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Northeast

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One of the major strengths of the Northeast Area is the enthusiasm and commitment of our scientists to produce the type of high quality science that the USGS is known for. Working together with our partners across the nation, we have the ability to provide complete, integrated and holistic environmental information that will produce the best results that we can achieve.

Filter Total Items: 143
American woodcock, Scolopax minor
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Adaptive Management of American Woodcock in the Atlantic Northern Forest Bird Conservation Region

The Challenge: Research goals of this project seek to take an adaptive approch to habitat management for American woodcock. Under this process a mix of early successional forest habitat will be created following the allowable guidelines of state forest management, National Wildlife Refuge management plans, and commercial timber management plans; management actions will consist of various...

Contacts: Daniel McAuley
American Woodcock, Scolopax minor, chick
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Analyses of Woodcock Singing Ground Surveys in the Northeast

The Challenge: Research goals of this project seek to determine if survey routes for American woodcock are sampling represenative habitats and whether routes are distributed proportionally to early successional habitats and biophysical regions across Maine, Vermont, and New Hampshire. If routes are not representatively distributed (i.e., biased), we will evaluate the effects of this bias on...

Contacts: Daniel McAuley
Black-and-white Warbler, Mniotilta varia
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Response of Avian Community to Forest Management on Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge

The Challenge: Research goals focus on measurement of direct effects of various habitat management techniques for game species on neotropical migratory birds. Analyses are ongoing to determine if avian species richness, diversity, and relative abundance of land birds has changed at Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge as a result of habitat management; determine if the structure of the avian...

Contacts: Daniel McAuley
Scientist taking measurements with a protractor
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Estimation of Density and Abundance of Biological Populations on National Parks and Wildlife Refuges Through Distance Sampling

The Challenge: Assessing the status and trends of populations of biological organisms is an important management goal and a recurrent theme in USGS research. Often, the most basic question of “how many are there?” remains elusive, thus making management decisions more difficult. This study continues a long-term commitment of technical support for the use of distance sampling for wildlife...

Scientists collecting bat location data
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Bats in Forests Managed for Wildlife

The Challenge: Within the Mississippi Alluvial Valley (MAV), forest managers may prescribe variable retention silvicultural treatments within bottomland hardwood forests on public lands to improve forest conditions (i.e., structural heterogeneity, species composition, and senescence) for priority wildlife species. This is referred to as wildlife-forestry silviculture. However, concerns have...

Citizen Scientists monitoring Avian populations in the Gulf Coast National Parks
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Monitoring Birds in National Parks of the Gulf Coast Network

The Challenge: Avian monitoring within the Gulf Coast Network of the National Park Service is challenged to provide valid quantitative data on bird populations within park boundaries with limited financial input. Thus, citizen science (volunteer) bird monitoring has been proposed to achieve reliable estimates of bird populations and to assess the effects of habitat change and temporal dynamics...

Researchers on cliff face investigating the effects of climbing on rare cliff plants.
Date Published: December 20, 2016
Status: Active

Assessing Recreational Impact to Cliff Habitats and Rare Plants

The Challenge: The Potomac River Gorge, managed by the National Park Service in Virginia and Maryland, is a highly accessible protected natural area bordered by the intensively developed Washington metro region. The Gorge is biologically rich, with more than 400 occurrences of over 200 rare species. Potomac Gorge receives exceptionally heavy visitation, with nearly two million visitors...

Contacts: Jeff Marion, Ph.D., Dr. Jeremy Wimpey, Dr. Chris Carr, Dr. Yu-Fai Leung
Young Parent-reared Whooping Crane, Grus americana, being released
Date Published: December 19, 2016
Status: Completed

The Release of Parent-reared Whooping Crane Colts into the Eastern Migratory Population

The Challenge: Whooping cranes have been successfully introduced using costume rearing techniques in either a direct autumn release or in an ultralight led migration from Wisconsin to Florida. In Florida, we have also released parent-reared whooping cranes. Not much is known about the learning that takes place in this K-selected species over the almost one year that the young whooping crane...

