Randall W Jibson

Biography

 

In more than 38 years at the USGS, Dr. Randall Jibson has conducted research on a wide variety of landslide processes. He has conducted numerous post-earthquake investigations in the United States and throughout the world and is an internationally recognized expert in earthquake-triggered landslides. Most recently, he has developed methods to assess and map regional seismic landslide hazards using displacement-based methods. He served as the Coordinator of the USGS Landslide Hazards Reduction Program for several years and has published more than 130 research articles and reports.

 

EDUCATION:

    Ph.D.    Geology, Stanford University, 1980-1985

    M.S.     Civil Engineering, Stanford University, 1980-82

    B.S.      Geological Sciences, San Diego State University, 1978-80

 

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE:

1994-pres. U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, Golden, Colorado, Research Geologist. Research on geologic hazards. Activities include developing methods for dynamic modeling of the initiation and movement of landslides during earthquakes, instrumenting active landslides, computer modeling of coseismic landslide behavior, quantitative modeling of geomorphic and geotechnical factors affecting landslide initiation and distribution, and developing high-resolution digital (GIS) methods to produce regional seismic landslide hazard maps.

1990-1994 U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, Golden, Colorado, Supervisory Geologist, Coordinator of Landslide Hazards Reduction Program. Managed all facets of the $2.3-million program: coordinated all research projects; directly supervised the research and support staff; responsible for all personnel, budget, and programmatic decisions. Conducted research to develop models of landslide movement during earthquakes and to quantify rates and processes of coastal bluff retreat along the Great Lakes.

1988-1990 U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, Reston, Virginia, Supervisory Geologist, Coordinator of Geomechanics Research Group. Supervised geologic-hazards research of the scientific and support staff in the Geomechanics Group of the Branch of Geologic Risk Assessment. Conducted research on debris flows triggered by tropical storms in Puerto Rico and on earthquake-induced landslides in the U.S. and Japan.

1983-1988 U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, Menlo Park, California, and Reston, Virginia, Geologist. Conducted research on earthquake-triggered landslides in the New Madrid seismic zone; conducted field, laboratory, and modeling studies to develop methods to determine seismic or aseismic origin of landslides for application in neotectonic and paleoseismic research.

1979-1983 U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY, Menlo Park, California, Physical Science Technician. Conducted index tests and direct- and triaxial-shear tests on soil samples; conducted in-situ soil tests (standard and cone penetration); analyzed and interpreted data.

 

Publications

Kargel, J.S., Leonard, G.J., Shugar, D.H., Haritashya, U.K., Bevington, A., Fielding, E.J., Fujita, K., Geertsema, M., Miles, E.S., Steiner, J. Anderson, E., Bajracharya, S., Bawden, G.W., Breashears, D.F., Byers, A., Collins, B.D., Czyzowska-Wisniewski, E., Dhital, M.R., Donnellan, A., Evans, T.L., Geai, M.L., Glasscoe, M.T., Green, D., Gurung, D.R., Heijenk, R., Hilborn, A., Hudnut, K., Huyck, C., Immerzeel, W.W., Jiang, L., Jibson, R., Kääb, A., Khanal, N.R., Kirschbaum, D., Kraaijenbrink, P.D.A., Lamsal, D., Liu, S., Mingyang, L.V., McKinney, D., Nahirnick, N.K., Nan, Z., Ojha, S., Olsenholler, J., Painter, T.H., Pleasants, M., Pratima K.C., Qi, Y., Raup, B.H., Regmi, D., Rounce, D.R., Sakai, A., Shangguan, D., Shea, J.M., Shrestha, A.B., Shukla, A., Stumm, D., van der Kooij, M., Voss, K., Wang, X., Weihs, B., Wolfe, D., Wu, L.,  Yao, X., Yoder, M.R., and Young, N., 2016, Geomorphic and geologic controls of geohazards induced by Nepal’s 2015 Gorkha earthquake:  Science, v. 351, no. 6269, DOI  10.1126/science.aac8353, 10 p. 

Juang, C.H., Carranza-Torres, C., Crosta, G., Dong, J.J., Gokceoglu, C, Jibson, R.W., Shakoor, A., Tang, H., van Asch, T.W.J., and Wasowski, J., 2016, Engineering geology—A fifty year perspective: Engineering Geology, v. 201, p. 67-70. 

Jibson, R.W., and Harp, E.L., 2016, Ground motions at the outermost limits of seismically triggered landslides: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 106, p. 708-719. 

Harp, E.L., Jibson, R.W., and Schmitt, R.G., 2016, Map of landslides triggered by the January 12, 2010, Haiti earthquake: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3353, scale 1:150,000, 15-p. pamphlet. 

