Regions

Midwest

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Welcome to the Midwest Region! Our region includes 19 Science Centers in 12 States from the Great Lakes to the Dakotas, south to Missouri and Kentucky. Our streamgage network is used to monitor and assess water resources across the region. Other research focuses on fisheries and aquatic ecosystems, midcontinental plant/animal species, invasive species, wildlife disease, and energy and mining.

Midwest Region Map

Midwest Region Map

Midwest Region Map

Eastern Energy Resources Science Center

Eastern Energy Resources Science Center

Science Center Link

Eastern Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center

Eastern Mineral and Environmental Resources Science Center

Science Center Link

News

Prairie dog and SPV bait
June 22, 2017

Prairie dogs in the wild are less likely to succumb to plague after they ingest peanut-butter-flavored bait that contains a vaccine against the disease, according to a U.S. Geological Survey study published today in the journal EcoHealth.  

A juvenile Broad-banded Watersnake that tested positive for snake fungal disease (SFD) exhibiting ulceration of the skin.
June 19, 2017

Europe’s wild snakes could face a growing threat from a fungal skin disease that has contributed to wild snake deaths in North America, according to an international collaborative study, led by conservation charity Zoological Society of London alongside partners including the U.S. Geological Survey. The new study is published in the journal Scientific Reports.

High Plains aquifer water-level changes, predevelopment to 2015
June 16, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey has released a new report detailing changes of groundwater levels in the High Plains aquifer. The report presents water-level change data in the aquifer for two separate periods: from 1950 – the time prior to significant groundwater irrigation development – to 2015, and from 2013 to 2015.

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GLSC - Coast
April 14, 2018

Midwest Region scientists are conducting research to help restore the Great Lakes and advance the goals of the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI). Studies include aquatic invasive species control; restoration of native fish and habitats and coastal wetlands; monitoring phosphorus or other nutrients from watersheds to rivers to the Great Lakes to reduce harmful algal blooms.

Silver Carp - UMESC
April 14, 2018

USGS invasive species science in the Midwest Region is focused on early detection, risk assessment and development of new management control tools and strategies to prevent spread of invasives including Asian carp, invasive mussels, and Phragmites (an invasive wetland plant) in areas including Great Lakes and the Mississippi and Missouri River basins.

Large River Science in MO River Basin
April 14, 2018

Expertise in large river research provides science information to inform decisions on river management and restoration in the Midwest Region. Connectivity is a fundamental concept in river ecology and refers to opportunities for water to flow along and through riverine ecosystems. It is considered one of the primary drivers of river productivity, biological diversity and ecosystem health.

Energy - Bakken
March 8, 2018

Scientists are examining a number of issues to characterize potential effects of unconventional oil and gas development in the Bakken Shale within the Williston Basin, located in ND, SD and MT. Research is building upon current/ongoing studies to implement new, innovative research including water quality, water availability, ecological effects, proppant sand, and induced seismicity.

Flood Scientists - Drayton
March 8, 2018

Floods are the leading cause of natural disaster losses, and Midwest Region scientists are ready to respond. Flood inundation maps tied to USGS real-time stream gage data and National Weather Service flood forecast sites enable state and local communities to make timely operational and public safety decisions during floods.

UMESC Scientist Jon Amberg analyzes fish tissue
May 2, 2017

Since their introduction in the 1960’s, grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) have spread across the North American continent as far north as the U.S./Canadian border in the Great Lakes. Grass carp are an herbivorous species and can significantly reduce the amount of macrophytes and other plant material in a body of water. Subsequently, this can lead to many detrimental effects for...

Flow diagram of relationships between watershed stressors and aquatic health
April 12, 2017

How is stream ecology affected by chemical and physical stressors in small streams? The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is addressing this question through studies of relations between stressors and stream ecology across large regions of the United States.

Regional Stream Quality Assessments  ||  ...

Surface runoff flows from a cornfield in the Sugar Creek basin IN
March 10, 2017

While nutrients are essential to the development, health and diversity of plants and animals in surface waters, excessive inputs of nutrients into streams have potential human-health, economic, and ecological consequences. ...

Image: Alaskan Glacier
November 10, 2016

Several Research areas are listed and their contacts regarding Glacial Aquifer System Groundwater Availability Study are available here.

 

<- Back to main Glacial Aquifer System Groundwater...

Map of the extent of glacial deposits in the U.S. from Laurentide and Cordilleran
October 4, 2016

The Glacial Aquifer System Groundwater Availability Study began in 2012 and will be completed in 2016. The glacial aquifer system groundwater availability study is one of the USGS efforts in response to the Department of Interior WaterSMART initiative. This study is designed to provide information and analysis to stakeholders and decisionmakers for characterizing groundwater availability...

