William Andrews, Ph.D.

Biography

Bill Andrews is the Director of the U.S. Geological Survey Oklahoma Water Science Center. Since 1984, he has worked for the National Park Service in Washington, D.C., the University of Oklahoma, and the U.S. Geological Survey in Florida; Minnesota; and Oklahoma. Bill’s work has included investigations of water-resource trends, relations between land use and water quality, sources of water pollution, water use and availability, and uptake of metals by plants and animals.

Bill has a Bachelor’s degree in geology from the College of William and Mary, a Master’s degree in geology from Northern Illinois University, and a PhD in environmental science from the University of Oklahoma.

PUBLICATIONS

Books/Interpretive Reports

Andrews, W.J., Becker, C.J., Ryter, D.W., and Smith, S.J., 2016, Summary of U.S. Geological Survey studies conducted in cooperation with the Citizen Potawatomi Nation, central Oklahoma, 2011–14: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2015–5182, 22 p.

Andrews, W.J., and Smith, S.J., 2014, Description of landscape features, summary of existing hydrologic data, and identification of data gaps for the Osage Nation, northeastern Oklahoma, 1890-2012: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014-5134, 53 p.

Andrews, W.J., Taylor, April, and Winton, K.T., 2014, Tribal engagement strategy of the South Central Climate Science Center, 2014: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1396, 35 p., https://dx.doi.org/10.3133/cir1396.

Andrews, William J., Harich, Christopher R., Smith, S. Jerrod, Lewis, Jason M., Shivers, Molly J., Seger, Christian H., and Becker, Carol J., 2013, Analysis of environmental setting, surface-water and groundwater data, and data gaps for the Citizen Potawatomi Nation Tribal Jurisdictional Area, Oklahoma, through 2011: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5010, 102 p.

Andrews, W.J., Masoner, J.R., Rendon, S.H., Smith, K.A., Greer, J.R., and Chatterton, L.A., 2013, Pilot study of natural attenuation of arsenic by pumping high-arsenic groundwater to the Little River above Lake Thunderbird, Norman, Oklahoma, 2012: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5055, 31 p.

Shivers, M.J., and Andrews, W.J., 2013, Hydrologic drought of water year 2011 compared to four major drought periods of the 20th Century in Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5018, 63 p.

Andrews, W.J., Harich, C.R., Smith, S.J., Lewis, J.M., Shivers, M.J., Seger, C.H., and Becker, C.J., 2013, Analysis of environmental setting, surface-water and groundwater data, and data gaps for the Citizen Potawatomi Nation Tribal Jurisdictional Area through 2011: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2013-5010, 102 p.

Esralew, R.A., Andrews, W.J., Allen, M.L., and Becker, C.J., 2011, Comparison of load estimation techniques and trend analysis for nitrogen, phosphorus, and suspended sediment in the Eucha-Spavinaw basin, northwestern Arkansas and Northeastern Oklahoma, 2002-10: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report, 2011-5172, 60 p.

Esralew, R.A., Andrews, W.J., and Smith, S.J., 2011, Evaluation and trends of land cover, streamflow, and water quality in the North Canadian River Basin near Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1968–2009: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2011–5117, 97 p.

Andrews, W.J., Becker, M.F., and Mashburn, S.L., 2009, Sources and transport of nutrients and fecal indicator bacteria in the Illinois River Basin of Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey, Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5182, 39 p.

Andrews, W.J., Becker, M.F., Mashburn, S.L., and Smith, S.J., 2009, Occurrence and distribution of metals in streams draining the Oklahoma portion of the Tri-State mining district, 2000-2006: U.S. Geological Survey, Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5135, 36 p.

Cope, C.C., Becker, M.F., Andrews, W.J., and DeHay, K., 2008, Streamflow, water quality, and metal loads from chat leachate and mine outflow into Tar Creek, Ottawa County, Oklahoma, 2005: U.S. Geological Survey, Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5115, 24 p.

