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New Jersey

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New Jersey is an area of wide industrial diversification and is known as the Crossroads of the East. Products from over 20,000 manufacturers can be delivered overnight to 100 million people. The greatest single industry is chemicals, with New Jersey being one of the foremost research centers in the world. Productive farmland covers about 790,000 acres and about 16.7% of New Jersey's land area.

New Jersey Water Science Center

New Jersey Water Science Center

New Jersey Water

News

Alongshore-varying forecasts of barrier island response to sea-level rise
December 12, 2017

A new article combines geomorphological and pre- and post-Hurricane Sandy observations from coastal New Jersey with a morphodynamic model to forecast the response of barrier islands to various rates of sea-level rise and explores the impact of human alterations on forecasted behavior.

Image shows a geologic map of the Lower 48
August 21, 2017

A carbonatite here, a glacial moraine there, a zig-zagging fault or two, even a behemoth of a batholith. The geology of the 50 States is an enormous patchwork of varied forms, beautiful in their variance but challenging to present as a single map.

Wintry trees and grasses line New Jersey's Mantua Creek.
February 27, 2017

A USGS analysis of New Jersey water quality trends found levels of total nitrogen and total phosphorus, which fuel algae blooms, declined or stayed the same at most stream sites between the 1970s and 2011. At all sites studied, chlorides from road salt increased over that time.

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Oblique aerial photograph looking to the southwest along the southern end of Cedar Island, Virginia
Date Published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

Long-Term Coastal Change

Goals of this project include developing and improving coastal-change assessments and supporting long-term planning and decision making to ensure sustainable coastal economies, infrastructure, and ecosystems. Research is part of the National Assessment of Coastal Change Hazards...

Oblique aerial photograph looking to the southwest along the southern end of Cedar Island, Virginia
Date Published: January 17, 2018
Status: Active

National Assessment of Coastal Change Hazards

Research to identify areas that are most vulnerable to coastal change hazards including beach and dune erosion, long-term shoreline change, and sea-level rise.

Map - Thickness of surficial-aquifer sediments in the Delmarva Peninsula, Maryland and Delaware
Date Published: January 12, 2018
Status: Active

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Science Summary—New digital map documents surficial-aquifer thickness in the Delmarva Peninsula, Maryland and Delaware: Helping to understand the role of groundwater in delivering nitrogen to Chesapeake Bay

Nitrate, the major source of nitrogen in streams of the Eastern Shore of Chesapeake Bay and the wider Delmarva Peninsula, is transported primarily in groundwater through the unconfined surficial aquifer. Understanding the subsurface processes that affect nitrate transport in this area has been hampered by a lack of regional information on the thickness of this aquifer.

USGS Hydrologist Preserving a Water Sample
Date Published: December 8, 2017

New Jersey Ambient Surface-Water-Quality Monitoring Network

More than 30 years of data are available for many of the sites in the ASWQMN, making this network critical for the monitoring and analysis of long-term trends in water quality in New Jersey.

Contacts: Heidi L Hoppe
Gage house half submerged by the Delaware Flood
Date Published: September 19, 2017

New Jersey Flood Reports

USGS reports document New Jersey floods from 1896 to the present. 

Graphic of Hurricane Sandy impacting the east coast
Date Published: September 19, 2017

2017 Hurricane Coverage

Before, during, and after Hurricanes affect the United States, the USGS is involved in measuring the height and intensity of coastal storm surge and water levels of inland rivers and streams.

Adult and juvenile Piping Plovers (Kaiti Titherington/USFWS)
Date Published: September 5, 2017
Status: Active

An Online Portal for Managing and Reporting Annual Piping Plover Monitoring Data

Federally-listed as threatened since 1986, the Atlantic Coast Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) population comprises fewer than 2,000 breeding pairs, according to the most recent census data. These breeding pairs are the target of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s (USFWS) species recovery plan.

Graphic of Hurricane Sandy impacting the east coast
Date Published: September 1, 2017

Hurricanes and Storm-Tide Monitoring

Preventing flood hazards, such as the hurricane induced storm surge, from becoming human disasters requires an understanding of the relative risks floods pose to specific communities and knowledge of the processes by which flood waters rise, converge, and abate. Scientific information and the development of new tools helps communities recover and become more resilient in the future.

