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Costs and consequences of natural hazards can be enormous; each year more people and infrastructure are at risk. We develop and apply hazards science to help protect U.S. safety, security, and economic well being. These scientific observations, analyses, and research are crucial for the Nation to become more resilient to natural hazards.

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Filter Total Items: 259
Date published: July 27, 2018
Status: Completed

Geologic Framework for Seismic Hazards in Central Virginia

The Central Virginia seismic zone (CVSZ) comprises an area of about 13,000 km2 in the Piedmont of central Virginia; seismicity in this zone is relatively frequent, but generally mild in magnitude. The August 2011 event was the largest earthquake recorded in the CVSZ since the development of modern seismic monitoring, and highlighted how little we actually know about this seismic...

Contacts: Mark Carter
Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Introduction to Geomagnetism

With data provided by magnetic observatories, geophysicists can gain insights into our planet’s interior and nearby space environment without even leaving the ground.

This introduction to geomagnetism is from "Magnetic monitoring of earth and space" (PDF) by Jeffrey Love, published in Physics Today 61, 2, 31...

Contacts: Jeffrey J Love
Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

More info - Space Weather Applications

USGS-Dst Index, Electric Field Estimates, Pulsation Indices

Date published: July 25, 2018
Status: Active

Overview

Examples of extreme-event work published by USGS scientists are on the Publications tab.

    Contacts: Jeffrey J Love
    Date published: July 24, 2018
    Status: Active

    Coastal Change Processes- South Carolina

    Understanding the processes that control local sediment fluxes is critical in evaluating regional vulnerability to coastal erosion. This project task involves the analysis of observational data collected as part of the South Carolina Coastal Erosion Study (SCCES), and additional coastal process modeling for the Grand Strand region....

    Date published: July 24, 2018
    Status: Active

    Coastal Change Processes- Cape Hatteras, NC

    The most prominent morphologic features along the shoreline of the Carolinas are its four capes. From north to south, Cape Hatteras, Cape Lookout, Cape Fear, and Cape Romain segment the coastline into the northern outer banks, Raliegh Bay, Onslo Bay, and Long Bay regions. Continental shelf areas seaward of the capes are characterized by large, highly dynamic shoal complexes, which influence...

    Date published: July 24, 2018
    Status: Active

    Coastal Change Processes- Fire Island, NY

    Fire Island, a 50-km long barrier-island system between Fire Island Inlet and Moriches Inlet, attracts significant tourism, includes federal, state, and county parks, contains a number of coastal communities, provides storm damage protection to the adjacent heavily populated mainland, and supports a distinct barrier island ecosystem, all of which are affected by coastal change.  Mitigating the...

    Date published: July 23, 2018
    Status: Active

    Toro Negro, Puerto Rico

    Recent Conditions

    Instruments and are used to monitor and detect changes in local conditions, including:

    Date published: July 23, 2018
    Status: Active

    Utuado, Puerto Rico

    Recent Conditions

    Instruments and are used to monitor and detect changes in local conditions, including:

    Date published: July 23, 2018
    Status: Active

    Tucson (TUC)

    The Geomagnetism Program first established an observatory near Tucson in 1910 on what is now Morris K. Udall Regional Park. The current site, in the Saguaro National Park, was installed in 1996.

     

    Magnetic monitoring in Saguaro National Park (FS-2017-3035)

    Date published: July 23, 2018
    Status: Active

    San Juan (SJG)

    The Geomagnetism Program has operated an observatory at Puerto Rico since 1903. The current observatory site, consisting of 36 acres in the mountains near Cayey, has been in use since 1965.

    Date published: July 23, 2018
    Status: Active

    Sikta (SIT)

    Prior to the purchase of Alaska by the United States, the Russians operated a meteorological and magnetic observatory at Sitka from 1842 to 1867. The Geomagnetism Program established an observatory at Sitka, near the historic Russian cemetery, in 1901, when the Program was part of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and under the leadership of Drs Louis A. Bauer and John A. Fleming. The present...

