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Ohio

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The OKI Water Science Center (WSC) provides credible and relevant scientific information on critical water resources issues in Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, and beyond. Major focus areas include Great Lakes, ecosystems science, hydrologic monitoring networks, flood frequency and mapping, water availability, and effects of agricultural and urban practices, mineral extraction, and other human activities.

Link to Science Center

News

Date published: November 7, 2019

Mapping Challenge Update (11/07/19): City / Town Hall Structures in OH and WV

Here is the weekly update for this challenge!

Date published: October 31, 2019

Mapping Challenge Update (10/31/19): City / Town Hall Structures in OH and WV

This challenge is coming along nice and steady! Ohio is especially starting to look nice; points are coming in county-by-county with close to another 100 points added since last week's update!

Date published: October 24, 2019

Mapping Challenge Update (10/24/19): City / Town Hall Structures in OH and WV

City/Town Halls continue to come in for this challenge!  Nice work!

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USGS
Date Published: June 26, 2019
Status: Active

Information by Region - Ohio

  

Team of scientists stand in front of outcrop
Date Published: June 4, 2019
Status: Active

Appalachian Basin Geologic Mapping Project

The Appalachian Basin Geologic Mapping Project performs geologic mapping at local and regional scales, and geologic research in The Valley and Ridge and Appalachian Plateaus physiographic provinces. These provinces include parts of 11 states and mainly borders the Blue Ridge / Piedmont and North Interior Lowlands Provinces. Two states have Valley and Ridge geology only (GA, NJ), two have...

Application to explore US Oil and Gas Assessments
Date Published: April 19, 2019
Status: Active

United States Assessments of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources

USGS Energy Resources Program provides periodic assessments of the oil and natural gas endowment of the United States and the World (click here for information about World Oil and Gas Assessments).  This website provides access to new, prioritized, assessment results and supporting data for the United States, as part...

Photo of a typical edge-of-field surface site
Date Published: April 12, 2019
Status: Active

Edge-of-field monitoring

Edge-of-field monitoring focuses on identifying and reducing agricultural sources of excess nutrients which can threaten the health of streams, rivers, and lakes. Edge-of-field monitoring assesses the quantity and quality of agricultural runoff and evaluates the effectiveness of conservation practices that aim to reduce nutrient loss.

Parents and children enjoying the beach in Macomb County, Michigan with seagulls.
Date Published: April 8, 2019
Status: Active

Enhance Great Lakes Beach Recreational Water Quality Decision Making

Important questions about beach closures and management remain unanswered in the Great Lakes where over 500 beaches are routinely used along the nearly 11,000 miles of coastline. The economies of coastal areas are dependent on public confidence in the quality of water at the shoreline, and beach managers need reliable science-based information to make beach closure and beach management...

Contacts: Carrie Givens
Image showing an optical sensor system used to test wastewater.
Date Published: April 6, 2019
Status: Active

Using optical sensors to detect sewage contamination in the Great Lakes

In the Great Lakes, large volumes of sewage never make it to wastewater treatment plants due to illicit discharges and leaking sewer infrastructure, but contamination can be difficult to detect. This study will define the utility and practicality of using optical sensors to identify the sources and timing of sewage contamination in surface water and storm sewers in real-time field settings....

Contacts: Steven R Corsi
Photos show change in water clarity in agricultural runoff before and after a grassed waterway was installed
Date Published: March 23, 2019
Status: Active

Edge-of-field monitoring: Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI)

Great Lakes Restoration Initiative edge-of-field monitoring focuses on identifying and reducing agricultural sources of excess nutrients which threaten the health of the Great Lakes. The USGS supports these efforts by utilizing edge-of-field monitoring to assess the quantity and quality of agricultural runoff and evaluate conservation practices that aim to reduce sediment and nutrient loss....

2017 Midwest Spring Floods
Date Published: February 26, 2019
Status: Completed

2017 Midwest Spring Floods

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the 2017 Midwest Spring Floods that occurred across large portions of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Oklahoma, and Arkansas in late April and early May, 2017.

