Unified Interior Regions

Arizona

The Southwest Region includes California, Nevada, and Arizona. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 143
Date published: September 19, 2018
Status: Completed

Harrison H. Schmitt

Jack Schmitt joined the Astrogeology team as a geologist at the Flagstaff Science Center in 1964, having recently earned a doctorate degree from Harvard University. In addition to assisting in the geologic mapping of the Moon, he led the Lunar Field Geological Methods project. When NASA announced a special recruitment for scientist-astronauts in late 1964, Schmitt...

Date published: September 17, 2018
Status: Completed

Gene Shoemaker - Founder of Astrogeology

He once said he considered himself a scientific historian, one whose mission in life is to relate geologic and planetary events in a perspective manner. A modest statement coming from a legend of a man who almost single-handedly created planetary science as a discipline distinct from astronomy. He brought together geologic principles to the mapping of planets, resulting in...

Date published: September 17, 2018
Status: Completed

1961: USGS Astrogeology's First Published Map

The race to the moon began on August 17, 1958, and the Soviet Union won. This isn't the opening line of an alternate history story; rather, it is an acknowledgment that more than one moon race took place. The first, with the goal of launching a small automated spacecraft to the moon, began with the liftoff of the Able 1 lunar orbiter, a 38-kilogram U.S. Air Force (USAF) probe...

Date published: September 12, 2018
Status: Active

Regional Planetary Image Facility (RPIF)

The NASA/USGS Astrogeology Regional Planetary Information Facility (RPIF), located in the Shoemaker Building (Building 6) on the USGS Campus in Flagstaff, Arizona, is a facility of the USGS Astrogeology Science Center. The Astro RPIF houses in 3000 square feet of climate-controlled space more than 100,000 lunar and planetary maps, a reference library, an ever-growing photo and...

Contacts: Amy Zink
Date published: August 9, 2018
Status: Completed

USGS Response to Possible Metals Contamination from Legacy Mines in the Patagonia Mountains Region and Adjacent Areas, Southeast Arizona and a Template for Future Mineral Environmental Emergency Response

USGS is conducting sampling, monitoring, and modeling in the Patagonia Mountains and nearby regions in Arizona to identify contaminant risk potential of legacy and proposed mine sites and to develop classification criteria for predicting vulnerabilities and targeted sources and sinks of metal contaminants.

Contacts: Floyd Gray
Date published: August 5, 2018
Status: Active

Global Hyperspectral Imaging Spectroscopy of Agricultural-Crops & Vegetation (GHISA)

This webpage showcases the key research advances made in hyperspectral remote sensing of agricultural crops and vegetation over the last 50 years. There are three focus areas:

Date published: July 23, 2018
Status: Active

BOR environmental DNA sampling for invasive mussels at USGS gages

As part of an ongoing project funded by the Bureau of Reclamation and lead by the Idaho Water Sciences Center (IDWSC) and Northern Rocky Mountain Research Center (NOROCK), the Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center (UMESC) will analyze environmental DNA samples collected at gage stations directly downstream of multiple reservoirs throughout the Columbia River Basin. The goal of this...

Contacts: Jon Amberg
Date published: July 8, 2018
Status: Active

AzWSC Capabilities: Arizona Water Use

Since 1950, the AzWSC has estimated water use by county at 5-year intervals, publishing the results in a series of reports since 1981. Water demand is met by pumping groundwater from aquifers or by conveying surface water to users through a system of reservoirs and canals. Because of the importance of water to Arizona’s communities and future economic development, the AzWSC works cooperatively...

Contacts: Saeid Tadayon
Date published: July 5, 2018
Status: Active

Assessment of Infiltration and Recharge due to Wetland Restoration in a Semiarid Ecosystem- Laura M. Norman

This intern will work with an exciting team of scientists to develop novel approaches to assess wetland restoration. Methods include documenting baseline conditions and monitoring site evolution, hydrologic modeling, using shallow piezometers to estimate recharge and storage change, tracking streambed water exchanges using heat as a tracer, and estimating percolation using electrical...

Date published: May 10, 2018
Status: Active

Land Treatment Exploration Tool

The Land Treatment Exploration Tool provides a practical resource for managers who are planning restoration and rehabilitation actions on public lands. The tool generates a variety of spatial products while being user friendly for all levels of GIS expertise, even to those with little or no experience.

