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One of the major strengths of the Northeast Area is the enthusiasm and commitment of our scientists to produce the type of high quality science that the USGS is known for. Working together with our partners across the nation, we have the ability to provide complete, integrated and holistic environmental information that will produce the best results that we can achieve.

Filter Total Items: 143
Salt marsh nekton monitoring
Date Published: March 13, 2018
Status: Active

Use of Structured Decision Making to Optimize Salt Marsh Management Decisions at Northeastern National Wildlife Refuges

A regional assessment of salt marsh integrity (SMI) has been completed on 15 National Wildlife Refuges/Refuge Complexes in the northeastern US. Developed within a structured decision making (SDM) framework, the SMI assessment provides essential baseline data on salt marsh condition relative to regional management objectives. These data now provide the basis for applying the SDM framework to...

Mallard (Anarhynchos platus)
Date Published: March 13, 2018
Status: Active

Avian Influenza Surveillance in Waterfowl in the Atlantic Flyway

This project seeks to quantify the strains and prevalence of avian influenza viruses circulating in wild waterfowl across the Atlantic Flyway, and allow comparison with the nations other flyways.

A visitor on a steep informal trail
Date Published: March 13, 2018
Status: Active

Research and Management of Informal (Visitor-Created) Trails in Protected Areas

Protected area managers provide formal trail systems to accommodate recreational visitation on resistant “hardened” treads, while protecting off-trail vegetation, soils, and wildlife. When formal trail networks fail to provide visitors the access and experiences they require, visitors frequently venture “off-trail” to fish, hunt, explore, climb, or engage in other off-trail activities. Even...

Contacts: Jeff Marion, Ph.D., Dr. Jeremy Wimpey, Dr. Chris Carr, Dr. Yu-Fai Leung
Ditcher in Marsh
Date Published: March 12, 2018
Status: Completed

Coastal Salt Marsh Management Along the Atlantic

This project seeks to improve our understanding of how Open Marsh Water Management techniques aimed at mosquito reduction have impacted their target ecosystems along the Atlantic coast.

Mallard
Date Published: March 12, 2018
Status: Active

Pathogens in the Aquatic Environment – Waterfowl, Avian Influenza

This project focuses on understanding the prevalence and strains of avian influenza viruses in the aquatic environment and how this compares to those circulating within wild birds in the same area.

Tracking migratory movements with satellite telemetry.
Date Published: March 9, 2018
Status: Active

USGS Wild Bird Avian Influenza Program – Studies from Endemic Regions of Eurasia

This project focuses on tracking wild birds throughout Eurasia via satellite telemetry to better understand their spatiotemporal movement patterns, relationship to domestic birds, and potential role in the spread, persistence, and amplification of avian influenza viruses.

GPS Transmitters
Date Published: March 8, 2018
Status: Completed

Tracking Domestic Ducks through the Market Chain in China via Telemetry

This project seeks to improve our understanding of how domestic ducks move throughout the market chain in China and the role this may play in the amplification and spread of avian influenza viruses.

Black Duck (Anas rubripes)
Date Published: March 7, 2018
Status: Active

An Eco-immunological Study of Chesapeake Bay Waterfowl

The Challenge: The health of the abundant waterfowl species of Chesapeake Bay has become a major concern due to the spread of Avian Influenza (AI) across North America and the role of waterfowl as a vector of AI. For decades, the health of the Bay’s waterfowl has been affected by the degradation of water quality and food supply due to industrial contaminants,agricultural run-off, pollution...

BSU Montage, Bats, Birds, Snakes and Frogs
Date Published: February 15, 2018
Status: Completed

Biological Survey Unit

Scientists and staff of the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center stationed at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) do research on the systematics and conservation of vertebrate species and curate and manage the North American collections of Amphibian, Reptile, Bird, and Mammal specimens and associated records.

Shrike BBS Trend Map
Date Published: February 12, 2018
Status: Active

Comprehensive 1966 - 2017 Results! North American Breeding Bird Survey

The North American Breeding Bird Survey program (BBS) provides critical science-based population data for more than 400 bird species to improve our understanding of how these federally entrusted species respond to environmental variability and ecosystem change.  The BBS generates results that inform Federal wildlife managers in the Fish and Wildlife Service, the National Park Service,...