Andrews, W.J., Fong, A.L., and Stark, J.R., 2005, Water-quality assessment of part of the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin—Ground-water quality along a flow system in the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, Minnesota: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5120, 44 p

DeHay, K.L., Andrews, W.J., and Sughru, M.P., 2004, Hydrology and ground-water quality in the mine workings within the Picher mining district, northeastern Oklahoma, 2002-3: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5043, 62 p.

Pickup, B.E., Andrews, W.J., Haggard, B.E., and Green, W.R., 2003, Phosphorus concentrations, loads, and yields in the Illinois River Basin, Oklahoma, 1997-2001: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4168, 40 p.

Becker, M.F., Bruce, B.W., Pope, L.M., and Andrews, W.J., 2002, Ground-water quality in the central High Plains Aquifer, Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas, 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4112, 64 p.

Brigham, M.E., Payne, G.A., Andrews, W.J., and Abbott, M.M., 2002, Statistical analysis of stream water-quality data and sampling network design for the vicinity of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1977-99: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4111, 125 p.

Andrews, W.J., and Burrough, S.P., 2002, Investigation of bacteria, protozoa, and viruses in water near Bromide Pavilion in Chickasaw National Recreation Area, Murray County, Oklahoma, 2000: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4250, 31 p

Stark, J.R., Hanson, P.E., Goldstein, R.M., Fallon, J.D., Fong, A.L., Lee, K.E., Kroening, S.E., and Andrews, W.J., 2001, Water quality in the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Minnesota, Wisconsin, South Dakota, Iowa, and North Dakota, 1995-98: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1211, 35 p.

Rea, A.H., Christenson, S.C., and Andrews, W.J., 2001, Relation of shallow water quality in the Central Oklahoma aquifer to geology, soils, and land use: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resource Investigations Report 00-4241, 31 p.

Ruhl, J.F., Fong, A.L., Hanson, P.E., and Andrews, W.J., 2000, Water-quality assessment of part of the Upper Mis­sissippi River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin--Ground-water quality in an agricultural area of Sherburne County, Minnesota, 1998: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 00-4017, 33 p.

Stark, J. R., Hanson. P.E., Goldstein, R.M., Fallon, J.D., Font, A.L., Lee, K.E., Kroening, S.E., and Andrews, W.J., 2000, Water quality in the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Minnesota, Wisconsin, South Dakota, Iowa, and North Dakota: U.S. Geological Circular 1211, 35 p.

Fong, A.L., Andrews, W.J., and Stark, J.R., 1998, Water-quality assessment of part of the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin--Ground-water quality in the Prairie du Chien-Jordan aquifer: U.S. Geologi­cal Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4248, 45 p.

Andrews, W.J., Fong, A.L., Harrod, L., and Dittes, M.E., 1998, Water-quality assessment of part of the Upper Missis­sippi River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin--Ground-water quality in an urban part of the Twin Cities Metro­politan Area, Minnesota, 1996: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4248, 54 p.

Fallon, J.D., Fong, A.L., and Andrews, W.J., 1997, Water-quality assessment of part of the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin--Pesticides in streams, streambed sediment, and ground water, 1974-94: U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 97-4141, 53 p.

Kroening, S.E., and Andrews, W.J., 1997, Water-quality assessment of part of the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Min­nesota and Wisconsin--nitrogen and phosphorus in streams, streambed sediment, and ground water, 1971-94: U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 97-4107, 61 p.

Andrews, W.J., Fallon, J.D., Kroening, S.E., Lee, K.E., and Stark, J.R., 1996, Water-quality assessment of part of the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin--review of selected literature: U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 96-4149, 21 p.

Stark, J.R., Andrews, W.J., Fallon, J.D., Fong, A.L., Goldstein, R.M, Hanson, P.E., Kroening, S.E., and Lee, K.E., 1996, Water-quality assessment of part of the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin--Environ­mental setting and study design: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 96-4098, 62 p.

