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We conduct impartial, multi- and interdisciplinary research and monitoring on a large range of natural-resource issues that impact the quality of life of citizens and landscapes of the Southeastern United States and the Caribbean region.

News

Image shows USGS scientists in PFDs with an acoustic doppler sensor in a flooded river
May 31, 2018

No one has a crystal ball to foresee what will happen during the 2018 hurricane season that begins June 1, but NOAA forecasters say there’s a 75 percent chance this hurricane season will be at least as busy as a normal year, or busier.

potential coastal change impacts during a direct landfall of Subtropical Storm Alberto based on NHC Advisory 1
May 25, 2018

Potential coastal change impacts due to Alberto.

Xan Fredericks
March 29, 2018

USGS Scientists will participate in the Gulf of Mexico Habitat Monitoring and Mapping User Workshop and Mapping Summit at the NOAA Disaster Response Center in Mobile, Alabama.

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Lower Mississippi-Gulf WSC Office Locations by State
Date Published: September 20, 2018
Status: Active

Contact Us

LMG Contacts by State:

Photo of Bird Bands in a Variety of Sizes and Types
Date Published: May 1, 2018
Status: Active

Bird Banding Laboratory

The Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL) is an integrated scientific program established in 1920 supporting the collection, archiving, management and dissemination of information from banded and marked birds in North America.  This information is used to monitor the status and trends of resident and migratory bird populations. Because birds are good indicators of the health of the environment, the...

heavy mineral sands
Date Published: April 2, 2018
Status: Active

Heavy-Mineral Sand Resources in the Southeastern U.S.

We are assessing the extent of industrial mineral resources hosted by heavy-mineral sands in the coastal plain of the southeastern United States. “Heavy-mineral sands" (HMS) is a term commonly used in industry and geologic literature to describe layered sediments deposited in coastal environments that contain dense (“heavy") minerals of economic value. The heavy minerals extracted from these...

Multicores onboard the research vessel Pelican
Date Published: February 22, 2018
Status: Active

Climate and Environmental Change in the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean

This project documents paleoceanographic, climatic, and environmental changes in the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent land areas over the last 10,000 years. The paleoenvironmental data is used to determine rates of change in the past, and to better understand both the natural and anthropogenic factors that contribute to climate variability on inter-annual to millennial timescales.

Potential coastal change impacts for Hurricane Nate - Oct. 7, 2017
Date Published: January 25, 2018
Status: Completed

Hurricane Nate - Forecast and Documentation of Coastal Change

Hurricane Nate coastal change forecast and pre- and post-storm photos documenting coastal change.

Oblique aerial photograph near Rodanthe, NC, looking south along the coast on August 30, 2011, three days after landfall of Hurr
Date Published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

National Assessment of Storm-Induced Coastal Change Hazards

This project focuses on understanding the magnitude and variability of extreme storm impacts on sandy beaches. The overall objective is to improve real-time and scenario-based predictions of coastal change to support management of coastal infrastructure, resources, and safety. 

Contacts: Kara Doran
coastal vulnerability of sea-level rise map
Date Published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise

This research seeks to objectively determine the relative risks due to future sea-level rise for the U.S. Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico coasts. Research is part of National Assessment of Coastal Change Hazards project. 

Oblique aerial photograph looking to the southwest along the southern end of Cedar Island, Virginia
Date Published: January 18, 2018
Status: Active

Long-Term Coastal Change

Goals of this project include developing and improving coastal-change assessments and supporting long-term planning and decision making to ensure sustainable coastal economies, infrastructure, and ecosystems. Research is part of the National Assessment of Coastal Change Hazards...

Cliff erosion is a common storm-induced hazard along the West Coast.
Date Published: January 17, 2018
Status: Active

National Assessment of Coastal Change Hazards

Research to identify areas that are most vulnerable to coastal change hazards including beach and dune erosion, long-term shoreline change, and sea-level rise.

Map showing the location of geophysical and sediment core data collected between 2009 and 2013, and used in the MsCIP project.
Date Published: January 10, 2018
Status: Active

Science Support for the Mississippi Coastal Improvement Project

Since 2007, the USGS (with NPS and USACE) has been mapping the seafloor and substrate around the Mississippi barrier islands to characterize the near-surface stratigraphy and identify the influence it has on island evolution and fate. Research is part of the Geologic and Morphologic...

