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Wildland Fire Science

USGS Fire Science is fundamental to understanding the causes, consequences, and benefits of wildfire and helps prevent and manage larger, catastrophic events. USGS scientists possess diverse technical capabilities that are used to address a variety of problems posed by wildland fires. Outcomes of USGS science can be used by fire and land managers to respond to fire-related issues when they arise.

News

Remote Sensing Characterization of Post-Fire Vegetation Recovery

Remote Sensing Characterization of Post-Fire Vegetation Recovery

From Ashes to Alerts: Science Helps Protect Colorado Travelers

From Ashes to Alerts: Science Helps Protect Colorado Travelers

LANDFIRE Quickens Pace for Providing Key Fire Data

LANDFIRE Quickens Pace for Providing Key Fire Data

Publications

Propensity score matching mitigates risk of faulty inferences in observational studies of effectiveness of restoration trials

Determining effectiveness of restoration treatments is an important requirement of adaptive management, but it can be non-trivial where only portions of large and heterogeneous landscapes of concern can be treated and sampled. Bias and non-randomness in the spatial deployment of treatment and thus sampling is nearly unavoidable in the data available for large-scale management trials, and the bioph
Authors
Chad Raymond Kluender, Matthew Germino, Christopher A Anthony

Vegetation, fuels, and fire-behavior responses to linear fuel-break treatments in and around burned sagebrush steppe: Are we breaking the grass-fire cycle?

BackgroundLinear fuel breaks are being implemented to moderate fire behavior and improve wildfire containment in semiarid landscapes such as the sagebrush steppe of North America, where extensive losses in perennial vegetation and ecosystem functioning are resulting from invasion by exotic annual grasses (EAGs) that foster large and recurrent wildfires. However, fuel-break construction can also po
Authors
Matthew Germino, Samuel J. Price, Susan J Prichard

Nontarget effects of pre-emergent herbicides and a bioherbicide on soil resources, processes, and communities

Community-type conversions, such as replacement of perennials by exotic annual grasses in semiarid desert communities, are occurring due to plant invasions that often create positive plant–soil feedbacks, which favor invaders and make restoration of native perennials difficult. Exotic annual grass control measures, such as pre-emergent herbicides, can also alter soil ecosystems directly or indirec
Authors
Brynne E. Lazarus, Matthew Germino, Marie-Anne de Graaff

Science

Evaluating Cultural Resource Vulnerability To Fires And Post-Fire Impacts

Cultural resources are tangible and intangible elements connected to the physical presence, practices, cultural identity, and/or spirituality of past and present societies.
link

Evaluating Cultural Resource Vulnerability To Fires And Post-Fire Impacts

Cultural resources are tangible and intangible elements connected to the physical presence, practices, cultural identity, and/or spirituality of past and present societies.
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Advancing Fire Behavior Modeling For Post-Fire Hazards Assessments

Fire behavior is a complex and highly variable process in both space and time. The interdisciplinary PHIRE team includes USGS scientists from across the Mission Areas, research collaborators from universities and federal agencies, and federal, state, and tribal practitioners and stakeholders.
link

Advancing Fire Behavior Modeling For Post-Fire Hazards Assessments

Fire behavior is a complex and highly variable process in both space and time. The interdisciplinary PHIRE team includes USGS scientists from across the Mission Areas, research collaborators from universities and federal agencies, and federal, state, and tribal practitioners and stakeholders.
Learn More

Characterizing Post-Fire Burn Severity And Vegetation Recovery At High Spatial And Temporal Resolutions Using Basal Area Measurements

USGS scientists are studying the effects of wildfires on forests and developing models to predict forest recovery potential after fires. They have collected and analyzed data from several recent California wildfires, including the Dixie, Caldor, KNP Complex, Carr, and Mosquito fires. Researchers are using the data to analyze changes in basal area (the cross-sectional area of tree trunks) to...
link

Characterizing Post-Fire Burn Severity And Vegetation Recovery At High Spatial And Temporal Resolutions Using Basal Area Measurements

USGS scientists are studying the effects of wildfires on forests and developing models to predict forest recovery potential after fires. They have collected and analyzed data from several recent California wildfires, including the Dixie, Caldor, KNP Complex, Carr, and Mosquito fires. Researchers are using the data to analyze changes in basal area (the cross-sectional area of tree trunks) to...
Learn More