Davis, J.H., Planert, M.P., and Andrews, W.J., 1996, Simulation of ground-water flow at the U.S. Naval Air Sta­tion, Jacksonville, Florida, with an evaluation of changes to ground-water movement caused by pro­posed remedial designs at Operable Unit 1: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-597, 47 p.

Andrews, W.J., Fallon, J.D., and Kroening, S.E., 1995, Water-quality assessment of part of the Upper Missis­sippi River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin--volatile organic compounds in surface and ground water, 1978-94: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 95-4216, 39 p.

Andrews, W.J., 1994, Nitrate in ground water and spring water near four dairy farms in North Florida, 1990-93: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4162, 63 p.

Andrews, W.J., 1994, Ground-water quality and trends at two industrial wastewater-injection sites in Northwestern Florida, 1975-91: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 93-4224, 25 p.

Andrews, W.J., 1992, Reconnaissance of water quality at nine North Florida dairy farms, 1990-91: U.S. Geolog­ical Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 92-4058, 39 p.

Andrews, W.J., Oliveros, J.P., and Collins, J.J., 1990, Preliminary report of the hydrology of Lake Five-O and vicinity, Bay County, Florida: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 90-4148, 1 sheet.

Esseks, J.D., Andrews, W.J., Booth, C.J., Kraft, S.E., Lindquist, S.K.S., and Vinis, L.K., 1989, Agriculture and ground-water quality--farmers’ perceptions in five diverse sites: Agricultural Law and Policy Institute, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 135 p.

Fact Sheets and Map Reports

Esralew, R.A., Andrews, W.J., and Smith, S.J., 2011, Relations among land cover, streamflow, and water quality in the North Canadian River Basin near Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1968-2009: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2011-3107, 4 p.

Andrews, W.J., Osborn, N.I. and Luckey, R.R., 2000, Rapid recharge of parts of the High Plains Aquifer indicated by a reconnaissance study in Oklahoma, 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, 137-00, 4 p.

Luckey, R.R., Osborn, N.I., Becker, M.F., and Andrews, W.J., 2000, Water flow in the High Plains Aquifer in north­western Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 081-00, 4 p.

Andrews, W.J., 1996, Few volatile organic compounds detected in rivers and ground water in the Upper Missis­sippi River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-095-96, 2 p.

Andrews, W.J., 1990, Transmissivity and well yields of the Upper Floridan aquifer in Florida: Florida Geologi­cal Survey, Map Series no. 132, 1 sheet.

Journal Articles and Short Papers

Dale, Joseph, Zou, C.V., Andrews, W.J., Long, J.M., Liang, Ye, and Qiao, Lei, 2015, Climate, water use, and land surface transformation in an irrigation intensive watershed—Streamflow responses from 1950 through 2010: Agricultural Water Management, vol. 160, p. 144-152.

Andrews, W.J., Gavilan-Moreno, Carlos, and Nairn, R.W., 2013, Potential recovery of aluminum, titanium, lead, and zinc from tailings in the abandoned Picher mining district of Oklahoma: Mineral Economics, vol. 26, issue 1, p. 61-69.

Andrews, W.J., Masoner, J.R., and Cozzarelli, I.M., 2012, Emerging contaminants at a closed and an operating landfill in Oklahoma: Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, vol. 32, no. 1, p. 120-130.

Andrews, W.J., and Masoner, J.R., 2011, Changes in selected metals concentrations from the mid-1980s to the mid-2000s in a stream draining the Picher mining district of Oklahoma: The Open Environmental and Biological Monitoring Journal, vol. 4, p. 36-44.

Nairn, R.W., Beisel, T., Thomas, R.C., LaBar, J.A., Strevett, K.A., Fuller, D., Strosnider, W.H., Andrews, W.J., Bays, J., and Knox, R.C., 2009, Challenges in design and construction of a large multi-cell passive treatment system for ferruginous lead-zinc mine waters, In  Barnhisel, R.I. (Ed.), Proceedings of Joint Conference of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation 26th Annual National Meeting and 11th Billings Land Reclamation Symposium, Revitalizing the Environment: Proven Solutions and Innovative Approaches., May 30 - June 5, 2009, Billings, MT, pp. 871-892.