Allstadt, K.E., Thompson, E.M., Wald, D.J., Hamburger, M.W., Godt, J.W., Knudsen, K.L., Jibson, R.W., Jessee, M.A., Zhu, Jing, Hearne, M., Baise, L.G., Tanyas, H., and Marano, K.D., 2016, USGS approach to real-time estimation of earthquake-triggered ground failure—Results of 2015 workshop: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1044, 13 p.

Moss, R.E.S., Thompson, E.M., Kieffer, D.S., Tiwari, B., Hashash, Y.M.A., Acharya, I., Adhikari, B., Asimaki, D., Clahan, K.B., Collins, B.D., Dahal, S., Dreger, D.S., Jibson, R.W., Khadka, D.,  Macdonald, A., Madugo, C.M., Mason, H.B., Pehlivan, M., Rayamjhi1, D., Uprety, S., 2015, Geotechnical effects of the 2015 magnitude 7.8 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake and aftershocks: Seismological Research Letters, v. 86, no. 6, p. 1514-1523. 

Jibson, R.W., 2015, Paleoseismology and landslides, in Beer, M., Kougioumtzoglou, I.A., Patelli, E., and Au, S.K., eds., Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering: Dordrecht, The Netherlands, Springer, 20 p., DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-36197-5_28-1.

Hashash, Y.M.A., Tiwari, B., Moss, R.E., Asimaki, D., Clahan, K.B., Kieffer, D.S., Dreger, D.S., Macdonald, A., Madugo, C.M., Mason, H.B., Pehlivan, M., Rayamajhi, D., Acharya, I., Adhikari, B., Collins, B.D., Jibson, R.W., and Thompson, E.M., 2015, Geotechnical Field Reconnaissance— Gorkha (Nepal) Earthquake of April 25 2015 and Related Shaking Sequence:  GEER Association Report No. GEER-040, ver. 1.0, 250 p. 

Collins, B.D., and Jibson, R.W., 2015, Assessment of existing and potential landslide hazards resulting from the April 25, 2015 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake sequence: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2015–1142, 50 p. 

Jibson, R.W., 2014, Mapping seismic landslide hazards in Anchorage, Alaska, in U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 10th, Anchorage, Alaska, 2014, Proceedings: Oakland, Calif., Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, 11 p.

Harp. E.L., Hartzell, S.H., Jibson, R.W., Ramirez-Guzman, L., and Schmitt, R.G., 2014, Relation of landslides triggered by the Kiholo Bay earthquake to modeled ground motion: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 104, p. 2529-2540. [Download File]

Dreyfus, D., Rathje, E.M., and Jibson, R.W., 2013, The influence of different simplified sliding-block models and input parameters on regional predictions of seismic landslides triggered by the Northridge earthquake: Engineering Geology, v. 163, p. 41-54. [Download File]

Jibson, R.W., Rathje, E.M., Jibson M.W., and Lee, Y.W., 2013, SLAMMER—Seismic LAndslide Movement Modeled using Earthquake Records:  U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 12-B1. 

Jibson, R.W., and Harp. E.L., 2012, Extraordinary distance limits of landslides triggered by the 2011 Mineral, Virginia earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 106, p. 2368-2377.[Download File]

Jibson, R.W., 2011, Methods for assessing the stability of slopes during earthquakes—A retrospective: Engineering Geology, v. 122, p. 43-50. [Download File]

Gipprich, T.L., Schnieder, R.K., Jibson, R.W., and Kimman, W., 2008, The role of shear and tensile failure in dynamically triggered landslides: Geophysical Journal International, v. 172, p. 770-778.[Download File]

Jibson, R.W., 2007, Regression models for estimating coseismic landslide displacement: Engineering Geology, v. 91, p. 209-218. [Download File]

Romeo, R.W., Jibson, R.W., and Pugliese, A., 2007, A methodology for assessing earthquake-induced landslide risk, in Schaefer, V.R., Schuster, R.L., and Turner, A.K. (eds.), Conference Presentations—1st North American Landslide Conference, Vail, Colorado: Association of Engineering Geologist, Denver, CO. [Download File]

Jibson, Randall W., 2006. Photographs, correspondence, and presentations related to the La Conchita, California, landslide. Open-File Report 2006-1278, 4 p. cover; 39 p. presentation; photographs [Link]

Jibson, R.W., 2006, The La Conchita, California landslide: Landslides, v. 3, p. 73-78. [Download File]

Jibson, R.W., Harp, E.L., Schulz, W., and Keefer, D.K., 2006, Large rock avalanches triggered by the M-7.9 Denali Fault, Alaska, earthquake of 3 November 2002: Engineering Geology, v. 83, p. 144-160.[Download File]

Kieffer, D.S., Jibson, R., Rathje, E.M., and Kelson, K., 2006, Landslides triggered by the 2004 Niigata Ken Chuetsu, Japan, earthquake: Earthquake Spectra, v. 22, p. S47-S73. [Download File]

