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One of the major strengths of the Northeast Area is the enthusiasm and commitment of our scientists to produce the type of high quality science that the USGS is known for. Working together with our partners across the nation, we have the ability to provide complete, integrated and holistic environmental information that will produce the best results that we can achieve.

Filter Total Items: 143
USGS staff working in Chesapeake Bay Watershed
Date Published: January 24, 2017
Status: Active

USGS contributes to new STAC report on designing sustainable coastal habitats

The purpose of the Designing Sustainable Coastal Habitats workshop and the approach the workshop steering committee used to bring together scientists, habitat restoration partners, and policy makers to address three goals.  The three workshop goals or themes were to:  

1. Assess the current status and trending condition of coastal ecosystems in the Chesapeake Bay watershed; 

2....

USGS staff working in Chesapeake Bay Watershed
Date Published: January 24, 2017

USGS contributes to new STAC report on designing sustainable coastal habitats

The purpose of the Designing Sustainable Coastal Habitats workshop and the approach the workshop steering committee used to bring together scientists, habitat restoration partners, and policy makers to address three goals.  The three workshop goals or themes were to:  

1. Assess the current status and trending condition of coastal ecosystems in the Chesapeake Bay watershed; 

2....

Map of the Chesapeake Bay
Date Published: January 24, 2017
Status: Active

USGS works with academic and CBP partners to summarize science on water-quality

Pollution-reducing practices can improve water quality in the Chesapeake Bay and its rivers and streams, according to new research from the Chesapeake Bay Program partnership. In a report released today, a number of case studies show that “best management practices”—including upgrading wastewater treatment plants, lowering vehicle and power plant emissions and reducing runoff from farmland—...

Bronze reliquary for a shrew from the Late Period of ancient Egypt.
Date Published: January 10, 2017

What Ancient Egyptian Shrew Mummies Reveal About Small Mammal Responses to Climate Change

The Challenge: Ancient Egyptians mummified animals for a variety of reasons, not the least of which was as votive offerings to certain deities. Among the six species of shrews that have been identified as mummies, one is now extinct, one is no longer occurs in Egypt, and the remaining four have more restricted distributions in the country. One of the latter species also exhibits significantly...

Shrew bones on top of a penny
Date Published: January 3, 2017

How Mammals Move: Locomotory Function in the Soricidae

The Challenge: The postcranial skeletons of mammals exhibit tremendous variation in form that partly relates to phylogeny (who a particular species is related to) and partly to locomotory function (how that species moves through its environment). Understanding the contributions of these two factors is important because phylogenetic characters assist in working out evolutionary relationships,...

Banding Hen Eider
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Survival and Recruitment of Common Eiders in the Gulf of Maine

The dresseri race of common eiders breed from central Labrador to southern Maine and winter from Newfoundland to Massachusetts. The breeding population in the mid-1980s was estimated to be 71,000 pairs, of those 40% were in Maine. In Maine, nesting eiders increased from a few pairs in the early 1900s to approximately 28,000 pairs in 1989. Although the number of birds seems to be stable, the...

Contacts: Daniel McAuley
Radio telemetry is being used to determine how long local birds remain on breeding areas
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Monitoring migration of American woodcock past Cape May, NJ

The American woodcock is a popular game bird in much of eastern North America. The woodcock population declined between 1968- 2000 at an annual rate of 2.3% in the Eastern region and 1.6% in the Central region. The annual migration of woodcock from the breeding grounds to their wintering areas has been of interest to biologists and hunters. Migration corridors along the Atlantic coast, such as...

Contacts: Daniel McAuley
American woodcock, Scolopax minor
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Adaptive Management of American Woodcock in the Atlantic Northern Forest Bird Conservation Region

The Challenge: Research goals of this project seek to take an adaptive approch to habitat management for American woodcock. Under this process a mix of early successional forest habitat will be created following the allowable guidelines of state forest management, National Wildlife Refuge management plans, and commercial timber management plans; management actions will consist of various...

Contacts: Daniel McAuley
American Woodcock, Scolopax minor, chick
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Analyses of Woodcock Singing Ground Surveys in the Northeast

The Challenge: Research goals of this project seek to determine if survey routes for American woodcock are sampling represenative habitats and whether routes are distributed proportionally to early successional habitats and biophysical regions across Maine, Vermont, and New Hampshire. If routes are not representatively distributed (i.e., biased), we will evaluate the effects of this bias on...