Contacts: James Flocks
Detailed map of bathymetric data collected around Cat Island.
Date Published: January 10, 2018
Status: Active

Geologic Evolution of Cat Island, Mississippi

The geologic evolution of Cat Island has been influenced by deltaic, lagoonal/estuarine, tidal, and oceanographic processes, resulting in a complex stratigraphic record.

A perspective model of the morphology and geologic framework near Petit Bois Island showing the relationships between seafloor f
Date Published: December 7, 2017
Status: Active

Geologic and Morphologic Evolution of Coastal Margins

A combination of geophysics, sediment sampling, and chronology techniques are used to characterize the regional geomorphologic response of coastal systems to environmental changes.

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Science Datasets
/data-tools/key-findings-scenario-based-assessment-hurricanes

Key Findings for Scenario-Based Assessment for Hurricanes

summary of key findings for scenario-based assessment for hurricanes
February 14, 2018

Percentage of sandy beaches very likely (probability > 0.9) to experience erosion associated with collision, overwash, and inundation during category 1-5 hurricane landfall.

Science Datasets
/data-tools/archive-digitized-analog-boomer-and-minisparker-seismic-reflection-data-collected-0

Archive of Digitized Analog Boomer and Minisparker Seismic Reflection Data Collected from the Northern Gulf of Mexico: 1981, 1990 and 1991

Map of tracklines from all cruises (R/V Carancahua, R/V Gyre, and R/V Kit Jones).
February 12, 2018

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Coastal and Marine Geology Program has actively collected geophysical and sedimentological data in the northern Gulf of Mexico for several decades, including shallow subsurface data in the form of high-resolution seismic reflection profiles (HRSP). Prior to the mid-1990s most HRSP data were collected in analog format as paper rolls of continuous profiles up to 25

Web Application
/data-tools/oblique-aerial-photography-viewer

Oblique Aerial Photography Viewer

Oblique Aerial Photography Viewer
January 19, 2018

Obique photos offer a unique perspective of the coast. Features such as beach erosion or accretion, dune erosion and overwash can all be clearly characterized in this imagery. It also documents coastal infrastructure, as well as the damage that infrastructure may incur as the result of an impacting hurricane. 

Web Application
/data-tools/gulf-mexico-dashboard

Gulf of Mexico Dashboard

Gulf of Mexico Dashboard Real-time Stream Data with Live Storm Radar
December 11, 2017

The USGS Southeast Regional Office has funded a cross-center collaboration between the Wetland and Aquatic Research Center and the Texas Water Science Center for the development of the Gulf of Mexico Water Dashboard. 

Water
/data-tools/national-water-information-system-web-interface-nwisweb-0

National Water Information System web interface (NWISweb)

Application screenshot thumbnail
September 1, 2017

The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

Web Application
/data-tools/national-water-information-system-nwis-mapper-0

National Water Information System (NWIS) Mapper

Screenshot of USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) mapper
August 30, 2017

The NWIS mapper provides access to over 1.5 million sites contained in the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS), including sites where current and historical surface-water, groundwater, springs, and atmospheric data has been collected. Users can search by site type, data type, site number, or place.

Web Application
/data-tools/coastal-change-hazards-portal

Coastal Change Hazards Portal

Coastal Change Hazards Portal Interactive Mapper screen grab
August 24, 2017

Interactive access to coastal change science and data for our Nation’s coasts. Information and products are organized within three coastal change hazard themes: 1) extreme storms, 2) shoreline change, and 3) sea-level rise. Each data item represents an individual research product, with some items grouped together as aggregates to show the breadth of the topic and make it easy to explore.

Real-time Data
/data-tools/mississippi-current-water-conditions

Mississippi Current Water Conditions

Mississippi Current Water Conditions Image
November 29, 2016

See Current Water Conditions for Mississippi using our new interactive map. Here you can find information on Groundwater, Surface Water and Water Quality.

APIs
/data-tools/sea-level-rise-visualization-alabama-and-mississippi

Sea-Level Rise Visualization for Alabama and Mississippi

SLR graphic
April 21, 2016

The interactive sea-level rise visualization tool results from a collaborative effort between NOAA's Coastal Services Center, USGS WARC, and USGS Mississippi Water Science Center. The tool illustrates the scale of potential flooding, but not the exact location, and does not account for erosion, subsidence, sediment accretion, or future construction. 