Jibson, Randall W., 2005. Landslide hazards at La Conchita, California. Open-File Report 2005-1067, 1 p. online; 12 p. report [Link]

Cascini, L., Bonnard, C., Corominas, J., Jibson, R., Montero-Olarte, J., 2005, Landslide hazard and risk zoning for urban planning and development, in Hungr, O., Fell, R., Couture, R., and Eberhardt, E. (editors), Landslide Risk Management, Proceedings of the International Conference on Landslide Risk Management, Vancouver, Canada. A.A. Balkema Publishers, London, p. 199-235. [Download File]

Sepulveda, S.A., Murphy, W., Jibson, R.W., and Petley, D.N., 2005, Seismically induced rock slope failures resulting from topographic amplification of strong ground motions: The case of Pacoima Canyon, California: Engineering Geology, v. 80, p. 336-348. [Download File]

Larsen, Matthew C.; Santiago, Marilyn; Jibson, Randall W.; Questell, Eduardo, 2004. Map showing landslide susceptibility in the municipality of Ponce, Puerto Rico. Scientific Investigations Map 2818, 1 map sheet, 48 x 36 in. [Link]

Jibson, R.W., Harp, E.L., Schulz, W., and Keefer, D.K., 2004, Landslides triggered by the 2002 M-7.9 Denali Fault, Alaska, earthquake and the inferred nature of the strong shaking: Earthquake Spectra, v. 20, p. 669-691. [Download File]

Jibson, Randall W., 2003. Amounts and rates of bluff-top recession along the Lake Michigan shoreline at Fort Sheridan, Illinois, from 1872-1987. Open-File Report 2003-231, 1 fig.; 1 table [Link]

Jibson, Randall W.; Jibson, Matthew W., 2003. Java Programs for Using Newmark's Method and Simplified Decoupled Analysis to Model Slope Performance During Earthquakes. Geological Survey (U.S.) Open-File Report 2003-5, Available on CD-ROM or Online

Eberhart-Phillips, D., Haeussler, P.J., Freymueller, J.T., Frankel, A.D., Rubin, C.M., Craw, P., Ratchkovski, N.A., Anderson, G., Carver, G.A., Crone, A.J., Dawson, T.E., Fletcher, H., Hansen, R., Harp, E.L., Harris, R.A., Hill, D.P., Hreinsdóttir, S., Jibson, R.W., Jones, L.M., Kayen, R., Keefer, D.K., Larsen, C.F., Moran, S.C., Personius, S.F., Plafker, G., Sherrod, B., Sieh, K., Sitar, N., and Wallace, W., 2003, The 2002 Denali Fault earthquake, Alaska: A large magnitude, slip-partitioned event: Science, v. 300, p. 1113-1118. [Download File]

Harp, E.L., Jibson, R.W., Kayen, R.E., Keefer, D.K., Sherrod, B.S., Carver, G.A., Collins, B.D., Moss, R.E.S., and Sitar, N., 2003, Landslides and liquefaction triggered by the M 7.9 Denali Fault earthquake of 3 November 2002: GSA Today, v. 13, no. 8, p. 4-10 [Download File]

Jibson, Randall W.; Jibson, Matthew W., 2002. Java programs for using Newmark's method to model slope performance during earthquakes. Open-File Report 2002-201, 1 CD-ROM : col. ; 4 3/4 in.

Harp, E.L., and Jibson, R.W., 2002, Anomalous concentrations of seismically triggered rock falls in Pacoima Canyon: Are they caused by highly susceptible slopes or local amplification of seismic shaking?: Seismological Society of America Bulletin, v. 92, p. 3180-3189. [Download File]

Jibson, R.W., 2002, A public health issue related to collateral seismic hazards: The valley fever outbreak triggered by the 1994 Northridge, California earthquake: Surveys in Geophysics, v. 23, p. 511-528.[Download File]

Jibson, Randall W.; Crone, Anthony J., 2001. Observations and recommendations regarding landslide hazards related to the January 13, 2001 M-7.6 El Salvador earthquake. Open-File Report 2001-141, 19 p. [Link]

Huang, C.C., Lee, Y.H., Liu, H.P., Keefer, D.K., and Jibson, R.W., 2001, Influence of surface-normal ground acceleration on the initiation of the Jih-Feng-Erh-Shan landslide during the 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 91, p. 953-958. [Download File]

Jibson, Randall W.; Jibson, Matthew W., 2000. Programs for using Newmark's method to model slope performance during earthquakes. Open-File Report 2001-116, 1 computer optical disc : ill. ; 4 3/4 in.

