Polar bear female and two cubs on the Beaufort Sea, Alaska
Conducting lake surveys on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska
Greater White-fronted Goose on the North Slope of Alaska
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By late October 2004, a whaleback-shaped extrusion of solid lava (called a spine) emerged from Mount St. Helens' crater floor. The 2004–2008 lava dome grew by continuous extrusion of degassed lava spines that had mostly solidified at less than 1 km (0.62 mi) beneath the surface. Scientists deployed monitoring equipment and made visual observations to assess the hazards...
On October 11, 2004, spines of solid, but still hot, lava punctured the surface of the deformed glacier, initiating a new dome-building phase of activity in the crater of Mount St. Helens. By late October, a larger whaleback-shaped extrusion of solid lava (called a spine) emerged from the crater floor. During the 3+ years of the eruption a series of hot, solid, smooth-...
After two weeks of increasing seismicity, Mount St. Helens began erupting on October 1, 2004. The first of several explosions shot a plume of volcanic ash and gases into the atmosphere. Four additional steam and ash explosions occurred through October 5, and three produced noticeable fallout of fine ash downwind. Following the brief series of small steam-and-ash explosions...
Following unrest that began on September 23, 2004 and the steam and ash eruptions in early October, extrusion of solid magma typified the 2004-2008 eruption at Mount St. Helens. The magma is unusually gas poor and crystal rich. Several meters of pulverized, variably sintered rock commonly coat the emergent lava spines, lending them a smooth appearance. Other spines have...
Polar bear mother and two cubs on the Beaufort Sea ice.
Mount St. Helens soon after the May 18, 1980 eruption, as viewed from Johnston's Ridge.
Before the eruption of May 18, 1980, Mount St. Helens' elevation was 2,950 m (9,677 ft). View from the west, Mount Adams in distance. S. Fork Toutle River is valley in center of photo.
Mount Adams elevation is 3,745 m (12, 286 ft). Mount St. Helens was the smallest of five major volcanic peaks in Washington State.