Michael Poland, Ph.D.

Biography

Mike is a research geophysicist with the Cascades Volcano Observatory and the current Scientist-in-Charge of the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory.  His area of specialization is volcano geodesy, which emphasizes the surface deformation and gravity fields associated wth volcanic activity.  This work involves the use of space-based tecnologies, like Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), as well as ground-based techniques, like microgravity surveys.  Mike has taken part in studies on a variety of volcanic systems in the United states, including Mount St. Helens and other volcanoes of the Pacific Northwest,  Kilauea and Mauna Loa volcanoes in Hawaii, and the Yellowstone caldera.  His recent work has focused on using gravity change over time to understand the character of the fluids that drive volcanic unrest, and also on the potential of satellite data to improve forecasts of future changes in volcanic activity.

 

Education:

Arizona State University: Ph.D. (2001), Geological Sciences

University of California, Davis: B.S. (1997), Geology

 

Appointments:

U.S. Geological Survey - Yellowstone Volcano Observatory: Scientist-in-Charge (2017 - present)

U.S. Geological Survey – Cascades Volcano Observatory: Research Geophysicist (2015 - present)

U.S. Geological Survey – Hawaiian Volcano Observatory: Research Geophysicist (2005 - 2015)

U.S. Geological Survey – Cascades Volcano Observatory: Research Geophysicist (2002 - 2005)

Department of Geology, Clark College (Vancouver, Washington): Instructor (2004)

Arizona State University, Department of Geological Sciences: Graduate Teaching/Research Assoc. (1997 - 2001)

 

Publications:

85. Anderson, K.R., and Poland, M.P., 2017, Abundant carbon in the mantle beneath Hawaiʻi: Nature Geoscience, v. 10, no. 9, p. 704–708, doi:10.1038/ngeo3007. 

84. Poland, M.P., Lisowski, M., Dzurisin, D., Kramer, R., McLay, M., and Pauk, B., 2017, Volcano geodesy in the Cascade arc, USA: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 78, no. 8, article 59, doi:10.1007/s00445-017-1140-x. Poland, M.P., Peltier, A., Bonforte, A., and Puglisi, G., 2017, The spectrum of persistent volcanic flank instability: A review and proposed framework based on Kīlauea, Piton de la Fournaise, and Etna: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 339, p. 63 – 80, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.05.004. 

83. Carbone, D., Poland, M.P., Greco F., and Diament, M., 2017, The added value of time-variable microgravimetry to the understanding of how volcanoes work: Earth-Science Reviews, v. 169, p. 146–179, doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.04.014. 

82. Wauthier, C., Roman, D.R., and Poland, M.P., 2016, Joint modeling of InSAR and earthquake fault-plane solution data to constrain magmatic sources: A case study from Kīlauea Volcano: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 455, p. 38–48, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.09.011.

81. Poland, M.P., and Carbone, D., 2016, Insights into shallow magmatic processes at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi, from a multi-year continuous gravity time series: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 121, no. 7, p. 5477–5492, doi:10.1002/2016JB013057. 

80. Arnold, D.W.D., Biggs, J., Wadge, G., Ebmeier, S.K., Odbert, H.M., and Poland, M.P., 2016, Dome growth, collapse, and valley fill at Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat, from 1995 to 2013; Contributions from satellite radar measurements of topographic change: Geosphere, v. 12, no. 4, p. 1300–1315, doi:10.1130/GES01291.1. 

79. Kauahikaua, J.P., Orr, T.R., Patrick, M., Thelen, W.A., Burgess, M.K., Miklius, A., Poland, M., Anderson, K.R., Antolik, L., Elias, T., Sutton, J., Kern, C., and Werner, C., 2016, The 2014 annual report for the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory: U.S. Geological Survey, Scientific Investigations Report, 2328-0328, 65 pp., doi: 10.3133/sir20165059.  

78. Anderson, K.R., and Poland, M.P., 2016, Bayesian estimation of magma supply, storage, and eruption rates using a multiphysical volcano model; Kīlauea Volcano, 2000–2012: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 447, p. 161–171, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2016.04.029. 

77. Poland, M.P., and 26 additional authors, 2016, The 2014–2015 Pāhoa lava flow crisis at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: Disaster avoided and lessons learned: GSA Today, v. 26, no. 2, p. 4–10, doi:10.1130/GSATG262A.1.  