USGS streamgage with Satellite antenna at the edge of river.
September 24, 2016

The USGS in Michigan-in cooperation with local, State, Tribal, and Federal partners-operates 155 streamgages recording stage and streamflow, and 13 lake-level gages. There are about 7,400 streamgages nationwide; many of these gages provide real-time data in 15-minute increments, which typically are transmitted to the World Wide Web every 1 to 2 hours using satellite, telephone, or cellular...

USGS technician monitoring a low flow in a stream while standing on a pebble island in stream in summer.
September 24, 2016

Data on low-flow characteristics are used by water-resources managers for a variety of purposes, including water-supply planning, making decisions about wastewater-discharge and water withdrawal permits, and evaluating in-stream flow requirements. The Michigan low-flow network currently consists of seven sites where streamflow is typically measured only during low-flow periods. In addition to...

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Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

Elevation Data

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of lidar point clouds (LPC), standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Screenshot of the Science in the Great Lakes (SiGL) Mapper
April 8, 2016

Science in the Great Lakes (SiGL) Mapper

The Science in the Great Lakes (SiGL) Mapper is a data-discovery tool that provides searchable access to detailed, project-specific information about what, where, when, and how GL data were collected and connects users with data repositories, publications, and contact information so they can easily access the project’s results.

Upper Mississippi River Restoration Program
March 4, 2016

Long Term Resource Monitoring

This web resource provides decision makers with the information needed to maintain the Upper Mississippi River System as a viable multiple-use large river ecosystem.

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Screenshot of the Michigan Lake Water Clarity Interactive Map Viewer
September 15, 2016

Available online are estimated Secchi-disk transparency (eSDT) and corresponding estimated trophic state index (eTSI) values for Michigan inland lakes. To view available eSDT for Michigan inland lakes greater than 20 acres without interference from clouds, cloud shadows, dense vegetation or shoreline, go to the Michigan Lake Water Clarity Interactive Map Viewer. 

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Screenshot of the Science in the Great Lakes (SiGL) Mapper
April 11, 2016

The Science in the Great Lakes (SiGL) Mapper is a data-discovery tool that provides searchable access to detailed, project-specific information about what, where, when, and how GL data were collected and connects users with data repositories, publications, and contact information so they can easily access the project’s results.

Boston.jpg
April 6, 2016

USGS topographic maps originally published on paper in the period 1884-2006 have been scanned and published as PDF documents. This collection is of topographic quadrangle maps with scales between 1:10,000 and 1:250,000. These historic documents are downloadable free of charge through several interfaces.

Map shows color-coded seafloor character offshore of Monterey, California
March 7, 2016

This portal is a “go to” source for maps related to ocean and coastal mapping. Information is organized by geography or region, by theme, and by the year data was published.

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Year Published: 2016

Estimation of upstream water use with Ohio’s StreamStats application

This report describes the analytical methods and results of a pilot study to enhance the Ohio StreamStats application by adding the ability to obtain water-use information for selected areas in the northeast quadrant of Ohio. Water-use estimates are determined in StreamStats through a simple multistep process.  Water-use data used to develop...

Koltun, G.F.; Nardi, Mark R.; Shaffer, Kimberly H.
Koltun, G.F., Nardi, M.R., and Shaffer, K.H., 2016, Estimation of upstream water use with Ohio’s StreamStats application: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5077, 13 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165077.

Year Published: 2016

Flood-Inundation Maps for Sugar Creek at Crawfordsville, Indiana

Digital flood-inundation maps for a 6.5-mile reach of Sugar Creek at Crawfordsville, Indiana, were created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the Indiana Office of Community and Rural Affairs. The flood-inundation maps, which can be accessed through the USGS Flood Inundation Mapping Science Web site at http://water.usgs.gov/...

Martin, Zachary W.
Martin, Z.W., 2016, Flood-inundation maps for Sugar Creek at Crawfordsville, Indiana: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5043, 11 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165043.

Year Published: 2016

Groundwater quality from private domestic water-supply wells in the vicinity of petroleum production in southwestern Indiana

The U.S. Geological Survey provided technical support to the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry for site selection and sample collection and analysis in a 2012 investigation of groundwater quality from 29 private domestic water-supply wells in the vicinity of petroleum production in southwestern Indiana. Petroleum hydrocarbons, oil...