    Filter Total Items: 110
    Date published: February 20, 2018

    Bathymetry and backscatter intensity of the sea floor of the Historic Area Remediation Site in 1996, 1998, and 2000

    Surveys of the bathymetry and backscatter intensity of the sea floor of the Historic Area Remediation Site (HARS), offshore of New York and New Jersey, were carried out in 1996, 1998, and 2000 using a Simrad EM1000 multibeam echosounder mounted on the Canadian Coast Guard ship Frederick G. Creed

    Date published: February 20, 2018

    Bathymetry, backscatter intensity, and geomorphology of the sea floor of the Hudson Canyon and adjacent slope and rise

    The Hudson Canyon begins on the outer continental shelf off the eastern coast of the United States at about 100-meters (m) water depth and extends offshore southeastward across the continental slope and rise. A multibeam survey was carried out in 2002 to map the bathymetry and backscatter intensity of the sea floor of the Hudson Canyon and adjacent slope and rise.

    Date published: February 20, 2018

    Bathymetry and backscatter intensity of the sea floor of the Atlantic Beach artificial reef, offshore of New York

    The Atlantic Beach artificial reef, located on the sea floor 3 nautical miles south of Atlantic Beach, New York in about 20 meters water depth, was built to create habitat for marine life.  The data from this survey are bathymetry, backscatter intensity, and navigation trackline.

    Date published: February 20, 2018

    Bathymetry and backscatter intensity of the sea floor of the Sandy Hook artificial reef, offshore of New Jersey

    The Sandy Hook artificial reef, located on the sea floor offshore of Sandy Hook, New Jersey was built to create habitat for marine lie. The collected data from this cruise are bathymetry, backscatter intensity, and navigation trackline. 

    Date published: February 20, 2018

    Sediment Texture and Geomorphology of the Sea Floor from Fenwick Island, Maryland to Fisherman's Island, Virginia

    These data are a qualitatively derived interpretive polygon shapefile defining surficial sediment type and distribution, and geomorphology, for nearly 1,400 square kilometers of sea floor on the inner-continental shelf from Fenwick Island, Maryland to Fisherman’s Island, Virginia, USA.

    Date published: February 15, 2018

    Coastal Groundwater Chemical Data from the North and South Shores of Long Island, New York

    Groundwater data were collected in the spring and fall of 2008 from three sites representing different geological settings and biogeochemical conditions within the surficial glacial aquifer of Long Island, NY. 

    Date published: February 15, 2018

    National Assessment of Shoreline Change: A GIS compilation of Updated Vector Shorelines and Associated Shoreline Change Data for the Southeast Atlantic Coast

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is conducting a national assessment of coastal change hazards.  One component of this research effort, the National Assessment of Shoreline Change Project documents changes in shoreline position as a proxy for coastal change. 

    Date published: February 15, 2018

    National Assessment of Shoreline Change: A GIS compilation of Updated Vector Shorelines and Associated Shoreline Change Data for the Gulf of Mexico Coast

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is conducting a national assessment of coastal change hazards.  One component of this research effort, the National Assessment of Shoreline Change Project, documents changes in shoreline position as a proxy for coastal change. Shoreline position is an easily understood feature representing the historical location of a beach position through time. 

    Date published: February 15, 2018

    Topographic, imagery, and raw data associated with unmanned aerial systems (UAS) flights over Black Beach, Falmouth, Massachusetts on 18 March 2016

    The U.S. Geological Survey worked in collaboration with members of the Marine Biological Laboratory and Woods Hole Analytics at Black Beach, in Falmouth, Massachusetts to explore scientific research demands on UAS technology for topographic and habitat mapping applications. 

    Date published: February 15, 2018

    Data and calculations to support the study of the sea-air flux of methane and carbon dioxide on the West Spitsbergen margin in June 2014

    This dataset collected on the West Spitsbergen margin during U.S. Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geology Program Field Activity 2014-013-FA, which was carried out in conjunction with the University of Tromso and the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel on the R/V Helmer Hanssen.

    Date published: February 15, 2018

    Water column physical and chemical properties of Cenote Bang, a component of the Ox Bel Ha cave network within the subterranean estuary coastal aquifer of the Yucatan Peninsula, from December 2013 to January 2016

    This dataset, collected during four field events during U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Coastal and Marine Geology Program Field Activities 2015-013-FA and 2016-003-FA in conjunction with Texas A&M University reports geochemical properties of the water column from Cenote Bang, a component of the Ox Bel Ha cave network that is located 5 km inland from the coast. 

    Date published: February 14, 2018

    Key Findings for Scenario-Based Assessment for Nor'easters

    Percentage of sandy beaches very likely (probability > 0.9) to experience erosion associated with collision, overwash, and inundation during class 1-3 nor’easter impact.