Graph of Well data showing the 2011 earthquake felt in New Jersey
Date Published: September 1, 2017

Earthquake Resources

Ground shaking caused by the sudden release of accumulated strain by an abrupt shift of rock along a fracture in the Earth or by volcanic or magmatic activity, or other sudden stress changes in the Earth.

Dry Lake bed in Spruce Run New Jersey
Date Published: September 1, 2017

Drought Resources

Conditions of moisture deficit sufficient to have an adverse effect on streamflow, groundwater levels, vegetation, animals, and man over a sizeable area.

Car submerged in floodwaters
Date Published: August 24, 2017

Flood Resources

The USGS reports document New Jersey floods from 1896 to the present. Early spring and winter flooding in New Jersey tends to occur as a result of widespread, steady rain of moderate intensity that falls on frozen ground. Snow and ice melt may increase the chance of winter flooding. Summer flooding resulting from thunderstorms typically occurs in small streams and is of local extent. Late...

USGS Personnel wading across a river
Date Published: August 16, 2017

Low-Flow Characteristics

No attempt has ever been made to regionalize low-flow relationships of New Jersey streams. Except at the approximately 100 continuous record and 300 partial-record sites distributed around the state, low-flow frequencies, such as the 10 year 7-day low-flows, are relatively unknown in New Jersey. Therefore, regional low-flow relationships that would allow an accurate estimation of low-flow...

Contacts: New Jersey Information Specialists
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Hydrograph of Stoney Brook at Princeton gage
October 7, 2017

Surface-water Data for New Jersey

Real-time, daily, peak-flow, field measurements, and statistics of current and historical data that describe stream levels, streamflow (discharge), reservoir and lake levels, surface water quality, and rainfall in New Jersey. Surface water data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Hydrograph of Morrell 1 index well.
October 7, 2017

Groundwater data for New Jersey

Data from wells, springs, test holes, tunnels, drains, and excavations in New Jersey; well location data includes information such as latitude and longitude, well depth, and aquifer. Groundwater level data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Hydrograph of Dissolved Oxygen
October 7, 2017

Water-quality data for New Jersey

Chemical, physical, and biological properties of water, sediment, and tissue samples from New Jersey. Water-quality data are collected as either discrete field measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders that continuously record physical and chemical characteristics including pH, specific conductance, temperature, and dissolved oxygen.

Outline of the State of New Jersey with USGS Streamflow sites noted
October 7, 2017

Water Watch - National

WaterWatch is a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) World Wide Web site that displays maps, graphs, and tables describing real-time, recent, and past streamflow conditions for the United States. 

Map of River gages in New Jersey
October 7, 2017

USGS Water Alert

Select your favorite USGS streamgage from the USGS WaterAlert map, then set water stage or streamflow thresholds to receive instant notifications sent to your email address or mobile device. Click the image at left or the title above to go to the map and select your site(s).

Graphic map of New Jersey Rivers
October 7, 2017

USGS WaterNow

Want to know what's happening right now? Request real-time information from any USGS streamgage with the USGS WaterNow text service. This service responds to your text message with information about the current stage, streamflow, or other parameters collected at the gage. 

Installing a wave sensor at a SWaTH site
October 7, 2017

USGS SWaTH Network

SWaTH is a system of flood-hardened, real-time telemetered tide gages, rapid deployment gages, and storm tide sensors deployed in integrated network configurations along the Northeastern Atlantic Coast from North Carolina to Maine.

Car submerged in floodwaters
October 7, 2017

USGS Flood Event Viewer

The USGS operates an event-based mobile storm-surge sensor network to capture information about coastal and inland storm tides.

Graph indicating the change in content of Spruce Run Reservoir
October 7, 2017

Lake & Reservoir Data

Real-time, daily, and statistics of current and historical data that describe reservoir and lake levels. Reservoir data are collected and stored as either discrete field-water-level measurements or as continuous time-series data from automated recorders.

Photo of historic water data reports for New Jersey
October 7, 2017

Annual Water Data Reports

Annual Water Data Reports were published annually for many decades as static archival products that supplemented direct access to current and historical water data provided by the National Water Information System (NWIS). This site helps users access historical Water Data Reports, electronic Site Data Sheets, or current on-demand, print-ready Water-Year Summaries.