Risch, Martin R.; Silcox, Cheryl A.
Risch, M.R., and Silcox, C.A., 2016, Groundwater quality from private domestic water-supply wells in the vicinity of petroleum production in southwestern Indiana: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1081, 29 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161081.

Year Published: 2016

Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses for the Black Fork Mohican River Basin in and near Shelby, Ohio

Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses were done for selected reaches of five streams in and near Shelby, Richland County, Ohio. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Muskingum Watershed Conservancy District, conducted these analyses on the Black Fork Mohican River and four tributaries: Seltzer Park Creek, Seltzer Park Tributary,...

Huitger, Carrie A.; Ostheimer, Chad J.; Koltun, G.F.
Huitger, C.A, Ostheimer, C.J., and Koltun, G.F., 2016, Hydrologic and hydraulic analyses for the Black Fork Mohican River Basin in and near Shelby, Ohio: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5187, 39 p., 2 appendixes, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20155187.

Year Published: 2015

A summary of the benthic-invertebrate and fish-community data from streams in the Indianapolis metropolitan area, Indiana, 1981-2012

Intermittently, during 1981–2012, the U.S. Geological Survey sampled sites in the White River and several tributaries in the Indianapolis metropolitan area of Indiana for benthic invertebrates and fish communities. During 1981–87, one study focused on benthic-invertebrate data collection at three sites along the White River. During...

Voelker, David C.; Bunch, Aubrey R.; Dobrowolski, Edward G.; Shoda, Megan E.
Voelker, D.C., Bunch, A.R., Dobrowolski, E.G., and Shoda, M.E., 2015, A summary of the benthic-invertebrate and fish-community data from streams in the Indianapolis metropolitan area, Indiana, 1981–2012: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014–5225, 29 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20145225.

Year Published: 2015

Depletion of florfenicol amine in tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) maintained in a recirculating aquaculture system following Aquaflor®-medicated feed therapy

Aquaflor® [50% w w−1 florfenicol (FFC)], is approved for use in freshwater-reared warmwater finfish which include tilapia Oreochromis spp. in the United States to control mortality from Streptococcus iniae. The depletion of florfenicol amine (FFA), the marker residue of FFC, was evaluated after feeding FFC-medicated feed to deliver a...

Gaikowski, Mark P.; Whitsel, Melissa K.; Charles, Shawn; Schleis, Susan M.; Crouch, Louis S.; Endris, Richard G.
Depletion of florfenicol amine in tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) maintained in a recirculating aquaculture system following Aquaflor®-medicated feed therapy; 2013; Article; Journal; Aquaculture Research; Gaikowski, Mark P.; Whitsel, Melissa K.; Charles, Shawn; Schleis, Susan M.; Crouch, Louis S.; Endris, Richard G.

Year Published: 2014

An overview comparing results from two decades of monitoring for pesticides in the Nation’s streams and rivers, 1992-2001 and 2002-2011

This report provides an overview of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment program and National Stream Quality Accounting Network findings for pesticide occurrence in U.S. streams and rivers during 2002–11 and compares them to findings for the previous decade (1992–2001). In addition, pesticide stream concentrations were...

Stone, Wesley W.; Gilliom, Robert J.; Martin, Jeffrey D.
An overview comparing results from two decades of monitoring for pesticides in the Nation’s streams and rivers, 1992-2001 and 2002-2011; 2014; SIR; 2014-5154; Stone, Wesley W.; Gilliom, Robert J.; Martin, Jeffrey D.

Year Published: 2014

Annual agricultural pesticide use for Midwest Stream-Quality Assessment, 2012-13

This report provides estimates of annual agricultural use of 190 pesticide compounds for counties and selected watersheds of Midwestern States for 2012 and 2013 compiled for subsequent analysis by the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, Midwest Stream-Quality Assessment (MSQA). One of the goals of MSQA is to characterize contaminants at...

Baker, Nancy T.; Stone, Wesley W.
Annual agricultural pesticide use for Midwest Stream-Quality Assessment, 2012-13; 2014; DS; 863; Baker, Nancy T.; Stone, Wesley W.

Year Published: 2014

Benthic-invertebrate, fish-community, and streambed-sediment-chemistry data for streams in the Indianapolis metropolitan area, Indiana, 2009–2012

Aquatic-biology and sediment-chemistry data were collected at seven sites on the White River and at six tributary sites in the Indianapolis metropolitan area of Indiana during the period 2009 through 2012. Data collected included benthic-invertebrate and fish-community information and concentrations of metals, insecticides, herbicides, and...

Voelker, David C.
Benthic-invertebrate, fish-community, and streambed-sediment-chemistry data for streams in the Indianapolis metropolitan area, Indiana, 2009–2012; 2014; DS; 819; Voelker, David C.

