Thomas Cuffney

Biography

JOB TITLE: Research Ecologist, 0408, GS-14

 

EDUCATION:      University of Georgia, Postdoctoral Fellow, 1984-87
University of Georgia, Ph.D., 1984, Aquatic Ecology/Entomology, Advisor: Bruce Wallace
Idaho State University, M.S., 1980, Biology, Advisor: Wayne Minshall

SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, B.S., 1974, Zoology
Syracuse University, BS, 1974, Forestry

 

RESEARCH INTERESTS:  Role of aquatic macroinvertebrate communities in stream ecosystems and their responses to disturbance. 

                                                 Univariate and multivariate modeling of community responses to disturbance at multiple spatial scales.   

 

JOB EXPERIENCE:        

            9/90- to present.  Research Ecologist, U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Discipline, Raleigh, NC.  Work primarily for the

                    USGS National Water-Quality  Assessment   (NAWQA) Program. 

 

 

             2006-present: Lead biologist on the NAWQA Effects of Urbanization on Stream Ecosystems (EUSE) topical synthesis team. 

                    Studiy urban effects at local, regional, and  national levels.  Responsible for data analysis and report writing. 

 

              2002-2006: Lead biologist on the NAWQA Program Albemarle-Pamlico Drainage (ALBE) project. Oversaw sample collection,

                     data analysis and report writing for  the biological portion of this project.

 

              2000-2002:  Lead biologist responsible for developing national design for NAWQA EUSE studies and coordinating pilot studies.

 

              1990-2000: Lead invertebrate biologist for the NAWQA Program.  Developed national sampling protocols and study designs.  

              12/87-9/90.  Aquatic Ecologist, The Procter and Gamble Company, Environmental Safety Department,  Cincinnati, OH.  Studied

                     the use of stream  mesocosms as tools for  ecotoxicological studies of consumer product chemicals.
 

              8/84-8/87. NSF Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Georgia, Athens, GA. Studied the effects of invertebrate exclusion on the

                      fate and transport of organic material in headwater  streams.

 

                               

MEMBERSHIP IN PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES
    American Fisheries Society (2002 – 2004)

    Ecological Society of America (1977 -1998)
    North American Benthological Society (1978 - present)
    Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (1987 - 1994)
 

 

PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

North Carolina Department of Water Resources Ecological Flows Science Advisory Board: 2010-present.  Provide technical advice on the development of ecological flows for sustaining the health of stream biota.

Biology Methods Focus Group member: 2000-01.  Technical advisor to the Biology/Microbiology Workgroup of the National Methods and Data Comparability Board (MDCB).

North American Benthological Society (1978 - present)
        Associate Editor for journal:  1994-1997 
        Executive committee member: 1992-1993
        Session Chair, 1996
        Technical Information Workshop Chairman and Organizer: 1990, 1992
        Technical Issues Committee member: 1989-1993
        Student Awards Judge: 1988, 1991

 

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (1987 - 1994)
        Procter & Gamble student fellowship award reviewer, 1988
        1992 Program Committee, Chairman for Special Symposia

 

Reviewer for various journals:

Archiv für Hydrobiology

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

Ecology

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Journal of the American Water Resources Association

Journal of Great Lakes Research

Journal of the North American Benthological Society

Marine Environmental Research

 

TECHNICAL TRAINING/SUPPORT PROVIDED TO USGS:

 

    Instructor at USGS National Training Center, Denver, CO.

 

         Concepts in Aquatic Ecology (G0402, ID2040TC): 1997, 1994, 1993, 1992
         Multivariate Analysis for Hydrological, Biological, and Chemical Data (G0452, ID3045TC): 2003, 2001, 2000, 1998, 1996, 1995. 

 

     Biological Software Development

 

            Invertebrate data analysis software (IDAS):  analysis of invertebrate data: resolution of ambiguous taxa and calculation of assemblage metrics, diversity, and similarity

                          indices (http://pubs.usgs.gov/tm/7c4/, ftp://ftpext.usgs.gov/pub/er/nc/raleigh/tfc/IDAS_v5/). 
 

