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Lava enters Harry K. Brown Park in Kalapana, Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai...
May 2, 1990

Lava enters Harry K. Brown Park in Kalapana, Kīlauea, Hawai‘i

Harry K. Brown Park was originally called "Wai'akolea Park." It was renamed "Harry Ka'ina Brown Memorial Park" in 1953 after Brown, a county auditor, whose ancestral home was in Kalapana. Thick smoke is from burning asphalt.

Lava flow advancing through Kalapana Gardens subdivision, Kīlauea V...
May 2, 1990

Lava flow advancing through Kalapana Gardens subdivision, Kīlauea

The left edge of the lava flow is following the inland contours of Hakuma horst, the fault block to the left, which is directing the flow into the heart of Kalapana.

Lava flow encroaching on the Kalapana Gardens subdivision, Kīlauea ...
April 3, 1990

Lava flow encroaching on Kalapana Gardens subdivision, Kīlauea

Aerial view of pāhoehoe flow encroaching on the Kalapana community. Hakuma horst, a raised fault block, is on the left. To the right of the point are fishponds, and to their right, Walter's Kalapana Store and Drive Inn. In the large trapezoidal plot are Mauna Kea Congregational Church and hall. The white structure across the street from the Congregational Church is St.

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Channelized pāhoehoe flows from Kupaianaha vent, Kīlauea Volcano, H...
February 15, 1990

Channelized pāhoehoe flows from Kupaianaha vent, Kīlauea, Hawai‘i

View looking uphill at surface flows advancing down a steep slope (Pulama pali) between the east rift zone and the coastal plain of Kīlauea Volcano. Overflows from the channel on the right are building levees of pāhoehoe. Within a few days, crust accreting inward from the levees built a roof over the channel, forming a new lava tube.

A narrow stream of yellow-hot lava flows out of a lava tube, onto a small ledge, then cascades down to the ocean.
November 27, 1989

Kilauea lava flows from a tube into the sea, November 27, 1989

Lava flows from a lava tube into the sea near Kupapau Point on 11/27/1989. From the Kilauea East Rift Zone (ERZ) eruption, eruption pisode 48, Kupapau lava flow. Hawai'i Island.

A narrow stream of yellow-hot lava flows out of a lava tube onto rocks and into the ocean.
November 27, 1989

Lava tube sea entry on Hawai'i Island

Lava flows from a lava tube into the sea near Kupapau Point on Hawai'i Island. From the Kilauea East Rift Zone (ERZ) eruption, November 27, 1989. Episode 48 of the Kupapau Lava Flow.

A small stream of red hot lava spreads out in a smooth, ropy texture as it cools to black.
June 15, 1989

Pahoehoe from Kilauea eruption, 1989

Pahoehoe ropes form in the Wahaula Lava Flow across from Wahaula Visitor Center on Hawai'i Island during the Kilauea East Rift Zone (ERZ) eruption on 6/15/89.

Lava bubble burst explosion, Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i...
October 5, 1988

Lava bubble burst explosion, Kīlauea, Hawai‘i

A thin-walled lava bubble expands and bursts. These "bubble bursts" occur when seawater infiltrates the lava tube system near the shore. Such bubble bursts produce translucent sheets of spatter, or limu o Pele.

Pu‘umaKAHAKOkanaka, northeast flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i...
July 11, 1988

Pu‘umaKAHAKOkanaka, NE flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i

12,398 ft elev according to USGS Geographic Names Information System

Upper south flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i. Prominent cinder cone (low...
July 11, 1988

Upper south flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i. Prominent cinder cone (low...

Pu‘u Keonehehe‘e and the two small cones immediately to the northwest (left) are among the youngest cones erupted on the volcano, as recent as about 4,000 years ago. The other cones in this view are part of the Laupahoehoe Volcanics, but much older, dating to 70,000 years ago. The light colored surface between the cones consists of glacial deposits with ages between 40,000

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Northeast flank Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i from about 5,200 ft to summit. P...
July 11, 1988

Northeast flank Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i from about 5,200 ft to summit. P...

The light colored lava flows in foreground are part of the older Laupahoehoe Volcanics, erupted between 70,000 to 13,000 years ago. one of the youngest cinder cones erupted by the volcano,

Glacial end moraine deposits on south flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i...
July 11, 1988

Glacial end moraine deposits on south flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i

Glacial end moraine deposits on south flank of Mauna Kea, Hawai‘i

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Volcano erupts in big show
March 11, 1994

Lava activity at the coast where the flows enter the ocean has been spectacular this past week. The activity has included high lava spattering and formation of three new cones along the ocean entries. On Friday, March 4, explosions began at the coast and intensified during the day. 

USGS
March 4, 1994

The 11-year-long eruption on Kīlauea's East Rift Zone took a brief pause on Thursday, but activity resumed within a matter of hours. 
 

The hazards of post and pier foundations...
February 25, 1994

The column last week summarized the types of damage to structures resulting from shaking during large earthquakes beneath Hawai‘i.

USGS
February 18, 1994

Over the last several weeks, we have run suggestions of specific things that you can do to reduce your exposure to damage caused by earthquakes. 

Dangerous ledge collapses becoming more common...
February 11, 1994

Lava from the 11-year long eruption along Kīlauea's East Rift Zone continues to pour into the ocean near Kamoamoa inside Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. 

USGS
February 4, 1994

The magnitude-5.2 earthquake that occurred at 12:02 a.m. Tuesday morning served as a not-so-gentle reminder of the seismic hazard on the Island of Hawai‘i. The quake was felt throughout the State, with reports from as far away as Kapa'a, Kaua‘i. 
 

USGS
January 28, 1994

Large, damaging earthquakes have occurred frequently in Hawai`i in the past and will occur again in the future, as we discussed last week. However, there is a great deal you can do to reduce your personal risk.
 

USGS
January 21, 1994

A magnitude-6.6 earthquake devastated the Northridge area of Los Angeles on Monday, January 17, at 4:31 a.m. The extent and type of damage in the Los Angeles region caused by an earthquake of this magnitude has been shocking. 

Eleven years of activity at Kīlauea volcano - part II...
January 14, 1994

Editor's note: The following is part two of an 11-year retrospective look at Kīlauea Volcano - October 1992 through the end of 1993.
 

USGS
January 7, 1994

Editor's note: Today's "Volcano Watch" includes the first half of a 11-year retrospective of the Kīlauea eruption up to October 1992. Next week, the second half will cover the most recent volcanic action at Kīlauea.
 

USGS
December 24, 1993

The snow that fell this past week at the summits of Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa volcanoes reminds us that it can get cold enough to snow, even here in the tropics.

USGS
December 23, 1993

The staff and associates of the U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory extend a warm and cheerful holiday greeting to all of the faithful readers of our column.