Science Explorer

Exploring: Biological Soil Crusts

Southwest Biological Science Center

https://www.usgs.gov/centers/sbsc/science-topics/biological-soil-crusts (HTML Document 53.26 KB)

December 29, 2016

A Field Guide to Biological Soil Crusts of Western U.S. Drylands

https://www.usgs.gov/media/files/a-field-guide-biological-soil-crusts-western-us-drylands (HTML Document 41.43 KB)

Date Taken: December 29, 2016   ()

A Field Guide to Biological Soil Crusts of Western U.S. Drylands

https://www.usgs.gov/centers/sbsc/science/a-field-guide-biological-soil-crusts-western-us-drylands (HTML Document 59.54 KB)

Science Center Objects Contacts   Healthy dryland vegetation and biocrusts in Utah. The biocrusts are the darker colored patches between the bunches of grasses and cacti. (Credit: Hilda Smith, USGS. Public domain.) Topics

A Field Guide to Biological Soil Crusts of Western U.S. Drylands

https://www.usgs.gov/centers/sbsc/science/a-field-guide-biological-soil-crusts-western-us-drylands?qt-science_center_objects=1 (HTML Document 59.54 KB)

Science Center Objects Contacts   Healthy dryland vegetation and biocrusts in Utah. The biocrusts are the darker colored patches between the bunches of grasses and cacti. (Credit: Hilda Smith, USGS. Public domain.) Topics

A Field Guide to Biological Soil Crusts of Western U.S. Drylands

https://www.usgs.gov/centers/sbsc/science/a-field-guide-biological-soil-crusts-western-us-drylands?qt-science_center_objects=0 (HTML Document 59.54 KB)

Science Center Objects Contacts   Healthy dryland vegetation and biocrusts in Utah. The biocrusts are the darker colored patches between the bunches of grasses and cacti. (Credit: Hilda Smith, USGS. Public domain.) Topics

A Field Guide to Biological Soil Crusts of Western U.S. Drylands

https://www.usgs.gov/centers/sbsc/science/a-field-guide-biological-soil-crusts-western-us-drylands?qt-science_center_objects=9 (HTML Document 59.54 KB)

Science Center Objects Contacts   Healthy dryland vegetation and biocrusts in Utah. The biocrusts are the darker colored patches between the bunches of grasses and cacti. (Credit: Hilda Smith, USGS. Public domain.) Topics

A Field Guide to Biological Soil Crusts of Western U.S. Drylands

https://www.usgs.gov/atom/23419 (HTML Document 41.43 KB)

Date Taken: December 29, 2016   ()

A Field Guide to Biological Soil Crusts of Western U.S. Drylands

https://www.usgs.gov/node/734755 (HTML Document 59.54 KB)

Science Center Objects Contacts   Healthy dryland vegetation and biocrusts in Utah. The biocrusts are the darker colored patches between the bunches of grasses and cacti. (Credit: Hilda Smith, USGS. Public domain.) Topics

Southwest Biological Science Center

https://www.usgs.gov/centers/sbsc/publications?field_publication_type_tid=All&field_publication_year_value%5Bvalue%5D&field_topics_tid=All&page=3&sort_bef_combine=field_publication_year_value%20DESC&sort_by=field_publication_year_value&sort_order=DESC (HTML Document 84.67 KB)

View Citation Belnap, J. and B. Budel, 2016, Biological soil crusts as soil stabilizers, in Weber, B., Budel, B, and Belnap, J., eds., Biological ... -0_16. Year Published: 2016 Belnap, Jayne; Weber, Bettina; Büdel, Burkhard Belnap, J., Weber, B., and B. Budel, 2016, Biological soil crusts as an ... organizing principle in drylands, in Weber, B., Budel, B, and Belnap, J., eds., Biological soil crusts: an organizing principle in drylands: Switzerland ... Weber, B., Belnap, J., and Budel, B., 2016, Biological soil crusts as soil stabilizers, in Weber, B., Budel, B, and Belnap, J., eds., Biological soil ...

Jayne Belnap

https://www.usgs.gov/staff-profiles/jayne-belnap?qt-staff_profile_science_products=3 (HTML Document 125.22 KB)

power plants on the physiological functioning of biological soil crusts and rock lichens. Over the past 30 years, Dr. Belnap’s work has focused on dryland ... , her work has focused on highlighting the central role biological soil crusts (a soil surface community of mosses, lichens, cyanobacteria and fungi ... biological soil crusts. She has also been actively engaged in studies on how climate change will affect drylands ecosystems and in developing adaptation ... Interests Biological Soil Crusts: We have long studied the role of biological soil crusts in desert ecosystems, including their influence on soil ...

Jayne Belnap

https://www.usgs.gov/node/719183 (HTML Document 125.22 KB)

power plants on the physiological functioning of biological soil crusts and rock lichens. Over the past 30 years, Dr. Belnap’s work has focused on dryland ... , her work has focused on highlighting the central role biological soil crusts (a soil surface community of mosses, lichens, cyanobacteria and fungi ... biological soil crusts. She has also been actively engaged in studies on how climate change will affect drylands ecosystems and in developing adaptation ... Interests Biological Soil Crusts: We have long studied the role of biological soil crusts in desert ecosystems, including their influence on soil ...