GIS Data
/data-tools/structures-data

Structures Data

Structure datasets for the nation from The National Map
April 20, 2016

USGS data portray selected structures data, including the location and characteristics of manmade facilities. Characteristics consist of a structure's physical form (footprint), function, name, location, and detailed information about the structure. The types of structures collected are largely determined by the needs of the disaster planning and response and homeland security organizations.

GIS Data
/data-tools/boundaries

Boundaries Data

Boundaries datasets for the nation from The National Map.
April 19, 2016

Boundaries data or governmental units represent major civil areas including states, counties, Federal, and Native American lands, and incorporated places such as cities and towns.

GIS Data
/data-tools/hydrography-data

Hydrography Data

Illustration related to the the river corridor
April 19, 2016

The National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) and Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD) are used to portray surface water on The National Map.

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North Platte, Nebraska US Topo quadrangle: 2014
September 26, 2016

Network wells depicted on the Climate Response Network location map
Note: Color shading in the table below indicates multiple wells that plot as a single point on the state location map above.
Note: BLS = Water Level in Feet Below Land Surface, RVD = Water Level referenced to a vertical datum

MAP study area
September 14, 2016

Subsurface geometry of the Mississippi Embayment Regional Aquifer Study (MERAS)

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Map shows color-coded seafloor character offshore of Monterey, California
March 7, 2016

This portal is a “go to” source for maps related to ocean and coastal mapping. Information is organized by geography or region, by theme, and by the year data was published.

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Year Published: 2018

Bat community response to silvicultural treatments in bottomland hardwood forests managed for wildlife in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley

Silvicultural treatments (e.g., selective timber harvests) that are prescribed to promote wildlife habitat are intended to alter the physical structure of forests to achieve conditions deemed beneficial for wildlife. Such treatments have been advocated for management of bottomland hardwood forests on public conservation lands in the Mississippi...

Ketzler, Loraine P.; Comer, Christopher E.; Twedt, Daniel J.
Ketzler, L. P., Comer, C. E., and Twedt, D. J., 2018, Bat community response to silvicultural treatments in bottomland hardwood forests managed for wildlife in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley: Forest Ecology and Management, v. 417, p. 40-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2018.02.047

Year Published: 2016

St. Louis area earthquake hazards mapping project; seismic and liquefaction hazard maps

We present probabilistic and deterministic seismic and liquefaction hazard maps for the densely populated St. Louis metropolitan area that account for the expected effects of surficial geology on earthquake ground shaking. Hazard calculations were based on a map grid of 0.005°, or about every 500 m, and are thus higher in resolution than any...

Cramer, Chris H.; Bauer, Robert A.; Chung, Jae-won; Rogers, David; Pierce, Larry; Voigt, Vicki; Mitchell, Brad; Gaunt, David; Williams, Robert; Hoffman, David; Hempen, Gregory L.; Steckel, Phyllis; Boyd, Oliver S.; Watkins, Connor M.; Tucker, Kathleen; McCallister, Natasha
Cramer C.H., Bauer R.A., Chung J.-W., Rogers J.D., Pierce L., Voigt V., Mitchell B., Gaunt D., Williams R.A., Hoffman D., Hempen G.L., Steckel P.J., Boyd O.S., Watkins C.M., Tucker K., McCallister N.S. St. Louis area earthquake hazards mapping project; seismic and liquefaction hazard maps Seismological Research Letters, January, 2017, Vol. 88, Issue 1, pp. 206-223

Year Published: 2013

Economic vulnerability to sea-level rise along the northern U.S. Gulf Coast

The northern Gulf of Mexico coast of the United States has been identified as highly vulnerable to sea-level rise, based on a combination of physical and societal factors. Vulnerability of human populations and infrastructure to projected increases in sea level is a critical area of uncertainty for communities in the extremely low-lying and flat...

Thatcher, Cindy A.; Brock, John C.; Pendleton, Elizabeth A.
Economic vulnerability to sea-level rise along the northern U.S. Gulf Coast; 2013; Article; Journal; Journal of Coastal Research; Thatcher, Cindy A.; Brock, John C.; Pendleton, Elizabeth A.

Year Published: 1994

Estimated water withdrawals in Mississippi during 1990

Johnson, Penny M.
Estimated water withdrawals in Mississippi during 1990; 1994; FS; 060-94; Johnson, Penny M.

