Regions

Midwest

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Welcome to the Midwest Region! Our region includes 19 Science Centers in 12 States from the Great Lakes to the Dakotas, south to Missouri and Kentucky. Our streamgage network is used to monitor and assess water resources across the region. Other research focuses on fisheries and aquatic ecosystems, midcontinental plant/animal species, invasive species, wildlife disease, and energy and mining.

Midwest Region Map

Midwest Region Map

Midwest Region Map

Eastern Energy Resources Science Center

Eastern Energy Resources Science Center

Science Center Link

Eastern Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center

Eastern Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center

Science Center Link

News

Stan Musial bridge in St. Louis, Missouri
October 5, 2017

A new assessment of channel bed erosion near 13 highway bridges in the greater St. Louis, Missouri, area is now available in an online report from the U.S. Geological Survey, produced in cooperation with the Missouri Department of Transportation.

White Bear Lake thumbnail
September 6, 2017

Both precipitation and groundwater withdrawals, among other factors, influence lake-water levels in the northeast Twin Cities metropolitan area, and the extent of these changes vary among lakes, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study.

UMESC Building
September 5, 2017

The public is invited to attend a free, family-friendly open house at a local U.S. Geological Survey center for ecology research on Saturday, September 9.  

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Large River Science in MO River Basin
Date Published: April 14, 2018

Large River Science

Expertise in large river research provides science information to inform decisions on river management and restoration in the Midwest Region. Connectivity is a fundamental concept in river ecology and refers to opportunities for water to flow along and through riverine ecosystems. It is considered one of the primary drivers of river productivity, biological diversity and ecosystem health.

Attribution: Water Resources, Midwest
Energy - Bakken
Date Published: March 8, 2018

Mining and Energy

Scientists are examining a number of issues to characterize potential effects of unconventional oil and gas development in the Bakken Shale within the Williston Basin, located in ND, SD and MT. Research is building upon current/ongoing studies to implement new, innovative research including water quality, water availability, ecological effects, proppant sand, and induced seismicity.

Attribution: Midwest
Flood Scientists - Drayton
Date Published: March 8, 2018

Flood Response

Floods are the leading cause of natural disaster losses, and Midwest Region scientists are ready to respond. Flood inundation maps tied to USGS real-time stream gage data and National Weather Service flood forecast sites enable state and local communities to make timely operational and public safety decisions during floods.

Lake Erie green waters at the Beach with Buoy marking swim area
Date Published: November 15, 2017
Status: Active

Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs)

The USGS collaborates with local, state, federal, tribal, university, and industry partners to conduct the science necessary to understand the causes and effects of toxic HABs and inform water management and public health decisions. USGS is characterizing the life cycle of HABs, their asociated toxins, and the genes responsible for cyanotoxin production. This work is enhancing the ability of...

Contacts: Jon Hortness
Monitoring set-up at the watersheds site which includes boards and such to direct water flow to drainage.
Date Published: November 14, 2017
Status: Active

Nutrient Monitoring Activities

Nutrient pollution is one of America's most widespread, costly and challenging environmental problems. Reduction in nutrient inputs to the Great Lakes is a priority under both the Great lakes Restoration Initiative and the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. To support these efforts, USGS scientists across the Great Lakes region are monitoring the transport of nutrients at key locations. 

Contacts: Jon Hortness
Collecting water samples for eDNA
Date Published: October 24, 2017
Status: Active

Asian Carp Early Detection

Increased threat of Asian carp entering the Great Lakes and spreading to other basins such as the Upper Mississippi River and Ohio River basins, has led to increased prevention and control efforts since 2010. In collaboration with partners, USGS scientists are testing early detection methods and technologies to enhance the ability of agencies to manage Asian carp to minimize their influence...

Contacts: Jon Hortness
Hydraulic and water-quality testing
Date Published: October 23, 2017
Status: Active

Asian Carp Risk Assessment and Life History

Increased threat of Asian carp entering the Great Lakes and spreading to other basins such as the Upper Mississippi River and Ohio River basins, has led to increased prevention and control efforts since 2010. USGS Asian carp biology and life history research has led to the development of models, tools and strategies to better understand the risk of Asian carp establishment and survival....

Contacts: Jon Hortness
Asian carp sound testing pond
Date Published: October 22, 2017
Status: Active

Asian Carp Integrated Control and Containment

Increased threat of Asian carp entering the Great Lakes and spreading to other basins such as the Upper Mississippi River and Ohio River basins, has led to increased prevention and control efforts since 2010.  Successful management of invasive species requires methods to contain future spread, reduce population levels, and minimize their effects.  In collaboration with partners, USGS...