Date published: May 1, 2018
Status: Active

Bird Banding Laboratory

The Bird Banding Laboratory (BBL) is an integrated scientific program established in 1920 supporting the collection, archiving, management and dissemination of information from banded and marked birds in North America.  This information is used to monitor the status and trends of resident and migratory bird populations. Because birds are good indicators of the health of the environment, the...

Date published: March 19, 2018
Status: Active

AzWSC Capabilities: Reservoir and Lake Monitoring and Assessment

The Arizona Water Science Center (AzWSC) has specialized expertise in monitoring, measuring, and collecting reservoir and lake water and sediment for a variety of phycial and chemical properties.

Filter Total Items: 134
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Year Published: 1993

Streamflow and sediment-transport data, Colorado River and three tributaries in Grand Canyon, Arizona, 1983 and 1985-86

The U.S. Geological Survey collected streamflow and sediment-transport data at 5 streamflow-gaging stations on the Colorado River between Glen Canyon Dam and Lake Mead as a part of an interagency environmental study. The data were collected for about 6 mo in 1983 and about 4 mo in 1985-86; data also were collected at 3 sites on tributary streams...

Garrett, W.B.; van de Vanter, E.K.; Graf, J.B.
Streamflow and sediment-transport data, Colorado River and three tributaries in Grand Canyon, Arizona, 1983 and 1985-86; 1993; OFR; 93-174; Garrett, W. B.; van de Vanter, E. K.; Graf, J. B.

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Year Published: 1992

Accounting System for Water Use by Vegetation in the Lower Colorado River Valley

The Colorado River is the principal source of water in the valley of the Colorado River between Hoover Dam and the international boundary with Mexico (fig. 1). Agricultural, domestic, municipal, industrial, hydroelectric-power genera-tion, and recreation are the primary uses of river water in the valley. Most of the consumptive use of water from...

Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.
Accounting System for Water Use by Vegetation in the Lower Colorado River Valley; 1992; OFR; 92-83; Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.

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Year Published: 1992

Results of ground-water, surface-water, and water-quality monitoring, Black Mesa area, northeastern Arizona; 1989-90

Sottilare, J.P.; Bills, D.J.; Brown, J. G.
Results of ground-water, surface-water, and water-quality monitoring, Black Mesa area, northeastern Arizona; 1989-90; 1992; WRI; 92-4008; Sottilare, J. P.; Bills, D. J.; Brown, J. G.

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Year Published: 1992

Results of ground-water, surface-water, and water-quality monitoring, Black Mesa area, northeastern Arizona; 1990-91

Littin, G.R.
Results of ground-water, surface-water, and water-quality monitoring, Black Mesa area, northeastern Arizona; 1990-91; 1992; WRI; 92-4045; Littin, G. R.

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Year Published: 1992

Summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona 1985-86

No abstract available. 

Wilson, Richard P.
Summary of ground-water conditions in Arizona 1985-86; 1992; WRI; 90-4179; Wilson, Richard P.

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Year Published: 1991

Low-flow sediment transport in the Colorado River

In support of beach-stability research, bedload and suspended sediment were measured during a steady flow of 5,880 ft3/s and receding flows from 12,100 to 5,660 ft3/s in the Colorado River above National Canyon, near Supai, Arizona, October 7-12, 1989. During steady flows, 75 percent of the mean total-sediment discharge of 128 t/d was in...

Gray, John R.; Webb, Robert H.; Hyndman, David W.
Low-flow sediment transport in the Colorado River; 1991; Article; Conference publication; Proceedings of the Fifth Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference; Gray, John R.; Webb, Robert H.; Hyndman, David W.

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Year Published: 1991

Lower Colorado River Accounting System (LCRAS) computer program and documentation

von Allworden, B. K.; Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.; Sandoval, John D.; Raymond, Lee H.
Lower Colorado River Accounting System (LCRAS) computer program and documentation; 1991; OFR; 91-179; von Allworden, B. K.; Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.; Sandoval, John D.; Raymond, Lee H.

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Year Published: 1991

Relation of sediment load and flood-plain formation to climatic variability, Paria River drainage basin, Utah and Arizona

Flood-plain alluviation began about 1940 at a time of decreasing magnitude and frequency of floods in winter, summer, and fall. No floods with stages high enough to inundate the flood plain have occurred since 1980, and thus no flood-plain alluviation has occurred since then. The decrease in magnitude and frequency of floods appears to have...