Sunset at Big Meadows in Shenandoah National Park
Date Published: October 21, 2017
Status: Active

Modeling summer month hydrological drought probabilities in the United States using antecedent flow conditions

Climate change raises concern that risks of hydrological drought may be increasing. We estimate hydrological drought probabilities for rivers and streams in the United States (U.S.) using maximum likelihood logistic regression (MLLR). Streamflow data from winter months are used to estimate the chance of hydrological drought during summer months. Daily streamflow data collected from 9,144...

Roanoke River Valley
Date Published: October 8, 2017
Status: Active

Monitoring High-Priority Stream Crossings Along Proposed Natural Gas Pipeline Routes

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), is monitoring the water quality of multiple high-priority streams where natural gas pipeline crossings have been proposed. The purpose of the monitoring effort is to collect baseline water-quality data and, if the pipeline construction is approved, to monitor water quality in these...

About data and tools used by USGS...

Hydrologic Conditions Mapper (NYWSC)
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Image: Scarlett Isabella in Delmarva
March 15, 2016

The Delmarva Peninsula is a 220-kilometer-long headland, spit, and barrier island complex that was significantly affected by Hurricane Sandy in the fall of 2012. The U.S. Geological Survey conducted cruises during the summers of 2014 and 2015 to map the inner continental shelf of the Delmarva Peninsula using geophysical and sampling techniques to define the geologic framework

Filter Total Items: 948
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Year Published: 2018

Material balance approach for determining oil saturation at the start of carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery

Oil producers have been using enhanced oil recovery methods, including (1) thermal recovery for heavy oil and (2) carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR) for medium or light oil, to maximize oil recovery from existing reservoirs. The CO2-EOR method is widely used for recovering additional oil after waterflood, which leaves behind a large...

Verma, Mahendra K.
Verma, M.K., 2018, Material balance approach for determining oil saturation at the start of carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1146, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181146.

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Year Published: 2018

Critical minerals: A review of elemental trends in comprehensive criticality studies

Mineral criticality is a subjective concept that has evolved throughout history. An abundance of literature on this topic has been published over the last decade, encompassing a variety of criteria and methodologies. To our knowledge, this work is the first large-scale effort to organize and analyze recent comprehensive criticality studies in...

Hayes, Sarah M.; McCullough, Erin A.

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Year Published: 2018

Topics in coal geochemistry—Short course

This short course was prepared at the request of Servicio Geológico Colombiano (SGC) as a module for staff training. Prior to the short course, the SGC expressed interest in receiving training in (1) geochemistry and quality of coal; (2) geochemistry of trace elements in coal; (3) mercury and halogens in coal; (4) characterization and cycling of...

Kolker, Allan
Kolker, A., 2018, Topics in coal geochemistry—Short course: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1145, 31 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181145.

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Year Published: 2018

High microscale variability in Raman thermal maturity estimates from shale organic matter

Raman spectroscopy has recently received attention as a means to estimate thermal maturity of organic matter in petroleum generating source rocks to complement more traditional approaches such as vitrinite reflectance and programmed pyrolysis. While many studies have observed positive correlations between...

Jubb, Aaron M.; Botterell, Palma J.; Birdwell, Justin E.; Burruss, Robert C.; Hackley, Paul C.; Valentine, Brett J.; Hatcherian, Javin J.; Wilson, Stephen A.

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Year Published: 2018

Economics, helium, and the U.S. Federal Helium Reserve: Summary and outlook

In 2017, disruptions in the global supply of helium reminded consumers, distributors, and policy makers that the global helium supply chain lacks flexibility, and that attempts to increase production from the U.S. Federal Helium Reserve (the FHR) may not be able to compensate for the loss of one of the few major producers in the world. Issues with...

Anderson, Steven T.
Anderson, S.T., 2018, Economics, Helium, and the U.S. Federal Helium Reserve: Summary and Outlook, Natural Resources Research, v. 27, no. 4, October, p. 455–477. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11053-017-9359-y

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Year Published: 2018

Using mercury injection pressure analyses to estimate sealing capacity of the Tuscaloosa marine shale in Mississippi, USA: Implications for carbon dioxide sequestration

This work used mercury injection capillary pressure (MICP) analyses of the Tuscaloosa Group in Mississippi, including the Tuscaloosa marine shale (TMS), to assess their efficacy and sealing capacity for geologic carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration. Tuscaloosa Group porosity and permeability from MICP were evaluated to calculate CO2 column...

Lohr, Celeste D.; Hackley, Paul C.
Lohr, C.D. and Hackley, P.C., 2018, Using mercury injection pressure analyses to estimate sealing capacity of the Tuscaloosa marine shale in Mississippi, USA: Implications for carbon dioxide sequestration: International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, v. 78, p. 375-387, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2018.09.006.