Jibson, R.W., Harp, E.L., and Michael, J.A., 2000, A method for producing digital probabilistic seismic landslide hazard maps: Engineering Geology, v. 58, p. 271-289. [Download File]

Parise, M., and Jibson, R.W., 2000, A seismic landslide susceptibility rating of geologic units based on analysis of characteristics of landslides triggered by the January 17, 1994, Northridge, California, earthquake: Engineering Geology, v. 58, p. 251-270. [Download File]

Jibson, R. W.; Baum, R. L. , 1999. Assessment of landslide hazards in Kaluanui and Maakua gulches, Oahu, Hawaii, following the 9 May 1999 Sacred Falls landslide. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 99-364, 9 p. :col. ill., maps ;28 cm. [Link]

Jibson, Randall W.; Harp, Edwin L.; Michael, John A. , 1998. A method for producing digital probabilistic seismic landslide hazard maps; an example from the Los Angeles, California, area. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 98-113, i, 17 p. :ill., maps (some col.) ;28 cm. [Link]

Parise, Mario; Jibson, R. W. , 1997. Preliminary analysis of landslides triggered by the January 17, 1994, Northridge earthquake in the Santa Susana quadrangle, California. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey : [Books and Open-File Reports Section, distributor], Open-File Report 97-719, 12 p. :ill., map ;28 cm.

Jibson, R.W., 1996, Use of landslides for paleoseismic analysis: Engineering Geology, v. 43, p. 291-323. [Download File]

Harp, Edwin L.; Jibson, Randall W. , 1995. Inventory of landslides triggered by the 1994 Northridge, California earthquake. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 95-213, 18 p. ill., maps (some col.) ;28 cm. [Link]

Harp, E.L., and Jibson, R.W., 1995, Seismic instrumentation of landslides: Building a better model of dynamic landslide behavior: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 85, p. 93-99.[Download File]

Obermeier, Stephen F.; Jibson, Randall W., 1994. Using ground-failure features for paleoseismic analysis. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 94-663, 148 p,. :ill. (some col.), maps (1 col.), photos. ;28 cm.

Jibson, R. W.; Keefer, D. K., 1994. Analysis of the origin of landslides in the New Madrid seismic zone. Professional Paper 1538-D, p. D1-D23

Jibson, R.W., Odum. J.K., and Staude, J.M., 1994, Rates and processes of bluff recession along the Lake Michigan shoreline in Illinois: Journal of Great Lakes Research, v. 20, no. 1, p. 135-152. [Download File]

Jibson, R.W., Prentice, C.S., Borissoff, B.A., Rogozhin, E.A., and Langer, C.J., 1994, Some observations of landslides triggered by the 29 April 1991 Racha earthquake, Republic of Georgia: Seismological Society of America Bulletin, v. 84, p. 963-973. [Download File]

Jibson, R.W., and Keefer, D.K., 1993, Analysis of the seismic origin of landslides: Examples from the New Madrid seismic zone: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 105, p. 521-536. [Download File]

Jibson, R.W., 1993, Predicting earthquake-induced landslide displacements using Newmark's sliding block analysis: Transportation Research Record, no. 1411, p. 9-17 [Download File]

Jibson, R.W., and Staude, J.M., 1992, Bluff recession rates along the Lake Michigan shoreline in Illinois: Association of Engineering Geologists Bulletin, v. 29, p. 103-117. [Download File]

Jibson, Randall W.; Prentice, Carol S. , 1991. Ground failure produced by the 29 April 1991 Racha earthquake in Soviet Georgia. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 91-392, ii, 5 leaves ;28 cm.

Jibson, Randall W.; Staude, John-Mark, 1991. Bluff recession rates along the Lake Michigan shoreline in Illinois. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 91-583, 16 p. :ill. ;28 cm.

Jibson, R.W., and Keefer, D.K., 1989, Statistical analysis of factors affecting landslide distribution in the New Madrid seismic zone, Tennessee and Kentucky: Engineering Geology, v. 27, p. 509-542.[Download File]

Jibson, Randall W.; Keefer, David K., 1988. Landslides triggered by earthquakes in the central Mississippi Valley, Tennessee and Kentucky. Professional Paper 1336-C, p. C1-C24, 1 plate in pocket

Jibson, R. W., 1987. Summary of research on the effects of topographic amplification of earthquake shaking on slope stability. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 87-268, 166 p. :ill., maps ;30 cm.

Jibson, R. W., 1986. Evaluation of landslide hazards resulting from the 5-8 October 1985 storm in Puerto Rico. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 86-26, iv, 40 p. :ill., maps ;28 cm.

Wieczorek, G. F.; Jibson, R. W.; Wilson, R. C.; Buchanan-Banks, J. M., 1982. Geotechnical properties of ash deposits near Hilo, Hawaii. U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 82-279, 20 p., ill., maps ;28 cm.