            Algal data analysis software (ADAS): analysis of algal data: resolution of ambiguous taxa and calculation of assemblage metrics, diversity, and similarity indices

                          (ftp://ftpext.usgs.gov/pub/er/nc/raleigh/tfc/ADAS/

 

 

Publications

Qian S.S, Cuffney T.F. 2012. To threshold or not to threshold? that's the question. Ecol. Indicators 15(1):1-9. [Link]

Waite IR, Kennen JG, May JT, Brown LR, Cuffney TF, Jones KA, Orlando JL. 2012. Comparison of stream invertebrate response models for bioassessment metrics. J Am Water Resour Assoc . 13 FEB 2012 DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00632.x [Link]

Cuffney, Thomas F.; Brightbill, Robin A., 2011. User's manual for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) software, version 5. U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 7-C4, xv, 113 p.; Appendices; Glossary; FTP Link [Link]

Cuffney, T.F., Kashuba, R., Qian, S.S, Alameddine, I., Cha, Y., Lee, B. Coles, J.C., and McMahon, G. 2011. Multilevel regression models describing regional patterns of invertebrate and algal responses to urbanization across the USA. J. N. American Benth. Soc. 30(3):797-819. [Link]

Wehmeyer, L.L, Weirich, F.H., and Cuffney, T.F. 2011. Effect of land cover change on runoff curve number estimation in Iowa, 1832-200. Ecohydrology 4(2):315-321. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F., Qian, S.S., Brightbill, R.A., May, J.T., and Waite, I.R. 2011. Response to King and Baker: limitaitons on threshold detection and characterizaiton of community thresholds. Ecological Applicaitons. [Link]

Kashuba, Roxolana; Cha, YoonKyung; Alameddine, Ibrahim; Lee, Boknam; Cuffney, Thomas F., 2010. Multilevel Hierarchical Modeling of Benthic Macroinvertebrate Responses to Urbanization in Nine Metropolitan Regions across the Conterminous United States. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-1227, xi, 88 p. [Link]

Coles, J.F., Cuffney, T.F., McMahon, G., and Rosiu, C.J. 2010. Judging a Brook by Its Cover: The Relation between Ecological Condition of a Stream and Urban Land Cover in New England. Northeastern Naturalist 17(1):29-48. [Link]

Qian, S.S., Cuffney, T.F., Alameddine, Ibrahim, McMahon, Gerald, and Reckhow, K.H. 2010. On the application of multilevel modeling in environmental and ecological studies. Ecology 91(2):355-361. [Link]

Waite, I.R., Brown, L.R., Kennen,J.G., May, J.T., Cuffney, T.F., Orlando, J.L., and Jones, K.A. 2010. Comparison of watershed disturbance predictive models for stream benthic macroinvertebrates for three distinct ecoregions in western US. Ecological Indicators 10(6):1125-1136. [Link]

Cuffney,T.F., Brightbill, R.A., May, J.T., and Waite, I.R. 2010. Responses of benthic macroinvertebrates to environmental changes associated with urbanization in nine metropolitan areas of the conterminous United States. Ecological Applications 20(5):1384-1401. [Link]

Cuffney, Thomas F.; Falcone, James A., 2009. Derivation of Nationally Consistent Indices Representing Urban Intensity Within and Across Nine Metropolitan Areas of the Conterminous United States. U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5095, viii, 37 p. [Link]

Giddings, Elise M. P.; Bell, Amanda H.; Beaulieu, Karen M.; Cuffney, Thomas F.; Coles, James F.; Brown, Larry R.; Fitzpatrick, Faith A.; Falcone, James; Sprague, Lori A.; Bryant, Wade L.; Peppler, Marie C.; Stephens, Cory; McMahon, Gerard, 2009. Selected Physical, Chemical, and Biological Data Used to Study Urbanizing Streams in Nine Metropolitan Areas of the United States, 1999-2004. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 423, Report: xii, 11 p.; Data Files [Link]

Brown, L.R., Cuffney, T.F., Coles, J.F., Bell, A.H., May, J.T., Fitzpatrick, Faith, McMahon, Gerard, and Steuer, Jeffrey. 2009. Urban streams across the United States: Lessons learned from studies in nine metropolitan areas. J. North American Benthological Society 28(4):1051-1069. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F., McMahon, G., May, J.A., and Waite, I.A. 2009. Responses of benthic macroinvertebrates to environmental changes associated with urbanization in nine metropolitan areas of the conterminous United States. In Webb, R.M.T., and Semmens, D.J., eds., Planning for an uncertain future—Monitoring, integration, and adaptation. Proceedings of the Third Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5049, p. 187-194. [Link]