76. Wang, T., Poland, M.P., and Lu, Z., 2015, Dome growth at Mount Cleveland, Aleutian Arc, quantified by time series TerraSAR-X imagery: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 42, no. 24, p. 10,614–10,621, doi: 10.1002/2015GL066784. 

75. Qu, F., Lu, Z., Poland, M., Freymueller, J., Zhang, Q., and Jung, H.-S., 2015, Post-Eruptive Inflation of Okmok Volcano, Alaska, from InSAR, 2008–2014: Remote Sensing, v. 7, no. 12, p. 16,778–16,794, doi:10.3390/rs71215839.  

74. Patrick, M.R., Anderson, K.R., Poland, M.P., Orr, T.R., and Swanson, D.A., 2015, Lava lake level as a gauge of magma reservoir pressure and eruptive hazard: Geology, v. 43, no. 9, p. 831–834, doi:10.1130/G36896.1.

73. Poland, M.P., 2015, Volcano monitoring from space, chap. 17 in: S.C. Loughlin, R. S.J. Sparks, S.K. Brown, S.F. Jenkins, and C. Vye-Brown (eds.), Global Volcanic Hazards and Risk, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 307–311.

72. Jo, M.-J., Jung, H.-S., Won, J.-S., Poland, M.P., Miklius, A., and Lu, Z., 2015, Measurement of slow-moving along-track displacement from an efficient Multiple-Aperture SAR Interferometry (MAI) stacking: Journal of Geodesy, v. 89, no. 5, p. 411-425, doi: 10.1007/s00190-014-0786-9.

71. Poland, M.P., 2015, “Points requiring elucidation” about Hawaiian volcanism, Chap. 24 of Carey, R., Cayol, V., Poland, M., and Weis, D., eds., Hawaiian Volcanoes: From Source to Surface, AGU Monograph 208, p. 533–562, doi:10.1002/9781118872079.ch24.

70. Peltier, A., Poland, M.P., and Staudacher, T., 2015, Are Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion) and Kīlauea (Hawai‘i) really “analog volcanoes”?, Chap. 23 of Carey, R., Cayol, V., Poland, M., and Weis, D., eds., Hawaiian Volcanoes: From Source to Surface, AGU Monograph 208, p. 507–531, doi:10.1002/9781118872079.ch23.

69. Orr, T.R., Poland, M.P., Patrick, M.R., Thelen, W.A., Sutton, A.J., Elias, T., Thornber, C.R., Parcheta, C., and Wooten, K.M., 2015, Kīlauea’s 5–9 March 2011 Kamoamoa fissure eruption and its relation to 30+ years of activity from Puʻu ʻŌʻō, Chap. 18 of Carey, R., Cayol, V., Poland, M., and Weis, D., eds., Hawaiian Volcanoes: From Source to Surface, AGU Monograph 208, p. 393–420, doi:10.1002/9781118872079.ch18.

68. Montgomery-Brown, E.K., Poland. M.P., and Miklius, A., 2015, Delicate balance of magmatic-tectonic interaction at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi, revealed from slow slip events, Chap. 13 of Carey, R., Cayol, V., Poland, M., and Weis, D., eds., Hawaiian Volcanoes: From Source to Surface, AGU Monograph 208, p. 269–288, doi:10.1002/9781118872079.ch13. 

67. Johnson, J.H., Swanson, D.A., Roman, D., Poland, M.P., and Thelen, W., 2015, Crustal stress and structure at Kīlauea Volcano inferred from seismic anisotropy, Chap. 12 of Carey, R., Cayol, V., Poland, M., and Weis, D., eds., Hawaiian Volcanoes: From Source to Surface, AGU Monograph 208, p. 251–268, doi:10.1002/9781118872079.ch12.

66. Anderson, K.R., Poland, M.P., Johnson, J.H., and Miklius, A., 2015,  Episodic deflation-inflation events at Kīlauea Volcano and implications for the shallow magma system, Chap. 11 of Carey, R., Cayol, V., Poland, M., and Weis, D., eds., Hawaiian volcanoes, from source to Surface, AGU Monograph 208, p. 229–250, doi:10.1002/9781118872079.ch11.

65. Carey, R., Cayol, V., Poland, M., and Weis, D. (eds.), 2015, Hawaiian Volcanoes: From Source to Surface, AGU Monograph 208, 582 pp.

64. Teasdale, R., Kraft, K., and Poland, M.P., 2015, Using near-real-time monitoring data from Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō vent at Kīlauea Volcano for training and educational purposes: Journal of Applied Volcanology, vol. 4, no. 1, article 11, doi:10.1186/s13617-015-0026-x.