    Filter Total Items: 4,168
    Year Published: 2018

    Landslides triggered by the 14 November 2016 Mw 7.8 Kaikōura Earthquake, New Zealand

    The 14 November 2016 Mw">MwMw 7.8 Kaikōura earthquake generated more than 10,000 landslides over a total area of about 10,000  km2">10,000  km210,000  km2, with the majority concentrated in a smaller area of about 3600  km2">3600  km23600  km2. The largest landslide triggered...

    Massey, C.; Townsend, D.; Rathje, Ellen M.; Allstadt, Kate E.; Lukovic, B.; Kaneko, Yoshihiro; Bradley, Brendon A.; Wartman, J.; Jibson, Randall W.; Petley, D. N.; Horspool, Nick; Hamling, I.; Carey, J.; Cox, S.; Davidson, John; Dellow, S.; Godt, Jonathan W.; Holden, Christopher; Jones, Katherine D.; Kaiser, Anna E.; Little, M.; Lyndsell, B.; McColl, S.; Morgenstern, R.; Rengers, Francis K.; Rhoades, D.; Rosser, B.; Strong, D.; Singeisen, C.; Villeneuve, M.
    C. Massey, D. Townsend, E. Rathje, K. E. Allstadt, B. Lukovic, Y. Kaneko, B. Bradley, J. Wartman, R. W. Jibson, D. N. Petley, N. Horspool, I. Hamling, J. Carey, S. Cox, J. Davidson, S. Dellow, J. W. Godt, C. Holden, K. Jones, A. Kaiser, M. Little, B. Lyndsell, S. McColl, R. Morgenstern, F. K. Rengers, D. Rhoades, B. Rosser, D. Strong, C. Singeisen, M. Villeneuve; Landslides Triggered by the 14 November 2016 Mw 7.8 Kaikōura Earthquake, New Zealand. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America doi: https://doi.org/10.1785/0120170305

    Year Published: 2018

    Laboratory tests of three Z‐Land Fairfield Nodal 5‐Hz, three‐component sensors

    We conduct a number of laboratory tests at the Albuquerque Seismological Laboratory to verify the self‐noise and fidelity in which 3 three‐component Fairfield Nodal Z‐Land, Generation 2, 5‐Hz sensors are able to record seismic signals. In addition to the incoherent self‐noise of the sensors, we estimate the sensitivity of the units in digital...

    Ringler, Adam; Anthony, Robert E.; Karplus, M.S; Holland, Austin; Wilson, David
    Ringler, A. T., R. E. Anthony, M. S. Karplus, A. A. Holland, and D. C. Wilson (2018). Laboratory Tests of Three Z-Land Fairfield Nodal 5-Hz, Three-Component Sensors, Seismological Research Letters,

    Year Published: 2018

    DDT and related compounds in pore water of shallow sediments on the Palos Verdes Shelf, California, USA

    For nearly two and a half decades following World War II, production wastes from the world's largest manufacturer of technical DDT (1-chloro-4-[2,2,2-trichloro-1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethyl]benzene) were discharged into sewers of Los Angeles County. Following treatment, the wastes were released via a submarine outfall system to nearshore coastal waters...

    Eganhouse, Robert P.; DiFilippo, Erica L.; Pontolillo, James; Orem, William H.; Hackley, Paul C.; Edwards, Brian
    Robert P. Eganhouse, Erica DiFilippo, James Pontolillo, William Orem, Paul Hackley, Brian D. Edwards, DDT and related compounds in pore water of shallow sediments on the Palos Verdes Shelf, California, USA, Marine Chemistry, Volume 203, 2018, pages 78-90.

    Year Published: 2018

    Ensemble smoothed seismicity models for the new Italian Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Map

    We develop a long‐term (a few decades or longer) earthquake rate forecast for Italy based on smoothed seismicity for incorporation in the 2017–2018 Italian Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Maps (IPSHM). Because the earthquake rate models from previous IPSHM were computed using source zones that were drawn around seismicity and tectonic provinces, the...

    Akinci, Aybige; Moschetti, Morgan P.; Taroni, Matteo
    Akinci, A., Moschetti, M. P., & Taroni, M. (2018). Ensemble smoothed seismicity models for the new Italian probabilistic seismic hazard map. Seismological Research Letters. doi:10.1785/0220180040

    Year Published: 2018

    Reexamination of the subsurface fault structure in the vicinity of the 1989 moment-magnitude-6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake, central California, using steep-reflection, earthquake, and magnetic data

    We reexamine the geometry of the causative fault structure of the 1989 moment-magnitude-6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake in central California, using seismic-reflection, earthquake-hypocenter, and magnetic data. Our study is prompted by recent interpretations of a two-part dip of the San Andreas Fault (SAF) accompanied by a flower-like structure in the...