Cuffney, Thomas F.; Brightbill, Robin A., 2008. Methods for Processing and Summarizing Time-Series Temperature Data Collected as Part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program Studies on the Effects of Urbanization on Stream Ecosystems. Geological Survey (U.S.) Data Series 330, Report: viii, 23 p.; Data Files [Link]

Giddings, E. M.; Moorman, Michelle; Cuffney, Thomas F.; McMahon, Gerard; Harned, Douglas A., 2007. Selected Physical, Chemical, and Biological Data for 30 Urbanizing Streams in the North Carolina Piedmont Ecoregion, 2002-2003. Geological Survey (U.S.) Data Series 279, vi, 15 p. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F., Bilger, M.D., and Haigler, A.M. 2007. Ambiguous taxa: effects on the characterization and interpretation of invertebrate assemblages. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 26(2):286-307. [Link]

G. McMahon and Cuffney, T.F. 2006. Quantifying urban intensity in drainage basins for assessing stream ecological conditions. Pages 101-112 In. W. Acevedo, J.L. Taylor, D.J. Hester, C.S. Mlandinich, and S. Glavac. Rates, trends, causes, and consequences of urban land-use change in the United States. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1726, 204 p. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F., Zappia, Humbert, Giddings, E.M.P., and Coles. J.F. 2005. Effects of urbanization on benthic macroinvertebrate assemblages in contrasting environmental settings: Boston, Massachusetts; Birmingham, Alabama; and Salt Lake City, Utah, In Brown, L.R., Gray, R.H., Hughes, R.M., and Meador, M.R., eds., Effects of urbanization on stream ecosystems: American Fisheries Society, Symposium 47, Bethesda, Maryland, p. 361-408. [Link]

Tate, C.M., Cuffney, T.F., McMahon, Gerard, Giddings, E.M.P., Zappia, Humbert, 2005, Use of an urban intensity index to assess urban effects on streams in three contrasting environmental settings, InBrown, L.R., Gray, R.H., Hughes, R.M., and Meador, M.R., eds., Effects of urbanization on stream ecosystems: American Fisheries Society, Symposium 47, Bethesda, Maryland, p. 291-316. [Link]

Coles, James F.; Cuffney, Thomas F.; McMahon, Gerard; Beaulieu, Karen M., 2004. The effects of urbanization on the biological, physical, and chemical characteristics of coastal New England streams. Professional Paper 1695, 58 p. [Link]

Robinson, Keith W.; Flanagan, Sarah M.; Ayotte, Joseph D.; Campo, Kimberly W.; Chalmers, Ann; Coles, James F.; Cuffney, Thomas F., 2004. Water Quality in the New England Coastal Basins, Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island 1999-2001. Circular 1226, vi; 38 p.; col. ill.; col. maps; 28 cm. [Link]

Smoot, J.L., Cuffney, T.F., and Bryant, Jr., W.L., 2004, Effects of urbanization on stream ecosystems. Pages127-136. Proceedings of the 1st annual Stormwater Management Research Symposium, Stormwater Management Academy, Orland, Fl. October 12-13th. [Link]

Cuffney, Thomas F., 2003. User's Manual for the National Water-Quality Assessment Program Invertebrate Data Analysis System (IDAS) Software: Version 3. Open-File Report 2003-172, 114 p. [Link]

Oblinger, C. J.; Cuffney, T. F.; Meador, M. R.; Garrett, R. G., 2002. Water-quality and physical characteristics of streams in the Treyburn development area of Falls Lake watershed, North Carolina, 1994-98. Water-Resources Investigations Report 2002-4046, 80 p. [Link]

Moulton, Stephen R., II; Carter, James L.; Grotheer, Scott A.; Cuffney, Thomas F.; Short, Terry M., 2000. Methods of analysis by the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Laboratory; processing, taxonomy, and quality control of benthic macroinvertebrate samples. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey : Information Services [distributor], Open-File Report 2000-212, vii, 49 p. :ill. ;28 cm. [Link]

McMahon, G., and Cuffney, T.F., 2000, Quantifying urban intensity in drainage basins for assessing stream ecological conditions, Journal of the American Water Resources Association 36(6): 1247-1261.[Link]