BBS Observer along Hughesville, MD BBS route (Photo Credit: Heather Martley)
Date Published: December 19, 2016
Status: Active

Implementing Cross Validation Approaches for Model Selection and Evaluating Goodness of Fit in Complex Hierarchical Models

The Challenge: Many critical wildlife surveys, such as the North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS), are analyzed using complex hierarchical models. These models are generally multi-scale and contain random effects; the standard approaches to model selection and assessment of model fit are often inappropriate and no simple way exists to compare alternative models. However, a clear need exists...

Black Duck, Anas rubripes, Breeding Range Map
Date Published: December 19, 2016
Status: Active

Population Change and Abundance of Black Ducks and Mallards in Eastern North America

The Challenge: Over the last half of the 20th century, the breeding range of American black duck (Anas rubripes) has contracted from central Canada and the Northeastern United States toward eastern Canada. This reduction in size of the breeding range has been reflected in a steady decline of black ducks counted during winter surveys, both the midwinter Waterfowl Survey conducted by the U. S....

Population Change and the BBS
Date Published: December 19, 2016
Status: Active

Design and Analysis of Surveys for Estimation of Temporal and Spatial Change in Animal Populations

The Challenge: Population status information is required for management of migratory bird populations, and structured decision making and adaptive management place additional emphasis on the need for rigorous survey designs and robust estimation methods. The North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) and Christmas Bird Count (CBC) provide continent-scale information on breeding and wintering...

Survival Probability
Date Published: December 19, 2016
Status: Active

Hierarchical Models of Animal Abundance and Occurrence

The Challenge: Research goals of this project are to develop models, statistical methods, sampling strategies and tools for inference about animal population status from survey data. Survey data are always subject to a number of observation processes that induce bias and error. In particular, inferences are based on spatial sampling – we can only ever sample a subset of locations where species...

Filter Total Items: 86
Year Published: 2009

Simulation of Groundwater-Level and Salinity Changes in the Eastern Shore, Virginia

Groundwater-level and salinity changes have been simulated with a groundwater model developed and calibrated for the Eastern Shore of Virginia. The Eastern Shore is the southern part of the Delmarva Peninsula that is occupied by Accomack and Northampton Counties in Virginia. Groundwater is the sole source of freshwater to the Eastern Shore, and...

Sanford, Ward E.; Pope, Jason P.; Nelms, David L.
Simulation of Groundwater-Level and Salinity Changes in the Eastern Shore, Virginia; 2009; SIR; 2009-5066; Sanford, Ward E.; Pope, Jason P.; Nelms, David L.

Year Published: 2009

Continuous Turbidity Monitoring in the Indian Creek Watershed, Tazewell County, Virginia, 2006-08

Thousands of miles of natural gas pipelines are installed annually in the United States. These pipelines commonly cross streams, rivers, and other water bodies during pipeline construction. A major concern associated with pipelines crossing water bodies is increased sediment loading and the subsequent impact to the ecology of the aquatic system....

Moyer, Douglas; Hyer, Kenneth
Continuous Turbidity Monitoring in the Indian Creek Watershed, Tazewell County, Virginia, 2006-08; 2009; SIR; 2009-5085; Moyer, Douglas L.; Hyer, Kenneth E.

Year Published: 2009

Annual Maximum Stages and Discharges of Selected Streams in Virginia through 2007

Annual maximum stages and discharges for continuous-record and partial-record streamflow-gaging stations in Virginia are summarized through the 2007 water year. Data are included for over 500 active and discontinued streamflow-gaging stations operated by the U.S. Geological Survey, the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, and other...