Year Published: 1994

Total water withdrawals in Mississippi, 1990

During 1990, the amount of water withdrawn from ground- and surface-water sources in Mississippi was about 3,600 Mgal/d (million gallons per day). Of this amount, 91 percent, or 3,300 Mgal/d, was withdrawn from freshwater sources. Of the total freshwater withdrawals, about 82 percent, or 2,700 Mgal/d, was withdrawn from ground-water sources. Total...

Johnson, P.M.
Total water withdrawals in Mississippi, 1990; 1994; OFR; 93-375; Johnson, P. M.

Year Published: 1991

Water withdrawals in the Black Warrior-Tombigbee Basin and Alcorn County, Mississippi, 1985-87

Public-supply and industrial water withdrawals were inventoried for the Mississippi part of the Black Warrior-Tombigbee Basin and for Alcorn County, Mississippi. The study area, located in the northeastern part of the State, is largely forested or agricultural land, with some industries near the larger towns. A water-resource capacity analysis was...

Barber, N.L.
Water withdrawals in the Black Warrior-Tombigbee Basin and Alcorn County, Mississippi, 1985-87; 1991; WRI; 90-4061; Barber, N. L.

Year Published: 1990

National water summary 1987: Hydrologic events and water supply and use

Water use in the United States, as measured by freshwater withdrawals in 1985, averaged 338,000 Mgal/d (million gallons per day), which is enough water to cover the 48 conterminous States to a depth of about 2.4 inches. Only 92,300 Mgal/d, or 27.3 percent of the water withdrawn, was consumptive use and thus lost to immediate further use; the...

Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.
Attribution: Water, Central Midwest Water Science Center, Dakota Water Science Center, , , Kansas Water Science Center, Minnesota Water Science Center, Pennsylvania Water Science Center, Texas Water Science Center, Utah Water Science Center, Wisconsin Water Science Center, Water Resources, Water Availability and Use Science Program, Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, U.S. Virgin Islands, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, United States of America
National water summary 1987: hydrologic events and water supply and use; 1990; WSP; 2350; Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.

Year Published: 1990

Freshwater use in Mississippi, 1985

Callahan, J.A.; Barber, Nancy L.
Freshwater use in Mississippi, 1985; 1990; WRI; 88-4229; Callahan, J. A.; Barber, Nancy L.

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potential coastal change impacts during a direct landfall of Subtropical Storm Alberto based on NHC Advisory 1
May 25, 2018

Potential coastal change impacts for Alberto - May 25, 2018

Screen shot of the Coastal Change Hazards Portal showing potential coastal change impacts during a direct landfall of Subtropical Storm Alberto based on NHC Advisory 1, 1000 AM EDT MAY 25 2018.

Predicted probabilities of dune erosion for Hurricane Nate
December 31, 2017

Predicted probabilities of dune erosion from Hurricane Nate

Predicted probabilities of dune erosion (inner strip), overwash (middle strip), and inundation (outer strip) for Hurricane Nate. Pictures are representative of coastal change observed during past storm events. 

sediment trap mooring deployed in the Gulf of Mexico
December 31, 2017

sediment trap mooring deployed in the Gulf of Mexico

The sediment trap mooring deployed in the Gulf of Mexico (27.5 ºN, 90.3 ºW) at 700 meters water depth from 2008-2018. It is programmed to rotate every 7-14 days throughout the year, resulting in a weekly to bi-weekly resolution time series of sinking particle flux. 

A perspective model of the morphology and geologic framework near Petit Bois Island showing the relationships between seafloor f
December 31, 2017

Petis Bois model

A perspective model of the morphology and geologic framework near Petit Bois Island showing the relationships between seafloor features and the subsurface. The barrier islands rest on the island plaftorm. Petis Bois Pass and offshore shoals are clearly visible from the acoustic surveys. The bathymetry, sidescan sonar, and sediment cores provide information about the extent

...
Seismic profile from south of Cat Island coupled with corresponding seismic profile north of Cat Island.
December 31, 2017

Seismic profile from south of Cat Island

Seismic profile from south of Cat Island coupled with corresponding seismic profile north of Cat Island. The uninterpreted profiles are shown in the upper panels and the interpretations are shown in the middle panels. Vibracore locations and depth of core penetration is shown with black vertical lines. Together, depositional units identified in seismic interpretations and

...
v
December 31, 2017

seismic profile Cat Island

Uninterpreted seismic profile 03 (upper panel) and the same profile with interpretations (lower panel), including the location of a sediment-filled paleo-incised valley (dashed blue line) below the ravinement horizon (solid red line). Note that the high-angle clinoforms in the north lower sand unit (blue) appear to dip in opposite directions. 