Cuffney, T.F., Meador, M.R., Porter, S.D., and Gurtz, M.E., 2000, Responses of physical, chemical, and biological indicators of water quality to a gradient of agricultural land use in the Yakima River Basin, Washington. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 64:259-270. [Link]

McMahon, G., and Cuffney, T.F., 1999. A Process for Characterizing Urban Land-Use Intensity in Drainage Basins. In: Sakrison, R. and Sturtevant, P. (editors) Proceedings of the American Water Resources Association Annual Conference: Watershed Management to Protect Declining Species., Seattle, Washington, December 5-9, 1999. pp. 257-260.

Cuffney, T. F.; Meador, M. R.; Porter, S. D.; Gurtz, M. E., 1997. Distribution of fish, benthic invertebrate, and algal communities in relation to physical and chemical conditions, Yakima River basin, Washington, 1990. U.S. Geological Survey ; Branch of Information Services [distributor], Water-Resources Investigations Report 96-4280, viii, 94 p. :ill. (some col.), maps (some col.) ;28 cm.

Wallace, J.B., Cuffney, T.F., Eggert, S.L., and Whiles, M.R. 1997. Stream Organic Matter Inputs, Storage, and Export for Satellite Branch at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory, North Carolina, USA. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 16(1):67-74. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F., 1997, Report of invertebrate workgroup, In, Gurtz, M.E. and Muir, T.A., 1997, Report of the interagency biological methods workshop: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-490, 85 p.

Wallace, J.B., Whiles, M.R., Eggert, S., Cuffney, T.F., Lugthart, G.J., and Chung, K., 1995, Long-term dynamics of coarse particulate organic matter in three Appalachian Mountain streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 14(2):217-232. [Link]

Cuffney, T. F.; Gurtz, M. E.; Meador, M. R., 1993. Guidelines for the processing and quality assurance of benthic invertebrate samples collected as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program. U.S. Geological Survey ; U.S.G.S. Earth Science Information Center, Open-File Reports Section [distributor], Open-File Report 93-407, vi, 80 p. :ill. ;28 cm. [Link]

Meador, Michael R.; Hupp, Cliff R.; Cuffney, Thomas F.; Gurtz, Martin E., 1993. Methods for characterizing stream habitat as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program. U.S. Geological Survey ; U.S.G.S. Earth Science Information Center, Open-File Reports Section [distributor], Open-File Report 93-408, iv, 48 p. :ill. ;28 cm. [Link]

Porter, Stephen D.; Cuffney, Thomas F.; Gurtz, Martin E.; Meador, Michael R., 1993. Methods for collecting algal samples as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program. U.S. Geological Survey ; U.S.G.S. Earth Science Information Center, Open-File Reports Section [distributor], Open-File Report 93-409, iv, 39 p. :ill. ;28 cm. [Link]

Cuffney, Thomas F.; Gurtz, Martin E.; Meador, Michael R., 1993. Methods for collecting benthic invertebrate samples as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program. U.S. Geological Survey ; U.S.G.S. Earth Science Information Center, Open-File Reports Section [distributor], Open-File Report 93-406, v, 66 p. :ill. ;28 cm. [Link]

Meador, M. R.; Cuffney, T. F.; Gurtz, M. E., 1993. Methods for sampling fish communities as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program. U.S. Geological Survey ; Books and Open-File Reports [distributor], Open-File Report 93-104, iv, 40 p. :ill. ;28 cm. [Link]

Wallace, J.B., Whiles, M.R., Webster, J.R., Cuffney, T.F., Lugthart, G.J., and Chung, K., 1993, Dynamics of inorganic particles in headwater streams: linkages with invertebrates: Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 12(2):112-125. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F., and Gurtz, M.E. (eds), 1992, Biological Assessments in Large Rivers. Proceedings of the 5th Annual Technical Information Workshop, North American Benthological Society, Louisville, KY.