Province 5066 Cincinnati Arch, National Oil and Gas Assessments
Date Published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

Cincinnati Arch Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Cincinnati Arch Province (5066) :

 

Province 5063, Michigan Basin, Oil and Gas Assessments
Date Published: November 30, 2018

Michigan Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the U.S. portion of the  Michigan Basin 5063:

  • 2004 Continuous and Conventional Assessment (DDS 69-T).
  • 1995 Assessment (
  • ...
Maumee River Watershed
Date Published: September 28, 2018
Status: Active

Mapping Application for the Lower Maumee River (MALMR)

The Mapping Application for the Lower Maumee River (MALMR) is intended to support science-based decision making regarding habitat restoration at various scales in the lower Maumee River and surrounding region. 

Contacts: Joshua Miller
Appalachian Basin Oil and Gas Assessments Map
Date Published: July 19, 2018
Status: Active

Appalachian Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The USGS has conducted numerous assessments of undiscovered oil and gas in the Appalachian Basin, including studies of the Marcellus Shale. The region extends from Alabama to Maine. The following is an overview of the assessments:

  • 2019 Ordovician Point Pleasant Formation and Utica Shale (FS 2019-3044)
  • 2019
  • ...
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Water Alert map screenshot
October 24, 2019

The U.S. Geological Survey WaterAlert service sends e-mail or text (SMS) messages when certain parameters, as measured by a USGS real-time data-collection station, exceed user-definable thresholds. The development and maintenance of the WaterAlert system is supported by the USGS and its partners, including numerous federal, state, and local agencies.

NWIS Mapper screenshot
March 5, 2019

The NWIS mapper provides access to over 1.5 million sites contained in the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS), including sites where current and historical surface-water, groundwater, springs, and atmospheric data has been collected. Users can search by site type, data type, site number, or place.

USGS
January 1, 2019

Recent production of light sweet oil from shallow (~2,000 ft) horizontal wells in the Upper Devonian Berea Sandstone of eastern Kentucky and historical oil production from conventional wells in the Berea of adjoining southern Ohio has prompted re-evaluation of Devonian petroleum systems in the central Appalachian Basin. Herein, we examined Upper Devonian Ohio Shale (lower Huron Member) and Middle

USGS
January 1, 2019

This data release contains the boundaries of assessment units and input data for the assessment of undiscovered gas hydrate resources on the north slope of Alaska. The Assessment Unit is the fundamental unit used in the National Assessment Project for the assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources. The Assessment Unit is defined within the context of the higher-level Total Petroleum Syste

USGS
January 1, 2019

This data release contains the boundaries of assessment units and input data for the assessment of undiscovered gas resources in the Middle Devonian Marcellus Shale of the Appalachian Basin Province, 2019. The Assessment Unit is the fundamental unit used in the National Assessment Project for the assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources. The Assessment Unit is defined within the context

Image of data download web page
December 6, 2018

GIS Data for Cincinnati Arch Oil and Gas Assessments

Image of data download web page
November 30, 2018

GIS Data for Michigan Basin Oil and Gas Assessments 

Interactive map and chart highlighting USGS Domestic Continuous (Unconventional) Oil & Gas Assessments, 2000-Present
August 28, 2018

Interactively explore assessment summary information for continuous (unconventional) assessments conducted at the USGS from 2000-2018. The assessment results data used to generate this visualization can be downloaded here in Excel Format.  These data represent all assessment results for Continuous Assessments only from 2000-2018.

Boulders in stream
September 27, 2017

Streamflow Conditions: Ohio || Kentucky || Indiana

Groundwater Conditions: Ohio || Kentucky || Indiana

Water-Quality Conditions: Ohio || Kentucky || Indiana

Lakes and Reservoirs: Ohio || Kentucky || Indiana

Climate: Ohio

Application screenshot thumbnail
September 1, 2017

The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

Example visualization from MODFLOW model output
April 19, 2017

MODFLOW is the USGS's three-dimensional (3D) finite-difference groundwater model. MODFLOW is considered an international standard for simulating and predicting groundwater conditions and groundwater/surface-water interactions.

SPARROW graphic
April 19, 2017

SPARROW (SPAtially-Referenced Regression On Watershed attributes), is watershed based and designed for use in predicting long-term average values of water characteristics, such as concentrations and amounts of selected constituents that are delivered to downstream receiving waters.

