Regions

South Dakota

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Surface water and groundwater provide important water supplies in South Dakota. Major rivers include the Big Sioux, James, Cheyenne, and Missouri Rivers. Key aquifers include the Dakota, Madison, Minnelusa, and Big Sioux aquifers. The Dakota Water Science Center has many studies that focus on these resources as well various other national and international studies. 

Link to Science Center

News

Color photo of Landsat International Ground Station (IGS) Network members posing in group
June 12, 2019

Landsat 9 mission updates and ground station preparation are among the major topics on the agenda for the scientists and engineers from 11 counties visiting Sioux Falls, SD this week for the annual meeting of the Landsat Technical Working Group (LTWG).

Color image of Kansas Applied Remote Sensing (KARS) map
May 9, 2019

In the spring of 1996, the Kansas Applied Remote Sensing (KARS) program on the campus of Kansas University started chronicling the greening and browning of America.

Color photograph of Christopher "C.J." Loria
May 7, 2019

CJ Loria didn’t have the smoothest transition into his role as the new Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center director.

He had been on the job less than two weeks when the government shut down for 35 days, starting Dec. 22, 2018. Then the dogs of winter—the wind, the snow, the cold—came howling, filling him with visions of his life back in Louisiana very quickly.

Filter Total Items: 69
USGS
Date Published: June 26, 2019
Status: Active

Information by Region - South Dakota

  

Application to explore US Oil and Gas Assessments
Date Published: April 19, 2019
Status: Active

United States Assessments of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources

USGS Energy Resources Program provides periodic assessments of the oil and natural gas endowment of the United States and the World (click here for information about World Oil and Gas Assessments).  This website provides access to new, prioritized, assessment results and supporting data for the United States, as part...

June 2014 floods in South Dakota, Minnesota, and Iowa
Date Published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

June 2014 floods in South Dakota, Minnesota, and Iowa

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the June 2014 Floods in South Dakota, Minnesota, and Iowa.

June 2011 Mississippi River flood
Date Published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

Summer 2011 Missouri River Basin flood

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the 2011 Missouri River Basin Flood resulting from higher-than-average snowmelt runoff combined with heavy spring rains.

Image highlighting the day of detected land change in Florida in the year 2005
Date Published: December 18, 2018
Status: Completed

LCMAP Workshop 2018

The Land Change Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection (LCMAP) team presented pilot data and offered visitors an opportunity to work with LCMAP data at the Earth Resources Observation and Science Center in November 2018. Read more about the workshop by following this link...

Contacts: Jesslyn Brown
Attribution: Land Resources
Banner for the Land Product Characterization System
Date Published: December 17, 2018
Status: Active

Land Product Characterization System (LPCS)

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center are collaborating on the development of a Land Product Characterization System (LPCS).

Province 5032 Sioux Arch National Oil and Gas Assessments
Date Published: December 6, 2018
Status: Active

Sioux Arch Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Sioux Arch Province 5032 in South Dakota:

 

Province 5039 Denver Basin National Oil and Gas Assessments
Date Published: November 29, 2018
Status: Active

Denver Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the Denver Basin Province 5039 in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wyoming:

  • 2003 Conventional and Continuous Assessment (DDS 69-P)
  • 1995 Assessment (
  • ...
Canoe coring platform in Potomac River
Date Published: November 28, 2018
Status: Active

Natural Drought and Flood Histories from Lacustrine Archives

Previous work performed as part of the USGS Holocene Synthesis project illuminated complex centennial-scale patterns of drought and wetter-than-average conditions across the North American continent interior during the past two millennia, where paleorecord data coverage is sparse.  In order to explain the patterns of naturally-occurring drought, floods, and storms for the past, identified by...

color photograph
Date Published: November 14, 2018
Status: Active

EROS User Group

The purpose of the EROS User Group (EUG) is three-fold:

  • Provide operational users of EROS products and services with an opportunity and platform to discuss opinions, needs, and concerns in a structured and consistent manner;
  • Provide EROS projects with a consistent platform for targeted communications and opportunity for direct feedback from the user community on product-
  • ...
Province 5031 Williston Basin
Date Published: November 8, 2018
Status: Active

Williston Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of conventional and continuous oil and gas resources of the Devonian Three Forks Formation and Devonian and Mississippian Bakken Formation in the Williston Basin Province 5031 of North Dakota, Montana, and South Dakota:

  • 2013 Conventional and Continuous Assessment (
  • ...
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NWIS Mapper screenshot
March 5, 2019

The NWIS mapper provides access to over 1.5 million sites contained in the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS), including sites where current and historical surface-water, groundwater, springs, and atmospheric data has been collected. Users can search by site type, data type, site number, or place.

Image of data download web page
December 6, 2018

GIS Data for Sioux Arch Oil and Gas Assessments 

Interactive map and chart highlighting USGS Domestic Continuous (Unconventional) Oil & Gas Assessments, 2000-Present
August 28, 2018

Interactively explore assessment summary information for continuous (unconventional) assessments conducted at the USGS from 2000-2018. The assessment results data used to generate this visualization can be downloaded here in Excel Format.  These data represent all assessment results for Continuous Assessments only from 2000-2018.

color map of Start of Season Time (SOST) for 2014
June 22, 2018

Historical remote sensing phenology (RSP) image data and graphics for the conterminous U.S. are made freely available from the USGS/EROS Center through this website. Five data sets are distributed: CONUS 1 km AVHRR RSP data, C5 Eastern CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data, C6 Eastern CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data, C5 Western CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data, and C6 Western CONUS 250 m eMODIS RSP data.

color image of Gulf of Mexico coast
May 15, 2018

The Coastal National Elevation Database (CoNED) Project Viewer is a portal to the topobathymetric models created with the expertise of the expertise of the U.S. Geological Survey Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls, SD. 

Animation of landsat satellite orbiting earth
May 9, 2018

The EarthNow! Landsat Image Viewer displays imagery in near real-time as Landsat 7 and Landsat 8 orbit the Earth. Along with the near real-time video stream, EarthNow! also replays acquisition recordings from a list of previous Landsat overpasses. When Landsat 7 or Landsat 8 are out of viewing range of a ground station, the most recent overpass is displayed.

Screenshot of the Land Treatment Exploration Tool with proposed treatment drawn on screen.
May 3, 2018

The Land Treatment Exploration Tool is designed for resource managers to use when planning land treatments. The tool provides useful summaries of environmental characteristics of planned treatment areas and facilitates adaptive management practices by comparing those characteristics to other similar treatments within a specified distance or area of interest.  Provisional Software.

Application screenshot thumbnail
September 1, 2017

The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

Example NWIS graph of real-time water quality monitoring
June 22, 2017

At selected surface-water and groundwater sites, the USGS maintains instruments that continuously record physical and chemical characteristics of the water including pH, specific conductance, temperature, dissolved oxygen, and percent dissolved-oxygen saturation. Supporting data such as air temperature and barometric pressure are also available at some sites.

Example NWIS graph of real-time groundwater-level monitoring
June 22, 2017

Data from wells, springs, test holes, tunnels, drains, and excavations in South Dakota; well location data includes information such as latitude and longitude, well depth, and aquifer. Groundwater level data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Groundwater Watch - Below Normal Groundwater Levels
May 17, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey has a database/archive of about 850,000 wells across the Nation. A well with below normal groundwater levels is identified when the most recent water-level measurement is in the 24th percentile or lower in the month of measurement over the period of record for the well.