Contacts: Jon Hortness
A tree swallow - Tachycineta bicolor
Date Published: October 20, 2017
Status: Active

Areas of Concern (AOC)

Under GLRI Action Plan II, federal agencies and their partners will continue to remediate and restore Areas of Concern. Federal agencies will implement critical management actions in all of the remaining AOCs and will complete all management actions required to delist the following ten: Buffalo River, Clinton River, Grand Calumet River, Manistique River, Menominee River, Muskegon Lake, River...

Contacts: Jon Hortness
Lake Michigan Bloater
Date Published: October 20, 2017
Status: Active

Aquatic Native Species and Habitat Restoration

During the first five years of the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, federal agencies and their partners worked to maintain, restore and enhance populations of native fish and wildlife species. The following actions were taken to conserve native species that were once broadly distributed across the lakes: Assisting with the delisting of the federally endangered Lake Erie water snake;...

Contacts: Jon Hortness
Mercury Cycling on Boat
Date Published: October 20, 2017
Status: Active

Toxic Substances

The USGS, federal agencies, and their partners will continue to further evaluate emerging contaminants that have the greatest potential to adversely impact Great Lakes fish and wildlife – impacts which may also result in ecological, economic and recreational consequences. Federal agencies will assess the extent to which identified risks may impede environmental quality and resource management...

Contacts: Jon Hortness
Habitat Savanna
Date Published: October 20, 2017
Status: Active

Terrestrial Native Species and Habitat Restoration

During the first five years of the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, federal agencies and their partners worked to maintain, restore and enhance populations of native species. The following actions were taken to improve conditions for the endangered and threatened species: bog turtle, Canada lynx, copperbelly water snake, Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake, Hines emerald dragonfly, Karner blue...

Contacts: Jon Hortness
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Data Management Tools
/data-tools/nwis-mapper

NWIS Mapper

Example NWIS Mapper
July 6, 2017

This mapper provides access to over 1.5 million sites contained in the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS), including sites where surface-water, groundwater, springs, and atmospheric data has been collected.

Real-time Data
/data-tools/south-dakota-surface-water-data

South Dakota Surface Water Data

Example NWIS graph of real-time stream-flow monitoring
June 22, 2017

Real-time, daily, peak-flow, field measurements, and statistics of current and historical data that describe stream levels, streamflow (discharge), reservoir and lake levels, surface-water quality, and rainfall in Wisconsin. Surface-water data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Real-time Data
/data-tools/south-dakota-water-quality-data

South Dakota Water Quality Data

Example NWIS graph of real-time water quality monitoring
June 22, 2017

At selected surface-water and groundwater sites, the USGS maintains instruments that continuously record physical and chemical characteristics of the water including pH, specific conductance, temperature, dissolved oxygen, and percent dissolved-oxygen saturation. Supporting data such as air temperature and barometric pressure are also available at some sites.

Real-time Data
/data-tools/south-dakota-ground-water-data

South Dakota Ground Water Data

Example NWIS graph of real-time groundwater-level monitoring
June 22, 2017

Data from wells, springs, test holes, tunnels, drains, and excavations in South Dakota; well location data includes information such as latitude and longitude, well depth, and aquifer. Groundwater level data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Real-time Data
/data-tools/north-dakota-water-quality-data

North Dakota Water Quality Data

Example NWIS graph of real-time water quality monitoring
June 22, 2017

At selected surface-water and groundwater sites, the USGS maintains instruments that continuously record physical and chemical characteristics of the water including pH, specific conductance, temperature, dissolved oxygen, and percent dissolved-oxygen saturation. Supporting data such as air temperature and barometric pressure are also available at some sites.

Real-time Data
/data-tools/north-dakota-surface-water-data

North Dakota Surface Water Data

Example NWIS graph of real-time stream flow monitoring
June 22, 2017

Real-time, daily, peak-flow, field measurements, and statistics of current and historical data that describe stream levels, streamflow (discharge), reservoir and lake levels, surface-water quality, and rainfall in Wisconsin. Surface-water data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Real-time Data
/data-tools/north-dakota-ground-water-data

North Dakota Ground Water Data

Example NWIS Graph of real-time groundwater-level monitoring
June 21, 2017

Data from wells, springs, test holes, tunnels, drains, and excavations in North Dakota; well location data includes information such as latitude and longitude, well depth, and aquifer. Groundwater level data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

GIS Data
/data-tools/elevation-data

Elevation Data

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of lidar point clouds (LPC), standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

GIS Data
/data-tools/science-great-lakes-sigl-mapper

Science in the Great Lakes (SiGL) Mapper

Screenshot of the Science in the Great Lakes (SiGL) Mapper
April 8, 2016

The Science in the Great Lakes (SiGL) Mapper is a data-discovery tool that provides searchable access to detailed, project-specific information about what, where, when, and how GL data were collected and connects users with data repositories, publications, and contact information so they can easily access the project’s results.