Contacts: Daniel McAuley
Black-and-white Warbler, Mniotilta varia
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Response of Avian Community to Forest Management on Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge

The Challenge: Research goals focus on measurement of direct effects of various habitat management techniques for game species on neotropical migratory birds. Analyses are ongoing to determine if avian species richness, diversity, and relative abundance of land birds has changed at Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge as a result of habitat management; determine if the structure of the avian...

Contacts: Daniel McAuley
Scientist taking measurements with a protractor
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Estimation of Density and Abundance of Biological Populations on National Parks and Wildlife Refuges Through Distance Sampling

The Challenge: Assessing the status and trends of populations of biological organisms is an important management goal and a recurrent theme in USGS research. Often, the most basic question of “how many are there?” remains elusive, thus making management decisions more difficult. This study continues a long-term commitment of technical support for the use of distance sampling for wildlife...

Scientists collecting bat location data
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Bats in Forests Managed for Wildlife

The Challenge: Within the Mississippi Alluvial Valley (MAV), forest managers may prescribe variable retention silvicultural treatments within bottomland hardwood forests on public lands to improve forest conditions (i.e., structural heterogeneity, species composition, and senescence) for priority wildlife species. This is referred to as wildlife-forestry silviculture. However, concerns have...

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Year Published: 2018

Quality of water from crystalline rock aquifers in New England, New Jersey, and New York, 1995-2007

Crystalline bedrock aquifers in New England and parts of New Jersey and New York (NECR aquifers) are a major source of drinking water. Because the quality of water in these aquifers is highly variable, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) statistically analyzed chemical data on samples of untreated groundwater collected from 117 domestic bedrock...

Flanagan, Sarah M.; Ayotte, Joseph D.; Robinson, Gilpin R.
Flanagan, S.M., Ayotte, J.D., Robinson, G.R., Jr., 2018, Quality of water from crystalline rock aquifers in New England, New Jersey, and New York, 1995–2007 (ver.1.1, April 2018): U.S. Geological Survey 2011–5220, 104 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20115220.

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Year Published: 2018

A practical primer on geostatistics

The Challenge—Most geological phenomena are extraordinarily complex in their interrelationships and vast in their geographical extension. Ordinarily, engineers and geoscientists are faced with corporate or scientific requirements to properly prepare geological models with measurements involving a small fraction of the entire area or volume of...

Olea, Ricardo A.
Olea, R.A., 2018, A practical primer on geostatistics (ver. 1.4, December 2018): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1103, 346 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20091103.

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Year Published: 2017

Assessing the impacts of future climate conditions on the effectiveness of winter cover crops in reducing nitrate loads into the Chesapeake Bay Watershed using SWAT model

Winter cover crops (WCCs) have been widely implemented in the Coastal Plain of the Chesapeake Bay watershed (CBW) due to their high effectiveness at reducing nitrate loads. However, future climate conditions (FCCs) are expected to exacerbate water quality degradation in the CBW by increasing nitrate loads from agriculture. Accordingly, the...

Lee, Sangchul; Sadeghi, Ali M.; Yeo, In-Young; McCarty, Gregory W.; Hively, W. Dean
Lee, Sangchul, Ali M. Sadeghi, In-Young Yeo, Gregory W. McCarty, W. D. Hively. Assessing the impacts of future climate conditions on the effectiveness of winter cover crops in reducing nitrate loads into the Chesapeake Bay watersheds using SWAT model. Submitted to TASABE. IP-090233

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Year Published: 2017

Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the Cretaceous Nanushuk and Torok Formations, Alaska North Slope, and summary of resource potential of the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska, 2017

The U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean undiscovered, technically recoverable resources of 8.7 billion barrels of oil and 25 trillion cubic feet of natural gas (associated and nonassociated) in conventional accumulations in the Cretaceous Nanushuk and Torok Formations in the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska, adjacent State and Native lands,...