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Year Published: 2018

Compositional data analysis of coal combustion products with an application to a Wyoming power plant

A mathematically sound approach for summarizing chemical analyses of feed coal and all its combustion products (bottom ash, economizer fly ash, and fly ash) is presented. The nature of the data requires the application of compositional techniques when conducting statistical analysis, techniques that have not been applied before to the study of...

Martín-Fernández, J. A.; Olea, Ricardo A.; Ruppert, Leslie F.
Martín-Fernández, J.A., Olea, R.A., Ruppert, L.F., 2018. Compositional data analysis of coal combustion products with an application to a Wyoming power plant. Mathematical Geosciences, vol. 50, no. 6, p. 639‒657.

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Year Published: 2018

Microbial community composition of a hydrocarbon reservoir 40 years after a CO2 enhanced oil recovery flood

Injecting CO2 into depleted oil reservoirs to extract additional crude oil is a common enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR) technique. However, little is known about how in situ microbial communities may be impacted by CO2 flooding, or if any permanent microbiological changes occur after flooding has ceased. Formation water was...

Shelton, Jenna L.; Andrews, Robert S.; Akob, Denise M.; DeVera, Christina A.; Mumford, Adam C.; McCray, John E.; McIntosh, Jennifer C.

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Year Published: 2018

Radiocarbon chronometry of Site QJ-280, Quebrada Jaguay, a terminal Pleistocene to early Holocene fishing site in southern Peru

Excavations in 1970, 1996, and 1999 at Site QJ-280, Quebrada Jaguay, in southern Peru, yielded enough dateable terrestrial plant material to establish an extensive radiocarbon chronology for the site. QJ-280 is one of oldest well-dated fishing sites in the Americas: it was occupied from the terminal Pleistocene to the mid-Holocene (about 13,000–8,...

Jones, Kevin B.; Hodgins, Gregory W. L.; Sandweiss, Daniel H.
Jones, K.B., Hodgins, G.W.L., and Sandweiss, D.H., 2017, Radiocarbon chronometry of Site QJ-280, Quebrada Jaguay, a terminal Pleistocene to early Holocene fishing site in southern Peru: Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology, 19 p., https://doi.org/10.1080/15564894.2017.1338316.

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Year Published: 2018

Geologic framework for the national assessment of carbon dioxide storage resources—Atlantic Coastal Plain and Eastern Mesozoic Rift Basins

This chapter presents information pertinent to the geologic carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration potential within saline aquifers located in the Atlantic Coastal Plain and Eastern Mesozoic Rift Basins of the Eastern United States. The Atlantic Coastal Plain is underlain by a Jurassic to Quaternary succession of sedimentary strata that onlap westward...

Warwick, Peter D.; Corum, M.D.; Craddock, William H.; Merrill, M.D.; Roberts-Ashby, Tina L.; Brennan, Sean T.; Buursink, Marc L.; Drake, Ronald M.; Warwick, Peter D.; Cahan, Steven M.; DeVera, Christina A.; Freeman, Philip A.; Gosai, Mayur A.; Lohr, Celeste D.
Craddock, W.H., Merrill, M.D., Roberts-Ashby, T.L., Brennan, S.T., Buursink, M.L., Drake, R.M., II, Warwick, P.D., Cahan, S.M., DeVera, C.A., Freeman, P.A., Gosai, M.A., and Lohr, C.D., 2018, Geologic framework for the national assessment of carbon dioxide storage resources—Atlantic Coastal Plain and Eastern Mesozoic Rift Basins, chap. N of Warwick, P.D., and Corum, M.D., eds., Geologic framework for the national assessment of carbon dioxide storage resources: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1024, 32 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20121024N.

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Year Published: 2018

Assessment of undiscovered continuous oil and gas resources in the Upper Cretaceous Tuscaloosa marine shale of the U.S. Gulf Coast, 2018

Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey assessed mean undiscovered, technically recoverable continuousresources of 1.5 billion barrels of oil and 4.6 trillion cubic feet of gas in the Upper Cretaceous Tuscaloosa marine shale in onshore and State waters ofLouisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida in the U.S. Gulf...