Graf, J.B.; Webb, R. H.; Hereford, R.
Relation of sediment load and flood-plain formation to climatic variability, Paria River drainage basin, Utah and Arizona; 1991; Article; Journal; Geological Society of America Bulletin; Graf, J. B.; Webb, R. H.; Hereford, R.

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Year Published: 1990

National water summary 1987: Hydrologic events and water supply and use

Water use in the United States, as measured by freshwater withdrawals in 1985, averaged 338,000 Mgal/d (million gallons per day), which is enough water to cover the 48 conterminous States to a depth of about 2.4 inches. Only 92,300 Mgal/d, or 27.3 percent of the water withdrawn, was consumptive use and thus lost to immediate further use; the...

Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.
National water summary 1987: hydrologic events and water supply and use; 1990; WSP; 2350; Carr, Jerry E.; Chase, Edith B.; Paulson, Richard W.; Moody, David W.

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Year Published: 1990

Aggradation and degradation of alluvial sand deposits, 1965 to 1986, Colorado River, Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona

Alluvial sand deposits along the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park are used as campsites and are substrate for vegetation. The largest and most numerous of these deposits are formed in zones of recirculating current that are created downstream from where the channel is constricted by debris fans at tributary mouths. Alluvial sand...

Schmidt, John C.; Graf, Julia B.
Aggradation and degradation of alluvial sand deposits, 1965 to 1986, Colorado River, Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona; 1990; PP; 1493; Schmidt, John C.; Graf, Julia B.

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Year Published: 1990

Estimates of consumptive use and ground-water return flow and the effect of rising and sustained high river stage on the method of estimation in Cibola Valley, Arizona and California, 1983 and 1984

In Cibola Valley, Arizona, water is pumped from the Colorado River to irrigate crops and to maintain wildlife habitat. Unused water percolates to the water table and, as groundwater, moves downgradient into areas of phreatophytes, into a drainage ditch, out of the flood plain, and back to the river. In 1983 and 1984, groundwater return flow was...

Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.
Estimates of consumptive use and ground-water return flow and the effect of rising and sustained high river stage on the method of estimation in Cibola Valley, Arizona and California, 1983 and 1984; 1990; WRI; 89-4194; Owen-Joyce, Sandra J.

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Year Published: 1990

Estimates of ground-water flow components for Lyman Lake, Apache County, Arizona

Bills, D.J.; Hjalmarson, H.W.; Robertson, F.N.
Estimates of ground-water flow components for Lyman Lake, Apache County, Arizona; 1990; WRI; 89-4151; Bills, D. J.; Hjalmarson, H. W.; Robertson, F. N.

Filter Total Items: 253
Satellite images showing landsat 7 and landsat 8 fire images on the western U.S.
June 29, 2017

Fires in the Western United States

On an average day during the fire season, multiple wildfires burn in the western United States. For example, 216 fires were active on July 7, 2017. Firefighters were battling 27 of these fires through ground and air support.

A few of the larger fires in early July were in Arizona, Washington, and Utah. As with many wildfires, 

...
Satellite image showing the Las Vegas, Lake Mead, Grand Canyon area
June 16, 2017

Satellite Image of the Las Vegas, Lake Mead, Grand Canyon Area

This image of the Las Vegas /Lake Mead / Grand Canyon area was acquired on June 16, 2017, with Indian Space Research Organization’s Resourcesat-2 AWiFS sensor. Images of this region can be useful to help detect changes in vegetation and water availability for growing desert communities.

May 31, 2017

New USGS Maps of Mars Reveal Ancient Oases

Flyover of the southeast Ceti Mensa map. Distinct groups of rock layers, called geologic units, are shaded in different colors, with dark browns representing the oldest rocks and green representing the youngest rocks. All of these rocks formed as wind-blown sand that became trapped in shallow, ephemeral lakes, similar to the wet playas of the desert southwest US. The

May 31, 2017

Reach-Scale Monitoring | Advances in Stream Gaging

The Arizona Water Science Center demonstrates new methods in Reach-Scale Monitoring to improve accuracy and measurability of high flow events. By installing pressure transducers and using LiDAR to measure topography data, hydrologists are able to simulate flows with two dimensional models which will help better calibrate stream gages. These advances have potential to aid

An extremely rare Mojave River western pond turtle was recently observed in the Mojave Desert.
May 4, 2017

An extremely rare Mojave River western pond turtle

An extremely rare Mojave River western pond turtle was recently observed by USGS scientists and staff from The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens in the Mojave Desert. Turtles of this population have rarely been seen since the late 1990s.