Wallace, J.B., Cuffney, T.F., Goldowitz, B., Chung, K., and Lugthart, G.J., 1991, Long-term studies of the influence of invertebrate manipulations and drought on particulate organic matter export from headwater streams: Verhandlungen der Internationale Vereinigung für Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, 24:1676-1680. [Link]

Wallace, J.B., Cuffney, T.F., Webster, J.R., Lugthart, G.J., Chung, K., and Goldowitz, B.S., 1991, Export of fine organic particles from headwater streams: effects of season, extreme discharge, and invertebrate manipulation: Limnology and Oceanography 36:670-682. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F., 1991, A review of the use of invertebrate communities in lotic microcosms and mesocosms to assess the toxicity of chemicals. In. Toxicity Assessment Techniques for Aquatic Invertebrates: Current "State-of-the-Art", Proceedings of North American Benthological Society Technical Information Workshop, 20 May, 1991, College of Santa Fe, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Cuffney, T.F., Wallace, J.B., and Lugthart, G.J., 1990, Experimental evidence quantifying the role of benthic invertebrates in organic matter dynamics of headwater streams: Freshwater Biology, 23:281-299. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F. (ed), 1990, Experimental Ecosystems: Applications to Ecotoxicology, Proceeding of the 3rd Annual Technical Information Workshop, North American Benthological Society, Blacksburg,VA.

Cuffney, T.F., Hart, D.D., Wolbach, K.C., Wallace, J.B., Lugthart, G.J. and Smith-Cuffney, F., 1990, Assessment of community and ecosystem level effects in lotic environments: the role of mesocosm and field studies. In Experimental Ecosystems: Applications to Ecotoxicology, Proceeding of the 3rd Annual Technical Information Workshop, North American Benthological Society, Blacksburg,VA.

Wallace, J.B., Lugthart, G.J., Cuffney, T.F., and Schurr, G.A.. 1989. The impact of repeated insecticidal treatment on drift and benthos of a headwater stream: Hydrobiologia, 179: 135-147. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F. and Wallace, J.B., 1989, Discharge-export relationships in headwater streams: the influence of invertebrate manipulations and drought: J. North American Benthological Society, 8(4): 331-341 [Link]

Cuffney, T.F. 1989. Review of "Pesticide impact on stream fauna with special reference to macroinvertebrate," Muirhead-Thomson, R.C. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 8(2):290-291.

Cuffney, T.F. 1988, Input, movement and exchange of particulate organic matter within a subtropical coastal river-floodplain system: Freshwater Biology, 19:305-320. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F., and Wallace, J.B. 1988. Particulate organic matter export from three headwater streams: discrete versus continuous measurements. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45(11):2010-2016. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F. and Wallace, J.B., 1987, Leaf litter processing in Coastal Plain streams and floodplains of southeastern Georgia, U.S.A.: Archiv. Hydrobiol., Suppl., 76(1/2):1-24. [Link]

Wallace, J.B., Cuffney, T.F., Lay, C.C., and Vogel, D., 1987, The influence of an ecosystem-level manipulation on prey consumption by a lotic dragon fly: Can. J. Zoology, 65:35-40. [Link]

Wallace, J.B., Vogel, D.S. and Cuffney, T.F., 1986, Recovery of a headwater stream from an insecticide-induced community disturbance: J. North American Benthological Society, 5:115-126. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F., J.B. Wallace, and J.R. Webster. 1985. J.B. Wallace, and J.R. Webster. 1985. Influence of invertebrates on detrital processing in southern Appalachian streams: A manipulative approach. Freshwater Invertabrate Biology 3: 153-171.

Cuffney, T.F., Wallace, J.B. and Webster, J.R., 1984, Pesticide manipulation of a headwater stream: Invertebrate responses and their significance for ecosystem processes: Freshwater Invertebrate Biology, 3:153-171. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F.,1984, Characteristics of Riparian Flooding and its Impact upon the Processing and Exchange of Organic Matter in Coastal Plain Streams of Georgia: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, 168 p.

Wallace, J.B., Webster, J.R. and Cufney, T.F.., 1982, Stream detritus dynamics: Regulation by invertebrate consumers: Oecologia, 53:197-200. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F., and Minshall, G.W., 1981, Life history and bionomics of Arctopsyche grandis (Trichoptera) in a Central Idaho stream: Holarc. Ecol., 4:252-262. [Link]

Cuffney, T.F. 1980, The Ecology of Arctopsyche grandis (Banks) (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae): M.S. Thesis, Idaho State University, Pocatello, Idaho, 218 p.