    Zhang, Edward; Fuis, Gary S.; Catchings, Rufus D.; Scheirer, Daniel S.; Goldman, Mark; Bauer, Klaus
    Zhang, E., Fuis, G.S., Catchings, R.D., Scheirer, D.S., Goldman, M., and Bauer, K., 2018, Reexamination of the subsurface fault structure in the vicinity of the 1989 moment-magnitude-6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake, central California, using steep-reflection, earthquake, and magnetic data: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1093, 35 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181093.

    Year Published: 2018

    On the feasibility of real-time mapping of the geoelectric field across North America

    A review is given of the present feasibility for accurately mapping geoelectric fields across North America in near-realtime by modeling geomagnetic monitoring and magnetotelluric survey data. Should this capability be successfully developed, it could inform utility companies of magnetic-storm interference on electric-power-grid systems. That real...

    Love, Jeffrey J.; Rigler, E. Joshua; Kelbert, Anna; Finn, Carol A.; Bedrosian, Paul A.; Balch, Christopher C.
    Love, J.J., Rigler, E.J., Kelbert, Anna, Finn, C.A., Bedrosian, P.A., and Balch, C.C., 2018, On the feasibility of real-time mapping of the geoelectric field across North America: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018-1043, 16 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181043.

    Year Published: 2018

    Injection-induced moment release can also be aseismic

    The cumulative seismic moment is a robust measure of the earthquake response to fluid injection for injection volumes ranging from 3100 to about 12 million m3. Over this range, the moment release is limited to twice the product of the shear modulus and the volume of injected fluid. This relation also applies at the much smaller injection volumes...

    McGarr, Arthur; Barbour, Andrew J.
    McGarr, A., & Barbour, A. J. (2018). Injection-induced moment release can also be aseismic. Geophysical Research Letters, 45. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL078422

    Year Published: 2018

    The thermophysical properties of the Bagnold Dunes, Mars: Ground truthing orbital data

    We compare the thermophysical properties and particle sizes derived from the Mars Science Laboratory rover's Ground Temperature Sensor of the Bagnold dunes, specifically Namib dune, to those derived orbitally from Thermal Emission Imaging System, ultimately linking these measurements to ground truth particle sizes determined from Mars Hand Lens...

    Edwards, Christopher S.; Piqueux, Sylvain; Hamilton, Victoria E.; Fergason, Robin L.; Herkenhoff, Kenneth E.; Vasavada, Ashwin R.; Bennett, Kristen A.; Sacks, Leah; Lewis, Kevin; Smith, Michael D.

    Year Published: 2018

    The limits of earthquake early warning: Timeliness of ground motion estimates

    The basic physics of earthquakes is such that strong ground motion cannot be expected from an earthquake unless the earthquake itself is very close or has grown to be very large. We use simple seismological relationships to calculate the minimum time that must elapse before such ground motion can be expected at a distance from the earthquake,...

    Minson, Sarah E.; Meier, Men-Andrin; Baltay, Annemarie S.; Hanks, Thomas C.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.
    The limits of earthquake early warning: Timeliness of ground motion estimates By Sarah E. Minson, Men-Andrin Meier, Annemarie S. Baltay, Thomas C. Hanks, Elizabeth S. Cochran Science Advances 21 Mar 2018: Vol. 4, no. 3, eaaq0504 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaq0504

    Year Published: 2018

    Integrating real-time subsurface hydrologic monitoring with empirical rainfall thresholds to improve landslide early warning

    Early warning for rainfall-induced shallow landsliding can help reduce fatalities and economic losses. Although these commonly occurring landslides are typically triggered by subsurface hydrological processes, most early warning criteria rely exclusively on empirical rainfall thresholds and other indirect proxies for subsurface wetness. We explore...

    Mirus, Benjamin B.; Becker, Rachel E.; Baum, Rex L.; Smith, Joel B.
    Mirus, BB R Becker, RL Baum, JB Smith. 2018. Integrating real-time subsurface hydrologic monitoring with empirical rainfall thresholds to improve landslide early warning, Landslides, doi:10.1007/s10346-018-0995-z.