Houseknecht, David W.; Lease, Richard O.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Rouse, William A.; Jarboe, Palma J.; Whidden, Katherine J.; Garrity, Christopher P.; Lewis, Kristen A.; Heller, Samuel; Craddock, William H.; Klett, Timothy R.; Le, Phuong A.; Smith, Rebecca; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Woodall, Cheryl A.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Finn, Thomas M.
Houseknecht, D.W., Lease, R.O., Schenk, C.J., Mercier, T.J., Rouse, W.A., Jarboe, P.J., Whidden, K.J., Garrity, C.P., Lewis, K.A., Heller, S.J., Craddock, W.H., Klett, T.R., Le, P.A., Smith, R.A., Tennyson, M.E., Gaswirth, S.B., Woodall, C.A., Brownfield, M.E., Leathers-Miller, H.M., and Finn, T.M., 2017, Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the Cretaceous Nanushuk and Torok Formations, Alaska North Slope, and summary of resource potential of the National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska, 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2017–3088, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20173088.

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Year Published: 2017

Antimony

Antimony is an important mineral commodity used widely in modern industrialized societies. The element imparts strength, hardness, and corrosion resistance to alloys that are used in many areas of industry, including in lead-acid storage batteries. Antimony’s leading use is as a fire retardant in safety equipment and in household goods, such as...

Schulz, Klaus J.; DeYoung,, John H. ; Seal, Robert R.; Bradley, Dwight C.; Seal, Robert R.; Schulz, Klaus J.; DeYoung,, John H.; Sutphin, David M. ; Drew, Lawrence J.; Carlin, James F.; Berger, Byron R.
Seal, R.R., II, Schulz, K.J., and DeYoung, J.H., Jr., with contributions from David M. Sutphin, Lawrence J. Drew, James F. Carlin, Jr., and Byron R. Berger, 2017, Antimony, chap. C of Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Seal, R.R., II, and Bradley, D.C., eds., Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802, p. C1–C17, https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1802C.

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Year Published: 2017

Barite (Barium)

Barite (barium sulfate, BaSO4) is vital to the oil and gas industry because it is a key constituent of the mud used to drill oil and gas wells. Elemental barium is an additive in optical glass, ceramic glazes, and other products. Within the United States, barite is produced mainly from mines in Nevada. Imports in 2011 (the latest year for which...

Schulz, Klaus J.; DeYoung,, John H.; Seal, Robert R.; Bradley, Dwight C.; Johnson, Craig A.; Piatak, Nadine M.; Miller, M. Michael
Johnson, C.A., Piatak, N.M., and Miller, M.M., 2017, Barite (Barium), chap. D of Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Seal, R.R., II, and Bradley, D.C., eds., Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802, p. D1–D18, https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1802D.

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Year Published: 2017

Beryllium

Beryllium is a mineral commodity that is used in a variety of industries to make products that are essential for the smooth functioning of a modern society. Two minerals, bertrandite (which is supplied domestically) and beryl (which is currently supplied solely by imports), are necessary to ensure a stable supply of high-purity beryllium metal,...

Schulz, Klaus J.; DeYoung,, John H.; Seal, Robert R.; Bradley, Dwight C.; Foley, Nora K.; Jaskula, Brian W.; Piatak, Nadine M.; Schulte, Ruth F.
Foley, N.K., Jaskula, B.W., Piatak, N.M., and Schulte, R.F., 2017, Beryllium, chap. E of Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Seal, R.R., II, and Bradley, D.C., eds., Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802, p. E1–E32, https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1802E.

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Year Published: 2017

Cobalt

Cobalt is a silvery gray metal that has diverse uses based on certain key properties, including ferromagnetism, hardness and wear-resistance when alloyed with other metals, low thermal and electrical conductivity, high melting point, multiple valences, and production of intense blue colors when combined with silica. Cobalt is used mostly in...

Schulz, Klaus J.; DeYoung,, John H. ; Seal, Robert R.; Bradley, Dwight C.; Slack, John F.; Kimball, Bryn E.; Shedd, Kim B.
Slack, J.F., Kimball, B.E., and Shedd, K.B., 2017, Cobalt, chap. F of Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Seal, R.R., II, and Bradley, D.C., eds., Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802, p. F1–F40, https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1802F.

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Year Published: 2017

Critical mineral resources of the United States—An introduction

Many changes have taken place in the mineral resource sector since the publication by the U.S. Geological Survey of Professional Paper 820, “United States Mineral Resources,” which is a review of the long-term United States resource position for 65 mineral commodities or commodity groups. For example, since 1973, the United States has continued to...