63. Poland, M.P., Miklius, A., and Montgomery-Brown, E.K., 2014, Magma supply, storage, and transport at shield-stage Hawaiian volcanoes, chap. 5 of Poland, M.P., Takahashi, T.J., and Landowski, C.M., eds., Characteristics of Hawaiian Volcanoes, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1801, p. 179 – 234, doi:10.3133/pp18015.

62. Poland, M.P., Takahashi, T.J., and Landowski, C.M., eds., 2014, Characteristics of Hawaiian volcanoes: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1801, 429 p., doi:10.3133/pp1801.

61. Pinel, V., Poland, M., and Hooper, A., 2014, Volcanology: Lessons learned from Synthetic Aperture Radar imagery: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 289, p. 81–113, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.10.010.

60. Poland, M.P., and Orr, T.R., 2014, Identifying hazards associated with lava deltas: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 76, no. 12, article 880, doi:10.1007/s00445-014-0880-0. 

59. Bagnardi, M., Poland, M.P., Carbone, D., Baker, S., Battaglia, M., and Amelung, F., 2014, Gravity changes and deformation at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai ‘i, associated with summit eruptive activity, 2009–2012: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 119, no. 9. p. 7288–7305, doi:10.1002/2014JB011506.

58. Poland, M.P., 2014, Contrasting volcanism in Hawaii and the Galápagos, chap 2. of Harpp, K. S., Mittelstaedt, E., d’Ozouville, N., and Graham, D.W., eds., The Galapagos; A Natural Laboratory for the Earth Sciences, AGU Monograph 204: Washington, DC, American Geophysical Union, p. 5–26.

57. Poland, M.P., 2014, Time‐averaged discharge rate of subaerial lava at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai ‘i, measured from TanDEM‐X interferometry: Implications for magma supply and storage during 2011–2013: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 119, no. 7, p. 5464–5481, doi:10.1002/2014JB011132.

56. Wauthier, C., Roman, D.C., and Poland, M.P., 2013, Moderate-magnitude earthquakes induced by magma reservoir inflation at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 40, no. 20, p. 5366–5370, doi: 10.1002/2013GL058082.

55. Wauthier, C., Cayol, V., Poland, M., Kervyn, F., d'Oreye, N., Hooper, A., Samsonov, S., Tiampo, K., and Smets, B., 2013, Nyamulagira's magma plumbing system inferred from 15 years of InSAR, in Pyle, D.M., Mather, T.A., and Biggs, J. eds., Remote Sensing of Volcanoes and Volcanic Processes: Integrating Observation and Modelling, Geological Society of London Special Publication 380, p. 39–65, doi:10.1144/SP380.9.

54. Bagnardi, M., Amelung, F., and Poland, M.P., 2013, A new model for the growth of basaltic shields based on deformation of Fernandina volcano, Galápagos Islands: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 377–378, p. 358-366, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.07.016.

53. Carbone, D., Poland, M.P., Patrick, M.R., and Orr, T.R., 2013, Continuous gravity measurements reveal a low-density lava lake at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 376, p. 178–185, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.06.024.

52. Plattner, C., Amelung, F., Baker, S., Govers, R., and Poland, M., 2013, The role of viscous magma mush spreading in volcanic flank motion at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: Journal of Geophysical Research, v 118, no. 5, p. 2474–2487, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50194.

51. Richter, N., Poland, M.P., and Lundgren, P.R., 2013, TerraSAR-X interferometry reveals small-scale deformation associated with the summit eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 40, no. 7, p. 1279–1283, doi:10.1002/grl.50286.

50. Johnson, J.H., and Poland, M.P., 2013, Seismic detection of increased degassing prior to Kīlauea's 2008 summit explosion: Nature Communications, v. 4, no. 4, 1668, doi: doi:10.1038/ncomms2703.

49. Lundgren, P., Poland, M., Miklius, A., Orr, T., Yun, S.-H., Fielding, E., Liu, Z., Tanaka, A., Szeliga, W., Hensley, S., and Owen, S., 2013, Evolution of dike opening during the March 2011 Kamoamoa fissure eruption, Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 118, no. 3, p. 897–914, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50108.

48. Poland, M.P., Okubo, P.G., and Hon, K., 2013, Exploring Hawaiian volcanism: EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, v. 94, no. 7, p. 72, doi: 10.1002/2013EO070005.