Austin, Samuel H.; Wiegand, Ute
Annual Maximum Stages and Discharges of Selected Streams in Virginia through 2007; 2009; OFR; 2009-1007; Austin, Samuel H.; Wiegand, Ute

Year Published: 2009

Generalized Skew Coefficients of Annual Peak Flows for Rural, Unregulated Streams in West Virginia

Generalized skew was determined from analysis of records from 147 streamflow-gaging stations in or near West Virginia. The analysis followed guidelines established by the Interagency Advisory Committee on Water Data described in Bulletin 17B, except that stations having 50 or more years of record were used instead of stations with the less...

Atkins, John T.; Wiley, Jeffrey B.; Paybins, Katherine S.
Generalized Skew Coefficients of Annual Peak Flows for Rural, Unregulated Streams in West Virginia; 2009; OFR; 2008-1304; Atkins, John T., Jr.; Wiley, Jeffrey B.; Paybins, Katherine S.

Year Published: 2008

Estimating Selected Streamflow Statistics Representative of 1930-2002 in West Virginia

Regional equations and procedures were developed for estimating 1-, 3-, 7-, 14-, and 30-day 2-year; 1-, 3-, 7-, 14-, and 30-day 5-year; and 1-, 3-, 7-, 14-, and 30-day 10-year hydrologically based low-flow frequency values for unregulated streams in West Virginia. Regional equations and procedures also were developed for estimating the 1-day, 3-...

Wiley, Jeffrey B.
Estimating Selected Streamflow Statistics Representative of 1930-2002 in West Virginia; 2008; SIR; 2008-5105; Wiley, Jeffrey B.

Year Published: 2008

Basin Characteristics for Selected Streamflow-Gaging Stations In and Near West Virginia

Basin characteristics have long been used to develop equations describing streamflow. In the past, flow equations used in West Virginia were based on a few hand-calculated basin characteristics. More recently, the use of a Geographic Information System (GIS) to generate basin characteristics from existing datasets has refined the process for...

Paybins, Katherine S.
Basin Characteristics for Selected Streamflow-Gaging Stations In and Near West Virginia; 2008; OFR; 2008-1087; Paybins, Katherine S.

Year Published: 2007

Escherichia coli Concentrations in Recreational Streams and Backcountry Drinking-Water Supplies in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, 2005-2006

Although fecal contamination of streams is a problem of national scope, few investigations have been directed at relatively pristine streams in forested basins in national parks. With approximately 1.8 million visitors annually, Shenandoah National Park in Virginia is subject to extensive recreational use. The effects of these visitors and their...

Hyer, Kenneth
Escherichia coli Concentrations in Recreational Streams and Backcountry Drinking-Water Supplies in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, 2005-2006; 2007; SIR; 2007-5160; Hyer, Kenneth E.

Year Published: 2007

Development of Relations of Stream Stage to Channel Geometry and Discharge for Stream Segments Simulated with Hydrologic Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF), Chesapeake Bay Watershed and Adjacent Parts of Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), Chesapeake Bay Program (CBP), Interstate Commission for the Potomac River Basin (ICPRB), Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE), Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation (VADCR), and University of Maryland (UMD) are collaborating to improve the...

Moyer, Douglas; Bennett, Mark
Development of Relations of Stream Stage to Channel Geometry and Discharge for Stream Segments Simulated with Hydrologic Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF), Chesapeake Bay Watershed and Adjacent Parts of Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware; 2007; SIR; 2007-5135; Moyer, Douglas L.; Bennett, Mark R.

Year Published: 2007

Processes Affecting Phosphorus and Copper Concentrations and Their Relation to Algal Growth in Two Supply Reservoirs in the Lower Coastal Plain of Virginia, 2002-2003, and Implications for Alternative Management Strategies

Elevated phosphorus concentrations commonly promote excessive growth of algae in waters nationwide. When such waters are used for public supply, the algae can plug filters during treatment and impart tastes and odors to the finished water. This increases treatment costs and results in finished water that may not be of the quality desired for...