Science Datasets
/data-tools/long-term-resource-monitoring-program

Long Term Resource Monitoring

Upper Mississippi River Restoration Program
March 4, 2016

This web resource provides decision makers with the information needed to maintain the Upper Mississippi River System as a viable multiple-use large river ecosystem.

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Photo of stormwater runoff flowing into a storm drain
February 2, 2018

The USGS is working with partners to address nutrient pollution in the Mississippi Watershed. To learn more about this issue, and how the USGS is addressing nuterient monitoring and modeling, check out the StoryMap. 

Screenshot of the Science in the Great Lakes (SiGL) Mapper
April 11, 2016

The Science in the Great Lakes (SiGL) Mapper is a data-discovery tool that provides searchable access to detailed, project-specific information about what, where, when, and how GL data were collected and connects users with data repositories, publications, and contact information so they can easily access the project’s results.

Boston.jpg
April 6, 2016

USGS topographic maps originally published on paper in the period 1884-2006 have been scanned and published as PDF documents. This collection is of topographic quadrangle maps with scales between 1:10,000 and 1:250,000. These historic documents are downloadable free of charge through several interfaces.

Filter Total Items: 7
Year Published: 2016

Groundwater science relevant to the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement: A status report

When the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA) was signed in 1972 by the Governments of Canada and the United States (the “Parties”) (Environment Canada, 2013a), groundwater was not recognized as important to the water quality of the Lakes. At that time, groundwater and surface water were still considered as two separate systems, with almost...

Grannemann, Norman G.; Van Stempvoort, Dale
Attribution: Midwest

Year Published: 2015

Depletion of florfenicol amine in tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) maintained in a recirculating aquaculture system following Aquaflor®-medicated feed therapy

Aquaflor® [50% w w−1 florfenicol (FFC)], is approved for use in freshwater-reared warmwater finfish which include tilapia Oreochromis spp. in the United States to control mortality from Streptococcus iniae. The depletion of florfenicol amine (FFA), the marker residue of FFC, was evaluated after feeding FFC-medicated feed to deliver a...

Gaikowski, Mark P.; Whitsel, Melissa K.; Charles, Shawn; Schleis, Susan M.; Crouch, Louis S.; Endris, Richard G.
Depletion of florfenicol amine in tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) maintained in a recirculating aquaculture system following Aquaflor®-medicated feed therapy; 2013; Article; Journal; Aquaculture Research; Gaikowski, Mark P.; Whitsel, Melissa K.; Charles, Shawn; Schleis, Susan M.; Crouch, Louis S.; Endris, Richard G.

Year Published: 2011

Estimation of suspended-sediment concentration from total suspended solids and turbidity data for Kentucky, 1978-1995

Suspended sediment is a constituent of water quality that is monitored because of concerns about accelerated erosion, nonpoint contamination of water resources, and degradation of aquatic environments. In order to quantify the relationship among different sediment parameters for Kentucky streams, long-term records were obtained from the National...

Williamson, Tanja N.; Crawford, Charles G.
Estimation of suspended-sediment concentration from total suspended solids and turbidity data for Kentucky, 1978-1995; 2011; Article; Journal; Journal of the American Water Resources Association; Williamson, T. N.; Crawford, C. G.

Year Published: 2008

Simulated fate and transport of metolachlor in the unsaturated zone, Maryland, USA

An unsaturated-zone transport model was used to examine the transport and fate of metolachlor applied to an agricultural site in Maryland, USA. The study site was instrumented to collect data on soil-water content, soil-water potential, ground water levels, major ions, pesticides, and nutrients from the unsaturated zone during 2002-2004. The data...

Bayless, E.R.; Capel, P.D.; Barbash, J.E.; Webb, R.M.T.; Hancock, T.L.C.; Lampe, D.C.
Simulated fate and transport of metolachlor in the unsaturated zone, Maryland, USA; 2008; Article; Journal; Journal of Environmental Quality; Bayless, E. R.; Capel, P. D.; Barbash, J. E.; Webb, R. M. T.; Hancock, T. L. C.; Lampe, D. C.