Outline of the State of New Jersey with USGS Streamflow sites noted
October 7, 2017

StreamStats

The USGS StreamStats website is a GIS-based web tool for estimating streamflows at gaged and ungaged locations. Features similar to the NSS program are presented to users with no programs to install. Users can visit the StreamStats website linked here and click on a stream location on the interactive map to compute estimated streamflows for floods and other statistics.

Outline of the State of New Jersey with USGS Streamflow sites noted
October 6, 2017

WaterWatch - Drought NJ

Interactive map of the below normal 7-day average streamflow compared to historical streamflow for the day of year in New Jersey

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Screen capture of the Flood Inundation Mapper
August 10, 2017

The USGS Flood Inundation Mapping Program (FIM) partners with local communities and other government agencies to develop and validate flood inundation map libraries. Click the title above to visit the USGS FIM website and learn more about available tools. Completed projects are collected on the USGS National Flood Inundation Mapper, brought to you by the USGS Wisconsin Internet Mapping Group (WiM)

Image of the National Water Information System Mapper for New Jersey
July 6, 2017

National Water Information System Web Mapper (NWISWeb Mapper) Provides access to water-resources data collected throughout the state of New Jersey as presented in the form of an interactive map.

Map depicting the basins covered by the Aquifer Mapper
July 6, 2017

The series of surficial aquifer studies were completed to evaluate the unconfined aquifer system of the NJ Coastal Plain for use as a potential source of water. As the demand for water in the State increases and the restrictions continue on the use of water from certain confined aquifers, withdrawals on the unconfined aquifer system are expected to increase.

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

USGS Storm-Tide Mapper and Data Services
March 8, 2016

The USGS Storm Tide Mapper is a tool for viewing, analyzing, and accessing storm tide data collected during and after hurricanes and Nor’easters. The USGS Storm Tide Mapper will continue to provide a unified and consistent source of real-time and archived storm-tide data.

Map shows color-coded seafloor character offshore of Monterey, California
March 7, 2016

This portal is a “go to” source for maps related to ocean and coastal mapping. Information is organized by geography or region, by theme, and by the year data was published.

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Year Published: 2016

An assessment of mercury in estuarine sediment and tissue in Southern New Jersey using public domain data

Mercury (Hg) is considered a contaminant of global concern for coastal environments due to its toxicity, widespread occurrence in sediment, and bioaccumulation in tissue. Coastal New Jersey, USA, is characterized by shallow bays and wetlands that provide critical habitat for wildlife but share space with expanding urban landscapes. This study was...

Ng, Kara; Szabo, Zoltan; Reilly, Pamela A.; Barringer, Julia; Smalling, Kelly L.

Year Published: 2016

Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974

The Defense Minerals Administration (DMA), Defense Minerals Exploration Administration (DMEA), and Office of Minerals Exploration (OME) mineral exploration programs were active over the period 1950–1974. Under these programs, the Federal Government contributed financial assistance in the exploration for certain strategic and critical minerals. The...

Frank, David G.
Frank, D.G., 2016, Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1004, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds1004.