Speiran, Gary K.; Simon, Nancy S.; Mood-Brown, Maria L.
Processes Affecting Phosphorus and Copper Concentrations and Their Relation to Algal Growth in Two Supply Reservoirs in the Lower Coastal Plain of Virginia, 2002-2003, and Implications for Alternative Management Strategies; 2007; SIR; 2006-5277; Speiran, Gary K.; Simon, Nancy S.; Mood-Brown, Maria L.

Year Published: 2007

Presumptive Sources of Fecal Contamination in Four Tributaries to the New River Gorge National River, West Virginia, 2004

Several methods were used to determine the sources of fecal contamination in water samples collected during September and October 2004 from four tributaries to the New River Gorge National River -- Arbuckle Creek, Dunloup Creek, Keeney Creek, and Wolf Creek. All four tributaries historically have had elevated levels of fecal coliform bacteria. The...

Mathes, Melvin V.; O'Brien, Tara L.; Strickler, Kriston M.; Hardy, Joshua J.; Schill, William B.; Lukasik, Jerzy; Scott, Troy M.; Bailey, David E.; Fenger, Terry L.
Presumptive Sources of Fecal Contamination in Four Tributaries to the New River Gorge National River, West Virginia, 2004; 2007; OFR; 2007-1107; Mathes, Melvin V.; O'Brien, Tara L.; Strickler, Kriston M.; Hardy, Joshua J.; Schill, William B.; Lukasik, Jerzy; Scott, Troy M.; Bailey, David E.; Fenger, Terry L.

Year Published: 2007

The Quality of Water and Bottom Material in Lunga Reservoir, Virginia, September 2004 through August 2005

Lunga Reservoir is on the U.S. Marine Corps Base in Quantico, which is in the Potomac River basin and the Piedmont Physiographic Province of northern Virginia. Because of the potential use of the reservoir for scuba-diver training and public water supply in addition to current recreational activities, the U.S. Marine Corps wanted to know more...

Lotspeich, R. Russell
The Quality of Water and Bottom Material in Lunga Reservoir, Virginia, September 2004 through August 2005; 2007; OFR; 2007-1053; Lotspeich, R. Russell

Year Published: 2007

Water-Use Estimates for West Virginia, 2004

This study estimates the quantity of surface water and ground water used within West Virginia. About 4,787 million gallons per day (Mgal/d) of water were withdrawn from West Virginia surface-water and ground-water sources in 2004, with about 4,641 Mgal/d (97 percent) from surface-water sources and about 146 Mgal/d (3 percent) from ground water...

Atkins, John T.
Water-Use Estimates for West Virginia, 2004; 2007; OFR; 2007-1038; Atkins, John T., Jr.

Filter Total Items: 184
October 31, 2016

Collecting Data at a Station Using SonTek RSSL (Open Water)

In this video we will outline the process of collecting an open water station in the SonTek RSSL software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: https

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October 31, 2016

Collecting Data at a Station Using SonTek RSSL (Under Ice)

In this video we will outline the process of collecting an under ice station in the SonTek RSSL software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: https

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October 31, 2016

Entering Manual Station Information in SonTek RSSL

In this video we will outline the process of entering manual station information in the SonTek RSSL software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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October 31, 2016

Accounting for Open Water Flow Angles in SonTek RSSL

In this video we will outline the process of accounting for open water flow angles in the SonTek RSSL software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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October 31, 2016

Accounting for Under Ice Flow Angles in SonTek RSSL

In this video we will outline the process of accounting for under ice flow angles in the SonTek RSSL software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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October 31, 2016

Data Quality Indicators during Data Collection in SonTek RSSL

In this video we will highlight the important data quality indicators in the SonTek RSSL software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: https://www2.

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October 31, 2016

Ending Edge Data Collection in SonTek RSSL

In this video we will demonstrate how to enter ending edge information in the SonTek RSSL software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: https://www2.