Schulz, Klaus J.; DeYoung,, John H. ; Seal, Robert R.; Bradley, Dwight C.; Schulz, Klaus J.; DeYoung, John H.; Seal, Robert R.; Bradley, Dwight C.
Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Bradley, D.C., and Seal, R.R., II, 2017, Critical mineral resources of the United States—An introduction, chap. A of Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Seal, R.R., II, and Bradley, D.C., eds., Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802, p. A1–A14, https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1802A.

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Year Published: 2017

Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply

SummaryMineral commodities are vital for economic growth, improving the quality of life, providing for national defense, and the overall functioning of modern society. Minerals are being used in larger quantities than ever before and in an increasingly diverse range of applications. With the increasing demand for a considerably more diverse suite...

Schulz, Klaus J.; DeYoung,, John H.; Seal, Robert R.; Bradley, Dwight C.
Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Seal, R.R., II, and Bradley, D.C., eds., 2017, Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802, 797 p., http://doi.org/10.3133/pp1802.

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Year Published: 2017

Environmental considerations related to mining of nonfuel minerals

Throughout most of human history, environmental stewardship during mining has not been a priority partly because of the lack of applicable laws and regulations and partly because of ignorance about the effects that mining can have on the environment. In the United States, the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, in conjunction with related...

Schulz, Klaus J.; DeYoung,, John H.; Seal, Robert R.; Bradley, Dwight C.; Seal, Robert R. ; Piatak, Nadine M.; Kimball, Bryn E.; Hammarstrom, Jane M.
Seal, R.R., II, Piatak, N.M., Kimball, B.E., and Hammarstrom, J.M., 2017, Environmental considerations related to mining of nonfuel minerals, chap. B of Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Seal, R.R., II, and Bradley, D.C., eds., Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802, p. B1–B16, https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1802B.

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Year Published: 2017

Fluorine

Fluorine compounds are essential in numerous chemical and manufacturing processes. Fluorspar is the commercial name for fluorite (isometric CaF2), which is the only fluorine mineral that is mined on a large scale. Fluorspar is used directly as a fluxing material and as an additive in different manufacturing processes. It is the source of fluorine...

Schulz, Klaus J.; DeYoung,, John H.; Seal, Robert R.; Bradley, Dwight C.; Hayes, Timothy S.; Miller, M. Michael; Orris, Greta J.; Piatak, Nadine M.
Hayes, T.S., Miller, M.M., Orris, G.J., and Piatak, N.M., 2017, Fluorine, chap. G of Schulz, K.J., DeYoung, J.H., Jr., Seal, R.R., II, and Bradley, D.C., eds., Critical mineral resources of the United States—Economic and environmental geology and prospects for future supply: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802, p. G1–G80, http://doi.org/10.3133/pp1802G.

Filter Total Items: 168
Flowing stream passing a streamgage with swirling leaves in the water
October 20, 2016

Streamgage in Connecticut

A beautiful capture of a streamgage at Bunnell Brook near Burlington, CT.

A weir structure controls the height of the water, so a stable relation between stream stage and flow can be maintained. The gage house is the concrete structure in the photo, and has been used to collect streamflow data since 1931. Recent drought conditions have reduced the flow to a trickle

...
September 30, 2016

Collecting Under Ice Midsection ADCP Measurements in TRDI SxS Pro

In this video, we will demonstrate how to collect data at a station as part of an under ice midsection ADCP measurement in TRDI SxS Pro. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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September 30, 2016

Collecting Manual Verticals in TRDI SxS Pro

In this video, we will discuss situations where manual verticals are usually used, and how they are done in the TRDI SxS Pro software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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September 30, 2016

Accounting for Open Water Flow Angles in TRDI SxS Pro

In this video, we will discuss the specifics of accounting for open water flow angles in the TRDI SxS Pro software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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September 30, 2016

Data Quality Indicators during Data Collection in TRDI SxS Pro

In this video, we will discuss some of the important data quality indicators you can use when collecting data in the TRDI SxS Pro software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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September 30, 2016