Year Published: 2013

Relations between DNA- and RNA-based molecular methods for cyanobacteria and microcystin concentration at Maumee Bay State Park Lakeside Beach, Oregon, Ohio, 2012

Water samples were collected from Maumee Bay State Park Lakeside Beach, Oregon, Ohio, during the 2012 recreational season and analyzed for selected cyanobacteria gene sequences by DNA-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and RNA-based quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Results from the four DNA...

Stelzer, Erin A.; Loftin, Keith A.; Struffolino, Pamela
Relations between DNA- and RNA-based molecular methods for cyanobacteria and microcystin concentration at Maumee Bay State Park Lakeside Beach, Oregon, Ohio, 2012; 2013; SIR; 2013-5189; Stelzer, Erin A.; Loftin, Keith A.; Struffolino, Pamela

Year Published: 2013

Flood-inundation maps for a 6.5-mile reach of the Kentucky River at Frankfort, Kentucky

Digital flood-inundation maps for a 6.5-mile reach of Kentucky River at Frankfort, Kentucky, were created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the City of Frankfort Office of Emergency Management. The inundation maps, which can be accessed through the USGS Flood Inundation Mapping Science Web site at http://water.usgs.gov/osw/...

Lant, Jeremiah G.
Flood-inundation maps for a 6.5-mile reach of the Kentucky River at Frankfort, Kentucky; 2013; SIM; 3278; Lant, Jeremiah G.

Year Published: 2012

Biological assessment and streambed-sediment chemistry of streams in the Indianapolis metropolitan area, Indiana, 2003–2008

During 2003–2008, the U.S. Geological Survey sampled 13 sites in the Indianapolis metropolitan area in Indiana for benthic invertebrates, fish communities, and streambed-sediment chemistry. Data from seven White River sites and six tributary sites complement surface-water chemistry data collected by the Indianapolis Department of Public...

Voelker, David C.
Biological assessment and streambed-sediment chemistry of streams in the Indianapolis metropolitan area, Indiana, 2003–2008; 2012; SIR; 2012-5096; Voelker, David C.

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Shiny Apps
February 15, 2017

This data exploration tool is intented for use by researchers, resource managers, and the public to better understand the status of the fish community in Lake Erie.

Data entry for Calculate Streamflow Depletion by Nearby Pumping Well
May 16, 2008

STRMDEPL08—An Extended Version of STRMDEPL with Additional Analytical Solutions to Calculate Streamflow Depletion by Nearby Pumping Well

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Sea Lamprey Larvae in Electrofishing Basket
2017 (approx.)
This image shows sea lamprey in their larvae phase. Slower sea lamprey growth rates during the larval phase of development may increase the odds of sea lampreys becoming male, according to a USGS study. S ea lamprey s are an invasive, parasitic species of fish damaging the Great Lakes.
2017 (approx.)
This video focuses on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Terra and Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Version 6 Thermal Anomalies and Fire data distributed by NASA’s Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC). Information about the MODIS Version 6 Thermal Anomalies and Fire data products, changes between the Version 5 and Version 6...
Sea Lamprey Larvae on White Background
2017 (approx.)
This image shows a sea lamprey in its larvae phase. Slower sea lamprey growth rates during the larval phase of development may increase the odds of sea lampreys becoming male, according to a USGS study. S ea lamprey s are an invasive, parasitic species of fish damaging the Great Lakes.
2017 (approx.)
This video focuses on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Terra and Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Version 6 Thermal Anomalies and Fire data distributed by NASA’s Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC). Information about MODIS Thermal Anomalies and Fire quality information, including how to decode quality bits, tools for...
Clustered southeastern bats
2017 (approx.)
This photo shows clustered southeastern bats, or Myotis austroriparius. As of June 2017, the species joins eight other hibernating bat species in North America that are afflicted with the deadly bat fungal disease known as white-nose syndrome.
Sea Lamprey Larvae in Hand
2017 (approx.)
This image shows a sea lamprey in its larvae phase. Slower sea lamprey growth rates during the larval phase of development may increase the odds of sea lampreys becoming male, according to a USGS study. S ea lamprey s are an invasive, parasitic species of fish damaging the Great Lakes.
2017 (approx.)
This video focuses on the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Terra and Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Version 6 Thermal Anomalies and Fire data distributed by NASA’s Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC). Information about the MODIS Version 6 Thermal Anomalies and Fire data products, the thematic fire mask classes, and using a...
Southeastern Bat with P. destructans Fungus
2017 (approx.)
This southeastern bat (Myotis austroriparius) from Alabama shows signs of infection from the Pseudogymnoascus destructans fungus that causes white-nose syndrome in bats. The USGS National Wildlife Health Center later confirmed white-nose syndrome in this animal, marking the first time that WNS was found in a southeastern bat. As of June 2017, the species joins eight other hibernating bat species...
Sea Lamprey Larvae in Hand 2
2017 (approx.)
This image shows sea lampreys in their larvae phase. Slower sea lamprey growth rates during the larval phase of development may increase the odds of sea lampreys becoming male, according to a USGS study. S ea lamprey s are an invasive, parasitic species of fish damaging the Great Lakes.
Chelonid herpesvirus 5 replication
2017 (approx.)
This microscopic image shows a sun-shaped area within turtle skin cells where chelonid herpesvirus 5 replicates. The virus capsids, or protein shells, are arrayed like a corona around the circle. ChHV5 is associated with fibropapillomatosis a tumor disease affecting endangered green turtles. (Credit: Thierry Work, USGS)
2017 (approx.)
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor is located onboard NASA’s Terra and Aqua satellites. MODIS data are crucial tools for studying changes that have occurred on the surface of the Earth, including during times of drought. This video highlights Terra MODIS data over the Sierra Nevada Mountain Range and the changes in the amount of snowpack in the area from 2000 to 2017...
A female scientists overlooks swimming chambers for pallid sturgeon
June 2017 (approx.)
A biological science technician prepares the swim chambers to assess the swimming abilities of young pallid sturgeon.
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Prairie dog and SPV bait
June 22, 2017