Hackley, Paul C.; Enomoto, Catherine B.; Valentine, Brett J.; Rouse, William A.; Lohr, Celeste D.; Dulong, Frank T.; Hatcherian, Javin J.; Brennan, Sean T.; Craddock, William H.; Finn, Thomas M.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Le, Phuong A.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Marra, Kristen R.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Paxton, Stanley T.; Whidden, Katherine J.; Woodall, Cheryl A.; Schenk, Christopher J.
Hackley, P.C., Enomoto, C.B., Valentine, B.J., Rouse, W.A., Lohr, C.D., Dulong, F.T., Hatcherian, J.J., Brennan, S.T., Craddock, W.H., Finn, T.M., Gaswirth, S.B., Le, P.A., Leathers-Miller, H.M., Marra, K.R., Mercier, T.J., Paxton, S.T., Whidden, K.J., Woodall, C.A., and Schenk, C.J., 2018, Assessment of undiscovered continuous oil and gas resources in the Upper Cretaceous Tuscaloosa marine shale of the U.S. Gulf Coast, 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3043, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183043.

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Year Published: 2018

Gas emissions, tars, and secondary minerals at the Ruth Mullins and Tiptop coal mine fires

Both the Tiptop and Ruth Mullins coal fires, Kentucky, were reinvestigated in 2009 and 2010. The Tiptop fire was not as active in 2009 and may have been on the path to burning out at the time of the 2009 visit. The Ruth Mullins coal mine fire, Perry County, Kentucky, has been the subject of several field...

O'Keefe, Jennifer M. K.; Neace, Erika R.; Hammond, Maxwell L.; Hower, James C.; Engle, Mark A.; East, Joseph A.; Geboy, Nicholas J.; Olea, Ricardo A.; Henke, Kevin R.; Copley, Gregory C.; Lemley, Edward W.; Hatch Nally, Rachel S.; Hansen, Antonia E.; Richardson, Allison R.; Satterwhite, Anne B.; Stracher, Glenn B.; Radke, Larry F.; Smeltzer, Charles; Romanek, Christopher; Blake, Donald R.; Schroeder, Paul A.; Emsbo-Mattingly, Stephen D.; Stout, Scott A.
O'Keefe, J. M. K., Neace, E. R., Hammond, M. L., Hower, J. C., Engle, M. A., East, J., et al. (2018). Gas emissions, tars, and secondary minerals at the Ruth Mullins and Tiptop coal mine fires. International Journal of Coal Geology, 195, 304–316. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.coal.2018.06.012

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June 30, 2017

Lesson 11F: New elevation products and services from 3DEP lidar data

This is lesson 11f. In this lesson, you will learn about the new lidar products available through the 3D Elevation Program 
 

King Creek in York County, Virginia
June 27, 2017

King Creek in York County, Virginia

A panoramic photo of King Creek near the Colonial Parkway in York County, Virginia.

York River in York County, Virginia
June 27, 2017

York River in York County, Virginia

The York River, looking across the bridge to York, Virginia.

Young Boy Fishing
June 24, 2017

Young Boy Fishing

A young boy fishing in a lake in Albemarle County, Virginia.

May 31, 2017

SeaBOSS Deck Work Outtake

SeaBOSS operations were conducted north of Nantucket, MA as part of an agreement with the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management to map the geology of MA waters. The geologic and bathymetric maps help us understand the processes that have shaped the coast and how it has evolved over time, and thereby help evaluate the vulnerability of coastal environments to

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May 31, 2017

SeaBOSS off Nantucket, MA

SEABed Observation and Sampling System (SeaBOSS) operations were conducted north of Nantucket, MA as part of an agreement with Massachusetts Coastal Zone Management to map the geology of Massachusetts waters . The overall goal of the USGS–CZM mapping cooperative is to characterize the sea floor and shallow substrate inside the 3-mile limit of State waters, using high-

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Varied Chesapeake Bay landscapes
May 24, 2017

To Foresee Chesapeake Bay’s Future, Scientists Look to the Land

A montage of four Chesapeake Bay aerial photos. L-R: A waterfront residential community; row crops bordered by forest; Baltimore Harbor; piers and crab pots in a waterfront fishing community.