    Year Published: 2018

    Application of microtremor horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (MHVSR) analysis for site characterization: State of the art

    Nakamura (Q Rep Railway Tech Res Inst 30:25–33, 1989) popularized the application of the horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) analysis of microtremor (seismic noise or ambient vibration) recordings to estimate the predominant frequency and amplification factor of earthquake shaking. During the following quarter century, popularity in the...

    Molnar, S.; Cassidy, J. F. ; Castellaro, S.; Cornou, C.; Crow, H.; Hunter, J. A.; Matsushima, S.; Sanchez-Sesma, F. J.; Yong, Alan
    S. Molnar, J. F. Cassidy, S. Castellaro, C. Cornou, H. Crow, J. A. Hunter, S. Matsushima, & F. J. Sánchez-Sesma, and A. Yong (2018). Application of microtremor horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (MHVSR) analysis for site characterization: state of the art, Surveys in Geophysics, p 1-19, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10712-018-9464-4.

    Year Published: 2018

    Interaction between hydraulic fracture and a preexisting fracture under triaxial stress conditions

    Enhanced reservoir connectivity generally requires maximizing the intersection between hydraulic fracture (HF) and preexisting underground natural fractures (NF), while having the hydraulic fracture cross the natural fractures (and not arrest). We have studied the interaction between a hydraulic fracture and a polished saw-cut fault. The...

    Mighani, Saied; Lockner, David A.; Kilgore, Brian D.; Sheibani, Farrokh; Evans, Brian
    Mighani, S., Lockner, D.A., Kilgore, B.D., Sheibani, F., and Evans, B., 2018, Interaction between hydraulic fracture and a preexisting fracture under triaxial stress conditions: Society of Petroleum Engineers International Hydraulic Fracturing Technology Conference and Exhibition, 23-25 January, The Woodlands, Texas, USA, https://doi.org/10.2118/189901-MS.

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    Photograph of USGS scientist setting a target in Great Marsh, Sandy Neck, Beach, Cape Cod, MA
    August 8, 2018

    Setting Targets in the Great Marsh, Cape Cod, MA

    USGS Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) pilot, Elizabeth Pendleton, setting a target in Great Marsh, Sandy Neck Beach, Cape Cod, Massachusetts

    Photograph of USGS drone pilots standing on a sand dune at Sandy Neck Beach, Cape Cod, MA
    August 8, 2018

    Dunes and Drone Pilots

    Sandy Brosnahan (left) and Ellizabeth Pendleton (right), Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) pilots flying drones at Sandy Neck Beach, Cape Cod, MA.  

    Photograph of USGS drone pilots standing on a dune at Sandy Neck Beach, Cape Cod
    August 7, 2018

    Drone flight at Sandy Neck Beach, Cape Cod

    Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) pilots Sandy Brosnahan (left) and Elizabeth Pendleton conduct a drone flight from atop a dune at Sandy Neck (Cape Cod).

    Photograph of Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center drone pilots on Sandy Neck, Beach, Cape Cod, MA
    August 6, 2018

    UAS pilots in the field

    Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center unmanned aerial systems (uas) pilots conduct drone flights at Sandy Neck Beach, Cape Cod, MA

    9 caucasian teenage girls smiling and jumping and holding rocks for camera
    August 3, 2018

    GeoGirls Learn about Mount St. Helens

    The GeoGirls unlock the secrets of the rocks and learn more about geochemistry at Mount St. Helens.

    Photograph of USGS personnel in front of an active volcano
    July 31, 2018

    Night Shift

    Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center's Aerial Imaging and Mapping Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) pilots, Emily Sturdivant (left) and Elizabeth Pendleton (right) working the night shift in Hawaii at the Kileaua volcano site.  

    overhead view of girls sitting around a table wring on data sheets, samples in plastic tubs cover the table.
    July 31, 2018

    GeoGirls Examing Tephra Deposits

    The GeoGirls examined tephra (ash and pumice) deposits from Mount St. Helens’ eruptive past and learned how to create a stratigraphic column.