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Western Lake Erie Basin (WLEB) watersheds of Ohio and Indiana showing the USGS monitoring stations
March 22, 2019

Western Lake Erie Basin (WLEB) projects map depicts the sites and watersheds, as well as the data for each site through the interactive map.

USGS Streamflow and water-quality data including nutrient and sediment concentrations and daily, monthly, and annual loads are available on NWISWeb.

Application to explore US Oil and Gas Assessments
March 19, 2019

This map shows the provinces assessed by the USGS for undiscovered oil and gas resources. 

Screenshot of the FishVis mapper
November 19, 2016

The FishVis Mapper is the product of an Upper Midwest and Great Lakes LCC project, “A Regional Decision Support Tool for Identifying Vulnerabilities of Riverine Habitat and Fishes to Climate Change” that developed an approach for predicting fish species occurrence under current climate conditions and project how fish species occurrence may change under future climate conditions.

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

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Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Assessment of undiscovered continuous oil and gas resources in the Upper Ordovician Point Pleasant Formation and Utica Shale of the Appalachian Basin Province, 2019

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated undiscovered, technically recoverable continuous mean resources of 1.8 billion barrels of oil and 117.2 trillion cubic feet of gas in the Upper Ordovician Point Pleasant Formation and Utica Shale of the Appalachian Basin Province.

Enomoto, Catherine B.; Trippi, Michael H.; Higley, Debra K.; Drake, Ronald M.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Le, Phuong A.; Marra, Kristen R.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Woodall, Cheryl A.; Schenk, Christopher J.
Enomoto, C.B., Trippi, M.H., Higley, D.K., Drake, R.M., II, Gaswirth, S.B., Mercier, T.J., Brownfield, M.E., Leathers-Miller, H.M., Le, P.A., Marra, K.R., Tennyson, M.E., Woodall, C.A., and Schenk, C.J., 2019, Assessment of undiscovered continuous oil and gas resources in the Upper Ordovician Point Pleasant Formation and Utica Shale of the Appalachian Basin Province, 2019: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3044, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193044.

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Year Published: 2019

Development of a flood-inundation map library and precipitation-runoff modeling for the Clear Fork Mohican River in and near Bellville, Ohio

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District, led hydrologic and hydraulic analyses within the Clear Fork Mohican River Basin in and near Bellville, Ohio. The analyses included the development of digital flood-inundation maps for an approximately 2.5-mile reach of the Clear Fork Mohican River...

Ostheimer, Chad J.; Huitger, Carrie A.
Ostheimer, C.J., and Huitger, C.A., 2019, Development of a flood-inundation map library and precipitation-runoff modeling for the Clear Fork Mohican River in and near Bellville, Ohio: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5017, 34 p., including 1 appendix, https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195017.

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Year Published: 2019

Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses of selected streams in Richland County, Ohio

Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses were done for selected reaches of Clear Fork Mohican River and Cedar Fork in Richland County, Ohio. To update and expand a portion of the Federal Emergency Management Agency detailed Flood Insurance Study, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District initiated a cooperative...

Ostheimer, Chad J.
Ostheimer, C.J., 2019, Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses of selected streams in Richland County, Ohio: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5011, 18 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195011.

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Year Published: 2019

Regression models for estimating sediment and nutrient concentrations and loads at the Kankakee River, Shelby, Indiana, December 2015 through May 2018

The Kankakee River in northern Indiana flows through the area once known as the Grand Marsh. Beginning in the 1860s, anthropogenic changes to the river within Indiana resulted in downstream flooding and additional transport of sediment and nutrients. In 2015, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Indiana Department of Environmental...

Lathrop, Timothy R.; Bunch, Aubrey R.; Downhour, Myles S.
Lathrop, T.R., Bunch, A.R., and Downhour, M.S., 2019, Regression models for estimating sediment and nutrient concentrations and loads at the Kankakee River, Shelby, Indiana, December 2015 through May 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigation Report 2019–5005, 13 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195005.

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Year Published: 2019

Delineation of tile-drain networks using thermal and multispectral imagery—Implications for water quantity and quality differences from paired edge-of-field sites

As part of the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, paired edge-of-field sites were established in high priority subwatersheds to assess the effectiveness of agricultural management practices. One pairing was in Black Creek, a tributary to the Maumee River and Lake Erie. These fields were paired because of similarity in soils, topography, and...