Registering for USGS Emergency Operations Collection Management Tool

Lesson 13B Part One – USGS Emergency Operations Collection Management Tool This lesson is comprised of instructions on how to register for access to the Collection Management Tool through the EROS Registration System (ERS), how to navigate around the Collection Management Tool, or CMT and finally, How to Submit a Data Acquisition Request (DAR). For the complete listing of

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September 30, 2016

Dealing with Invalid Depths in TRDI SxS Pro

In this video, we will discuss how to deal with invalid depths during data collection in the TRDI SxS Pro software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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September 30, 2016

Navigating the USGS Emergency Operations Collection Management Tool

Lesson 13B Part Two – USGS Emergency Operations Collection Management Tool This lesson is comprised of instructions on how to register for access to the Collection Management Tool through the EROS Registration System (ERS), how to navigate around the Collection Management Tool, or CMT and finally, How to Submit a Data Acquisition Request (DAR). For the complete listing of

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September 30, 2016

Ending Edge Data Collection in TRDI SxS Pro

In this video, we will demonstrate how to collect an ending edge as part of a midsection ADCP measurement in TRDI SxS Pro. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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September 30, 2016

Submitting Data Acquisition Request in USGS Collection Management Tool

Lesson 13B Part 3– USGS Emergency Operations Collection Management Tool This lesson is comprised of instructions on how to register for access to the Collection Management Tool through the EROS Registration System (ERS), how to navigate around the Collection Management Tool, or CMT and finally, How to Submit a Data Acquisition Request (DAR). For the complete listing of

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September 30, 2016

Editing Vertical Information in TRDI SxS Pro

In this video, we will discuss how to edit vertical information during playback of a measurement in TRDI SxS Pro. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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September 30, 2016

Processing Parameters in TRDI SxS Pro

In this video, we will discuss the Processing dialog in TRDI SxS Pro. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: https://www2.usgs.gov/humancapital/ecd/

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Filter Total Items: 82
USGS
May 11, 2015

Mountaintop mining is reducing the number of forest-dependent songbirds in areas adjacent to reclaimed mining sites while increasing the number of shrubland-dependent birds, according to a recent study in Landscape Ecology. 

USGS
April 21, 2015

A recent study comparing historic water quality from the Monongahela River Basin in West Virginia found little change in the groundwater and few changes in the surface water samples, according to a new study led by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
April 9, 2015

New research shows that Lake Erie’s dead zones are actually quite active, greatly affecting fish distributions, catch rates and the effectiveness of fishing gear.

USGS
April 1, 2015

Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey, Pennsylvania State University and the University of Utah have used a new stream-based methane monitoring method to identify and quantify groundwater methane discharging to a stream in an area of shale-gas development.

Image: Happy Cows in Happy Flowers
March 25, 2015

Grassland habitats on rangelands in California’s Central Valley and surrounding foothills could decline by as much as 37 percent by 2100 due to changes in land use and climate, according to new scientific projections by the U.S. Geological Survey.

collage of scientists conducting science related to each mission are
March 25, 2015

Appalachian coal and petroleum resources are still available in sufficient quantities to contribute significantly to fulfilling the nation’s energy needs, according to a recent study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
March 12, 2015

Excess fertilizer and manure applied to the Chesapeake Bay’s Eastern Shore are causing poor water-quality in streams that flow into the Bay, according to a new publication by the U.S. Geological Survey. 

USGS
March 12, 2015

Vital coastal storm-tide information needed to help guide storm response efforts following major storms affecting North Carolina will be more accessible than ever due to a new monitoring network the U.S. Geological Survey is currently building.

Image: Carolina Northern Flying Squirrel
March 10, 2015

Habitat loss has fragmented the population of the Carolina northern flying squirrel, an endangered species now living on “sky-islands” on nine isolated mountain peaks in the southern Appalachians.

USGS
February 10, 2015

Pharmaceuticals, hormones and personal care products associated with everyday household activities are finding their way into groundwater through septic systems in New York and New England, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

Map of the south, central, and north sections of the study area
January 21, 2015

Several areas with modest water-resource potential within the valleys of the Ramapo River and Woodbury Creek have been identified in eastern Orange County, New York. 

USGS
January 9, 2015

A year after the January 9, 2014 chemical spill on the Elk River that affected the drinking water of 300,000 Charleston area residents, scientists continue to provide new information to increase understanding of the chemicals in the spill and how they traveled through the water system.  

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