Prairie dogs in the wild are less likely to succumb to plague after they ingest peanut-butter-flavored bait that contains a vaccine against the disease, according to a U.S. Geological Survey study published today in the journal EcoHealth.  

A juvenile Broad-banded Watersnake that tested positive for snake fungal disease (SFD) exhibiting ulceration of the skin.
June 19, 2017

Europe’s wild snakes could face a growing threat from a fungal skin disease that has contributed to wild snake deaths in North America, according to an international collaborative study, led by conservation charity Zoological Society of London alongside partners including the U.S. Geological Survey. The new study is published in the journal Scientific Reports.

High Plains aquifer water-level changes, predevelopment to 2015
June 16, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey has released a new report detailing changes of groundwater levels in the High Plains aquifer. The report presents water-level change data in the aquifer for two separate periods: from 1950 – the time prior to significant groundwater irrigation development – to 2015, and from 2013 to 2015.

The Bathythermograph
June 6, 2017

On June 6, 1944, thousands of men rained down from the skies onto the battlegrounds of Normandy. After five grueling years of war that shook the globe, D-Day’s victory swept the Allied nations into a wave of celebration.

Image of a red dye study conducted in the Brandon Road Lock on the Des Plaines River near Joliet, Illinois, in 2015.
June 6, 2017

U.S. Geological Survey scientists will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the auxiliary lock at Locks and Dam 14 on the Mississippi River near Pleasant Valley, Iowa, Tuesday, June 13, 2017, weather permitting. If needed, a backup date is scheduled for June 27, 2017.  

Southeastern myotis with Pd - thumb
June 1, 2017

Biologists have confirmed white-nose syndrome in the southeastern bat, or Myotis austroriparius, for the first time. The species joins eight other hibernating bat species in North America that are afflicted with the deadly bat fungal disease.

USGS hydrologic technician Christopher Rowden verifies the accuracy of streamgage information at the Jacks Fork River.
April 30, 2017

Reporters: Do you want to interview USGS scientists as they measure flooding? Please contact Jennifer LaVista.

Image: Monarch Male Close-Up
April 27, 2017

As many as 1.8 billion additional stems of milkweed plants may be needed in North America to return imperiled monarch butterflies to a sustainable population size, according to a recently published U.S. Geological Survey study.

Low-flying helicopter survey
April 27, 2017

Starting on May 2 and lasting for about two days, a helicopter towing a large, cylindrical sensor will make low-level flights over parts of Cedar Rapids as part of a groundwater survey.

Jumping Silver Carp
April 26, 2017

If invasive bighead carp and silver carp spread into Lake Michigan, there would be enough food available for these particular species of Asian carp to survive, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Image shows a male white-tailed deer facing to the left of the image.
April 18, 2017

A new tool, which predicted the recent, rapid growth and continued spread of chronic wasting disease in deer, can help forecast and manage other costly biological threats to humans, animals and the environment, according to a recently published U.S. Geological Survey study.