47. Gonnermann, H.M., Foster, J.H., Poland, M.P., Wolfe, C.J., Brooks, B.A., and Miklius, A., 2012, Coupling at Mauna Loa and Kīlauea via pore pressure in an asthenospheric melt layer: Nature Geoscience, v. 5, no. 11, p. 826–829 , doi: 10.1038/ngeo1612.

46. Carbone, D., and Poland, M.P., 2012, Gravity fluctuations induced by magma convection at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: Geology, v. 40, no. 7, p. 803–806, doi:10.1130/G33060.1.

45. Dietterich, H.R., Poland, M.P., Schmidt, D.A., Cashman, K.V., Sherrod, D.R., and Espinosa, A.T., 2012, Tracking lava flow emplacement on the east rift zone of Kīlauea, Hawaiʻi with synthetic aperture radar coherence: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems (G3), v. 13, Q05001, 17 p., doi:10.1029/2011GC004016.

44. Poland, M.P., Miklius, A., Sutton, A.J., and Thornber, C.R., 2012, A mantle-driven surge in magma supply to Kīlauea Volcano during 2003-2007: Nature Geoscience, v. 5, no. 4, p. 295-300.

43. Dzurisin, D., Wicks, C. W., and Poland, M.P., 2012, History of Surface Displacements at the Yellowstone Caldera, Wyoming, from Leveling Surveys and InSAR Observations, 1923–2008: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1788, 68 pp.

42. Kauahikaua, J., and Poland, M., 2012, One Hundred Years of Volcano Monitoring in Hawaii: EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, v. 93, no. 3, p. 29-30.

41. Chadwick Jr., W.W., Jónsson, S., Geist, D.J., Poland, M.P., Johnson, D.J., Batt, S., Harpp, K.S., and Ruiz, A., 2011, The May 2005 eruption of Fernandina volcano, Galápagos: The first circumferential dike intrusion observed by GPS and InSAR: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 73, no. 6, p. 679-697.

40. Fee, D., Garces, M., Orr, T., and Poland, M., 2011, Infrasound from the 2007 fissure eruptions of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai'i: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 38, L06309, doi:10.1029/2010GL046422.

39. Montgomery-Brown, E.K., Sinnett, D.K., Larson, K.M., Poland, M.P., Segall, P., and Miklius, A., 2011, Spatiotemporal evolution of dike opening and décollement slip at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai'i: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 116, B03401, doi:10.1029/2010JB007762.

38. Poland, M.P., van der Hoeven Kraft, K., and Teasdale, R., 2011, Volcanology Curricula Development Aided by Online Educational Resource: EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, v. 92, no. 12, p. 101.

37. Crider, J. G., Frank, D., Malone, S.D., Poland, M.P., Werner, C., and Caplan-Auerbach, J., 2011, Magma at depth: A retrospective analysis of the 1975 unrest at Mount Baker, Washington, USA: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 73, no. 2, p. 175-189.

36. Jung, H.-S., Lu, Z., Won, J.-S., Poland, M., and Miklius, A., 2011, Mapping three-dimensional surface deformation by combining multiple aperture interferometry and conventional interferometry: application to the June 2007 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii: IEEE Geoscience & Remote Sensing Letters, v. 8, no. 1, p. 34-38.

35. Johnson, D.J., Eggers, A.A., Bagnardi, M., Battaglia, M., Poland, M.P., and Miklius, A., 2010, Shallow magma accumulation at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai’i, revealed by microgravity surveys: Geology. v. 38, no. 12, p. 1139-1142.

34. Montgomery-Brown, E.K., Sinnett, D.K., Poland, M., Segall, P., Orr, T., Zebker, H., and Miklius, A., 2010, Geodetic evidence for en echelon dike emplacement and concurrent slow-slip during the June 2007 intrusion and eruption at Kīlauea volcano, Hawaii: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 115, B07405, doi:10.1029/2009JB006658.

33. Larson, K.M., Poland, M., and Miklius, A., 2010, Volcano monitoring using GPS: developing data analysis strategies based on the June 2007 Kilauea Volcano intrusion and eruption: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 115, B07405, doi:10.1029/2009JB006658.

32. Poland, M.P., 2010, Localized surface disruptions observed by InSAR during strong earthquakes in Java and Hawai‘i: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 100, no. 2, p. 532-540.

31. Poland, M.P., Miklius, A., Wilson, D., Okubo, P., Montgomery-Brown, E., Segall, P., Brooks, B., Foster, J., Wolfe, C., Syracuse, E., and Thurber, C., 2010, Slow slip event at Kīlauea Volcano: EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, v. 91, no. 13, p. 118-119.