Williamson, Tanja N.; Dobrowolski, Edward G.; Meyer, Shawn M.; Frey, Jeffrey W.; Allred, Barry J.

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Year Published: 2019

Sensitivity of streamflow simulation in the Delaware River Basin to forecasted land‐cover change for 2030 and 2060

In order to simulate the potential effect of forecasted land‐cover change on streamflow and water availability, there has to be confidence that the hydrologic model used is sensitive to small changes in land cover (<10%) and that this land‐cover change exceeds the inherent uncertainty in forecasted conditions. To investigate this, a 26‐year...

Williamson, Tanja N.; Claggett, Peter

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Year Published: 2019

Mixed-chemical exposure and predicted effects potential in wadeable southeastern USA streams

Complex chemical mixtures have been widely reported in larger streams but relatively little work has been done to characterize them and assess their potential effects in headwaterstreams. In 2014, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) sampled 54 Piedmont streams over ten weeks and measured 475 unique organic compounds...

Bradley, Paul M.; Journey, Celeste A.; Berninger, Jason P.; Button, Daniel T.; Clark, Jimmy M.; Corsi, Steven R.; DeCicco, Laura A.; Hopkins, Kristina G.; Huffman, Bradley J.; Nakagaki, Naomi; Norman, Julia E.; Nowell, Lisa H.; Qi, Sharon L.; Van Metre, Peter C.; Waite, Ian R.

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Year Published: 2019

Water-quality trends in U.S. rivers, 2002 to 2012: Relations to levels of concern

Effective management and protection of water resources relies upon understanding how water-quality conditions are changing over time. Water-quality trends for ammonia, chloride, nitrate, sulfate, total dissolved solids (TDS), total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) were assessed at 762 sites located in the conterminous United...

Shoda, Megan E.; Sprague, Lori A.; Murphy, Jennifer C.; Riskin, Melissa L.
Shoda, M.E., Sprague, L.A., Murphy, J.C., and Riskin, M.L., 2018, Water-quality trends in U.S. rivers, 2002 to 2012: Relations to levels of concern. Science of the Total Environment 650 (2019), p. 2314-2324. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.377

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Year Published: 2018

Flood-inundation maps for the Salamonie River at Portland, Indiana

Digital flood-inundation maps for a 6.5-mile reach of the Salamonie River at Portland, Indiana, were created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the Indiana Department of Transportation. The flood-inundation maps, which can be accessed through the USGS Flood Inundation Mapping Science website at https://water.usgs.gov/osw/...

Strauch, Kellan R.
Strauch, K.R., 2018, Flood-inundation maps for the Salamonie River at Portland, Indiana: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5132, 9 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185132.

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Year Published: 2018

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) water-use websites

Explore U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) water-use websites to learn how and where the Nation's water use has changed over time!  Learn how to find and access USGS water-use data shown in maps, graphs, visualizations, and information products. Gain a better understanding of water-use terms and USGS educational resources. Learn how...

Shaffer, Kimberly; Rowland, Kathleen M.; Sargent, B. Pierre
Shaffer, K., Sargent, B.P., and Rowland, K.M., 2018, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) water-use websites: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3044, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183044.

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Year Published: 2018

Baseline water quality of an area undergoing shale-gas development in the Muskingum River watershed, Ohio, 2015–16

In 2015–16, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District, led a study to assess baseline (2015–16) surface-water quality in six lake drainage basins within the Muskingum River watershed that are in the early years of shale-gas development. In 2015, 9 of the 10 most active counties in Ohio for oil and...

Covert, S. Alex.; Jagucki, Martha L.; Huitger, Carrie A.
Covert, S.A., Jagucki, M.L., and Huitger, C., 2018, Baseline water quality of an area undergoing shale-gas development in the Muskingum River watershed, Ohio, 2015–16: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5113, 129 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185113.

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Year Published: 2018

Flood-inundation maps for the North Fork Kentucky River at Hazard, Kentucky

Digital flood-inundation maps for a 7.1-mile reach of the North Fork Kentucky River at Hazard, Kentucky (Ky.), were created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the Kentucky Silver Jackets and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Louisville District. The flood-inundation maps, which can be accessed through the USGS Flood Inundation...