Year Published: 2006

Occurrence, distribution, loads, and yields of selected pesticides in the Little River basin, Kentucky, 2003-04

Water resources in the Little River Basin are potentially vulnerable to applications of pesticides associated with both agricultural and nonagricultural activities, because much of the basin is characterized by karst topography. Concerns about water quality resulting from pesticide use in karst areas and lack of data on concentrations of...

Crain, Angela S.
Occurrence, distribution, loads, and yields of selected pesticides in the Little River basin, Kentucky, 2003-04; 2006; SIR; 2006-5142; Crain, Angela S.

Year Published: 2001

Areal distribution and concentrations of contaminants of concern in surficial streambed and lakebed sediments, Lake Erie-Lake Saint Clair Drainages, 1990-97

Concerns about elevated concentrations of contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls and mercury in aquatic bed sediments throughout the Great Lakes Basin have resulted in a need for better understanding of the scope and severity of the problem. Various organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, trace metals, and polycyclic aromatic...

Rheaume, S.J.; Button, D.T.; Myers, Donna N.; Hubbell, D.L.
Areal distribution and concentrations of contaminants of concern in surficial streambed and lakebed sediments, Lake Erie-Lake Saint Clair Drainages, 1990-97; 2001; WRI; 2000-4200; Rheaume, S. J.; Button, D. T.; Myers, D. N.; Hubbell, D. L.

Year Published: 1999

Ground-water levels and flow directions in the glacial sediments and the Lockport Dolomite in southeastern Darke and northeastern Preble counties, Ohio, July 1998

During the summer of 1997, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) began an emergency removal action at the Lewisburg Drum Site in northern Preble County, Ohio.  The site is about 3 miles west-northwest of the village of Lewisburg.  The USEPA removed about 1,200 drums of waste ink from the site, as well as 2,500 cubic yards of...

Dumouchelle, Denise H.
Ground-water levels and flow directions in the glacial sediments and the Lockport Dolomite in southeastern Darke and northeastern Preble counties, Ohio, July 1998; 1999; WRI; 99-4012; Dumouchelle, D. H.

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Shiny Apps
February 15, 2017

This data exploration tool is intented for use by researchers, resource managers, and the public to better understand the status of the fish community in Lake Erie.

Filter Total Items: 150
Monarch on hairy puccoon
December 31, 2017

Monarch on hairy puccoon

A monarch butterfly on a hairy puccoon plant.

Phragmites, an invasive grass
December 31, 2017

Phragmites, an invasive grass

Introduced Phragmites australis, also called the common reed, is an invasive grass in the Great Lakes.

Chelonid herpesvirus 5 replication
December 31, 2017

Chelonid herpesvirus 5 replication

This microscopic image shows a sun-shaped area within turtle skin cells where chelonid herpesvirus 5 replicates. The virus capsids, or protein shells, are arrayed like a corona around the circle. ChHV5 is associated with fibropapillomatosisa tumor disease affecting endangered green turtles. (Credit: Thierry Work,

...
December 31, 2017

MODIS Observes Snowpack in the Sierra Nevada Mountain Range

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor is located onboard NASA’s Terra and Aqua satellites. MODIS data are crucial tools for studying changes that have occurred on the surface of the Earth, including during times of drought. This video highlights Terra MODIS data over the Sierra Nevada Mountain Range and the changes in the amount of snowpack in

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Sea Lamprey Larvae in Electrofishing Basket
December 31, 2017

Sea Lamprey Larvae in Electrofishing Basket

This image shows sea lamprey in their larvae phase.

Slower sea lamprey growth rates during the larval phase of development may increase the odds of sea lampreys becoming male, according to a USGS study. Sea lampreys are an invasive, parasitic species of fish damaging the Great Lakes.

...
December 31, 2017

Groundwater use from the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system, 1900 to 2010

Groundwater use from the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system, 1900 to 2010” is a short video showing modeled groundwater withdrawal rates from the Ozark Plateaus aquifer system (Ozark system) in the central United States. The Ozark Plateaus Groundwater Availability Study aims to quantify current groundwater resources in the Ozark system, evaluate how these resources have changed

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Sea Lamprey Larvae in Hand
December 31, 2017

Sea Lamprey Larvae in Hand

This image shows a sea lamprey in its larvae phase.

Slower sea lamprey growth rates during the larval phase of development may increase the odds of sea lampreys becoming male, according to a USGS study. Sea lampreys are an invasive, parasitic species of fish damaging the Great Lakes.

...
Sea Lamprey Larvae on White Background
December 31, 2017

Sea Lamprey Larvae on White Background

This image shows a sea lamprey in its larvae phase.