    Photograph of Neil Ganju presenting at SSEAT
    July 31, 2018

    USGS teaches the teachers

    Woods Hole Costal and Marine Science Center staff offered a presentation and handouts on Natural Hazards and Coastal Hazards in Wetlands and Estuaries  Smithsonian Science Education Academies for Teachers (SSEATs)

    Photograph of Meagan Gonneea at SSEAT
    July 31, 2018

    USGS scientists teach the teachers

    Woods Hole Costal and Marine Science Center staff offered a presentation and handouts on Natural Hazards and Coastal Hazards in Wetlands and Estuaries  at the Smithsonian Science Education Academies for Teachers (SSEATs)

    two teenage girls facing camera, one flashing peace sign. Outdoors
    July 30, 2018

    GeoGirls Enjoying Science at Mount St. Helens

    GeoGirls hike the Pumice Plain at Mount St. Helens, on their way to Loowit Falls (pictured in the upper right background). When asked in the post-program survey about what “was the most important thing you learned this week?” GeoGirls responded, “amazing people are all around you -- listen to them, be inspired;” and also, the importance of “friendship & teamwork

    ...
    People are wearing wet suits and waders and are holding hand-held computers and backpacks with equipment in them, smiling.
    July 25, 2018

    Synchronized mapping

    USGS and Washington State Department of Ecology scientists are geared up and ready to start a topographic survey at the mouth of the Elwha River, using handheld computers and backpack-mounted GPS equipment. From left to right are Owen Warrick (USGS Volunteer), Jon Warrick (USGS), Andy Ritchie (USGS), Heather Weiner (WA State Dept. of Ecology), Diana McCandless (WA State

    ...
    Animation is looking at an angle at a coastal cliff region with a newly cut road running across it, showing how it has changed.
    July 18, 2018

    Mud Creek landslide changes March 2017-June 2018

    Time-lapse view of California Highway 1 reconstruction after 2017 landslide

    USGS scientists produced an animated GIF in coordination with the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) re-opening of State Highway 1 through Big Sur on July 18, 2018. In 2017, the massive Mud Creek landslide buried a quarter-mile of the famous coastal route

    ...
    Filter Total Items: 378
    Date published: May 23, 2018

    Most-cited award for special issue of Marine Geology

    A USGS-led special issue of Marine Geology received a most-cited certificate from the journal in May 2018.

    Date published: May 17, 2018

    USGS scientist visits Korea Institute of Geology and Mineral Industries

    USGS research geologist Sam Johnson of the Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center (PCMSC) made an invited visit to the Korea Institute of Geology and Mineral Industries (KIGAM) in Daejon, South Korea, on April 24–26.

    Date published: May 17, 2018

    Kilauea volcanic activity and ash eruptions intensify

    With ash eruptions occurring from Kilauea’s summit this week, there is a threat of an even larger steam-driven violent explosion. Such an eruption could happen suddenly and send volcanic ash 20,000 feet into the air, threatening communities for miles.

    Date published: May 8, 2018

    News Media briefing for latest update at Hawaii’s Kīlauea Volcano

    Representatives of the news media are invited to join a telephone briefing for the latest updates on Kīlauea's volcanic activity and its impacts.

    Date published: May 7, 2018

    Public lecture on coral reefs as coastal protection

    On Thursday, April 26, research geologist Curt Storlazzi of the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center gave a public lecture on “The Role of U.S. Coral Reefs in Coastal Protection—Rigorously valuing flood reduction benefits to inform coastal zone management decisions.”

    Date published: May 7, 2018

    Media coverage of threat to atoll islands from rising seas and wave-driven flooding

    A deluge of media coverage followed publication of a USGS-led study showing that sea-level rise and wave-driven flooding could make many low-lying atoll islands uninhabitable by the mid-21st century by contaminating freshwater aquifers and damaging infrastructure. The...

    Date published: May 3, 2018

    Focus on Estuaries and Coastal Wetlands

    Estuaries and wetlands provide a critical defense against storms and sea-level rise while providing economically valuable services. How well they protect coastal communities and host diverse ecosystems is largely a function of their shape (morphology), which is controlled by factors such as sediment movement and biological feedbacks.

    Date published: May 1, 2018

    Cascades Volcano Observatory Open House: Come Meet Volcano Scientists

    MEDIA ADVISORY

    Have you ever wondered what scientists do at a volcano observatory when a volcano is not erupting? There is plenty to accomplish—probably more than you can imagine.

    Date published: April 30, 2018

    Washington State Volcano Preparedness Month

    May is Volcano Preparedness Month in Washington, providing residents an opportunity to become more familiar with volcanic risk in their communities and learn about steps they can take to reduce potential impacts.

    Date published: April 25, 2018

    Many Low-Lying Atoll Islands Will Be Uninhabitable by Mid-21st Century

    Sea-level rise and wave-driven flooding will negatively impact freshwater resources on many low-lying atoll islands in such a way that many could be uninhabitable in just a few decades.

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