A few tiny leaves on a branch
August 24, 2016

New tamarisk leaves re-grow after tamarisk leaf beetle defoliation

Tamarisk leaves regrow following defoliation by the biological control agent, tamarisk leaf beetle (Diorhabda spp.).

A mostly dead bush with one living branch
August 22, 2016

Tamarisk re-grows new leaves after tamarisk leaf beetle defoliation

Tamarisk can re-grow new leaves after being defoliated by the biocontrol agent tamarisk leaf beetle (Diorhabda spp.).

mostly dead bush re-sprouting after fire
August 22, 2016

Nonnative tamarisk is fire resistant

Nonnative tamarisk is resistant to wildfire, in part due to its abilty to resprout from the its roots.

Dead and living trees near a river
August 22, 2016

Defoliated nonnative tamarisk with native cottonwood trees

Nonnative tamarisk can form mixed stands with native trees, such as cottonwoods, and other nonnative trees, such as Russian olive. 

June 3, 2016

Particle Tracking

The Arizona Water Science Center discusses the use of a new method, called particle tracking, that will revolutionize the way USGS obtains stream flow data.

May 5, 2016

First Global Topographic Map of Mercury

An animation of the USGS topographic map of Mercury created using images from NASA’s MESSENGER spacecraft.

April 19, 2016

USGS: More Than a Workplace

Employees of the Arizona Water Science Center describe their experiences working for the USGS revealing that it is far more than just a workplace.

Filter Total Items: 202
USGS
September 18, 2014

Scientists and technicians from the U.S. Geological Survey will be conducting field studies of flood flows from the recent heavy rains resulting from Tropical Storm Odile today.

USGS
September 8, 2014

Scientists and technicians from the U.S. Geological Survey will be conducting field studies of high water flows from the recent heavy rains in Phoenix along the Salt River today. 

USGS
August 21, 2014

U.S. Geological Survey field crews are measuring flooding after heavy rainfall occurred in northern portions of Maricopa County, Arizona.  

USGS science for a changing world logo
June 10, 2014

Increasing the density -- the amount per square mile -- of natural gas drilling sites and associated ponds in the Cypress Creek basin is not expected to have a substantial impact on the amount of sediment or water entering Brewer Lake, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey report.

Image:  Desert Perchlorate Field Work
April 3, 2014

Newly published research is the first to characterize the distribution and interactions of natural perchlorate in a terrestrial ecosystem. The study results are important in assessing risks associated with ecological and human health and with potential movement of natural perchlorate contamination into groundwater.

USGS
March 27, 2014

As a large pulse of water is being released into the former delta of the Colorado River along the U.S.-Mexico border, U.S. Geological Survey scientists are studying the effects on the environment as part of a historic, bi-national collaborative effort.

global image mosaic presenting a single view of Jupiter's moon Ganymede
February 12, 2014

More than 400 years after its discovery by Galileo, the largest moon in the Solar System – Ganymede – has finally claimed a spot on the map. 

USGS
December 19, 2013

Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell announced today that Interior’s Southwest Climate Science Center is awarding nearly $1.2 million to universities and other partners for research to guide managers of parks, refuges and other cultural and natural resources in planning how to help species and ecosystems adapt to climate change.

USGS
December 13, 2013

Drought conditions are linked to declines in a protected desert tortoise population in part of the Sonoran Desert, according to a U.S. Geological Survey study. 

USGS
August 8, 2013

Scientists are surveying a potential debris flow area within the Yarnell Hill burn zone, as part of a cooperative study by the U.S. Geological Survey, the Arizona Geological Survey, and the Arizona Department of Emergency Management. 

USGS
July 29, 2013

The Santa Cruz River watershed, located on the Arizona-Sonora portion of the U.S.-Mexico border, depends for its perennial flow on an international treatment plant that treats wastewater on both sides of the border before discharging it into the river in Arizona.