Attribution: Ecosystems, Northeast
Mobile laboratory fathead minnow experiment station pictures
May 1, 2017

Shenandoah mobile laboratory fathead minnow experiment station

Shenandoah mobile laboratory fathead minnow experiment station

March 31, 2017

Introduction to the Topo TNM Style Template and Topo Map Vector Data

This is lesson 12-Introduction to the Topo TNM Style Template and the Topo Map Vector Data Products. This lesson consists of a series of videos intended to introduce the user to the Topo TNM Style Template and the Topo Map Vector Data products. We will discuss the how and why they are needed and used. We will show you where to download the Template and the various products

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March 31, 2017

How to Configure the Topo TNM Style Template

This is lesson 12 - How to configure the Topo TNM Style Template. This lesson consists of a series of videos intended to introduce the user to the Topo TNM Style Template and the Topo Map Vector Data products. We will discuss the how and why they are needed and used. We will show you where to download the Template and the various products. Finally, we will provide step-by-

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March 31, 2017

Downloading the Style Template and Topo Map Vector Data Products

This is lesson 12, Downloading the Style Template and Topo Map Vector Data Products. This lesson consists of a series of videos intended to introduce the user to the Topo TNM Style Template and the Topo Map Vector Data products. We will discuss the how and why they are needed and used. We will show you where to download the Template and the various products. Finally, we

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January 31, 2017

Digital Elevation Models, Hydro-Flattening, and Hydro-Enforcement

Lesson 10A - 3DEP Topic Lesson: Digital Elevation Models, Hydro-Flattening, Hydro-Enforcement, and Breaklines In this 3DEP Topic lesson, we will provide information on different types of Digital Elevation Models, or DEMs. We will discuss the difference between a Topographic DEM and a Hydrologic DEM, and provide explanations of the related terms “hydro-flattened” and “hydro

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Chandler Robbins bird watching
March 23, 2017

U.S. Geological Survey scientist emeritus Chandler S. Robbins, whose heartfelt love of birds, quicksilver mind, boundless energy and sunny demeanor made him a major force in bird conservation in the U.S. and worldwide, died Monday, March 20 at the age of 98.

Farms, forests and rolling hills in Lycoming County, PA
March 6, 2017

Tests of 75 private drinking water wells in Lycoming County, in north-central Pennsylvania, found water from most of the sampled wells contained concentrations of radon that exceeded a proposed, nonbinding health standard for drinking water. Smaller percentages of the wells contained concentrations of arsenic or methane that exceed existing drinking water standards.

A USGS Hydrologic Technician installs a new streamgage
February 28, 2017

Philadelphia communities along the Schuylkill River and Darby Creek now have new tools to help inform residents of impending flooding. The U.S. Geological Survey recently installed three new streamgages in Manayunk, Eastwick, and downtown near 30th St., which will monitor water levels, and provide vital data used by emergency managers and flood forecasters to help protect lives and property. 

Wintry trees and grasses line New Jersey's Mantua Creek.
February 27, 2017

A USGS analysis of New Jersey water quality trends found levels of total nitrogen and total phosphorus, which fuel algae blooms, declined or stayed the same at most stream sites between the 1970s and 2011. At all sites studied, chlorides from road salt increased over that time.

Image shows an undersea gas hydrate formation with shellfish on it.
February 9, 2017

A recent interpretive review of scientific literature performed by the U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Rochester sheds light on the interactions of gas hydrates and climate.

Scientist collects samples from a temporary wooden platform in a New Jersey salt marsh
January 24, 2017

If coastal salt marshes are like savings accounts, with sediment as the principal, all eight Atlantic and Pacific coast salt marshes studied are "in the red," researchers found.

Western bumblebee (Bombus occidentalis)
January 23, 2017

Patuxent Scientist Sam Droege interviewed for "Inside Science" about how commercially managed bumblebees and honey bees may be contributing to wild pollinator decline. 

Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
January 19, 2017

A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the combined Valley and Ridge and Piedmont and Blue Ridge aquifers in the eastern United States is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
January 19, 2017

A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifer system in the eastern United States is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS Extensometer Drilling
January 18, 2017

Deep drilling in eastern Virginia will evaluate past effects of groundwater pumping, land subsidence, and relative sea-level rise. Future injection of water is expected to add pressure, expand the aquifer, and raise the land surface.

Aerial view of the caldera of Mt Tambora, island of Sumbawa, Indonesia.
January 18, 2017

Hundreds of articles have been written about the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history, at Indonesia’s Mt. Tambora just over 200 years ago. But for a small group of New England-based researchers, one more Tambora story needed to be told, one related to its catastrophic effects in the Gulf of Maine that may carry lessons for intertwined human-natural systems facing climate change today.

Map of Chesapeake Bay and Its Tributaries Showing Sediment Sources and Core Sites 1995-2006
January 17, 2017

Richard Batiuk got to know the Chesapeake Bay in the early 1970s. During visits with his friends and family, they would swim and boat, and fish would practically jump aboard. He was young but knew he wanted to live and work on the bay.

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