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Wintry trees and grasses line New Jersey's Mantua Creek.
2017 (approx.)
Wintry, leafless trees and tawny grasses provide a natural buffer along the undeveloped banks of New Jersey's Mantua Creek.
2017 (approx.)
Before a hurricane, USGS Scientists undertake a data collection effort of a grand scale. They install a temporary mobile network of sensors along the coasts to collect additional data on the intensity of storm surge, one of the most dangerous elements of a hurricane. This effort provides critical information that allows various USGS partners and emergency responders to make better informed...
USGS Hydrologist downloading data near the rain gauge
June 20, 2017
Photo of USGS Hydrologist Alex Fiore downloading data from near an open-canopy rain gauge at Mount Mitchill Senic Ovelook
USGS Technician using a sampler to collect discrete water-quality samples
2016 (approx.)
USGS Technichian Brad Bjorklund using a DI-81 isokinetic sampler a sa means to collect a discrete water-quality sample as part of the Northern Stream Quality Assessment, August 2016.
As US models predicted Hurricane Joaquin washed out a road at Kitty Hawk, NC in 2015.
2016 (approx.)
As US models predicted Hurricane Joaquin washed out a road at Kitty Hawk, NC in 2015.
Technician installing a wave sensor at a SWaTH site
February 3, 2016
Patrick Bowen installing a wave sensor to a utility pole at SWaTH transect site number NJOCE08009
Hydrologic Technician installing an auxiliary sensor
January 22, 2016
Patrick Bowen installing an auxiliary wave sensor at USGS station 01409335, Little Egg Inlet near Tuckerton, NJ.
Installing a wave sensor at a SWaTH site
January 21, 2016
Brian Painter of NJWSC installing wave sensor on the beach at SWaTH site number NJCAP04830
Scientist collects samples from a temporary wooden platform in a New Jersey salt marsh
2015 (approx.)
Caption: USGS scientist Zafer Defne measures water and sediment movement at Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge, New Jersey. Defne is co-author with USGS' Neil Ganju of a 2017 study on how to estimate coastal salt marshes' potential longevity, based on their sediment budgets and the ratio of open water to vegetation. Photo: Sandra Brosnahan, USGS
USGS Technician wading a river with a water quality probe
2015 (approx.)
USGS Technician Kaitlin Zoida, using an EXO2 water quality probe to sample the Cedar Creek
Barnegat Light from a boat across the Bay
June 20, 2014
View of Barnegat Light from the side of a USGS boat looking past the GPS on a recording mast.
USGS Scientists installing a monitor base station
2014 (approx.)
USGS Geologist Francis Ashland and USGS Hydrologist Alex Fiore installing a base station at the OBB monitoring site
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Alongshore-varying forecasts of barrier island response to sea-level rise
December 12, 2017

A new article combines geomorphological and pre- and post-Hurricane Sandy observations from coastal New Jersey with a morphodynamic model to forecast the response of barrier islands to various rates of sea-level rise and explores the impact of human alterations on forecasted behavior.

Image shows a geologic map of the Lower 48
August 21, 2017

A carbonatite here, a glacial moraine there, a zig-zagging fault or two, even a behemoth of a batholith. The geology of the 50 States is an enormous patchwork of varied forms, beautiful in their variance but challenging to present as a single map.

Wintry trees and grasses line New Jersey's Mantua Creek.
February 27, 2017

A USGS analysis of New Jersey water quality trends found levels of total nitrogen and total phosphorus, which fuel algae blooms, declined or stayed the same at most stream sites between the 1970s and 2011. At all sites studied, chlorides from road salt increased over that time.

Scientist collects samples from a temporary wooden platform in a New Jersey salt marsh
January 24, 2017

If coastal salt marshes are like savings accounts, with sediment as the principal, all eight Atlantic and Pacific coast salt marshes studied are "in the red," researchers found.

Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
January 19, 2017

A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the combined Valley and Ridge and Piedmont and Blue Ridge aquifers in the eastern United States is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
January 19, 2017

A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifer system in the eastern United States is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

House partly collapsed after flooding in Mantoloking, NJ.
November 17, 2016

USGS researchers ground-truthed Hurricane Sandy's October 2012 storm tides in New Jersey and found northern coastal communities had significantly higher storm tides than southern ones did, though flood damage was widespread in both areas. The findings suggest that some southern New Jersey communities may be underestimating their future flood risks.

USGS: Science for a changing world
September 6, 2016

Threats to groundwater availability and sustainability in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain are dependent to a large degree by the type of aquifers used for water supply, according to a new regional assessment by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Image: Methane Seeps along Offshore Virginia
June 16, 2016

Recent scientific work has confirmed the source, composition and origin of methane seeps on the Atlantic Ocean seafloor, discovered in 2012, where scientists never expected them to be.

As US models predicted Hurricane Joaquin washed out a road at Kitty Hawk, NC in 2015.
June 1, 2016

New USGS models help predict storm effects on beaches

As the 2016 hurricane season opens, weather forecasters, emergency managers and coastal residents have access to tools developed by the U.S. Geological Survey that predict, more precisely than ever, where beach erosion and beachfront flooding will take place during hurricanes and other storms.

 

Map of the 48 contiguous states showing Microcystin concentrations
May 31, 2016

First-of-its-kind survey shows that algal toxins are found nationwide

New Jersey boat docking at a tidal sensor in the bay
May 11, 2016

USGS activated its Surge, Wave, and Tide Hydrodynamics (SWaTH) Network in preparation for the major coastal storm that affected the eastern seaboard.