Jeffrey D Muehlbauer, PhD
Jeff is a river and stream ecologist who specializes in macroinvertebrate communities and food webs. His research is focused on linking hydrological and geomorphic conditions in rivers to the structure of aquatic communities.
Jeff earned his BS in Biology and Chemistry from Northern Arizona University and his MS and PhD in Ecology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He has been involved in basic and applied research in a variety of river ecosystems worldwide, including dam removal in Fossil Creek, Arizona, wetland mitigation in North Carolina, and food web studies on the Danube River in Austria/Hungary/Serbia and glacially-fed rivers in Italy.
His current research with USGS explores how physical conditions created by the management of Glen Canyon Dam affect macroinvertebrate communities and food webs within the Colorado River Basin, its riparian zone, and its tributaries.
Science and Products
Deleterious effects of net clogging on the quantification of stream drift
Drift studies are central to stream and river ecological research. However, a fundamental aspect of quantifying drift — how net clogging affects the accuracy of results — has been widely ignored. Utilizing approaches from plankton and suspended sediment studies in oceanography and hydrology, we examined the rate and dynamics of net clogging across...Muehlbauer, Jeffrey D.; Kennedy, Theodore A.; Copp, Adam J.; Sabol, Thomas
Incorporating temporal heterogeneity in environmental conditions into a somatic growth model
Evaluating environmental effects on fish growth can be challenging because environmental conditions may vary at relatively fine temporal scales compared to sampling occasions. Here we develop a Bayesian state-space growth model to evaluate effects of monthly environmental data on growth of fish that are observed less frequently (e.g., from mark-...Dzul, Maria C.; Yackulic, Charles B.; Korman, Josh; Yard, Michael D.; Muehlbauer, Jeffrey D.
Angel lichen moth abundance and morphology data
Two unique datasets on the abundance and morphology of the angel lichen moth ( Cisthene angelus) in Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA were compiled to describe the phenology and life history of this common, but poorly known, species. The abundance data were collected from 2012 to 2013 through a collaboration with river runners in Grand Canyon National...Metcalfe, Anya; Kennedy, Theodore A.; Muehlbauer, Jeffrey D.
Phenology of the adult angel lichen moth (Cisthene angelus) in Grand Canyon, USA
We investigated the phenology of adult angel lichen moths (Cisthene angelus) along a 364-km long segment of the Colorado River in Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA, using a unique data set of 2,437 light-trap samples collected by citizen scientists. We found that adults of C. angelus were bivoltine from 2012 to 2014. We quantified plasticity in wing...Metcalfe, Anya; Kennedy, Theodore A.; Muehlbauer, Jeffrey D.
Resource subsidies between stream and terrestrial ecosystems under global change
Streams and adjacent terrestrial ecosystems are characterized by permeable boundaries that are crossed by resource subsidies. Although the importance of these subsidies for riverine ecosystems is increasingly recognized, little is known about how they may be influenced by global environmental change. Drawing from available evidence, in this review...Larsen, Stefano; Muehlbauer, Jeffrey D.; Marti Roca, Maria Eugenia
Flow management for hydropower extirpates aquatic insects, undermining river food webs
Dams impound the majority of rivers and provide important societal benefits, especially daily water releases that enable on-peak hydroelectricity generation. Such “hydropeaking” is common worldwide, but its downstream impacts remain unclear. We evaluated the response of aquatic insects, a cornerstone of river food webs, to hydropeaking...Kennedy, Theodore A.; Muehlbauer, Jeffrey D.; Yackulic, Charles B.; Lytle, D.A.; Miller, S.A.; Dibble, Kimberly L.; Kortenhoeven, Eric W.; Metcalfe, Anya; Baxter, Colden V.
Evaluating potential sources of variation in Chironomidae catch rates on sticky traps
Sticky traps are a convenient tool for assessing adult aquatic insect population dynamics, but there are many practical questions about how trap sampling artefacts may affect observed results. Utilising study sites on the Colorado River and two smaller streams in northern Arizona, USA, we evaluated whether catch rates and sex ratios of...Smith, Joshua T.; Muehlbauer, Jeffrey D.; Kennedy, Theodore A.
Building a better sticky trap: description of an easy-to-use trap and pole mount for quantifying the abundance of adult aquatic insects
Insect emergence is a fundamental process in freshwaters. It is a critical life-history stage for aquatic insects and provides an important prey resource for terrestrial and aquatic consumers. Sticky traps are increasingly being used to sample these insects. The most common design consists of an acetate sheet coated with a nondrying adhesive that...Smith, Joshua T.; Kennedy, Theodore A.; Muehlbauer, Jeffrey D.