30. Poland, M., 2010, Learning to recognize volcanic non-eruptions: Geology, v. 38, no. 3, p. 287-288.

29. Smith, J.G., Dehn, J., Hoblitt, R.P., LaHusen, R.G., Lowenstern, J.B., Moran, S.C., McClelland, L., McGee, K.A., Nathenson, M., Okubo, P.G., Pallister, J.S., Poland, M.P., Power, J.A., Schneider, D.J., and Sisson, T.W., 2009, Volcano monitoring, chap 12. of Young, R., and Norby, L., eds., Geological Monitoring: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America, p. 273–305.

28. Werner, C., Evans, W.C., Poland, M., Tucker, D., Doukas, M., 2009, A stalled intrusion at Mt. Baker volcano, Washington, USA; Geochemical changes in quiescent degassing since 1974: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 186, no. 3-4, p. 279-286.

27. Poland, M.P., Sutton, A.J., and Gerlach, T.M., 2009, Magma degassing triggered by static decompression at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: Geophysical Research Lettersv. 36, L16306, doi:10.1029/2009GL039214.

26. Major, J.J., Dzurisin, D., Schilling, S.P., and Poland, M.P., 2009, Monitoring lava-dome growth during the 2004-08 Mount St. Helens, Washington, eruption using oblique terrestrial photography: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 286, no. 1-2, p. 243-254.

25. Poland, M.P., and Lu, Z., 2008, Radar interferometry observations of surface displacements during pre- and coeruptive periods at Mount St. Helens, Washington, 1992–2005, chap. 18 of Sherrod, D.R., Scott, W.E., and Stauffer, P.H., eds., A volcano rekindled; the renewed eruption of Mount St. Helens, 2004–2006: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1750, p. 361-382.

24. Dzurisin, D., Lisowski, M., Poland, M.P., Sherrod, D.R., and LaHusen, R.G., 2008, Constraints and conundrums resulting from ground-deformation measurements made during the 2004–2005 dome-building eruption of Mount St. Helens, Washington, chap. 14 of Sherrod, D.R., Scott, W.E., and Stauffer, P.H., eds., A volcano rekindled; the renewed eruption of Mount St. Helens, 2004–2006: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1750,p. 281-300.

23. Major, J.J., Kingsbury, C.G., Poland, M.P., and LaHusen, R.G., 2008, Extrusion rate of the Mount St. Helens lava dome estimated from terrestrial imagery, November 2004–December 2005, chap. 12 of Sherrod, D.R., Scott, W.E., and Stauffer, P.H., eds., A volcano rekindled; the renewed eruption of Mount St. Helens, 2004–2006: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1750, p. 237-255.

22. Poland, M.P., Dzurisin, D., LaHusen, R.G., Major, J.J., Lapcewich, D., Endo, E.T., Gooding, D.J., Schilling, S.P., and Janda, C.G., 2008, Remote camera observations of lava dome growth at Mount St. Helens, Washington, October 2004 to February 2006, chap. 11 of Sherrod, D.R., Scott, W.E., and Stauffer, P.H., eds., A volcano rekindled; the renewed eruption of Mount St. Helens, 2004–2006: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1750, p. 225-236.

21. Casu, F., Solaro, G., Tizzani, P., Poland, M., Miklius, A., Sansosti, E., and  Lanari, R., 2008, Surface deformation analysis of the Mauna Loa and Kilauea volcanoes, Hawai‘i, based on InSAR displacement time series: Second workshop on USE of Remote Sensing Techniques (USEReST) for Monitoring Volcanoes and Seismogenic Areas, IEEE Conference Publications Program, doi: 10.1109/USEREST.2008.4740368, 4 pp.

20. Williams-Jones, G., Rymer, H., Mauri, G., Gottsmann, J., Poland, M., and Carbone, D., 2008, Towards continuous 4D microgravity monitoring of volcanoes: Geophysics, v. 73, no. 6, p. WA19-WA28.

19. Brooks, B.A., Foster, J., Sandwell, D., Wolfe, C., Okubo, P., Poland, M., and Myer, D., 2008, Magmatically Triggered Slow-Slip at Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i: Science, v. 321, no. 5893, p. 1177.

