carolina beaches, experts say.

 

To learn more about USGS’ role providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Florence, visit the USGS Hurricane Florence page at https://www.usgs.gov/florence.

Date published: September 7, 2018

Hurricane Maria’s impacts on deep-water coral reefs off Puerto Rico

USGS research geologist Curt Storlazzi was quoted in an August 22 Nature news article about Hurricane Maria’s effects on deep-water coral reefs off Puerto Rico.

Date published: September 7, 2018

USGS-NOAA cruise maps Cascadia subduction zone to assess earthquake hazards

From July 31 to August 23, a joint USGS-NOAA cruise mapped seafloor depths, texture, and gas seeps in the Cascadia subduction zone offshore of Washington, Oregon, and northern California.

Date published: September 7, 2018

USGS and NASA researchers meet to discuss Synthetic Aperture Radar for assessing USGS coastal-flooding projections

USGS and NASA researchers met July 16 at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) to discuss Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) imagery of the Southern California coast collected during higher-than-normal tides (“king tides”) in fall 2016.

Date published: September 6, 2018

Magnitude 6.6 Earthquake in Japan

The USGS has up-to-date details on the September 5, 2018 event.

Date published: September 5, 2018

Moving Mountains: Elwha River Still Changing Five Years After World’s Largest Dam-Removal Project: More than 20 million tons of sediment flushed to the sea

Starting in 2011, the National Park Service removed two obsolete dams from the Elwha River in Olympic National Park, Washington. It was the world’s largest dam-removal project. Over the next five years, water carrying newly freed rocks, sand, silt and old tree trunks reshaped more than 13 miles of river and built a larger delta into the Pacific Ocean.