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Year Published: 2017

Influence of lithostatic stress on earthquake stress drops in North America

We estimate stress drops for earthquakes in and near the continental United States using the method of spectral ratios. The ratio of acceleration spectra between collocated earthquakes recorded at a given station removes the effects of path and recording site and yields source parameters including corner frequency for, and the ratio of seismic...

Boyd, Oliver S.; McNamara, Daniel E.; Hartzell, Stephen H.; Choy, George
Boyd, O. S., D. E. McNamara, S. Hartzell, and G. Choy (2017), Influence of Lithostatic Stress on Earthquake Stress Drops in North America, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 107(2), doi:10.1785/0120160219.

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Year Published: 2017

The finite, kinematic rupture properties of great-sized earthquakes since 1990

Here, I present a database of >160 finite fault models for all earthquakes of M 7.5 and above since 1990, created using a consistent modeling approach. The use of a common approach facilitates easier comparisons between models, and reduces uncertainties that arise when comparing models generated by different authors, data sets and modeling...

Hayes, Gavin P.
Hayes G.P. The finite, kinematic rupture properties of great-sized earthquakes since 1990 Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Volume 468, p. 94-100.

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Year Published: 2017

Continuity of the Reelfoot fault across the Cottonwood Grove and Ridgely faults of the New Madrid Seismic Zone

Previous investigators have argued that the northwest-striking Reelfoot fault of northwest Tennessee and southeastern Missouri is segmented. One segment boundary is at the intersection of the northeast-striking Cottonwood Grove and Ridgely strike-slip faults with the Reelfoot fault. We use seismic reflection and geologic mapping to locate and...

Greenwood, M.L.; Woolery, Edward W; Van Arsdale, R. B.; Stephenson, William J.; Patterson, Gary L.
Greenwood, M.L., Woolery, E.W., Van Arsdale, R.B., Stephenson, W.J., and Patterson, G.L., 2016, Continuity of the Reelfoot Fault Across the Cottonwood Grove and Ridgely Faults of the New Madrid Seismic Zone, Bulletin Seismological Society of America, v. 106, n. 6, p. 2674–2685, doi: 10.1785/0120150290.

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Year Published: 2017

Prediction of spatially explicit rainfall intensity–duration thresholds for post-fire debris-flow generation in the western United States

Early warning of post-fire debris-flow occurrence during intense rainfall has traditionally relied upon a library of regionally specific empirical rainfall intensity–duration thresholds. Development of this library and the calculation of rainfall intensity-duration thresholds often require several years of monitoring local rainfall and hydrologic...

Staley, Dennis M.; Negri, Jacquelyn; Kean, Jason W.; Laber, Jayme L.; Tillery, Anne C.; Youberg, Ann M.

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Year Published: 2017

Pulsed strain release on the Altyn Tagh fault, northwest China

Earthquake recurrence models assume that major surface-rupturing earthquakes are followed by periods of reduced rupture probability as stress rebuilds. Although purely periodic, time- or slip-predictable rupture models are known to be oversimplifications, a paucity of long records of fault slip clouds understanding of fault behavior and earthquake...

Gold, Ryan D.; Cowgill, Eric; Arrowsmith, J. Ramón; Friedrich, Anke M.
Gold, R.D., Cowgill, E., Arrowsmith, J.R., Friedrich, A.M., 2017. Pulsed strain release on the Altyn Tagh fault, northwest China. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 459, 291-300.

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Year Published: 2017

An updated geospatial liquefaction model for global application

We present an updated geospatial approach to estimation of earthquake-induced liquefaction from globally available geospatial proxies. Our previous iteration of the geospatial liquefaction model was based on mapped liquefaction surface effects from four earthquakes in Christchurch, New Zealand, and Kobe, Japan, paired with geospatial explanatory...

Zhu, Jing; Baise, Laurie G.; Thompson, Eric M.

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Year Published: 2017

Repeatability of testing a small broadband sensor in the Albuquerque Seismological Laboratory Underground Vault

Variability in seismic instrumentation performance plays a fundamental role in our ability to carry out experiments in observational seismology. Many such experiments rely on the assumed performance of various seismic sensors as well as on methods to isolate the sensors from nonseismic noise sources. We look at the repeatability of estimating the...