18. Moran, S.C., Freymueller, J.T., LaHusen, R.G., McGee, K.A., Poland, M.P., Power, J.A., Schmidt, D.A., Schneider, D.J., Stephens, G., Werner, C.A., and White, R.A., 2008, Instrumentation recommendations for volcano monitoring at U.S. volcanoes under the National Volcano Early Warning System: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5114, 47 p.

17. Jonsson, S., Chadwick, W., Poland, M.P., and Geist, D., 2008, Deformation and Stress-Change Modeling at Sierra Negra Volcano, Galapagos, from Envisat InSAR and GPS Observations: Proceedings of the FRINGE Workshop, Frascati, Italy, 26–30 November 2007, ESA SP-649, 5 pp.

16. Poland, M.P., 2008, InSAR observations of deformation associated with new episodes of volcanism at Kilauea volcano, Hawai`i, 2007: Proceedings of the FRINGE Workshop, Frascati, Italy, 26–30 November 2007, ESA SP-649, 7 pp.

15. Decker, R., Okamura, A., Miklius, A., and Poland, M., 2008, Evolution of deformation studies on active Hawaiian volcanoes: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008–5090, 23 pp

14. Poland, M.P., Moats, W.P., and Fink, J.H., 2008, Radial dike emplacement in stratovolcanoes based on observations from the eroded Summer Coon volcano, southern Colorado: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 70, no. 7, p. 861-875.

13. Geist, D.J., Harpp, K.S., Naumann T.R., Poland, M.P., Chadwick, W.W., Hall, M., and Rader, E., 2008, The 2005 eruption of Sierra Negra volcano, Galápagos, Ecuador: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 70, no. 6, p. 655-673.

12. Poland, M., Miklius, A., Orr, T., Sutton, J. Thornber, C., and Wilson, D., 2008, New episodes of volcanism at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii: EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, v. 89, no. 5, p. 37-38.

11. Poland, M.P., 2007, ASAR images a diverse set of deformation patterns at Kīlauea volcano, Hawai‘i, in Lacoste, H., and Ouwehand, L., eds., ENVISAT Symposium 2007, Proceedings, Montreux, Switzerland, Apr. 23–27, 2007: Noordwijk, The Netherlands, ESA Communication Production Office, ESA SP-636, 6 p.

10. Yun, S.-H., Zebker, H., Segall, P., Hooper, A., and Poland, M.P., 2007, Interferogram formation in the presence of complex and large deformation: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 34, no. 12, doi:10.1029/2007GL029745.

9. Chadwick Jr., W.W., Geist, D., Jónsson, S., Poland, M.P., Johnson, D., and Meertens, C., 2006, A volcano bursting at the seams; Inflation, faulting, and eruption at Sierra Negra Volcano, Galápagos: Geology, v. 34, no. 12, p. 1025-1028.

8. Poland, M.P., 2006, InSAR captures rifting and volcanism in East Africa: Alaska Satellite Facility News and Notes, v. 3, n. 2, p. 1, 3.

7. Poland, M.P., Burgmann, R., Dzurisin, D., Lisowski, M., Masterlark, T., Owen, S., and Fink, J.H., 2006, Constraints on the mechanism of long-term, steady subsidence at Medicine Lake volcano, northern California, from GPS, leveling, and InSAR: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 150, p. 55-78.

6. Dzurisin, D., Lisowski, M., Wicks Jr., C.W., Poland, M.P., and Endo, E.T., 2006, Geodetic observations and modeling of magmatic inflation at the Three Sisters volcanic center, central Oregon Cascade Range, USA: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 150, p. 35-54.

5. Poland, M.P., Hamburger, M., and Newman, A., 2006, The changing shapes of active volcanoes; History, evolution, and future challenges for volcano geodesy: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, v. 150, p. 1-13.

4. Poland, M.P., Fink, J.H., and Tauxe, L., 2004, Patterns of magma flow in segmented silicic dikes at Summer Coon volcano, Colorado—AMS and thin section analysis: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 219, p. 155-169.

3. Dzurisin, D., Poland, M.P., and Bürgmann, R., 2002, Steady subsidence of Medicine Lake volcano, northern California, revealed by repeated leveling surveys: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 107, n. B12, 2372, doi:10.1029/2001JB000893.

2. Poland, M. P., 2001, Determining the stress regime in a volcanic edifice from igneous intrusions and deformation measurements: Ph. D. Dissertation, Arizona State University, 384 p.

1. Poland, M., 1998, Crustal subsidence and extension and Medicine Lake volcano, northern California: Explorations, An Undergraduate Research Journal of the University of California, Davis, v. 1, p. 19-40.