Core summary
December 31, 2017

Core summary

Core summary showing downcore analysis for marine vibracore 07 coupled with core photograph (lower right) and relevant seismic profile (center right). Red circles on the core photo indicate grain-size sample locations

Seismic profile interpretations
December 31, 2017

Seismic profile interpretations

Seismic profile interpretations were used to produce isopach maps showing (a) the extent of the north lower sand (NLS) unit and unit thickness and (b) the depth to the top of the unit.

dunes were overtopped on West Ship Island
October 10, 2017

Pre-and Post Storm Photo for Hurricane Nate - West Ship Island

On the east end of West Ship Island, dunes were overtopped by elevated water levels during Hurricane Nate. The predicted probability of overwash for this location was 100%. 

Low elevation dunes on East Ship Island
October 10, 2017

Pre-and Post Storm Photo for Hurricane Nate - East Ship Island

Low elevation dunes on East Ship Island were inundated by waves and surge from Hurricane Nate. Sand was transported across the entire island, covering vegetation and filling in ponds. The predicted probability of inundation in this location was 98%. 

low-elevation east end of Horn Island
October 10, 2017

Pre-and Post Storm Photo for Hurricane Nate - Horn Island

The low-elevation east end of Horn Island was inundated by waves and storm surge during Hurricane Nate. The predicted probability of inundation for this location was 98%.

Elevated water levels during Hurricane Nate overtopped the low dunes on Petit Bois Island
October 10, 2017

Pre-and Post Storm Photo for Hurricane Nate - Petit Bois Island

Elevated water levels during Hurricane Nate overtopped the low dunes on Petit Bois Island. The predicted probability of overwash for this location was 99%.

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Image shows USGS scientists in PFDs with an acoustic doppler sensor in a flooded river
May 31, 2018

No one has a crystal ball to foresee what will happen during the 2018 hurricane season that begins June 1, but NOAA forecasters say there’s a 75 percent chance this hurricane season will be at least as busy as a normal year, or busier.

Xan Fredericks
March 29, 2018

USGS Scientists will participate in the Gulf of Mexico Habitat Monitoring and Mapping User Workshop and Mapping Summit at the NOAA Disaster Response Center in Mobile, Alabama.

Image shows a screenshot of the Mid-Continent Rift Story Map
January 25, 2018

The first great geologic expeditions of the United States set off in the mid-1800s, equipped with mules, rifles, and early scientific instruments. Their goal: to uncover the great mineral wealth of the United States and learn about its earliest geologic history.

Map showing the location of geophysical and sediment core data collected between 2009 and 2013, and used in the MsCIP project.
November 30, 2017

Protocols created as part of the Mississippi Coastal Improvements Program and will be used to evaluate project success and determine if adaptive management action may be needed to achieve habitat restoration and mainland storm protection.

USGS: Science for a changing world
September 21, 2017

This page contains the weekly highlights from the Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center for the week of 9/112017 - 9/15/2017! Please take a look and see what we have been up to!

Image shows a geologic map of the Lower 48
August 21, 2017

A carbonatite here, a glacial moraine there, a zig-zagging fault or two, even a behemoth of a batholith. The geology of the 50 States is an enormous patchwork of varied forms, beautiful in their variance but challenging to present as a single map.

A submarine-ground-water-discharge site at Florida State University's Marine Lab at just after sunset
June 20, 2017

Larger-than-average low and no oxygen area may affect the region’s shrimp fisheries

Wading birds feed near wooden posts marking a research site in a Louisiana salt marsh
January 25, 2017

Changes in rainfall and temperature are predicted to transform wetlands in the Gulf of Mexico and around the world within the century, a new study from the USGS and the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley concludes.

Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
January 19, 2017

A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the Coastal Lowlands aquifer system in the southeastern United States is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
January 19, 2017

A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the Southeastern Coastal Plain aquifer system is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

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