Andrews, W.J., Nairn, R.W., and Minarik, W.G., 2007, Preliminary assessment of time trends in bioavailable metals in the Tri-State lead/zinc mining district through analysis of tree cores, in 2007 National Meeting of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation, Gillette, WY, 30 Years of SMCRA and Beyond June 2-7, 2007. R.I. Barnhisel (Ed.) Published by ASMR, 3134 Montavesta Rd., Lexington, KY 40502, p. 16-28

Andrews, W.J., and Ragep, S., 2004, Regional cooperation for water management, northern tier meeting—Iraqis, Jordanians, Lebanese, Syrians, and Turks,  Held at the Conrad Hotel, Istanbul, Turkey, 11-12 June 2004: University of Oklahoma, International Programs Center, Center for Peace Studies, Norman, Oklahoma, 28 p.

Andrews, W.J., Stark, J.R., Fong, A.L., and Hanson, P.E., 1999, Ground-water quality along a flowpath in a surficial outwash aquifer in the Upper Mississippi River Basin—the influence of land use: Hydrological Science and Technology, vol. 15, no. 1-4, p. 66-75.

Stark, J.R., Andrews, W.J., Fallon, J.D., and Kroening, S.E., 1996, Volatile organic compounds in surface water and ground water in parts of the Upper Mississippi River Basin, 1978-94 in Hydrology and hydrogeol­ogy of urbanizing areas, a collection of papers presented at the conference held in Boston, Massachu­setts, April 21-24, 1996: American Institute of Hydrology, p. WQE26-WQE35.

Andrews, W.J., Trotta, L.C., and Schoenberg, M.E., 1995, Water-level declines from 1980-90 in major aquifers in the Twin Cities Area, in Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the American Water Resources Association, Houston, Texas, November, 1995, p. 63-72.

Pollman, C.D., Lee, T.M., Andrews, W.J., Sacks, L.A., Gherini, S.A., and Munson, R.K., 1990, Preliminary analysis of the hydrologic and geochemical controls on acid neutralizing capacity on two acidic seep­age lakes in Florida: Water Resources Research, vol. 27, no. 9, p. 2321-2335.

Conference Abstracts/Programs

Vieux, Baxter, Andrews, William, Brewer, Shannon, Worthington, Thomas, Kennen, Jonathan, and Looper, Jonathan, 2015, Projecting hydrologic impacts on the Canadian River ecosystem under future climate change scenarios, in Program of the 2015 Oklahoma Governors Water Conference and Symposium, Norman, Oklahoma, available at: https://www.owrb.ok.gov/GWCmobile/agenda-rs.html

Kennen, Jonathan, Brewer, S.K., Worthington, T.A., Gutierrez Canovas, Carlos, Vieux, Baxter, and Andrews, William, 2015, Spatial variation in the fish assemblage of a large Great Plains River, in Program of the 145th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, Portland, Oregon, p. 197, available at http://2015.fisheries.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/AmericanFisheries2015_Digital_small.pdf

Brewer, S.K., Worthington, T.A., Mollenhauer, Robert, and Andrews, William, 2014, Assessing changes in fish traits and water quality in a large Great Plains River, in Program of the 144th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, p. 117, available at http://afs2014.org/wp-content/uploads/Prog_complet_150_final_20140905_4.7MB.pdf

Andrews, W.J., 2014, USGS Oklahoma Water Science Center Projects in 2014, in program of the Oklahoma Governor’s Water Conference and Research Symposium, October 22-23, 2014, Oklahoma City, OK

Andrews, W.J., Nairn, R.W., and Moreno, C.J.G, 2014, Potential recovery of aluminum, titanium, lead, and zinc from fine tailings in the abandoned Picher mining district of Oklahoma, in program of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation annual conference, June 16-20, 2014.