Boldt, Justin A.; Lant, Jeremiah G.; Kolarik, Nicholas E.
Boldt, J.A., Lant, J.G., and Kolarik, N.E., 2018, Flood-inundation maps for the North Fork Kentucky River at Hazard, Kentucky: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5122, 12 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185122.

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Illustration of the Graphical Constituent Loading Analysis System website
June 20, 2017

GCLAS is a program designed primarily to compute daily and annual loadings of constituents transported in streamflow.

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Grass carp larvae
December 31, 2019

Grass carp larvae

These images show grass carp larvae from the Maumee River. Characteristics of larval grass carp include overall length (left), skeletal muscle development (center) and presence of an eye spot that lacks pigmentation (right; pigment starting to develop on lower eye).

Pectoral Spine Cross Section
September 20, 2019

Aging a Fish Using a Spine

A pectoral spine cross section from invasive grass carp captured in the Great Lakes. These cross sections are used to determine the age of the fish.

Fish Vertebra Cross Section
September 20, 2019

Aging a Fish Using a Vertebra Cross Section

Cross section of a fish vertebra. Useful for determining the age of a fish.

Dr. Ed Roseman speaking at AOC meeting in Cleveland
September 11, 2019

Dr. Ed Roseman Delivers Plenary Address to AOC Meeting in Cleveland

GSLC research fish biologist, Dr. Ed Roseman, delivers a plenary address at the Great Lakes Areas of Concern (AOC) conference on September 11-12, 2019.

Ohio River at Ironton, OH - tower walkway
July 15, 2019

Ohio River at Ironton, OH - tower walkway

Ohio River at Ironton, OH - tower walkway

OH K-12 teachers Learning About Watersheds
June 25, 2019

Teaching the Teachers in Ohio

USGS worked with regional partners to provide Ohio K-12 teachers educational resources to teach about watersheds in their classrooms. 

Cuyahoga River at Independence OH - flood water in gage house
May 30, 2019

Cuyahoga River at Independence OH - flood water in gage house

Cuyahoga River at Independence OH - flood water in gage house

Cuyahoga River at Independence OH - 2018 high water mark
May 30, 2019

Cuyahoga River at Independence OH - 2018 high water mark

Cuyahoga River at Independence OH - 2018 high water mark

Eagle Creek at Zionsville, IN site
May 17, 2019

Eagle Creek at Zionsville, IN

Eagle Creek at Zionsville, IN

May 2, 2019

Phragmites Adaptive Management Framework: Model Overview

This animation is the third video in a series explaining different aspects of the Phragmites Adaptive Management Framework (PAMF). This video focuses on the machine learning model that PAMF uses to systematically learn from participant's data and then provide site-specific management guidance in return. More information about PAMF can be found at our websites:

...
Eagle Creek at Zionsville, IN
May 2, 2019

Eagle Creek at Zionsville, IN downstream of gage

Eagle Creek at Zionsville, IN downstream of gage

Eagle Creek at Zionsville, IN
May 2, 2019

Eagle Creek at Zionsville, IN

Eagle Creek at Zionsville, IN - low flow

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TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
October 31, 2019

This challenge is coming along nice and steady! Ohio is especially starting to look nice; points are coming in county-by-county with close to another 100 points added since last week's update!

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
October 10, 2019

This challenge is coming along nicely with another 150 points added since our last update!

Image shows a map of the Eastern United States with the boundaries of the Marcellus Shale superimposed
October 3, 2019

The Marcellus Shale and Point Pleasant-Utica Shale formations of the Appalachian Basin contain an estimated mean of 214 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered, technically recoverable continuous resources of natural gas, according to new USGS assessments.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
October 3, 2019

It's always exciting to see features coming in for our new challenges!  Almost 100 points have already come in for this challenge. It just goes to show how amazing our volunteers are!

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
September 30, 2019

We've launched a new Mapping Challenge! This challenge will focus on City / Town Hall structures in Ohio and West Virginia.

Pectoral Spine Cross Section
September 20, 2019

Passing on our knowledge to the next generation of scientists.

Kurt Kowalski
September 12, 2019

In association with the 2019 Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands Symposium

Dr. Ed Roseman speaking at AOC meeting in Cleveland
September 12, 2019

This annual conference focuses on specific areas of concern (AOC).

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