Maryland

Filter Total Items: 104
Date published: December 19, 2016
Status: Active

Hierarchical Models for Estimation of Population Parameters

The Challenge: Much of wildlife research consists of the description of variation in data. Some of the variation results from spatial and temporal change in populations, while some results from biologically irrelevant sampling variation induced by the process of data collection. Distinguishing relevant from irrelevant variation is the first task of statistical analysis, but the job does not...

Date published: December 19, 2016
Status: Completed

Managing Free-Roaming Cats at the Patuxent Research Refuge

The Challenge: Free-roaming cats (Felis catus) are nonnative predators of small mammals, songbirds and gamebirds, reptiles, amphibians, and insects. They are also competitors of native predators and vectors for diseases to human and wildlife. The US Fish and Wildlife Service is authorized to remove cats from National Wildlife Refuges. Presently cat trapping on Refuge lands is conducted...

Date published: December 14, 2016
Status: Active

Development of Computer Software for the Analysis of Animal Population Parameters

Biologists at USGS Patuxent, as well as cooperating agencies are constantly looking for new ways of answering questions about the status of animal populations and how animal populations change over time. To address these questions, data are collected on captures and or sightings of animals which can be used to estimate parameters which affect the population using legacy software. Over time,...

Contacts: James Hines
Date published: October 4, 2016
Status: Active

Structured Decision Making: Methods, Applications, and Capacity-Building

The Challenge: The field of decision analysis is a rich and mature discipline that provides robust methods for helping decision makers understand the nature of their decisions, involve stakeholders and scientists in appropriate steps of the process, and develop transparent records for the public. The use of these structured approaches is emerging in natural resource management, and there is...

Date published: September 28, 2016

Geomorphic Responses to Stream Channel Restoration at Minebank Run, Baltimore County, Maryland

Urban streams frequently undergo severe incision and erosion due to flashy streamflows caused by impervious surfaces in the watershed. The study was designed to investigate the hydrodynamics and geomorphology of a selected reach of Minebank Run before and after stream restoration, in order to determine the effect that stream restoration had on sediment processes in the stream.

Date published: September 28, 2016

Surge, Wave, and Tide Hydrologic (SWaTH) Network in Maryland, Delaware, and the District of Columbia

Many U.S. Geological Survey Water Science Centers have responsibilities for coastal regions within their mission areas. The integrated Surge, Wave, and Tide Hydrologic (SWaTH) Network has been developed in the wake of Hurricane Sandy to support model development and verification for coastal regions, detection of hydrologic trends, and early warning of hydrologic hazards in the northeast from...

Date published: September 20, 2016
Status: Active

USGS science contributes to "Water quality improves, pollution falls in the Chesapeake Bay"

Data show significant drop in nutrient and sediment loads

Date published: September 20, 2016
Status: Completed

Improving Our Ability to Forecast Tidal Marsh Response to Sea Level Rise

Our overall objective is to understand what controls the vulnerability of coastal marshes to risks associated with global change drivers and rising sea levels. Fundamental questions pertaining to coastal wetland vulnerability still need to be addressed. What factors explain spatial and geographic variation in tidal wetland vulnerability? How do short term climatic events (storms) influence the...

Date published: September 2, 2016
Status: Active

Nocturnal Bird Migration through the Central Appalachians

The Challenge: Concerns have arisen about the potential impacts of wind power development in the Appalachians on migrating birds, creating a critical need for information on their distribution and flight characteristics as they pass through the region. This study focuses on the spatial and temporal distribution of nocturnally migrating birds in the Central Appalachians (MD, VA, WV). The...

Contacts: Deanna Dawson
Date published: August 29, 2016
Status: Completed

Vulnerability Assessment of Available Habitat for Wintering Black Ducks within the Refuge System in the Chesapeake Bay

American black duck (Anas rubripes) utilize inland and tidal freshwater and brackish marshes throughout the Chesapeake Bay and are considered to be an indicator species of the ecosystem’s health. Thus, conserving and increasing black duck habitats will subsequently benefit the general health of the bay. The goal of this study was to create a mechanistic model to determine the amount...

Date published: August 29, 2016
Status: Completed

Endocrine Active Effects on Turtle Embryonic Development

The Challenge: Emerging contaminants may be in part responsible for recent endocrine disruption observed in fish in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Endocrine active compounds implicated in the decline of fish populations may affect other wildlife as well. There are 6 species of turtles and 5 of snakes living within the main-stem and tidal areas of the Bay. As poikilotherms, reptiles are...

Date published: August 26, 2016
Status: Completed

The Eastern Box Turtle at USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, MD

The Challenge: Once common to forest and backyard habitats, the eastern box turtle (Terrapene carolina) has declined sharply. Threats to box turtles include loss and fragmentation of their habitat, road mortality, and commercial taking for the international pet trade. Researchers at the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center have 70 years of records on a turtle population located within a 12...