Slower sea lamprey growth rates during the larval phase of development may increase the odds of sea lampreys becoming male, according to a USGS study. Sea lampreys are an invasive, parasitic species of fish damaging the Great Lakes.

...
December 31, 2017

Getting Started with MODIS Version 6 Therm. Anom. & Fire Data Part 1

This video focuses on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Terra and Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Version 6 Thermal Anomalies and Fire data distributed by NASA’s Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC).  Information about the MODIS Version 6 Thermal Anomalies and Fire data products, changes between the

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Sea Lamprey Larvae in Hand 2
December 31, 2017

Sea Lamprey Larvae in Hand 2

This image shows sea lampreys in their larvae phase.

Slower sea lamprey growth rates during the larval phase of development may increase the odds of sea lampreys becoming male, according to a USGS study. Sea lampreys are an invasive, parasitic species of fish damaging the Great Lakes.

...
December 31, 2017

Getting Started with MODIS Version 6 Therm. Anom. and Fire Data Part 2

This video focuses on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Terra and Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Version 6 Thermal Anomalies and Fire data distributed by NASA’s Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC).  Information about the MODIS Version 6 Thermal Anomalies and Fire data products, the thematic fire

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Southeastern Bat with P. destructans Fungus
December 31, 2017

Southeastern Bat with P. destructans Fungus

This southeastern bat (Myotis austroriparius) from Alabama shows signs of infection from the Pseudogymnoascus destructans fungus that causes white-nose syndrome in bats. The USGS National Wildlife Health Center later confirmed white-nose syndrome in this animal, marking the first time that WNS was found in a southeastern bat. As of June 2017, the species joins eight other

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Stan Musial bridge in St. Louis, Missouri
October 5, 2017

A new assessment of channel bed erosion near 13 highway bridges in the greater St. Louis, Missouri, area is now available in an online report from the U.S. Geological Survey, produced in cooperation with the Missouri Department of Transportation.

White Bear Lake thumbnail
September 6, 2017

Both precipitation and groundwater withdrawals, among other factors, influence lake-water levels in the northeast Twin Cities metropolitan area, and the extent of these changes vary among lakes, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study.

UMESC Building
September 5, 2017

The public is invited to attend a free, family-friendly open house at a local U.S. Geological Survey center for ecology research on Saturday, September 9.  

NPWRC Building
August 30, 2017

The public is invited to attend a free, family-friendly open house at a local U.S. Geological Survey center for ecology research on Saturday, September 16.  

Lake Michigan at Sunset
August 16, 2017

Invasive mussels and less nutrients from tributaries have altered the Lake Michigan ecosystem making it more conducive to the stocking of lake trout and steelhead than Chinook salmon, according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey and Michigan State University study.

Agricultural Stream in Indiana in foreground with barn and silos in background
August 9, 2017

One hundred small streams in the Midwest were tested for pesticides during the 2013 growing season and found to contain, on average, 52 pesticides per stream

Hibernating little brown bat with white muzzle and spots on wings typical of white-nose syndrome. (Photo by Greg Turner, Pennsyl
August 1, 2017

The cold-loving fungus (Pseudogymnoascus destructans, or Pd) that causes white-nose syndrome, a disease that has killed millions of North American bats during hibernation, could also spread in summer months. Bats and humans visiting contaminated caves and mines can inadvertently contribute to the spread of the fungus, according to a recently published study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
July 14, 2017

U.S. Geological Survey field crews are measuring heavy flooding in the Columbus and Newark Ohio areas, as well as the northwest part of the state.

illustration
July 6, 2017

The USGS has up-to-date details on the July 6, 2017 event.

Close up of Monarch
June 29, 2017

Adding milkweeds and other native flowering plants into midwestern agricultural lands is key to restoring monarch butterflies, with milkweed sowers from all sectors of society being critically needed for success. 

Prairie dog and SPV bait
June 22, 2017

Prairie dogs in the wild are less likely to succumb to plague after they ingest peanut-butter-flavored bait that contains a vaccine against the disease, according to a U.S. Geological Survey study published today in the journal EcoHealth.  

A juvenile Broad-banded Watersnake that tested positive for snake fungal disease (SFD) exhibiting ulceration of the skin.
June 19, 2017

Europe’s wild snakes could face a growing threat from a fungal skin disease that has contributed to wild snake deaths in North America, according to an international collaborative study, led by conservation charity Zoological Society of London alongside partners including the U.S. Geological Survey. The new study is published in the journal Scientific Reports.