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October 31, 2016

Editing Vertical Information is SonTek RSSL

In this video we will outline the process of editing vertical information using the SonTek RSSL software. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: https

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October 31, 2016

Importing a SonTek RSSL Measurement into SVMobile

In this video we will outline the process of importing a SonTek RSSL measurement into SVMobile. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: https://www2.usgs

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October 31, 2016

Enabling SonTek RiverSurveyor Stationary Live

In this video, we will briefly review how to enable the RiverSurveyor Stationary Live software for field operation, enabling it for use. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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Flowing stream passing a streamgage with swirling leaves in the water
October 20, 2016

Streamgage in Connecticut

A beautiful capture of a streamgage at Bunnell Brook near Burlington, CT.

A weir structure controls the height of the water, so a stable relation between stream stage and flow can be maintained. The gage house is the concrete structure in the photo, and has been used to collect streamflow data since 1931. Recent drought conditions have reduced the flow to a trickle

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September 30, 2016

Collecting Under Ice Midsection ADCP Measurements in TRDI SxS Pro

In this video, we will demonstrate how to collect data at a station as part of an under ice midsection ADCP measurement in TRDI SxS Pro. Note: Use of trade names is for descriptive purposes only, and does not imply endorsement by the USGS. For additional videos in this series, visit the following link: 

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Filter Total Items: 78
USGS
April 1, 2015

Scientists from the U.S. Geological Survey, Pennsylvania State University and the University of Utah have used a new stream-based methane monitoring method to identify and quantify groundwater methane discharging to a stream in an area of shale-gas development.

Image: Happy Cows in Happy Flowers
March 25, 2015

Grassland habitats on rangelands in California’s Central Valley and surrounding foothills could decline by as much as 37 percent by 2100 due to changes in land use and climate, according to new scientific projections by the U.S. Geological Survey.

collage of scientists conducting science related to each mission are
March 25, 2015

Appalachian coal and petroleum resources are still available in sufficient quantities to contribute significantly to fulfilling the nation’s energy needs, according to a recent study by the U.S. Geological Survey.

USGS
March 12, 2015

Excess fertilizer and manure applied to the Chesapeake Bay’s Eastern Shore are causing poor water-quality in streams that flow into the Bay, according to a new publication by the U.S. Geological Survey. 

USGS
March 12, 2015

Vital coastal storm-tide information needed to help guide storm response efforts following major storms affecting North Carolina will be more accessible than ever due to a new monitoring network the U.S. Geological Survey is currently building.

Image: Carolina Northern Flying Squirrel
March 10, 2015

Habitat loss has fragmented the population of the Carolina northern flying squirrel, an endangered species now living on “sky-islands” on nine isolated mountain peaks in the southern Appalachians.

USGS
February 10, 2015

Pharmaceuticals, hormones and personal care products associated with everyday household activities are finding their way into groundwater through septic systems in New York and New England, according to the U.S. Geological Survey.

Map of the south, central, and north sections of the study area
January 21, 2015

Several areas with modest water-resource potential within the valleys of the Ramapo River and Woodbury Creek have been identified in eastern Orange County, New York. 

USGS
January 9, 2015

A year after the January 9, 2014 chemical spill on the Elk River that affected the drinking water of 300,000 Charleston area residents, scientists continue to provide new information to increase understanding of the chemicals in the spill and how they traveled through the water system.  

USGS
December 18, 2014

Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell announced today that Interior’s Northeast Climate Science Center (NE CSC) is awarding nearly $700,000 to universities and other partners for research to guide managers of parks, refuges and other cultural and natural resources in planning how to help species and ecosystems adapt to climate change.

Image: Hughes River, Shenandoah National Park, Virginia
December 8, 2014

CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va. -- The majority of streams in the Chesapeake Bay region are warming, and that increase appears to be driven largely by rising air temperatures. These findings are based on new U.S. Geological Survey research published in the journal Climatic Change.

Image: Louisiana Black Bear and Cubs
November 19, 2014

The bear species nicknamed “teddy” more than a century ago that inspired the iconic stuffed toy still popular today will likely survive at least another century, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study. 

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