Ringler, Adam T.; Holland, Austin; Wilson, David C.
Ringler, A. T., A. A. Holland, And D. C. Wilson (2017). Repeatability of testing a small broadband sensor in the Albuquerque Seismological Laboratory Underground Vault, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 107, 3, doi: 10.1785/0120170006

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Year Published: 2017

The 2008 Wells, Nevada earthquake sequence: Source constraints using calibrated multiple event relocation and InSAR

The 2008 Wells, NV earthquake represents the largest domestic event in the conterminous U.S. outside of California since the October 1983 Borah Peak earthquake in southern Idaho. We present an improved catalog, magnitude complete to 1.6, of the foreshock-aftershock sequence, supplementing the current U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Preliminary...

Nealy, Jennifer; Benz, Harley M.; Hayes, Gavin P.; Berman, Eric; Barnhart, William D.
Nealy, J. L., Benz, H. M., Hayes, G. P., Bergman, E. A., & Barnhart, W. D. (2017). The 2008 Wells, Nevada, Earthquake Sequence: Source Constraints Using Calibrated Multiple‐Event Relocation and InSAR. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.

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Year Published: 2017

Magnetic monitoring in Saguaro National Park

On a sandy, arid plain, near the Rincon Moun­tain Visitor Center of Saguaro National Park, tucked in among brittlebush, creosote, and other hardy desert plants, is an unusual type of observatory—a small unmanned station that is used for monitor­ing the Earth’s variable magnetic field. Named for the nearby city of Tucson, Arizona, the observatory...

Love, Jeffrey J.; Finn, Carol A.; Gamez Valdez, Yesenia C.; Swann, Don
Love, J.J., Finn, C.A., Gamez Valdez, Y.C., Swann, Don, 2017, Magnetic monitoring in Saguaro National Park: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2017–3035, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20173035.

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Year Published: 2017

Finite‐fault Bayesian inversion of teleseismic body waves

Inverting geophysical data has provided fundamental information about the behavior of earthquake rupture. However, inferring kinematic source model parameters for finite‐fault ruptures is an intrinsically underdetermined problem (the problem of nonuniqueness), because we are restricted to finite noisy observations. Although many studies use least‐...

Clayton, Brandon; Hartzell, Stephen H.; Moschetti, Morgan P.; Minson, Sarah E.
Brandon S. Clayton, Stephen H. Hartzell, Morgan P. Moschetti, Sarah E. Minson

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Year Published: 2017

Cyanobacteria of the 2016 Lake Okeechobee and Okeechobee Waterway harmful algal bloom

The Lake Okeechobee and the Okeechobee Waterway (Lake Okeechobee, the St. Lucie Canal and River, and the Caloosahatchee River) experienced an extensive harmful algal bloom within Lake Okeechobee, the St. Lucie Canal and River and the Caloosahatchee River in 2016. In addition to the very visible bloom of the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa,...

Rosen, Barry H.; Davis, Timothy W.; Gobler, Christopher J.; Kramer, Benjamin J.; Loftin, Keith A.
Rosen, B.H., Davis, T.W., Gobler, C.J., Kramer, B.J., and Loftin, K.A. , 2017, Cyanobacteria of the 2016 Lake Okeechobee Waterway harmful algal bloom: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1054, 34 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171054.

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Year Published: 2017

Advanced National Seismic System—Current status, development opportunities, and priorities for 2017–2027

SummaryEarthquakes pose a threat to the safety of over 143 million people living in the United States. Earthquake impacts can be significantly reduced if communities understand their risk and take proactive steps to mitigate that risk. The Advanced National Seismic System (ANSS) is a cooperative effort to collect and analyze seismic and geodetic...

U.S. Geological Survey, 2017, Advanced National Seismic System—Current status, development opportunities, and priorities for 2017–2027 (ver.1.1, July 2017): U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1429, 32 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1429.

The Southwest Region ranges from the Colorado Rockies to the Gulf Coast and the Western Deserts to the Great Plains. The Southwest Region conducts multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring in locations across the Region, the United States, around the world, and across our solar system.

Filter Total Items: 159

The Southwest Region ranges from the Colorado Rockies to the Gulf Coast and the Western Deserts to the Great Plains. The Southwest Region conducts multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring in locations across the Region, the United States, around the world, and across our solar system.

Filter Total Items: 215