Andrews, W.J., 2006, Investigation of time trends in bioavailable metals in the Tri-State mining district through analysis of metals concentrations in tree rings, in program of 135th SME annual meeting and exhibit and 7th ICARD, March 26-29, 2006, Saint Louis, MO, p. 62.

Andrews,W.J., 2003, Occurrence of metals in ground water, surface water, and streambed sediment in the Tar Creek Superfund Site and adjoining Tribal Jurisdictional Statistical Areas, 1997-2003 (Abstract),in Workshop on Mining Impacted Native American Lands, September 9-11, 2003, Reno, NV: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, p. 20-21.

Andrews, W.J., 1999, Time-series sampling for nutrients and bacteria in ground water at four North Florida dairy farms and three springs along the Suwannee River, 1990-93, in Effects of animal feeding operations on water resources and the environment--proceedings of the technical meeting, Fort Collins Colorado, August 30 - September 1, 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-204, p. 61

Andrews, W.J., 1999, Time-series sampling for nutrients and bacteria in ground water at four North Florida dairy farms and three springs along the Suwannee River, 1990-93 (Poster abstract), in Worskshop agenda and abstracts, Animal feeding operations: effects on hydrologic resources and the environment, August 30-September 1, 1999, Ft. Collins, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey, variously paged.

Stark, J.R., Andrews, W.J., Fong, A.L., and Puckett, L.J., 1999, Ground-water quality along a flowpath in a surficial gla­cial aquifer in the Upper Mississippi River Basin--the influence of land use (Abstract), inApps, J.A., and Tsang, C. (eds.), Fourth USA/CIS Joint Conference, Hydrologic Issues of the 21st Century: Ecology, Environ­ment, and Human Health, November 7-10, 1999, San Francisco, CA, American Institute of Hydrology, p. 4-5.

Andrews, W.J., Fong, A.L., and Stark, J.R., 1999, Ground-water quality along a flowpath in the Twin Cities Metropoli­tan Area, Minnesota, 1997-98 (Abstract), in Program and abstracts of the 44th Annual Midwest Ground Water Conference, St. Paul, Minnesota, October 13-15, 1999, p. 34-35.

Stark, J.R., Fong, A.L., and Andrews, W.J., 1998, Ground-water quality in unconfined glacial aquifers in part of the Upper Mississippi River Basin--the influence of land use (Abstract): Program and abstracts of the 43rd Annual Midwest Groundwater Conference, Lawrence, Kansas, October 12-14, 1998, p. 15.

Andrews, W.J., Stark, J.R., and Fong, A.L., 1997, Ground-water quality in the northwestern Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, Minnesota (Abstract), in Program and abstracts of the 42nd Annual Midwest Groundwater Conference, Coralville, Iowa, October 22-24, 1997, p. 15.

Fong, A.L., Andrews, W.J., and Stark, J.R., 1997, Ground-water quality in the Prairie du Chien-Jordan/Trempealeau aquifer in Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1996 (Abstract), in Program and abstracts of the 42nd Annual Midwest Groundwater Conference, Coralville, Iowa, October 22-24, 1997, p. 18.

Andrews, W.J., Stark, J.R., and Fong, A.L., 1996, Nutrients and pesticides in ground water in part of the Upper Missis­sippi River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1978-94 (Abstract), in Program and abstracts of the 41st Annual Midwest Groundwater Conference, Lexington, Kentucky, September 29-October 1, 1996, pp. 99-100.

Andrews, W.J., and Fong, A.L., 1996, Nutrients, pesticides, and volatile organic compounds in ground water in part of the Upper Mississippi River Basin, 1978-94 (Abstract), in Minnesota Water ‘96--Changing patterns of power and responsibility: implications for water policy, Fifth Biennial Conference on Water Resources in Minnesota, University of Minnesota, Water Resources Research Center, May 20-21, 1996, p. 97.

Andrews, W.J., 1995, Volatile organic compounds in surface and ground water in the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Minnesota and Wisconsin, 1978-94 (Abstract), in Proceedings of the 40th Annual Midwest Groundwater Conference, Columbia, Missouri, October 1995, p. 24.