>> Georgia  ||  North Carolina  ||  South Carolina
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Image of major river basins in Georgia, North and South Carolina
April 3, 2017

Realtime/Current Conditions:
   Streamflow: GA || NC || SC    Groundwater: GA || NC || SC   Water Quality: GA || NC || SC   Precipitation: GA || NC || SC
Daily mean data:
   Stage: GA || NC || SC   Streamflow: GA || NC || SC   Stage and streamflow: GA || NC || SC
Realtime Maps:
   NC Realtime

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Application to explore US Oil and Gas Assessments
March 19, 2019

This map shows the provinces assessed by the USGS for undiscovered oil and gas resources. 

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Filter Total Items: 8
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2018

Conceptual model to assess water use associated with the life cycle of unconventional oil and gas development

As the demand for energy increases in the United States, so does the demand for water used to produce many forms of that energy. Technological advances, limited access to conventional oil and gas accumulations, and the rise of oil and gas prices resulted in increased development of unconventional oil and gas (UOG) accumulations. Unconventional oil...

Valder, Joshua F.; McShane, Ryan R.; Barnhart, Theodore B.; Sando, Roy; Carter, Janet M.; Lundgren, Robert F.
Valder, J.F., McShane, R.R., Barnhart, T.B., Sando, R., Carter, J.M., and Lundgren, R.F., 2018, Conceptual model to assess water use associated with the life cycle of unconventional oil and gas development: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5027, 22 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185027.

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Year Published: 2010

Digital map of aquifer boundary for the High Plains aquifer in parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming

This digital data set represents the extent of the High Plains aquifer in the central United States. The extent of the High Plains aquifer covers 174,000 square miles in eight states: Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming. This data set represents a compilation of information from digital and paper...

Qi, Sharon
Digital map of aquifer boundary for the High Plains aquifer in parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming; 2010; DS; 543; Qi, Sharon

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Year Published: 2008

Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 2005

During 2005, withdrawals from ground-water and surface-water sources in South Dakota for the eight categories of offstream use totaled about 500 million gallons per day (Mgal/d). Of total withdrawals, about 271 Mgal/d was withdrawn from ground water and about 230 Mgal/d was withdrawn from surface water. The largest use of water in South Dakota...

Carter, Janet M.; Neitzert, Kathleen M.
Estimated Use of Water in South Dakota, 2005; 2008; SIR; 2008-5216; Carter, Janet M.; Neitzert, Kathleen M.

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Year Published: 2002

Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 2000

During 2000, the total amount of water withdrawn from ground- and surface-water sources in South Dakota was about 528 Mgal/d (million gallons per day). Of this amount, about 222 Mgal/d, or 42 percent of the total, was from ground water. Surface-water withdrawals were about 306 Mgal/d, or 58 percent of the total. Total withdrawals for six...

Amundson, Franklin D.
Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 2000; 2002; OFR; 2002-440; Amundson, Franklin D.

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Year Published: 2001

Historical water-quality data for the High Plains Regional Ground-Water Study Area in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming, 1930-98

The High Plains aquifer underlies 174,000 square miles in parts of eight States and includes eight primary hydrogeologic units, including the well-known Ogallala Formation. The High Plains aquifer is an important resource, providing water for 27 percent of the Nation?s irrigated agricultural lands in an otherwise dry landscape. Since the 1980?s...

Litke, David W.
Historical water-quality data for the High Plains Regional Ground-Water Study Area in Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming, 1930-98; 2001; WRI; 2000-4254; Litke, David W.

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Year Published: 1998

Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 1995

Amundson, Franklin D.
Estimated use of water in South Dakota, 1995; 1998; OFR; 98-268; Amundson, F. D.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1990

National water summary 1987: Hydrologic events and water supply and use

Water use in the United States, as measured by freshwater withdrawals in 1985, averaged 338,000 Mgal/d (million gallons per day), which is enough water to cover the 48 conterminous States to a depth of about 2.4 inches. Only 92,300 Mgal/d, or 27.3 percent of the water withdrawn, was consumptive use and thus lost to immediate further use; the...

Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.
Attribution: Water, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Dakota Water Science Center, , , Kansas Water Science Center, Minnesota Water Science Center, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Texas Water Science Center, Utah Water Science Center, , Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, Upper Midwest Water Science Center, Water Resources, Water Availability and Use Science Program, Midcontinent, Southeast, Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, U.S. Virgin Islands, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, United States of America
National water summary 1987: hydrologic events and water supply and use; 1990; WSP; 2350; Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 1988

Estimated water use in South Dakota, 1985

Water use in South Dakota during 1985 is estimated to have been 674 million gal/day. This is a slight decrease from the 1980 estimate of 690 million gal/day. Of the total use, 63% was from surface-water sources and 37% was from groundwater sources. About 75% of the total water use was for agriculture, 16% was for domestic and commercial use, 8%...

Benson, Rick D.; Winterton, J.E.
Estimated water use in South Dakota, 1985; 1988; OFR; 88-313; Benson, Rick D.; Winterton, J. E.

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Color photo of Downy woodpecker
August 11, 2019

Downy Woodpecker

Downy woodpeckers are commonly found in a residential area, woodlands, river groves, orchards, and parks throughout South Dakota. They are small-sized, with short stubby bill and black spots on the white outer feathers of the tail. Mostly they feed on insects, however, they also eat seeds and berries. They forage at any level of vegetation, live in the cavity of a tree.

...
Color photo of Katydid
August 10, 2019

Katydid

Human settlement certainly disrupts wildlife, but the smaller and more adaptable members of a disturbed ecosystem tend to remain, coloring urban landscapes as reminders of the wild from which we came. This handsome katydid stood sentinel for more than an hour over throngs of Saturday shoppers in downtown Sioux Falls, SD on August 10, 2019, perched atop the word "Fargo" on

...
Color photograph of Falls Park, Sioux Falls, SD, USA
August 3, 2019

Falls Park - Sioux Falls, SD

Nature always displays vibrant colors. It is only a matter of time until you get the chance to witness its beauty. Even more difficult is capturing this beauty through the lens. Here, we see the magnificent beauty of the falls on the Big Sioux River, from which Sioux Falls, SD takes its name, showing the vibrant colors of nature just before sunset.

Color photo of Land Change interactive display at USGS EROS
August 2, 2019

Determining Land Change Display

An interactive display at the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center highlighting land change research.

Color photo of Land Change interactive display at USGS EROS
August 2, 2019

Determining Land Change Display with Viewers

Viewers look through several years of change in an interactive display at the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science Center.

July 11, 2019

Image of the Week - 50 Year Flood Flashback

A Landsat satellite image captured the flooding in Dell Rapids, SD in the Spring of 2019. It's remarkably similar to an aerial photograph of flooding 50 years earlier. 
 

May 10, 2019

Image of the Week - A New Yellowstone Hot Spot

Scientists with the USGS Yellowstone Volcano Observatory use satellite and aerial imagery to map hot springs, geothermal vents, and geysers at Yellowstone National Park. They recently found an entirely new thermal area miles from the nearest trailhead. Landsat 8's thermal infrared sensors captured the change in a nighttime image from April of 2017. Aerial images reveal a

...
April 16, 2019

Variable Warming Upper Midwest Lakes and Implications for Sport Fish

Climate change is predicted to alter sport fish communities in Midwestern lakes, but managers currently have limited information on individual lakes that can be used to set local expectations or intervene with mitigation strategies. Northeast and North Central CASC supported researchers, with strong participation from the Midwest Glacial Lakes Partnership, have combined

...
Members of the LANDFIRE team at the Earth Resources Observation and Science Center
March 13, 2019

LANDFIRE Team - 2019

Members of the LANDFIRE team met in March of 2019 at the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls, SD.