Jayne Belnap

https://www.usgs.gov/staff-profiles/jayne-belnap (HTML Document 125.22 KB)

power plants on the physiological functioning of biological soil crusts and rock lichens. Over the past 30 years, Dr. Belnap’s work has focused on dryland ... , her work has focused on highlighting the central role biological soil crusts (a soil surface community of mosses, lichens, cyanobacteria and fungi ... biological soil crusts. She has also been actively engaged in studies on how climate change will affect drylands ecosystems and in developing adaptation ... Interests Biological Soil Crusts: We have long studied the role of biological soil crusts in desert ecosystems, including their influence on soil ...

Biological Studies

Modified 2013-03-04
https://minerals.cr.usgs.gov/projects/mancos_shale/task4.html (HTML Document 11.59 KB)

element analysis, including selenium; (3) quantitative comparisons (cover, species composition, biological soil crusts) between areas classified as low ... non-visible biological soil crusts). Highlights & Key Findings A joint BLM - USGS final science meeting was held in March 2008. In 2006, the research ... areas of the GGNCA . In addition to classifying visible biological soil crusts, we quantified physical soil stability (slake test) and biological ... naked eye contain significant amounts of chlorophyll a, indicating the extensive presence of biological soil components that are likely stabilizing ...

Barger_et_al_2006.pdf

Modified 2006-02-16
https://esp.cr.usgs.gov/projects/sw/previous/pubs/task1/Barger_et_al_2006.pdf (PDF Document 231.76 KB)

exposed soils, surface runoff is a dominant pathway of nutrient transfer (Ludwig et al. 1997). Biological soil crusts (i.e. cryptogamic, cryptobiotic ... , cyanobacteria, and mosses that colonize soil surfaces in aridland soils. Biological soil crusts represent up to or more than 70% of the living ground ... cover in many aridland environments (Belnap et al. 2001). Thus, runoff and sediment loss dynamics from biological soil crusts may have a large impact on ... nutrient redistribution or loss from aridland watersheds. Numerous studies have been conducted on the role of biological soil crusts on surface ...

Mancos Shale Landscapes - Biological Studies

Modified 2013-03-04
https://minerals.cr.usgs.gov/projects/mancos_shale/task4.html (HTML Document 11.59 KB)

element analysis, including selenium; (3) quantitative comparisons (cover, species composition, biological soil crusts) between areas classified as low ... non-visible biological soil crusts). Highlights & Key Findings A joint BLM - USGS final science meeting was held in March 2008. In 2006, the research ... areas of the GGNCA . In addition to classifying visible biological soil crusts, we quantified physical soil stability (slake test) and biological ... naked eye contain significant amounts of chlorophyll a, indicating the extensive presence of biological soil components that are likely stabilizing ...

USGS FRESC: Conditions favoring Bromus tectorum dominance of endangered sagebrush steppe ecosystems - Details

Modified 2013-01-31
https://fresc.usgs.gov/products/ProductDetails.aspx?ProductNumber=3132 (HTML Document 21.34 KB)

cheatgrass invasion was limited where few and small gaps existed between bunchgrass and where biological soil crusts were present to stabilize soil and ... biological soil crusts. Managing grazing to ensure abundance and variety of bunchgrasses and to preserve biological soil crusts could help restore ...

Kristine Zellman

https://www.usgs.gov/staff-profiles/kristine-zellman (HTML Document 42.42 KB)

occured 55 million years ago.  I have also studied the role of vegetation and biological soil crusts in the stabilization of coastal sand dunes on ...

Kristine Zellman

https://www.usgs.gov/node/719671 (HTML Document 42.42 KB)

occured 55 million years ago.  I have also studied the role of vegetation and biological soil crusts in the stabilization of coastal sand dunes on ...

Sue Phillips

https://www.usgs.gov/staff-profiles/sue-phillips (HTML Document 57.14 KB)

biological soil crusts- an accurate indicator of ecohydrological condition. DOI- 10.1002/eco.1281: Ecohydrology, p. online.  Wertin, T.M., Phillips, S.L ... ., Reed, S.C., Belnap, J., 2012, Elevated CO 2  did not mitigate the effect of a short-term drought on biological soil crusts. DOI- 10.1007/s00374-012 ... biological soil crusts. Journal of Arid Environments. 72 (2008) 1257–1264. Belnap, J., S. L. Phillips, S. Flint, J. Moeny and M. Caldwell (2008 ... ). Global change and biological soil crusts: Effects of ultraviolet augmentation under altered precipitation regimes and nitrogen additions.Global Change ...

Southwest Biological Science Center

https://www.usgs.gov/centers/sbsc/publications?field_publication_type_tid=All&field_publication_year_value%5Bvalue%5D&field_topics_tid=All&page=4&sort_bef_combine=field_publication_year_value%20DESC&sort_by=field_publication_year_value&sort_order=DESC (HTML Document 86.81 KB)

crusts as soil stabilizers, in Weber, B., Budel, B, and Belnap, J., eds., Biological soil crusts: an organizing principle in drylands: Switzerland ... Citation Lange, O.L., and Belnap, J., 2016, Biological soil crusts as an organizing principle in drylands, in Weber, B., Budel, B, and Belnap, J., eds ... ., Biological soil crusts: an organizing principle in drylands: Switzerland, Springer International Publishing, p. 15-36, http://dx.doi.10.1007/978-3-319 ... ; Aguilar, Victor Rivera Bowker, M.A., Belnap, J., Budel, B., Sannier, C., Pietrasiak, N., Eldridge, D.J., and Rivera-Aguilar, V., 2016, Biological soil ...