Winter Streamflow Measurement at Belle Fourche River near Elm Springs, SD (06438000)
February 8, 2019

Winter Streamflow Measurement at Belle Fourche River, SD

On February 8, 2019, USGS hydrologic technicians Joel Petersen and Sarah Davis measured a streamflow of 368 cubic feet per second at the Belle Fourche River near Elm Springs (USGS streamgage 06438000). Because of the depth of the ice, at times staff needed to lay flat on the snow and ice to ensure the equipment reaches to the stream bed.  And because of the extreme cold

...
Winter Streamflow Measurement at South Fork Grand River near Cash, SD
January 31, 2019

Winter Streamflow Measurement at South Fork Grand River near Cash, SD

USGS Hydrologic technician Sarah Davis measuring streamflow at the South Fork Grand River near Cash, SD (streamgage 06356500) on January 31, 2019.  Measuring the streamflow under ice requires drilling holes across the width of the stream and then collecting data from each hole.  At times streams can freeze solid but drilling holes are necessary to verify that. The

...
Animation of land change in the Black Hills
December 31, 2018

Land Change in the Black Hills - LCMAP

Animation of land cover change in the Black Hills, created using Land Change Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection data from the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center.

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Color photo of Landsat International Ground Station (IGS) Network members posing in group
June 12, 2019

Landsat 9 mission updates and ground station preparation are among the major topics on the agenda for the scientists and engineers from 11 counties visiting Sioux Falls, SD this week for the annual meeting of the Landsat Technical Working Group (LTWG).

Color image of Kansas Applied Remote Sensing (KARS) map
May 9, 2019

In the spring of 1996, the Kansas Applied Remote Sensing (KARS) program on the campus of Kansas University started chronicling the greening and browning of America.

Color photograph of Christopher "C.J." Loria
May 7, 2019

CJ Loria didn’t have the smoothest transition into his role as the new Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center director.

He had been on the job less than two weeks when the government shut down for 35 days, starting Dec. 22, 2018. Then the dogs of winter—the wind, the snow, the cold—came howling, filling him with visions of his life back in Louisiana very quickly.

Color photograph of Christopher "C.J." Loria
April 8, 2019

Christopher Joseph (CJ) Loria brings a fascinating back story—and a quiet, collaborative leadership philosophy—to his role as the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center’s newest director.

Water Science
April 8, 2019

News media and the public are invited to a free meeting about critical South Dakota-area water issues on Thursday, April 11, in Rapid City, South Dakota.

Measuring high water on the Big Sioux River
March 22, 2019

Reporters: Do you want to interview USGS scientists in the Sioux Falls area on Monday, March 25, or Tuesday, March 26, as they measure flooding? Please contact Jennifer LaVista, Marisa Lubeck or Chris Laveau.

USGS EROS Director C.J. Loria
February 19, 2019

Will oversee Landsat satellite and Earth imaging operations

Jesslyn Brown of the USGS speaking at a workshop on Land Change Assessment, Monitoring, and Projection
November 15, 2018

The mapping and classification of land use and land cover has long been a primary duty for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), and remotely-sensed data at the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center has served as the backbone of the Survey’s modern efforts.

In recent years, two advancements in remote sensing emerged that promise to revolutionize the field.

Photo of Landsat 9 Ground System Review Panel
October 22, 2018

Agencies like NASA and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) that commit multiple millions of dollars to put Landsat satellites into space need to know that the spacecraft, the sensors onboard, the ground system operating the satellite, and the launch vehicle are all designed and built the right way.

Color photo of Stephen Zahn at the Landsat 9 Ground System CDR in September 2018
October 4, 2018

Tim Rykowski has a history of reviewing satellite ground systems. NASA’s Space Network Systems Manager, Rykowski figures he’s probably sat in on a few dozen such reviews during his 35 years at NASA, including the design and build of the Landsat 9 (L9) Ground System that’s going on now.

Photo of EROS' Doug Daniels speaking to a class in Sioux Falls, SD
August 22, 2018

When they step out of their science or engineering realms, staff members at the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center near Sioux Falls, SD, often tell a different story about the work they do.

In many ways, a more interesting story.

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